The Mummy (franchise)

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The Mummy
Directed by Stephen Sommers
The Mummy and The Mummy Returns
Rob Cohen
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
Produced by Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Screenplay by Stephen Sommers
Alfred Gough
Miles Millar
Starring List of characters in The Mummy series
Music by Jerry Goldsmith
Alan Silvestri
Randy Edelman
John Debney (additional music)
Edited by Bob Ducsay
Ray Bushey III
Kelly Matsumoto
Joel Negron
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release dates
Running time
366 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Ancient Egyptian
Budget $323 million
Box office $1,415,408,499

The Mummy is the title of several horror-adventure film franchises centered on an ancient Egyptian priest accidentally resurrected, who brings with him a powerful curse, and the efforts of heroic archaeologists to stop him. These three series of films accompany a spin-off, two comic book adaptations, two video games, an animated television series and a roller coaster ride.

Universal Horror series (1932–1955)[edit]

The original series of six installments, starring iconic horror actors Boris Karloff in the original only as Imhotep with Lon Chaney Jr. and Tom Tyler as Kharis and lastly Eddie Parker who played Klaris, a cousin of Kharis.

Film Year The Mummy
The Mummy 1932 Boris Karloff
The Mummy's Hand 1940 Tom Tyler
The Mummy's Tomb 1942 Lon Chaney, Jr.
The Mummy's Ghost 1944 Lon Chaney, Jr.
The Mummy's Curse 1944 Lon Chaney, Jr.
Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy 1955 Eddie Parker

Hammer Horror series (1959-1971)[edit]

In 1959 the British Hammer Film Productions began its own Mummy series.

Stephen Sommers series (1999-2008)[edit]


Originally a proposed remake of The Mummy would have been directed by horror filmmaker/writer Clive Barker. Barker’s vision for the film was violent, with the story revolving around the head of a contemporary art museum who turns out to be a cultist trying to reanimate mummies.[1][2] Barker's take was "dark, sexual and filled with mysticism",[3] and that, "it would have been a great low-budget movie".[1]

In 1999, Stephen Sommers wrote and directed a remake of The Mummy, loosely based on the original film of 1932. This film switches genres from the emphasis on horror to adventure, concentrating more on action sequences and effects, and a higher element of Egyptian lore. The film became a box office success spawning two sequels and a canceled fourth film, a spin-off series, and an animated television series. The first two films received mixed reviews, while third film received mostly negative reviews.

The three Stephen Sommers films[edit]

  • The Mummy, 1999. It is the year 1923 and Richard “Rick” O'Connell, an American explorer, has discovered Hamunaptra, the city of the dead. Three years later, O'Connell returns to the site with a beautiful librarian, Evelyn 'Evie' Carnahan and her brother, Jonathan. When Evie accidentally revives the mummified corpse of an Egyptian priest, Imhotep, the pair must find a way to kill him before he rises back into power and destroys the world.
  • The Mummy Returns, 2001. It is the year 1933 and Rick O'Connell and Evelyn Carnahan are married with an 8 year-old son, Alex. When Alex triggers a curse and Imhotep is resurrected, Rick and Evie must once again try to save the world and defeat the mummy.
  • The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor, 2008. Set in 1946, the film continues the adventures of Rick O'Connell, his wife Evie, and his son Alex against a different mummy, the Dragon Emperor (Jet Li) of China.

Cancellation of fourth film and plans for a reboot[edit]

After Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released, actress Maria Bello stated that another Mummy film will "absolutely" be made, and that she had already signed on.[4] Actor Luke Ford was signed on for three films as well.[5]

