The Patty Duke Show
|The Patty Duke Show|
Opening sequence of The Patty Duke Show
|Created by||William Asher
|Written by||Gary Abrams
|Directed by||Bruce Bilson
|Theme music composer||Sid Ramin
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||3|
|No. of episodes||104|
|Running time||24 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Chrislaw Productions (1963–1966)
United Artists Television (1963–1966)
Cottage Industries, Inc. (1965–1966)
|Original run||September 18, 1963– April 27, 1966|
|Followed by||The Patty Duke Show: Still Rockin' In Brooklyn Heights|
The Patty Duke Show is an American sitcom which ran on ABC from September 18, 1963 to April 27, 1966, with reruns airing through August 31, 1966. The show was created as a vehicle for rising star Patty Duke. A total of 104 episodes were produced, most written by Sidney Sheldon.
Patty Lane (Duke) is a normal teenager living in the Brooklyn Heights section of New York City (and as the lyrics to the theme song point out--"Patty loves to rock 'n' roll, the Hot Dog makes her lose control!"). Her father is the managing editor of the New York Daily Chronicle. In the unaired pilot episode, her "identical cousin" Cathy Lane (also played by Duke), whose father also works for the Chronicle as a foreign correspondent, arrives in the United States from Scotland to live with Patty's family and attend school.
The show's premise is that Cathy is more worldly and demure than identical looking cousin Patty. The remarkable physical resemblance that Patty and Cathy Lane share is explained by the fact that their fathers are identical twins.
Duke played a third lookalike role in the second season episode "The Perfect Hostess", in which Patty and Cathy come face to face with their southern belle doppelganger when distant cousin Betsy visits from Chattanooga, Tenn.
Characters and cast 
Rounding out the cast were William Schallert as Patty's father Martin Lane (Schallert also played Cathy's father Kenneth in a handful of episodes), Jean Byron as Patty's mother Natalie Lane, Paul O'Keefe as Patty's brother Ross Lane, and Eddie Applegate as Patty's boyfriend Richard Harrison.
In the pilot episode only, Mark Miller played Patty's father and Charles Herbert played Patty's brother. The pilot episode was not aired as such, but parts of it were used in the last episode of the first season, with Schallert and O'Keefe in their respective roles.
Special guest stars included singing duo Chad and Jeremy, teen-heartthrob singers Frankie Avalon, Bobby Vinton, Frank Sinatra, Jr. and Robert Goulet, Jimmy Dean, Sal Mineo, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Lawford and a then-unknown James Brolin and John Spencer.
The show's theme song, which has since been parodied many times over in pop culture, illustrates the two girls' differences: "Cathy adores the minuet, the Ballet Russe, and crêpes Suzette, while Patty loves to rock 'n' roll; a hot dog makes her lose control."
Visual effects 
The dual role for Duke challenged special effects for its time, considering that television special effects were rare in the early 1960s, particularly for a sitcom.
In all episodes, Duke appeared as both characters in the same frame through use of a split-screen effect. The technically ambitious traveling matte process was also used from time to time, particularly in the pilot. To complement these effects, child actress Rita McLaughlin was used as Duke's double (almost always seen only from behind). In order to differentiate the two characters to the viewing public, the character Patty wore a flip-fall hairpiece, while Cathy's character wore a more conservative turn-under hairstyle.
Already a budding star in her own right, Duke was further thrust into the public consciousness through the show. As the series went on, her star power from the series allowed her to enter the realm of popular music, releasing a Top Ten single, "Don't Just Stand There", in 1965.
Filming locations 
By the early 1960s most sitcoms were being produced in Hollywood, whereas previously they had been produced in New York. New formats and innovations such as filmed shows, video tape, and coast to coast coaxial cable service allowed for this change. By 1963 mostly game shows, such as What's My Line, and soap operas, such as The Secret Storm, still originated from New York, whereas most other productions moved out West. The Patty Duke Show would prove to be the exception for the time, as it was filmed in New York and not in Hollywood.
When the series unaired pilot episode was filmed in early 1963, featuring actors Mark Miller and Charles Herbert in the roles of Martin and Ross Lane respectively, the show was filmed in Hollywood with San Francisco as the setting for the series. However, when the series was picked up by ABC it was realized that Duke's age, which was at the time 16, would prove to be a challenge. California's strict child labor laws, known informally as the Coogan Laws after famed 1930's child actor Jackie Coogan, curtailed the number of hours that child actors could work. It was thus decided that the show would originate from New York, as New York, by contrast, did not have such stringent laws. This would allow producers to devote more time to the production, a distinct advantage, since Duke effectively carried the show.:116 With the switch to the East Coast it was decided to reset the show in Brooklyn Heights with the Chelsea Studios in Manhattan serving as the filming location.
