The Petrified Forest
|The Petrified Forest|
The Petrified Forest poster
|Directed by||Archie Mayo|
|Produced by||Hal B. Wallis (executive producer, uncredited)|
|Written by||Robert E. Sherwood (play)
|Music by||Bernhard Kaun|
|Editing by||Owen Marks|
|Release dates||February 6, 1936 (U.S. release)|
|Running time||83 min|
The Petrified Forest is a 1936 American film, starring Leslie Howard, Bette Davis, and Humphrey Bogart. A precursor of film noir, it was adapted from Robert E. Sherwood's stage play of the same name. The screenplay was written by Delmer Daves and Charles Kenyon, and adaptations were later performed on radio and television as well.
Alan Squier (Howard), once a British intellectual and writer, now a penniless alcoholic drifter, wanders into a roadside diner in the Petrified Forest area in northern Arizona. The diner is run by Jason Maple (Porter Hall), his daughter Gabrielle (Davis), and her grandfather (Charley Grapewin), "an old man who was missed by Billy the Kid."
Alan recounts his European adventures and Gabrielle is instantly smitten with him. Gabrielle's mother, a French war bride who fell in love with Jason when he was a young, handsome American serviceman, left her "dull defeated man" and moved back to France when Gabrielle was a baby. She now sends poetry to Gabrielle, who dreams of moving to Bourges to become an artist.
She shows Alan her paintings – the first time she has shown them to anyone – and reads him a favorite Villon poem. Boze Hertzlinger (Dick Foran), Gabrielle's blue-collar boyfriend, grows jealous of Alan, who assures him that he intends to leave forthwith. Alan mooches a ride from wealthy tourists Mr. and Mrs. Chisholm (Paul Harvey and Genevieve Tobin). But after they depart, Duke Mantee (Bogart), a famous gangster fleeing a massive police pursuit who has broken down up the road, carjacks the travelers and leaves them in the desert. Duke then invades the diner with his gang and takes the staff hostage. as the stranded group makes their way back to the diner, they too are held by Duke.
Everyone is of course terrified, except Alan, who has little to live for. Indifferent to the danger, he engages Duke in lively conversation and toasts him as "the last great apostle of rugged individualism." As the police converge on the restaurant, Duke prepares to flee, announcing that he will bring Mr. and Mrs. Chisholm with him as human shields. Alan has an inspiration: With Gabrielle in another room, he produces a life insurance policy he is carrying with him, and amends it, making Gabrielle the beneficiary. Then he asks Duke to kill him, so that Gabrielle can use the insurance money to make her dream of studying art in France a reality. "It couldn't make any difference to you, Duke. After all, if they catch you, they can hang you only once...Living, I'm worth nothing to her; dead, I can buy her the tallest cathedrals, and golden vineyards, and dancing in the streets."
The police close in; Duke obliges Alan by shooting him. "So long, pal," growls Duke, "I'll be seein' ya soon." Duke, surrounded by human shields, leaves the cafe. Alan dies in Gabrielle's arms, secure in the knowledge that she, alone among the film's principals, will escape her dead-end existence to pursue her dreams.
- Leslie Howard as Alan Squier
- Bette Davis as Gabrielle Maple
- Humphrey Bogart as Duke Mantee
- Genevieve Tobin as Mrs. Chisholm
- Dick Foran as Boze Hertzlinger
- Joe Sawyer as Jackie (billed as Joseph Sawyer)
- Porter Hall as Jason Maple
- Charley Grapewin as Gramp Maple
- Paul Harvey as Mr. Chisholm
- Eddie Acuff as Lineman
The 1935 Broadway production of The Petrified Forest starred Howard, who was an established star, and Bogart, a newcomer in his first major role. Sherwood based the Duke Mantee character on John Dillinger, the notorious criminal who in 1933 was named the FBI's first "Public Enemy #1" by J. Edgar Hoover, and in 1934 was ambushed and gunned down in spectacular fashion by FBI agents. Bogart, who won the stage role in part because of his physical resemblance to Dillinger, studied film footage of the gangster and mimicked some of his mannerisms in his portrayal.
For the film, Warner Brothers intended to cast the more bankable Edward G. Robinson as Duke; but Howard informed the studio that he would not appear in the movie version without Bogart as his co-star. (Robinson objected as well; after playing a series of gangsters in such films as Little Caesar and Bullets or Ballots, he reportedly feared being typecast.) The film made Bogart a star, and he remained grateful to Howard for the rest of his life. In 1952 Bogart and Lauren Bacall named their daughter Leslie Howard Bogart in honor of Howard, who had been killed in a plane crash under controversial circumstances during World War II.
