The Ohio State University College of Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine (formerly known as The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health) is the medical school at The Ohio State University and is located in Columbus, Ohio. The college is nationally recognized as a top institution in both education and research, as reflected by rankings in U.S. News & World Report. In 2009, its primary teaching hospital (Ohio State University Hospital) ranked as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. in 10 different specialties; it was chosen to be among the 21 hospitals named to U.S. News & World Report's select honor roll of U.S. hospitals.
The OSU College of Medicine can trace its roots as far back as March 3, 1834 with the founding of the Willoughby University of Lake Erie in Willoughby, Ohio. Dr. Westel Willoughby (1789–1844), the school's namesake and first president, oversaw the operation of the school until 1843, when a disagreement among the faculty led to their resignation from the school.
In 1847 the disgruntled faculty members started the Willoughby Medical College of Columbus in Columbus, Ohio on the corner of High Street and Gay Street in half of the Clay Club house. Almost immediately upon opening, the school was contacted by Lyne Starling, a wealthy local business owner, who offered $30,000 to construct a new hospital and school complex on State and Sixth Street in Columbus. The concept of a hospital affiliated with a medical school, though commonplace now, was groundbreaking at the time.
The construction of the Starling Medical College, as the school became known, was begun in 1848 but was not completed until 1887. Dr. Starling Loving was a trustee, professor, and dean at the Starling Medical College. Dr. Loving facilitated the arrival of the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis to the area to run the hospital, which was named St. Francis Hospital in 1865.
In 1875, during elections for a new chairman of the board, James Fairchild Baldwin and several faculty members left the school and in 1876 founded another medical school, the Columbus Medical College. In 1882, the Columbus Medical College began construction on a new hospital after a $10,000 gift from Dr. W.B. Hawkes. This hospital was called the Hawkes Hospital of Mt. Carmel and was operated by the Sisters of the Holy Cross.
In 1892, members of the Columbus Medical College merged with Starling Medical College, angering James Fairchild Baldwin. In 1892, he and several faculty members resigned and started yet another medical school, the Ohio Medical University, and the Columbus Medical College incorporation simply went dead from neglect. After a donation of $5,000, the Ohio Medical University was able to build a hospital. It was named Protestant Hospital and was the forerunner of Riverside Methodist Hospitals, which still exists.
In 1907, the Ohio Medical University merged with Starling Medical College to form the Starling-Ohio Medical College. In 1914, the Starling-Ohio Medical College became affiliated with The Ohio State University.
The Ohio State University Medical Center has grown into a large complex with numerous specialty centers, hospitals, and research buildings. 44,000 patients are admitted into the OSU system every year. Another 635,000 are seen as outpatients (including outpatient surgery and 75,000 emergency patients).
The facilities include:
- The College of Medicine
- The Schools of Allied Medical Professions and Biomedical Sciences
- University Hospital
- University Hospitals East
- James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute
- Comprehensive Cancer Center
- OSU Harding Hospital (psychiatric services)
- Davis Heart & Lung Research Institute
- Dodd Rehabilitation Clinic
- The Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital
- John A. Prior Health Sciences Library
- Nisonger Center for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
- Neurobiotechnology Center
- Center for Behavioral Medicine Research
- Numerous ambulatory, primary care and sub-specialty clinics throughout Central Ohio
- Annually, OSUCOM earns recognition for having some of the best medical facilities in the United States, according to US News and World Report magazine. In 2005 OSUCOM received recognition in 13 different areas and was called "One of America's Best Hospitals."
- The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) has listed The James Cancer Center as one of "18 Leading Cancer Hospitals" in the country in its magazine, Modern Maturity
- U.S. News ranks Ohio State's Medical School among the top 50 research schools; the OSU College of Medicine and Public Health was ranked 27th in the 2010 edition,
- OSU also has seen an increase in its level of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research funding, from $237.8 million to $272.3 million in 2009
- Fourteen Ohio State University Medical Center physicians are among 4,000 nationally listed in the recently released book, America’s Top Doctors
- The Ohio State University Health System has been named one of the top 100 health care networks in the country for its use of communications technology to better serve patients, medical staff and external business associates
- In 2011, the College of Medicine was awarded the NIH funding for its MD/PhD program, making it a Medical Scientist Training Program, one of only 44 medical schools in the country and the only new school to receive the funding in the past 10 years.
Charles J. Lockwood, MD, MHCM. Dean, College of Medicine Vice President, Health Sciences
Robert Ruberg, MD Vice Dean for Education
Clay B. Marsh, M.D. Vice Dean for Research
E. Christopher Ellison, M.D. Vice Dean for Clinical Affairs
- U.S. News & World Report: America's Best Hospitals 2009-10, accessed September 11, 2009.
- "Ohio State's College of Medicine Advances Medical Scientist Program". Medicalcenter.osu.edu. Retrieved 2012-11-02.
- "Executive Leadership". Medicine.osu.edu. 2010-10-07. Retrieved 2012-11-02.