The Phantom of the Opera (2004 film)

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The Phantom of the Opera
Poto2.jpg
Directed by Joel Schumacher
Produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Screenplay by Joel Schumacher
Andrew Lloyd Webber
Based on The Phantom of the Opera 
by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Charles Hart
Richard Stilgoe
Gaston Leroux
Le Fantôme de l'Opéra by Gaston Leroux
Starring Gerard Butler
Emmy Rossum
Patrick Wilson
Miranda Richardson
Minnie Driver
Simon Callow
Ciaran Hinds
Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Cinematography John Mathieson
Edited by Terry Rawlings
Production
company
Really Useful Films
Joel Schumacher Productions
Odyssey Entertainment
Scion Films
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures
Release dates
  • December 10, 2004 (2004-12-10) (United Kingdom)
  • December 22, 2004 (2004-12-22) (United States)
Running time 143 minutes[1]
Country United States
United Kingdom
Language English
Budget $70 million[2]
Box office $154,648,887[2]

The Phantom of the Opera is a 2004 British film adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical of the same name, which in turn is based on the French novel Le Fantôme de l'Opéra by Gaston Leroux.

Directed by Joel Schumacher, the film was also produced and co-written by Lloyd Webber. The Phantom of the Opera stars Gerard Butler in the title role, Emmy Rossum as Christine Daaé, as well as Patrick Wilson as Raoul, Miranda Richardson as Madame Giry, and Minnie Driver as Carlotta Giudicelli.

The film was announced as early as 1989, but production only started in 2002 due to Lloyd Webber's divorce and Schumacher's busy career. It was entirely shot at Pinewood Studios, with sceneries also being depicted with the help of miniatures and computer graphics. Rossum, Wilson, and Driver had singing experience, but Butler had no experience and had to receive music lessons. The Phantom of the Opera grossed approximately $154 million worldwide, and received mixed reviews, praising the visuals and acting but criticising the writing and directing.

Plot[edit]

In 1919, the dilapidated Paris Opera House holds an auction. Raoul, the Viscount of Chagny, now old in a wheelchair purchases a coveted music box in a shape of a monkey wearing Persian robes and playing cymbals. During the auction Raoul spots Madame Giry, whom he met as a young man. Madame Giry is now an elderly woman, almost 50 years later. Their attention is called on by the next piece for auction, lot 666: a chandelier in pieces which has been restored and newly wired with electricity. As the auctioneers display the restored chandelier, which illuminates and slowly rises to its old place in the rafters the opening crescendo of music wipes away the years of decay from the opera house as the black and white turns into colour, and the audience is transported back in time to 1870, the beginning of the story, when the opera house was in its prime.

The opera house is put into the hands of two new owners, Richard Firmin and Gilles André, who do not understand the house. While the cast are rehearsing "Hannibal" Madame Giry, who is the ballet mistress and the mother of Meg Giry, introduces them to Christine Daaé, a young but talented singer who sings background. Young Raoul is introduced to the cast and Christine recognizes him as her childhood love. He does not see her, however, and she says nothing to get his attention. While performing an aria a backdrop falls from the ceiling and almost crushes the soloist and lead soprano, Carlotta Giudicelli, who immediately resigns from the house. Meanwhile, a dark figure leaves the spot where the backdrop used to be. An envelope falls to the floor where Madame Giry opens it. She reads the letter signed from the "Opera Ghost", a spectre-like entity who lives somewhere within the opera house and is believed to be a ghost. He apparently watches every show and is paid twenty thousand francs a month by the owner of the house. Firmin and André scramble to replace Carlotta and Christine is chosen. That night she sings beautifully, and the Opera Ghost hears her through the vents. He is shown to live within the deepest recess of the opera house in a watery labyrinth.

During Christine's performance, Raoul recognizes her from his childhood. After she sings, Christine is found in a small room where she lights a candle for her father, who died when she was six years old. Meg asks Christine how she learned to sing so well. Christine explains that an Angel of Music comes to her and tutors her. She has never met him, but she thinks her father sent this "angel" to help her, but in fact it is the same Opera Ghost, or Phantom of the Opera, who teaches her. Later she is in her dressing room, where she reunites with Raoul. He plans to take her to supper, but she declines, saying that the Angel is very strict. Raoul does not hear her and leaves to prepare for their date. The Phantom locks Christine in her room and sings to her about his displeasure that Raoul is trying to court her. Christine apologizes, asking him to come to her and he reveals himself by appearing in her mirror. She takes his hand and he leads her away. Raoul pounds at the locked door and hears The Phantom’s voice in the room Christine goes with the Phantom to his watery cave underneath the house. He reveals to her that he loves her and wants her to love him back. He shows her a bust of herself, wearing a wedding dress and veil, she faints and the Phantom places her in a bed. In the morning she awakes to find the Phantom writing music. She approaches him and caresses his face, taking off his mask in the process. He bursts into a fit of rage, covers his face with his hand. He at first says she must stay forever because she saw his deformities. And reveals that he dreams of beauty. Feeling hurt for him Christine hands him back his mask and the two have a moment of understanding. He then decides to return her to the opera house.

