The Oregon Duck
|The Oregon Duck|
The university uses Donald Duck as its mascot
|University||University of Oregon|
The Oregon Duck (also known as the Fighting Duck, Puddles, or simply The Duck) is the mascot of the University of Oregon Ducks athletic program, based on Disney's Donald Duck character through a special license agreement. The mascot wears a green and yellow costume, and a green and yellow beanie cap with the word "Oregon" on it.
Oregon teams were originally known as Webfoots, possibly as early as the 1890s. The Webfoots name originally applied to a group of fishermen from the coast of Massachusetts who had been heroes during the American Revolutionary War. When their descendants settled in Oregon's Willamette Valley in the 19th century, the name stayed with them. A naming contest in 1926 won by Oregonian sports editor L. H. Gregory made the Webfoots name official, and a subsequent student vote in 1932 affirmed the nickname, chosen over other suggested nicknames such as Pioneers, Trappers, Lumberjacks, Wolves, and Yellow Jackets.
Ducks, with their webbed feet, began to be associated with the team in the 1920s, and a live white duck named "Puddles" began to appear at sports events. Journalists, especially headline writers, also adopted the shorter Duck nickname. In 1978, a student cartoonist came up with a new duck image called Mallard Drake, but students chose Donald as the official mascot by a 2–to–1 margin.
Relationship with Disney
Beginning in 1940, cartoon drawings of Puddles in student publications began to resemble Donald Duck, and by 1947, Walt Disney was aware of the issue. Capitalizing on his friendship with a Disney cartoonist, Oregon athletic director Leo Harris met Disney and reached an informal handshake agreement that granted the University of Oregon permission to use Donald as its sports mascot.
When Disney lawyers later questioned the agreement in the 1970s, the University produced a photo showing Harris and Disney wearing matching jackets with an Oregon Donald logo. Relying on the photo as evidence of Disney's wishes, in 1973, both parties signed a formal agreement granting the university the right to use Donald's likeness as a symbol for (and restricted to) Oregon sports. The agreement gave Disney control over where the mascot could perform and ensured that the performer inside the costume would "properly represent the Donald Duck character."
In 2010, Disney and the University reached an agreement that removed the costumed Oregon Duck mascot from its association with the Donald trademark, and allowed The Duck to make more public appearances, such as at college mascot competitions. The mascot in graphic art, which is more similar to Donald Duck than the rounder head and body of the costume, is still covered by the trademark agreement.
During the 2007 season opener, The Duck attacked Shasta, the mascot for the Houston Cougars, for seemingly mimicking the Duck's routine of doing push ups after the mascot's team scores. Footage of the attack became very popular on YouTube for several weeks. The Duck was suspended for a game and the student inside the costume received an unspecified punishment. Late in the 2009 season, students of the university created a video, I Love My Ducks, in which The Duck made an appearance. Due to the agreement with Disney in place at the time, the creators had to take the video down from YouTube. However by that time, the video had "gone viral" and coach Chip Kelly requested the video be played at the Ducks' final game of that season, the Civil War.
A Nike-designed futuristic Spandex costume wearing duck called Mandrake (and nicknamed "Duck Vader" and "RoboDuck" by the student body), began appearing at athletic events in 2002, but had disappeared by 2003.
- "Team mascot never ducked controversy, historical record shows". The Register-Guard. September 3, 1995. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "The Duck". GoDucks.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "Ducks??". The Register-Guard. February 29, 1976. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Newnham, Blaine (May 4, 1978). "Making of a mascot". The Register-Guard. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Schmidt, Brad (November 15, 2002). "One duck...or two?". Oregon Daily Emerald. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- "Disney, UO mascot part ways". The Oregonian. March 4, 2010. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- "Bad Duck!". Associated Press. September 12, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "'I Love My Ducks' going viral, but UO officials still don't like it.". The Oregonian. November 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- Yahya, Ayisha (October 24, 2003). "Mandrake: MIA, whereabouts unknown". Oregon Daily Emerald. Retrieved December 6, 2011.