The National (CBC)

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CBC News The National
The national.png
The 2009 opening of The National
Format News
Created by Mavor Moore
Presented by Peter Mansbridge (Mon-Thu)
Wendy Mesley (Sunday, and most Fridays)
Kim Brunhuber (Saturday)
Country of origin Canada
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes N/A
Production
Executive producer(s) Mark Harrison
Location(s) Canadian Broadcasting Centre, Toronto, Ontario
Running time 30 or 60 minutes (including commercials)
Distributor Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Broadcast
Original channel CBC Television
(1952-1992, 1995–present)
CBC News Network
(1990–present)
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
480i (SDTV)
Original run 1954 – present
External links
Website

CBC News The National (formerly titled, and still most commonly billed as, The National) is the flagship national television news program of CBC News, the news division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in Canada. It reports on major Canadian and international news stories, airing on CBC Television weeknights and Sundays at 10:00 p.m. local time (10:30 p.m. NT). On Saturdays, a 30-minute edition generally airs at 6:00 p.m. ET during the season of Hockey Night in Canada (or if other live CBC Sports broadcasts are scheduled for that evening), and 6:00 local (7:00 AT, 7:30 NT) otherwise, except on certain stations carrying local newscasts in that timeslot instead. Since September 2007, The National has aired in HDTV, the first Canadian national newscast to do so.[citation needed]

The program is also aired on CBC News Network; on weekdays, the initial version that airs live to Atlantic Canada on the main network is simulcast on CBC News Network at 9:00 p.m. ET, with several repeat broadcasts overnight. Until August 2005, The National was also seen in the United States on the defunct Newsworld International channel; the program continues to air occasionally on C-SPAN when that network wants to provide coverage of a major Canadian news story, or a Canadian angle for a world or American event.

The National and other CBC newscasts, including CBC owned-and-operated stations (O&Os)' early-evening local newscasts, are streamed on the CBC website; those residing outside of Canada may not be able to view some content.[1][2]

Format[edit]

The National originally ran a news headlines segment for 20 to 25 minutes without commercial interruption, a format that has been relaxed or reinstated at various points over the years. Subsequent segments would consist of documentaries or other feature reports, either in the form of a separate program (The Journal or The Magazine) or more recently as additional segments of the main program.

Currently, the opening segment generally runs 15 to 20 minutes, followed by additional segments of varying length featuring additional stories, features, or panel discussions. Long-form documentaries or feature reports are not as common as they were prior to 2009, but are still featured from time to time, particularly during the Friday and Sunday editions. The broadcast contains some live inserts but most of the broadcast's segments are taped prior to the program's initial airtime.

Peter Mansbridge, as chief correspondent for CBC News, is the regular weeknight anchor, normally hosting from Monday to Thursday, but may host other nights if a significant news event has occurred. While CBC primetime promos on Fridays typically list Mansbridge as the nominal regular anchor that night as well, he has rarely anchored on Fridays in recent years, with Wendy Mesley normally substituting. Mesley has also been the permanent Sunday anchor since September 2010,[3] essentially a reprisal of her tenure as anchor of Sunday Report in the early 1990s, while Kim Brunhuber is now the regular Saturday anchor.[4]

From October 2009 to September 2012, weekday (and, on some stations, Sunday) airings on CBC O&Os ended at 10:55 with the anchor handing over to 10-minute local news bulletins that overlapped the normal 11:00 start time of the competing CTV National News. On CBC News Network, the weekday editions continued to run a full hour during this period; separate final segments, both pre-taped, were used for the 55- and 60-minute versions. Private affiliates, some of which had already been airing 11:00 p.m. local newscasts prior to the implementation of the 55-minute format, had the option of carrying either the 55- or 60-minute version. On September 17, 2012, with many CBC O&Os extending late local news to 30 minutes, The National reverted to a single 60-minute format on weeknights and Sundays. (Those stations which continue to produce 10-minute late local newscasts now air them starting at 11:00, followed by condensed 20-minute broadcasts of The Lang and O'Leary Exchange or This Hour Has 22 Minutes before rejoining the network schedule at 11:30.)

