The Mummy (franchises)
|Directed by||Stephen Sommers
The Mummy and The Mummy Returns
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
|Produced by||Sean Daniel
|Screenplay by||Stephen Sommers
|Starring||List of characters in The Mummy series|
|Music by||Jerry Goldsmith
John Debney (additional music)
|Edited by||Bob Ducsay
Ray Bushey III
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||366 minutes|
The Mummy refers to any one of four franchises of horror-adventure films about an ancient Egyptian priest accidentally resurrected, who brings with him a powerful curse, and the efforts of heroic archaeologists to stop him.
- 1 Universal Horror franchise (1932–1955)
- 2 Hammer Horror franchise (1959-1971)
- 3 Stephen Sommers franchise (1999-2008)
- 4 The Scorpion King spin-off franchise (2002-2012)
- 5 Cancellation of fourth film and plans for a reboot
- 6 Derivative works
- 7 Features in other media
- 8 References
Universal Horror franchise (1932–1955)
The original series of six installments, starring iconic horror actors Boris Karloff in the original only as Imhotep with Lon Chaney Jr. and Tom Tyler as Kharis and lastly Eddie Parker who played Klaris, a cousin of Kharis.
|The Mummy||1932||Boris Karloff|
|The Mummy's Hand||1940||Tom Tyler|
|The Mummy's Tomb||1942||Lon Chaney, Jr.|
|The Mummy's Ghost||1944||Lon Chaney, Jr.|
|The Mummy's Curse||1944||Lon Chaney, Jr.|
|Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy||1955||Eddie Parker|
Hammer Horror franchise (1959-1971)
In 1959 the British Hammer Film Productions began its own Mummy series.
- The Mummy, 1959. Set in 1895, the film stars Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee as Kharis. The plot is based on Universal's The Mummy's Hand and The Mummy's Tomb.
- The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb, 1964. Features Dickie Owen as the Mummy Ra-Antef.
- The Mummy's Shroud, 1966. Features Eddie Powell as the Mummy Prem.
- Blood from the Mummy's Tomb, 1971. Based on Bram Stoker's 1903 novel The Jewel of Seven Stars. Features Valerie Leon as the Mummy Queen Tera and her reincarnation Margaret Fuchs.
Stephen Sommers franchise (1999-2008)
Originally a proposed remake of The Mummy would have been directed by horror filmmaker/writer Clive Barker. Barker’s vision for the film was violent, with the story revolving around the head of a contemporary art museum who turns out to be a cultist trying to reanimate mummies. Barker's take was "dark, sexual and filled with mysticism", and that, "it would have been a great low-budget movie".
In 1999, Stephen Sommers wrote and directed a remake of The Mummy, loosely based on the original film of 1932. This film switches genres from the emphasis on horror to adventure, concentrating more on action sequences and effects, and a higher element of Egyptian lore. The film became a box office success spawning two sequels and a canceled fourth film, a spin-off series, and an animated television series. The first two films received mixed reviews, while third film received mostly negative reviews.
- The Mummy, 1999. It is the year 1923 and Richard “Rick” O'Connell, an American explorer, has discovered Hamunaptra, the city of the dead. Three years later, O'Connell returns to the site with a beautiful librarian, Evelyn 'Evie' Carnahan and her brother, Jonathan. When Evie accidentally revives the mummified corpse of an Egyptian priest, Imhotep, the pair must find a way to kill him before he rises back into power and destroys the world.
- The Mummy Returns, 2001. It is the year 1933 and Rick O'Connell and Evelyn Carnahan are married with an 8 year-old son, Alex. When Alex triggers a curse and Imhotep is resurrected, Rick and Evie must once again try to save the world and defeat the mummy.
- The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, 2008. Set in 1946, the movie continues the adventures of Rick O'Connell, his wife Evie, and his son Alex against a different mummy, the Dragon Emperor (Jet Li) of China.
The Scorpion King spin-off franchise (2002-2012)
These follow the adventures of Mathayus who would become the Scorpion King and foe in the Mummy Returns.
- The Scorpion King, a 2002 film.
- The Scorpion King 2: Rise of a Warrior, a 2008 Prequel film
- The Scorpion King 3: Battle for Redemption, a 2012 Sequel film
Cancellation of fourth film and plans for a reboot
After Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released, actress Maria Bello stated that another Mummy film will "absolutely" be made, and that she had already signed on. Actor Luke Ford was signed on for three films as well.