On April 4, 2012, Universal Studios announced that they are developing a reboot of the series, with Jon Spaihts to write the film and Sean Daniel who produced the three films, will be returning as producer.[6] On May 1, 2012, Universal signed on with Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman a two-year deal to produce the Mummy reboot through their K/O Paper Products banner.[7] On September 24, 2012, it was announced that Universal has set Len Wiseman to direct the film.[8] In December 2012, it was being said that The Mummy reboot will be different from the classic trilogy, it'll be a completely new take on the mythology, and it will be set in present day.[9] On February 14, 2013, Universal set The Hunger Games' writer Billy Ray to write a competitive draft for the Mummy reboot against Spaiths's written script.[10] On July 31, 2013, director Wiseman has left the film project due of schedule conflicts.[11] On September 13, 2013, news reported that Mama's director Andres Muschietti is in talks to direct the film.[12] In October 2013, Orci has spoken to IGN, hinted that both The Mummy and Van Helsing reboots will have a Shared Universe.[13] On November 27, 2013, Universal has set the film for an April 22, 2016 release.[14] On May 6, 2014, director Muschetti left the film due to creative differences, which Spaihts wrote the latest draft of the script, which reimagined The Mummy in modern day with new characters not seen in previous iterations and a protagonist imbued with a human personality.[15] On July 16, 2014, Universal announced that they had tapped Alex Kurtzman and Chris Morgan to develop all classic movie monsters which include Frankenstein, Dracula, The Wolf Man, Creature from the Black Lagoon, The Invisible Man, Bride of Frankenstein, and The Mummy.[16] The first film they will develop together will be The Mummy, for which they had begun the meetings.[16] So on July 30, Kurtzman was set to direct the film.[17] Next day, the film's release date was pushed back to June 24, 2016, when Universal announced the April 22 for its new film The Huntsman.[18] The film's plot is set in Iraq and follows a Navy Seal and his team that battle Mummies led by Ashurbanipal.[19]

The Scorpion King spin-off series (2002–2015)[edit]

These follow the adventures of Mathayus who would become the Scorpion King and foe in The Mummy Returns.

Cast and characters[edit]

Character Film TV series
The Mummy
The Mummy Returns
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
The Mummy: The Animated Series
Richard “Rick” O'Connell Brendan Fraser John Schneider
Evelyn Carnahan-O'Connell / Princess Nefertiri Rachel Weisz Maria Bello Grey DeLisle
Alex O'Connell   Freddie Boath Luke Ford Chris Marquette
Jonathan Carnahan John Hannah Tom Kenny
Imhotep Arnold Vosloo   Jim Cummings
Ardeth Bay Oded Fehr   Nicholas Guest
Meela Nais / Anck-su-namun Patricia Velásquez   Lenore Zann
Pharaoh Seti I Aharon Ipale  
Beni Gabor Kevin J. O'Connor  
Egyptologist Jonathan Hyde  
Curator Erick Avari  
Henderson Stephen Dunham  
Daniels Corey Johnson  
Burns Tuc Watkins  
Warden Omid Djalili  
Winston Havelock Bernard Fox  
Baltus Hafez   Alun Armstrong  
The Scorpion King   Dwayne Johnson  
Lock-Nah   Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje  
Izzy   Shaun Parkes  
Red   Bruce Byron  
Jacques   Joe Dixon  
Spivey   Tom Fisher  
Emperor Han / The Dragon Emperor   Jet Li
General Yang   Anthony Wang
Lin   Isabella Leong
Maguire   Liam Cunningham
Roger Wilson   David Calder
Ming Guo   Russell Wong
Zi-Yuan   Michelle Yeoh


Film Director Producer Writer Composer Editor Cinematographer
The Mummy Stephen Sommers Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Stephen Sommers
Stephen Sommers
Lloyd Fonvielle & Kevin Jarre
Jerry Goldsmith Bob Ducsay Adrian Biddle
The Mummy Returns Stephen Sommers Alan Silvestri Bob Ducsay
Kelly Matsumoto
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor Rob Cohen Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Bob Ducsay
Stephen Sommers
Alfred Gough & Miles Millar Randy Edelman Joel Negron
Kelly Matsumoto
Simon Duggan

Other media[edit]

The entrance to Revenge of the Mummy at Universal Studios Hollywood

Two video game adaptations of The Mummy (1999) were developed by Rebellion Developments and published by Konami in 2000: an action-adventure game for the PlayStation and PC[20] as well as a Game Boy Color puzzle game.[21] Dreamcast version was announced but later cancelled in the late 2000. Mummy Returns released in late 2001 for the PlayStation 2 and developed by Blitz Games, the Game Boy Color version was developed by GameBrains, both versions were published by Universal Interactive. The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released in 2008, developed by Eurocom for the PlayStation 2 and the Wii, the Nintendo DS released was developed by A2M, all versions were published by Sierra Entertainment. In March 2012, a massive multiplayer online game known as The Mummy Online was released.