A similar local opt-out continues to be provided for the Saturday edition at 6:20 ET. However, it is currently used by only a small number of CBC O&Os. (Some stations, including flagship CBLT Toronto, preempt the Saturday edition altogether for a fully separate local newscast.)

History[edit]

The National originated as The National News in 1954. Since 1952, there had been a five-minute national news bulletin on the fledgling CBC Television service - each bulletin would be read by a succession of readers which, ultimately, the CBC's management realised resulted in a disjoined broadcast. Program director Mavor Moore decided to choose a single newsreader for the program in order to create continuity and hired veteran radio newsman Larry Henderson to anchor the broadcast which soon expanded to nightly thirteen-minute program airing at 11 pm. Henderson, who had hoped to become Canada's answer to Edward R. Murrow, had spent several years travelling the world with his Headliners radio broadcast. He proved a temperamental newsreader who would occasionally swear on the air, respond in anger to cues to speed up his reading, and once walked off the set when a filmed segment was not ready on cue.[5]

Henderson left the broadcast in 1959 and was succeeded by Earl Cameron, who had been presenter of the National News Bulletin on the CBC's main radio service, the Trans-Canada Network, since 1944. Changes in the philosophy of CBC News led to Cameron, a professional announcer rather than a journalist, being replaced by journalist Stanley Burke, in 1966.

Though journalists were now reading the news, union regulations required a journalist acting as news anchor to leave the journalists' union and join the announcers' union and thus prohibited the anchor from doing anything other than reading a script written by others. Burke anchored the show from 1966 until 1969 when he resigned in order to launch a public campaign on the Biafran civil war. Burke was replaced by Warren Davis, at which point the show was rebranded The National and the program was broadcast in colour. From 1970, the program was anchored by Lloyd Robertson until he was hired away by the CTV Television Network, the CBC's rival, in 1976, largely as a result of Robertson's frustration at not being able to participate in the writing of the newscast due to union rules.

Peter Kent hosted the show for two years and, because he had worked as a senior correspondent with CBC News Magazine and The National, he was allowed to report and write and anchor The National and CBC News Specials before leaving to return to work as a foreign correspondent. In 1978, Knowlton Nash—who had been Kent's supervisor—became the newscast's new anchor. During Nash's tenure, the CBC was able to win "formal" concessions from its unions allowing working journalists to read the news, allowing Nash to assume the title of "Chief Correspondent" for CBC News. This allowed him to participate in the writing of the show's script as well as act as a news editor with influence over the stories selected for the newscast and other questions of editorial judgement. Nash stepped down as chief anchor in 1988 and was replaced by Peter Mansbridge.

On January 11, 1982, The National was relaunched in the 10:00 PM timeslot with a modernized design and format. The Journal, a program that covered news stories in greater depth using interviews and documentaries, followed it at 10:22 PM.

One of the hosts of The Journal from the beginning was Barbara Frum, who quickly became a symbol of CBC News as she was not afraid to tackle the toughest and most controversial of issues. Frum died of chronic leukemia on March 26, 1992. Her final interview was with Canadian author Mordecai Richler, which took place just days before her death.

That same year, the CBC, which was undergoing major changes, replaced The National and The Journal with Prime Time News, an integrated package which aired at 9:00 p.m. with two hosts, Mansbridge and Pamela Wallin. However, the show fared poorly in the ratings, and returned to the 10 p.m. time slot in 1994. During this time, the title The National was appropriated for a separate newscast on CBC Newsworld, hosted by Alison Smith.