The two Managers receive a series of notes have been sent to various members of the house, each blackmailing the director for the twenty thousand francs. When Carlotta returns, she is furious to find that there was a note sent to her that said if she sang as the countess that night instead of Christine, there would be a fate worse than death. Firmin and André ignore the ghost's warnings and give Carlotta the lead role. In a second comedic performance The Phantom interrupts the performance instead and criticizes the failure to follow his orders. Carlotta continues to sing, but her voice croaks and the lead role is immediately given to Christine. While ballet is being performed, The Phantom hangs Buquet in front of the audience scaring everyone. Christine flees to the roof followed by Raoul. She reveals to him that she has seen the Phantom's face and fears him but also pities the him because of his sadness. Raoul tells Christine he loves her and will protect her forevermore, Christine returns his love and they kiss passionately and they both leave the roof. The Phantom who witnessed everything becomes heartbroken that Christine loves Raoul and not him. He then hears them both singing together and grows furious at Raoul and vows revenge.

Three months later, a masquerade party ensues in the opera house. At the party, Christine wears her new engagement ring from Raoul. The event is interrupted once again by the Phantom who is dressed as Red Death. Raoul exits the room and Christine approaches the Phantom. At the sight of the engagement ring, the Phantom takes it and runs off. Then Madame Giry tells the story of the Phantom's past to Raoul. When she was a little girl, she went to a freak circus where they featured a deformed child in a cage. The child was beaten while everyone watched and laughed. The ringmaster then removed a burlap sack covering the child's face, revealing his deformity. Only Madame Giry, as a girl, did not laugh, but instead pitied him. The deformed child put the sack back over his face and cried. She was the last to leave and saw the child strangling the ringmaster with a rope. After the death, Madame Giry helped him escape and found shelter for him in the opera house. She tells Raoul how she has hidden him from the world ever since.

Christine takes a carriage to see her father's grave, but the Phantom has secretly taken over the reins. Raoul follows them. Christine arrives and laments her father's death. The Phantom then tries to win her heart back, but Raoul arrives and stops her. A swordfight ensues in the cemetery, where Raoul eventually disarms the Phantom and is about to kill him when Christine pleads for him not to. His rage seemingly augmented, the Phantom watches angrily as Christine and Raoul ride away. Christine admits she is afraid of the Phantom and tells Raoul he will never stop trying to recapture her. And she will let him have her in order to stop the killing. At that night's play, the Phantom once again makes an entrance, this time on the stage with Christine. Raoul can do nothing and watches from the balcony as Christine agrees to go with the Phantom, and he caresses her. She caresses his face back, only to once again remove his mask revealing his deformities. The audience screams in fear, but Christine is not afraid and shows pity. He runs off with her, after a series of tense, chaotic sequences, including dropping the chandelier (the one from the beginning of the film) and setting the opera house on fire.

The Phantom brings Christine back down to his lair. Madame Giry shows Raoul where the Phantom lives, and Raoul goes to rescue Christine. The Phantom has Christine don the wedding dress and once again professes his love, and orders Christine to marry him. Instead Christine tries to console the Phantom, saying she does not fear his ugliness. Just then Raoul enters the lair, The Phantom ties him to a gate and threatens to kill him if Christine refuses to marry him. Christine realizes that she really loves the Phantom and kisses him lovingly. The Phantom becomes shocked from experiencing real human love for the first time in his life. Ashamed of his murderous actions he orders Christine and Raoul to leave and never return. He finds comfort in a little monkey cymbal toy. Christine approaches the Phantom, who tells her that he loves her, and she silently gives him the diamond ring from her finger to remember her by. Christine and Raoul row away as Christine glances back at the Phantom, with love in her eyes. After they leave, the Phantom smashes every mirror in his underground lair and disappears through a secret passage behind a velvet curtain just before the police arrive. Upon entering, Meg finds only the Phantom's white mask.