However, on April 4, 2012, Universal announced that they were instead rebooting the Mummy franchise, with Jon Spaihts to write the film and Sean Daniel returning as producer. Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman, after signing a two-year deal with Universal, will also produce through their K/O Paper Products banner. On September 24, it was announced that Len Wiseman would direct the film. On February 14, 2013, it was announced that Billy Ray would be writing a second Mummy script, which will reportedly be competing against Spaiths's for approval from Universal.  On July 31, 2013, Wiseman has left the film due of schedule conflicts.  On September 13, 2013, Mama director Andrés Muschietti (es) is in talks to direct the film. Orci, having spoken to IGN, hinted that both The Mummy and Van Helsing reboots will have a Shared Universe.  The film is set to release on April 22, 2016. On May 7, 2014, The Wrap reports that Muschetti has exited the reboot due to creative differences and Spaihts wrote the current draft of the script, which reimagined “The Mummy” franchise in modern day with new characters not seen in previous iterations and a protagonist imbued with a human personality. 
Cast and characters
|This section requires expansion with: section. (January 2009)|
|The Mummy||Stephen Sommers||Sean Daniel
Lloyd Fonvielle & Kevin Jarre
|Jerry Goldsmith||Bob Ducsay||Adrian Biddle|
|The Mummy Returns||Stephen Sommers||Alan Silvestri||Bob Ducsay
|The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor||Rob Cohen||Sean Daniel
|Alfred Gough & Miles Millar||Randy Edelman||Joel Negron
Two video game adaptations of The Mummy (1999) were published in 2000: an action-adventure game for the PlayStation and PC, as well as a Game Boy Color puzzle game. Mummy Returns and Tomb of the Dragon Emperor were also made into games. In fall 2012, a massive multiplayer online game known as The Mummy Online was released.
In May 2001, Chaos! Comics released the first of a three issue series inspired by the film, titled 'The Mummy Valley of the Gods'. The plot was supposed to take place between the first film and "The Mummy Returns". Rick and Evelyn are on their honeymoon in Egypt and end up embarking on yet another adventure where they must unravel the mysteries of the Orb of Destiny and discover the location of the Valley of the Gods hidden beneath the sands. However, the second and third issues were never published. This was most likely due to Chaos later filing bankruptcy in 2002 and selling the rights to all their titles at that time. Years later in 2008, another Mummy comic series was released by IDW Publishing, spanning four issues. This series was titled 'The Mummy: the Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax'. Unlike the preceding comic series, all of the planned issues were published.
From 2001 until 2003 The Mummy: The Animated Series was made by Universal Animation Studios based on the Steven Sommers Series of films and set from 1934 - 1935. The series was later renamed The Mummy: Secrets of the Medjai.
Other Mummy movies
Features in other media
- The Filmation's 1986 Ghostbusters animated television series, features an overweight villain mummy, called Airhead.
- The Sony Pictures Animation 2012 Hotel Transylvania film, features a mummy, also overweight, called Murray.
- Slotek, Jim (May 2, 1999). "Unwrapping The Mummy". Toronto Sun.
- The Mummy That Wasn't", Cinescape (May 3, 1999).
- Hobson, Louis B (May 1, 1999). "Universal rolls out new, improved Mummy", Calgary Sun.
- Adler, Shawn (2008-03-10). "'Mummy 3' Star Maria Bello Talks About Taking Over For Rachel Weisz, Fighting An Invisible Baddie". MTV. Retrieved 2008-04-09.
- "Luke Ford Signed For Three 'Mummy' Films". Bloody-Disgusting. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- "U sets 'Mummy' reboot with Spaihts". Variety. 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
- "Len Wiseman Wrapping Up Deal To Helm Universal Reboot Of ‘The Mummy’". Deadline. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
- Starving for Mummy Reboot, Universal Hires Hunger Games Screenwriter to Pen Competing Script
- Director Len Wiseman Exits 'The Mummy' Reboot at Universal
- 'Mama' Director in Talks to Helm 'Mummy' Reboot for Universal (Exclusive)
- Bob Orci Discusses Van Helsing Reboot
- Universal Sets Release Date for The Mummy Reboot
- "‘Mummy’ Reboot Loses ‘Mama’ Director Andy Muschetti (Exclusive)". The Wrap. May 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-06.
- "The Mummy (PSX)". IGN. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- "The Mummy (GBC)". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue #2)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- "The Mummy: the Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- Universal Studios Hollywood - Revenge of the Mummy - the Ride
- Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride at Universal Orlando Resort