In 1995, the main-network program reverted to the name The National, hosted by Mansbridge, and was followed by The National Magazine, hosted by Hana Gartner. Brian Stewart later took the helm of the second program, which was retitled The Magazine. It continued as a pseudo-separate program until the start of the federal election campaign of fall 2000, when the second half-hour was turned over to additional election coverage hosted by Mansbridge, under the moniker "Behind the Ballot". However, The Magazine did not return after the election, and Mansbridge continued to anchor the full hour. In early 2001, this integrated format was formally introduced as part of a revamp of the program; for a time, the latter part of the hour was often titled Documentary, on nights when such were featured; on other occasions, feature reports and/or panel discussions would be featured instead. The program acquired a new look and format in the eventful fall of that year with the CBC's latest corporate redesign.

Beginning in the late 1990s, in an effort to provide an 11:00 p.m. alternative to the now-dominant CTV National News, the CBC's owned-and-operated stations would repeat the news headline portion of The National at 11:00 p.m., followed (until summer 2000) by a half-hour local newscast at 11:30. This practice ended in October 2006, when The Hour began airing in that timeslot. Most private affiliates of the CBC did not broadcast the 11 p.m. airing.

On January 9, 2006, The National adopted a new look as part of a major rebranding for CBC News, stemming mainly from an extensive study by the CBC into how to make news programming more relevant, particularly in the face of stiff competition from CTV National News and Global National. The rebranding was originally scheduled for September 2005 but was postponed due to the lengthy lockout that had just concluded at that time. The primary colour of CBC News shifted from blue to red, not unlike BBC News.

The CBC in summer 2006 briefly and controversially aired The National at 11 p.m. on Tuesday nights in the Eastern Time Zone, in order to simulcast the American airing of The One: Making a Music Star. The One received very low ratings on both ABC and CBC, and after two weeks The National returned to airing at 10 p.m. five nights a week as of July 31, 2006.[6]

In May 2007, The National launched a redesigned website featuring the latest broadcast and recent documentaries, as well as an extensive online archive that opens the floor for comments from the viewers. There is also a behind the scenes blog and video bios on many of the reporters.

The CBC announced a strategic revamp of The National in December 2008, under which the network's weekend newscasts Saturday Report and CBC News: Sunday Night were also renamed The National in 2009. In September 2009 The National switched to a seven night a week format.[7] In line with the scheduling of CBC's former Saturday Report, the program continues to air at 6 p.m. on Saturdays, rather than the 10 p.m. timeslot in which it airs on all other days, because of Hockey Night in Canada.

Presentation[edit]

The national 2009.jpg

The show's name was shortened to The National in 1969. The rebranded broadcast's original opening, used from 1969 through 1982, was known as "the Bloops" and featured the title of the program in a "space-age" font in green on the bottom of the screen, superimposed over a wide shot of the set. Sometimes the program title appeared in the centre of the screen, with a black background. Accompanied by synthesized beeps that resembled an old computer, different letters rapidly cycled from left to right until they spelled "The National".

An announcer, usually Allan McFee, would intone "The National, with," followed by the name of the anchor, followed by a cut to a shot of the anchor beside a screen. The anchor of the program would then summarize the top stories as different slides appeared for each of them on the screen.

An internal study was conducted in July 1979 on whether to move The National to the 10 p.m. slot. This study group was composed of Bill Morgan, Mark Starowicz, and Vince Carlin.

On January 11, 1982, the CBC relaunched The National with a radically different format and presentation style that looked very hi-tech for its time. The intro started with a map of the world superimposed on a cube which began to rotate, splitting into smaller cubes as it did. The final rotation revealed the title of the show in shiny chrome lettering using the font Stop. The synthesized opening music featured a fanfare played by The Canadian Brass, called The National.

During the mid-1980s, Quantel Paintbox was used to create many of the graphics for the stories.

In 1989, CBC updated the presentation of The National with more modern computer graphics. The logo used all upper-case letters in the typeface Times New Roman.

Between 1992 and 1995, the main network's newscast was called Prime Time News; the name The National was retained on CBC Newsworld for its late evening news bulletin.

