Oxford Annotated Bible

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The 1973 edition of the New Oxford Annotated Bible, with the RSV text
The 2000 edition of the New Oxford Annotated Bible, with the NRSV text

The Oxford Annotated Bible (OAB) is a study Bible published by the Oxford University Press (OUP). The notes and the study material feature in-depth academic research from non-denominational perspectives, specifically secular perspectives for "Bible-as-literature" with a focus on the most recent advances in historical criticism and related disciplines, with contributors from mainline Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, and non-religious interpretative traditions.

The original OAB and the first edition of the New Oxford Annotated Bible (NOAB), edited by Herbert G. May and Bruce Metzger, were based on the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Bible. After the release of the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) of the Bible in 1989, OUP published a second edition of the NOAB based on that translation. The NRSV was also the basis of the third edition (2000), edited by Michael Coogan, which is considered to be much more ecumenical in approach. For example, it calls the Old Testament the "Hebrew Bible" out of consideration to Jewish readers. A fully revised Fourth Edition was released in May 2010.

Some editions of the Oxford Annotated Bible also include the apocryphal and deuterocanonical books used by the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek and Slavonic Orthodox Churches, as well as churches of the Anglican Communion (including The Episcopal Church); these editions are titled the "[New] Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha". The Apocryphal books are also available in a separate volume.

Some groups, including fundamentalist and evangelical Protestants as well as traditional Catholics, object to the OAB because the editors adhere to contemporary, scholarly views of Biblical criticism, and thus call into question the traditional authorship of some books.[citation needed]

This edition also includes a number of useful essays. Essay topics include Bible translations, early Jewish history and the geography of the Bible. The NOAB also features maps of the Holy Land during various time periods. The NOAB is commonly used by colleges and universities.

In addition to the NRSV editions, OUP continues to make the 1977 RSV edition available.

In 2009, the 4th edition was published, containing new color maps and updated essays and commentaries. As always, versions with and without the Apocrypha were made available.

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