Later, the grainy black-and-white picture dominates, elderly Raoul goes to visit Christine's tomb, which reveals that she died only two years before, in 1917, at age 63. Her tombstone says "Countess of Chagny" and "beloved wife and mother", suggesting she married Raoul and had children. He lays the monkey music box at her grave site, and notices that on the left of the tombstone lies a red rose with a black ribbon tied around it (a trademark of the Phantom) with the engagement ring attached to it, implying that the Phantom is still alive, and will always love Christine.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Warner Bros. purchased the film rights to The Phantom of the Opera in early 1989, granting Andrew Lloyd Webber total artistic control.[3] Despite interest from A-list directors, Lloyd Webber and Warner Bros. instantly hired Joel Schumacher to direct; Lloyd Webber had been impressed with Schumacher's use of music in The Lost Boys.[4] The duo wrote the screenplay that same year,[5] while Michael Crawford and Sarah Brightman were cast to reprise their roles from the original stage production. Filming was set to begin at Pinewood Studios in England in July 1990, under a $25 million budget.[6]

However, the start date was pushed to November 1990 at both Babelsberg Studios in Munich, Germany and Barrandov Studios in Prague, Czech Republic.[7] Production for The Phantom of the Opera was stalled with Lloyd Webber and Brightman's divorce.[8] "Everything got tied up in settlements", Schumacher reflected. "Then my career took off and I was really busy."[9] As a result, The Phantom of the Opera languished in development limbo for Warner Bros. throughout the 1990s.[10] In February 1997, Schumacher considered returning, but eventually dropped out in favour of Batman Triumphant, Runaway Jury and Dreamgirls.[11] The studio was keen to cast John Travolta for the lead role,[12] but also held discussions with Antonio Banderas, who undertook vocal preparation and sang the role of the Phantom in the TV special, Andrew Lloyd Webber: The Royal Albert Hall Celebration.[13]

Schumacher and Lloyd Webber restarted development for The Phantom of the Opera in December 2002.[5] It was then announced in January 2003 that Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group had purchased the film rights from Warner Bros. in an attempt to produce The Phantom of the Opera independently.[13] As a result, Lloyd Webber invested $6 million of his own money.[14] The Phantom of the Opera was produced on a $55 million budget. A further $15 million was used for marketing, bringing the final budget to $70 million.[2] Warner Bros. was given a first look deal for distribution; the studio did not sign on until June 2003, when the principal cast was chosen.[15]

Casting[edit]

Hugh Jackman was offered the chance to audition for the Phantom, but he faced scheduling conflicts with Van Helsing. "They rang to ask about my availability," Jackman explained in an April 2003 interview, "probably about 20 other actors as well. I wasn't available, unfortunately. So, that was a bummer."[16] "We needed somebody who has a bit of rock and roll sensibility in him," Andrew Lloyd Webber explained. "He's got to be a bit rough, a bit dangerous; not a conventional singer. Christine is attracted to the Phantom because he's the right side of danger."[5] Director Joel Schumacher had been impressed with Gerard Butler's performance in Dracula 2000.[17] Prior to his audition, Butler had no professional singing experience and had only taken four voice lessons before singing "The Music of the Night" for Lloyd Webber.[3]

Katie Holmes, who began working with a vocal coach, was the front-runner for Christine Daaé in March 2003.[18] She was later replaced by Anne Hathaway, a classically trained soprano, in 2004. However, Hathaway dropped out of the role because the production schedule of the film overlapped with The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement, which she was contractually obligated to make.[19] Hathaway was then replaced with Emmy Rossum. The actress modeled the relationship between the Phantom and Christine after Suzanne Farrell and George Balanchine.[14] Patrick Wilson was cast as Raoul based on his previous Broadway theatre career. For the role of Carlotta, Minnie Driver devised an over-the-top, camp performance as the egotistical prima donna. Despite also lacking singing experience, Ciarán Hinds was cast by Schumacher as Richard Firmin; the two had previously worked together on Veronica Guerin.[4] Ramin Karimloo also briefly appears as the portrait of Gustave Daaé, Christine's father. Karimloo had previously played the lead role as well as the role of Raoul on London's West End. He later reprised the role in the sequel to the original stage musical Love Never Dies, and was also cast as The Phantom for the 25th Anniversary Concert of the musical in October, 2011.

