National Trust

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For the body protecting historic environments in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, see National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. This article lists similar bodies worldwide. For other uses, see National Trust (disambiguation).

A national trust is an organization dedicated to preserving the cultural or environmental treasures of a particular geographic region. Although the focus of a national trust may vary by region, an Australian organization stated: "A principal role of a National Trust is to ensure the preservation of architecturally or historically significant items of our cultural heritage, and the conservation of areas of natural beauty".[1] National trusts generally operate as private non-profit organizations, although some receive considerable support from their national government. The first such organization was the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, which is the national trust of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, formed in 1895 and operating as a charitable organisation, still using the trade name "National Trust" in their official publications without any other distinguishing words. Other national trusts have since been set up, and some of them are also best known locally as "the National Trust".

Notable national trusts include:


  1. ^ Max Colwell, David Colwell, Heritage Preserved with the National Trust of South Australia (1985), p. 7.