In 1948 Robinson portrayed a character very similar to Duke—a famous gangster holding a disparate group of people hostage in a Florida hotel—in Key Largo. That film's hero was played by Bogart. In his penultimate film, The Desperate Hours (1955), Bogart played another gangster holding a suburban family hostage. He described that character as "Duke Mantee grown up."
Radio and television adaptations
The Petrified Forest was performed on CBS's Lux Radio Theater in 1937, with Herbert Marshall, Margaret Sullavan, and Donald Meek in the principal roles; and again on the same program in 1945, with Ronald Coleman, Susan Hayward, and Lawrence Tierney. Another radio adaptation starring Joan Bennett, Tyrone Power, and Bogart aired on The Screen Guild Theater on January 7, 1940.
In 1955, a live television version was performed as an installment of Producers' Showcase, a weekly dramatic anthology, featuring Bogart (now top-billed) as Mantee, Henry Fonda as Alan, and Lauren Bacall as Gabrielle. Jack Klugman, Richard Jaeckel, and Jack Warden played supporting roles. In the late 1990s Bacall donated the only known kinescope of the 1955 performance to The Museum Of Television & Radio (now the Paley Center for Media), where it remains archived for viewing in New York City and Los Angeles.
- After the film's release, Friz Freleng made the short-length Merrie Melodies cartoon parody, She Was an Acrobat's Daughter (1937) that portrays a cinema audience watching The Petrified Florist, starring Bette Savis and Lester Coward.
- The hitchhiking scene with Leslie Howard was parodied by comedian Chris Elliott in "The Traveling Poet", a short film produced by Brad Hall for television's Late Night with David Letterman.
- The novel Revolutionary Road by Richard Yates opens with a 1955 amateur-theater production of The Petrified Forest, which is the same year as the live TV performance.
- The Warner Brothers sound stage on which the movie was filmed is currently the home of Conan O'Brien's TBS television program.
- The Petrified Forest page, Internet Broadway Database, undated. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- Shickel, Richard. Bogie: A Celebration of the Life and Films of Humphrey Bogart. Thomas Dunne, 2006. ISBN 0-312-36629-9.
- Sklar, Robert (1992). City Boys: Cagney, Bogart, Garfield. Princeton University Press, pp. 60–62. ISBN 0-691-04795-2.
- "Cecil B. Demille @ Classic Move Favorites – Lux Radio Theater episode list". Retrieved 2009-02-20. ""THE PETRIFIED FOREST" 11-22-37 :59:50 Herbert Marshall, Margaret Sullivan, Donald Meek"
- "February 2009". WAMU. Retrieved 2009-02-20. "Lux Radio Theater 04/23/45 The Petrified Forest w/Ronald Coleman & Susan Hayward (Lux)(CBS)(54:33)"
- Haendiges, Jerry. "Lux Radio Theater .. episodic log". The Vintage Radio Place. Retrieved 2009-02-20. "
THE PETRIFIED FOREST 151 11-22-37 :59:50 Herbert Marshall, Margaret Sullivan, Eduardo Gienille, Donald Meek
THE PETRIFIED FOREST 481 04-23-45 :60:00 Ronald Colman, Susan Hayward, Lawrence Tierney. Host: Thomas Mitchell"
- "She Was an Acrobat's Daughter." bcdb.com. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- Rolling Stone, issue 1117 (November 2010), p. 54.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Petrified Forest (film).|
- The Petrified Forest at the Internet Movie Database
- The Petrified Forest at allmovie
- The Petrified Forest at the TCM Movie Database
- The Petrified Forest at Rotten Tomatoes
- Producers' Showcase: "The Petrified Forest" at the Internet Movie Database
- Producers' Showcase: "The Petrified Forest" at the Paley Center for Media
- Producers' Showcase: "The Petrified Forest" at the Internet Archive
- The Petrified Forest at Virtual History
- The Petrified Forest on Lux Radio Theater: November 22, 1937
- The Petrified Forest on Screen Guild Theater: January 7, 1940
- The Petrified Forest on Lux Radio Theater: April 23, 1945
- The Petrified Forest at Best Plays September 20, 1953