Filming[edit]

Principal photography for Phantom of the Opera lasted from September 15, 2003 to January 15, 2004. The film was shot entirely using eight sound stages at Pinewood Studios,[20] where, on the Pinewood backlot, the bottom half exterior of the Palais Garnier was constructed. The top half was implemented using a combination of computer-generated imagery (CGI) and a scale model created by Cinesite. The surrounding Paris skyline for "All I Ask of You" was entirely composed of matte paintings.[4] Cinesite also created a miniature falling chandelier, since a life-size model was too big for the actual set.[21]

Production designer Anthony D. G. Pratt was influenced by French architect Charle Garnier, designer of the original Paris opera house, as well as Edgar Degas, John Singer Sargent, Gustave Caillebotte, the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Schumacher was inspired by Jean Cocteau's Beauty and the Beast (1946), where a hallway is lined with arms holding candelabra. The cemetery was based on the Père Lachaise and Montparnasse.[22] Costume designer Alexandra Byrne utilised a limited black, white, gold and silver colour palette for the Masquerade ball.[4]

Reception[edit]

Release and awards[edit]

The Phantom of the Opera was released in the United States on December 22, 2004. With a limited release of 622 theaters, it opened at tenth place at the weekend box office, grossing $6.5 million across five days.[23] After expanding to 907 screens on January 14, 2005[24] the film obtained the 9th spot at the box office,[25] which it retained during its 1,511 screens wide release on January 21, 2005.[26][27] The total domestic gross was $51,225,796. With a further $107 million earned internationally, The Phantom of the Opera reached a worldwide total of $158,225,796.[2] A few foreign markets were particularly successful,[28] such as Japan, where the film's ¥4.20 billion ($35 million) gross stood as the 6th most successful foreign film and 9th overall of the year.[29][30] The United Kingdom and South Korea both had over $10 million in receipts, with $17.5 million and $11.9 million, respectively.[2][31]

Anthony Pratt and Celia Bobak were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction, as was John Mathieson for Cinematography. However, both categories were awarded to The Aviator. Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyricist Charles Hart were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song ("Learn to Be Lonely") but lost to "Al otro lado del río" from The Motorcycle Diaries.[32] The song was also nominated for the Golden Globe but it lost to Alfie's "Old Habits Die Hard". In the same ceremony, Emmy Rossum was nominated for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, losing to Annette Bening in Being Julia.[33] At the Saturn Awards, Rossum won for Best Performance by a Younger Actor,[34] while The Phantom of the Opera was nominated for Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film and Alexandra Byrne was nominated for Costume Design.[35]

The soundtrack of the film was released in two separate CD formats on November 23, 2004, as a 2-disc deluxe edition which includes dialogue from the film and a single-disc highlights edition. The film had its initial North America video release on DVD and VHS on May 3, 2005, following its first digital release on HD-DVD on April 18, 2006 and a Blu-ray edition on October 31, 2006.

Critical reception[edit]

The film received generally mixed reviews from film critics. Even though 86% of the general audience liked the film, based on 384,463 audience reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, only 33% of the critics enjoyed The Phantom of the Opera, with an average score of 5/10. "The music of the night has hit something of a sour note: Critics are calling the screen adaptation of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s popular musical histrionic, boring, and lacking in both romance and danger," the consensus read. "Still, some have praised the film for its sheer spectacle."[36] By comparison, Metacritic calculated an average score of 40/100 from its 39 reviews collected.[37]

"The film looks and sounds fabulous and I think it's an extraordinarily fine document of the stage show. While it doesn't deviate much from the stage material, the film has given it an even deeper emotional centre. It's not based on the theatre visually or direction-wise, but it's still got exactly the same essence. And that's all I could have ever hoped for."
— Andrew Lloyd Webber[5]

Despite having been impressed with the cast, Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader wrote that "Teen romance and operetta-style singing replace the horror elements familiar to film-goers, and director Joel Schumacher obscures any remnants of classy stage spectacle with the same disco overkill he brought to Batman Forever."[38] Stephanie Zacharek of Salon.com believed that Phantom of the Opera "takes everything that's wrong with Broadway and puts it on the big screen in a gaudy splat."[39]

In a mixed review for Newsweek, David Ansen praised Emmy Rossum's performance, but criticised the film makers for their focus on visual design rather than presenting a cohesive storyline. "Its kitschy romanticism bored me on Broadway and it bores me here—I may not be the most reliable witness. Still, I can easily imagine a more dashing, charismatic Phantom than Butler's. Rest assured, however, Lloyd Webber's neo-Puccinian songs are reprised and reprised and reprised until you're guaranteed to go out humming."[40] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly believed Schumacher did not add enough dimension in adapting The Phantom of the Opera. "Schumacher, the man who added nipples to Batman's suit, has staged Phantom chastely, as if his job were to adhere the audience to every note."[41]

