The Misanthrope (Bruegel)

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For other uses, see Misanthrope (disambiguation).
The Misanthrope
Pieter Bruegel d. Ä. 035.jpg
Artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Year 1568, signed and dated on the painted frame
Type Tempera on canvas
Dimensions 86 cm × 85 cm (34 in × 33 in)
Location National Museum of Capodimonte, Naples

The Misanthrope is a tempera painting on canvas by Flemish renaissance artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder, created during 1568. It currently is held and exhibited at the National Museum of Capodimonte in Naples, Italy.


The Flemish inscription at bottom reads:

Om dat de werelt is soe ongetru / Daer om gha ic in den ru
("Because the world is perfidious, I am going into mourning").

The moral suggested by the painting is that such a relinquishment of the world is not possible: one must face up to the world's difficulties, not abandon responsibility for them.

The hooded misanthrope is being robbed by the small figure in the glass ball who is holding his purse. That figure is a symbol of vanity.[1] The symbolism in the painting portrays how impossible it is for his actions to lead to giving up the world. The misanthrope also is walking unaware toward caltrops set for him by the world (cast in his path). He cannot renounce the world as he would wish and he is contrasted with the shepherd in the background, who guards his sheep and who is more virtuous than the misanthrope because of his simple, honourable performance of his duties and his sense of responsibility toward his charges.[2]


  1. ^ Cf. Pietro Allegretti, Brueghel, Skira (2003), ISBN 0-00-001088-X (Italian)
  2. ^ R-M. Hagen & R. Hagen, Bruegel: The Complete Paintings, Taschen (2000), ISBN 3-8228-5991-5

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