In May 2001, Chaos! Comics released the first of a three issue series inspired by the film, titled 'The Mummy Valley of the Gods'.[22] The plot was supposed to take place between the first film and The Mummy Returns. Rick and Evelyn are on their honeymoon in Egypt and end up embarking on yet another adventure where they must unravel the mysteries of the Orb of Destiny and discover the location of the Valley of the Gods hidden beneath the sands. However, the second and third issues were never published.[23] This was most likely due to Chaos later filing bankruptcy in 2002 and selling the rights to all their titles at that time. Years later in 2008, another Mummy comic series was released by IDW Publishing, spanning four issues. This series was titled 'The Mummy: the Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax'. Unlike the preceding comic series, all of the planned issues were published.[24]

From 2001 until 2003 The Mummy: The Animated Series was made by Universal Animation Studios based on the Steven Sommers series of films and set from 1934 - 1935. The series was later renamed The Mummy: Secrets of the Medjai.

The film also inspired a roller coaster, Revenge of the Mummy in Universal Studios Theme Parks, Florida.[25] Similar rides can be found in Hollywood and Singapore.[26]

Derivative works[edit]

Other Mummy movies[edit]


Features in other media[edit]


  1. ^ a b Slotek, Jim (May 2, 1999). "Unwrapping The Mummy". Toronto Sun. 
  2. ^ The Mummy That Wasn't", Cinescape (May 3, 1999).
  3. ^ Hobson, Louis B (May 1, 1999). "Universal rolls out new, improved Mummy", Calgary Sun.
  4. ^ Adler, Shawn (2008-03-10). "'Mummy 3' Star Maria Bello Talks About Taking Over For Rachel Weisz, Fighting An Invisible Baddie". MTV. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  5. ^ "Luke Ford Signed For Three 'Mummy' Films". Bloody-Disgusting. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  6. ^ Gallagher, Brian (4 April 2012). "'The Mummy' Gets Reboot from 'Prometheus' Writer Jon Spaihts". Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "Universal Signs Kurtzman And Orci; Pair Takes On ‘The Mummy’ And ‘Van Helsing’". 1 May 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (24 September 2012). "Len Wiseman Wrapping Up Deal To Helm Universal Reboot Of ‘The Mummy’". Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Mummy Remake to Be an Epic Horror Movie Set in Present Day America". 13 December 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  10. ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude (14 February 2013). "Starving for Mummy Reboot, Universal Hires Hunger Games Screenwriter to Pen Competing Script". Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  11. ^ Sneider, Jeff (31 July 2013). "Director Len Wiseman Exits ‘The Mummy’ Reboot at Universal". Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  12. ^ Kit, Borys (13 September 2013). "'Mama' Director in Talks to Helm 'Mummy' Reboot for Universal". Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Tilly, Chris (18 October 2013). "Bob Orci Discusses Van Helsing Reboot". Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Universal Dates ‘The Mummy’ Reboot For April 2016, Pushes ‘Warcraft’ Out Of ‘Star Wars’ Slot". 27 November 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  15. ^ Sneider, Jeff (6 May 2014). "‘Mummy’ Reboot Loses ‘Mama’ Director Andy Muschetti". Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  16. ^ a b Fleming Jr, Mike (16 July 2014). "Universal Taps Alex Kurtzman, Chris Morgan To Relaunch Classic Movie Monster Franchises". Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  17. ^ Kit, Borys (30 July 2014). "Alex Kurtzman to Direct 'The Mummy' Reboot". Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  18. ^ Perlman, Jake (July 31, 2014). "Universal to release 'The Huntsman' in 2016, pushes back 'The Mummy'". Retrieved August 1, 2014. 
  19. ^ Williams, Celeb (October 22, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: First Plot Details on Alex Kurtzman's 'The Mummy' Reboot". Superhero Movies News. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  20. ^ "The Mummy (PSX)". IGN. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  21. ^ "The Mummy (GBC)". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  22. ^ "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  23. ^ "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue #2)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  24. ^ "The Mummy: the Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved 2011-03-29. 
  25. ^ Universal Studios Hollywood - Revenge of the Mummy - the Ride
  26. ^ Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride at Universal Orlando Resort