Roger Ebert reasoned that "Part of the pleasure of movie-going is pure spectacle—of just sitting there and looking at great stuff and knowing it looks terrific. There wasn't much Schumacher could have done with the story or the music he was handed, but in the areas over which he held sway, he has triumphed."[42] In contrasting between the popularity of the Broadway musical, Michael Dequina of Film Threat magazine explained that "it conjures up this unexplainable spell that leaves audiences sad, sentimental, swooning, smiling—in some way transported and moved. Now, in Schumacher's film, that spell lives on."[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 2004-08-26. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Phantom of the Opera (2004)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Staff (2004-08-10). "Movie Preview: The Phantom of the Opera". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d The Making of The Phantom of the Opera, [DVD, 2005], Warner Home Video
  5. ^ a b c d DVD production notes
  6. ^ Susan Heller Anderson (1990-03-31). "Chronicle". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ Lawrence Van Gelder (1990-08-10). "At the Movies". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ Staff (2004-08-10). "Movie Preview: The Phantom of the Opera". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  9. ^ Todd Gilchrist (2004-12-20). "Interview: Joel Schumacher". IGN. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  10. ^ Michael Fleming (2003-04-01). "'Phantom' cues Wilson for tuner's adaptation". Variety. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  11. ^ Michael Fleming (1997-02-21). "Helmer's 3rd At Bat". Variety. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  12. ^ Michael Fleming (1997-05-15). "Krane Takes Bull By Horns". Variety. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  13. ^ a b Michael Fleming (2003-01-09). "Lloyd Webber back on 'Phantom' prowl". Variety. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  14. ^ a b Phoebe Hoban (2004-12-24). "In the 'Phantom' Movie, Over-the-Top Goes Higher". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ Adam Dawtrey (2003-06-13). "'Phantom' pic announces latest castings". Variety. Retrieved 009-09-20.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  16. ^ Michelle Zaromski (2003-04-29). "An Interview with Michael Jakson". IGN. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  17. ^ Lynn Hirschberg (2005-03-13). "Trading Faces". The New York Times. 
  18. ^ Michael Fleming (2003-03-13). "'Men' treads carefully into sequel territory". Variety. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  19. ^ "Anne Hathaway: Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  20. ^ Staff (2003-10-01). "Production Commences On 'Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera'". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  21. ^ Skweres, Mary Ann (2004-12-22). "Phantom of the Opera: A Classic in Miniature". Animation World Network. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  22. ^ Missy Schwartz (2004-11-05). "Behind the Music". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  23. ^ Gentile, Gary (2004-12-28). "Audiences glad to 'Meet the Fockers'". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-02-16. [dead link]
  24. ^ Snyder, Gabriel (2005-01-13). "'Fockers' finds foes". Variety. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  25. ^ Blank, Ed (2005-01-18). "'Coach Carter' tops local, national box office in slow weekend". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  26. ^ Gans, Andrew (2005-01-21). ""The Phantom of the Opera" Opens Nationwide Jan. 21". Playbill. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  27. ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for January 21–23, 2005". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  28. ^ Bresnan, Conor (2005-02-02). "Around the World Round Up: 'Fockers' Inherit the World". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  29. ^ "MOVIES WITH BOX OFFICE GROSS RECEIPTS EXCEEDING 1 BILLION YEN". Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  30. ^ "2005 Japan Yearly Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  31. ^ "The Phantom of the Opera - International Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  32. ^ "The Phantom of the Opera". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  33. ^ "Phantom of the Opera, The". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  34. ^ "Past Saturn Awards". Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  35. ^ "2005 Saturn Awards Nominations". Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  36. ^ "Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  37. ^ "Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera". Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  38. ^ Jonathan Rosenbaum (2004-12-20). "The Phantom of the Opera". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  39. ^ Stephanie Zacharek (2004-12-22). "The Phantom of the Opera". Salon.com. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  40. ^ David Ansen (2004-12-20). "The Phantom of the Opera: Into the Night". Newsweek. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  41. ^ Owen Gleiberman (2005-01-15). "The Phantom of the Opera". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  42. ^ Roger Ebert (2004-12-22). "The Phantom of the Opera". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  43. ^ Michael Dequina (2004-12-22). "Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera". Film Threat. Archived from filmthreat .com/Reviews.asp?Id=6784 the original on 2005-04-11. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 

External links[edit]