From 1995 to 1997, the logo used the font Palatino in upper-case for the words "The National", and Frutiger in upper-case for the words "CBC News" underneath.

A new opening and look for the show appeared in 1997 that retained the style of the 1995 opening but used somewhat more sophisticated and modern computer animation.

In 2001, a logo was introduced that used the typeface Microgramma, centred on two lines, with the CBC News logo underneath in Frutiger. It was short-lived, lasting only a few months.

In the fall of 2001, the presentation of The National was updated along with the corporate redesign of the entire network to have one consistent branding. The New York design firm Razorfish designed the look of this and other network programs. The logo used the typeface Frutiger in upper case.

In late 2004 or early 2005, several graphics were modified, featuring more blue, less beige, and a slightly modified logo (with bolder type for "The National"). These changes were only implemented in selected sequences, sometimes leading to confusion - i.e. the older set of graphics was used at the start of the newscast's opening, and the new set was used at the end of the open.

The opening sequence started with the CBC News ID which flowed into the main graphic sequence, followed by Mansbridge or the fill-in anchor saying "Tonight ..." followed by a verbal listing of the main headlines and accompanying video and graphics. The title sequence would then continue, and cut to an aerial view of Toronto (new shot every Monday which then ran the entire week) and Lisa Dalbello announcing up and under the theme saying "The National; from the Canadian Broadcasting Centre, here is Peter Mansbridge."

In early 2006, the entire news division - including The National and CBC Newsworld - received another update, including a new theme song and new title sequences, featuring the colours red, black, and white. From 2008 to the 2009 rebranding, Tony Daniels introduced the show and the host.

After more than two years in the making, The National underwent sweeping changes on October 26, 2009. Host Peter Mansbridge began delivering all segments of the news standing up, a style pioneered in Canada by the Citytv system.[citation needed] The set was redesigned and the colour blue was mixed into the previous channel's colours of red and white. A press release originally stated that the 2006 theme music would remain intact; however, new music cues by Eggplant Collective were created. Most of the logos and graphic fonts were changed to use Christian Schwartz's Stag typeface.[citation needed]

Personalities[edit]

Anchors[edit]

Reporters[edit]

[8]

Other personalities who have anchored The National as weekend or substitute anchors include George McLean, Alison Smith, Wendy Mesley, Diana Swain, Carole MacNeil, Mark Kelley, Brian Stewart, Ian Hanomansing and Heather Hiscox. In 1974, Jan Tennant became the first woman to anchor the programme.

Commentators / panels[edit]

  • A political panel titled "At Issue" airs weekly, usually on Thursday nights, except during the summer. The regular panelists are columnists Andrew Coyne and Chantal Hébert from the National Post and the Toronto Star respectively, and Bruce Anderson of National Public Relations. The At Issue panel is almost always followed by a weekly commentary by Rex Murphy (previously titled "Point of View", now simply titled "Rex Murphy"), which runs just before the end of the Thursday broadcast.
    • "At Issue" and Rex Murphy's commentary are also repeated as a stand-alone half-hour weekend program on CBC News Network.
  • Other regular panels include:
    • "The Insiders": Three former political-party backroom organizers – usually David Herle of the Liberals, Jaime Watt of the Conservatives, and Kathleen Monk of the NDP – provide commentary (intended as non-partisan) about political strategy. Usually appears bi-weekly on Tuesday nights.
    • "The Bottom Line": A monthly Tuesday-night panel about the economy with various panelists including business correspondent Amanda Lang.
    • "Turning Point": A semi-regular panel on foreign affairs.
    • "3 to Watch": A weekly panel on Sunday broadcasts, with various panelists, discussing three of the biggest upcoming / ongoing stories that week.

Awards[edit]

The National is the recipient of numerous awards including Geminis and foreign awards.[9]

References[edit]

External links[edit]