Duke turned 18 during the 1965–66 television season; consequently ABC wanted to shift the show's production to Hollywood. To the network's displeasure, Duke refused to make the move; at the time, she was in the midst of breaking off her relationship with her managers, who were insisting upon the move. Although the series kicked off in New York at the beginning of the season, a few of the last shows were in fact filmed on the West Coast. Had the show continued it would have stayed in California but its cancellation made the further discussion pointless.
Although the series was still very popular during its final season and getting high Nielsen ratings, ABC decided not to renew it for the 1966–67 season on the basis that filming it in color would have been prohibitively expensive (at the time all three networks were switching their entire prime time lineups to color production).
Duke wrote in her memoir Call Me Anna that United Artists, which produced the series (as well as The Miracle Worker), refused ABC's demand for a switch to color. Duke suspected that United Artists executives said no as "a negotiating ploy" with the hope that ABC would respond with an offer to pay more money for the series. Instead, ABC decided not to renew the series.:167
The Patty Duke Show was rerun on Nick at Nite from September 19, 1988 to August 30, 1993. On June 30, 1995, Nick at Nite showed one episode of the series during their 10th anniversary celebration. In 2005, both Nick at Nite and TV Land aired an episode of Patty in honor of Nick at Nite's 20th anniversary.
As of November 1, 2008, The Patty Duke Show is currently being syndicated on This TV as part of an early morning classic TV block. Prior to this, the show had not appeared in national syndication since Nick at Nite dropped it from its lineup. As of March 2009, the show was being broadcast daily on World Harvest Television, the cable/satellite channel operated by televangelist Lester Sumrall's LeSEA Broadcasting.
Reunion movie 
In 1999, CBS aired the TV movie The Patty Duke Show: Still Rockin' In Brooklyn Heights, which reunited the original cast, including Duke, Byron, O'Keefe, Schallert, and Applegate. In Still Rockin', Patty and Richard married after high school, had a son, a granddaughter, and were amicably divorced (though toward the end of the movie, they reconcile). Cathy is a widow living in Scotland and has a teenage son. Martin and Natalie moved to Florida after Martin retired from The New York Chronicle. Most of the plot revolves around Patty's old rival Sue Ellen and her plans to buy Brooklyn Heights High School (where Patty works as a drama teacher), raze it, and replace it with a mall, which is opposed by Patty, Cathy, and the rest of the Lane family. Kitty Sullivan, who played Patty's nemesis Sue Ellen in several episodes of the TV show, was unavailable to reprise her role for the movie and was replaced by Cindy Williams.
DVD releases 
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release Date|
|The Complete First Season||37||September 29, 2009|
|The Complete Second Season||36||February 9, 2010|
|The Complete Third Season||32||August 24, 2010|
Social Security campaigns 
In 2009, Duke reprised her dual roles from the show in a public service announcement (PSA) for The Social Security Administration, in which Patty asked Cathy about where she got her information about how to get Social Security benefits and other questions, such as how to apply online. The PSA was targeted toward baby boomers who were born or grew up in the 1960s.
In 2010, the main cast of The Patty Duke Show (except Jean Byron, who died in 2006) reprised their roles in a series of PSAs, again for the Social Security Administration.
- Parla, Paul; Mitchell, Charles P. (2000). Screen Sirens Scream!: Interviews with 20 Actresses from Science Fiction. McFarland. p. 29. ISBN 0-7864-0701-8.
- Mansour, Davod (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 355. ISBN 0-7407-5118-2.
- "Patty Duke – Charts & Awards". allmusic.com. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- New York: The Movie Lover's Guide: The Ultimate Insider Tour of Movie New York – Richard Alleman – Broadway (February 1, 2005) ISBN 0-7679-1634-4
- Duke, Patty; Turan, Kenneth (1988). Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-27205-5.
- Nick at Nite Log – 1985–present
- The Intelligencer – August 27, 1993
- The Intelligencer – June 30, 1995
- "More Fun with Identical Cousins, when Shout! Releases Season 3"
- Patty Lane Retires – Social Security From YouTube
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: The Patty Duke Show|