The Physician (2013 film)
German movie poster
|Directed by||Philipp Stölzl|
|Produced by||Wolf Bauer
|Screenplay by||Jan Berger|
|Based on||The Physician by Noah Gordon|
|Music by||Ingo Ludwig Frenzel|
|Edited by||Sven Budelmann|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||150 minutes|
The Physician (German: Der Medicus) is a 2013 German adventure film based on the novel of the same name by Noah Gordon. The movie focuses on an orphan from 11th-century English town whose mother died of a mysterious illness. The boy vows to study medicine and decides to travel to Persia.
The plot is set in 11th-century England, much knowledge having been lost in the Dark Ages, and the Church fighting against black magic. The medical knowledge of Greek physicians like Hippocrates and Galen had been lost to the medicine of the Middle Ages, until taught later in schools such as the School of Salerno. Traveling barber-surgeons attempted to supply medical care to the ordinary population.
Robert Cole has an extraordinary gift: he can sense when someone left untreated has a terminal illness. He notices this for the first time when he feels as a little boy that his sick mother will die of appendicitis. The young orphan joins an itinerant barber-surgeon who calls himself Barber. Barber teaches him the basics of medieval medicine, with services such as cupping therapy, bloodletting, and dental extraction. Even as an apprentice Rob recognizes the limitations of these simple practices. When Barber suffers from a cataract, Rob consults a real Medicus for him. This Jewish doctor heals Barber completely. He learns a little bit of Jewish culture. He speaks with two children, Jesse and Benjamin. There, Rob sees for the first time a world map, and learns of the famous Ibn Sina, who teaches medicine in distant Persia. So he decides to train there to become a physician. The medicine is far ahead in what was then Persia than in Europe. The Byzantine medicine (an evolution of ancient Greek medicine) by Nestorians to the Academy of Gondishapur and Baghdad by translations symbiosis with ancient Iranian medicine. The doctor, scientist and philosopher Ibn Sina teaches in Isfahan, the most important school for aspiring practitioners in the world at that time. There, in the caliphate, however, Christians are allowed, so are the Jews but shia muslims were persecuted.
Upon arriving in Egypt Rob, even though he is a baptized Christian, performs a circumcision on himself and calls himself Jesse Ben Benjamin. In a caravan he comes to know Rebecca who reads to him from a book about Aladdin and Sinbad the Sailor. He experiences a desert storm and almost dies. He suffers a concussion when he asks for admission to the school of Ibn Sina, by the Guardian, so that he is taken as a patient.
In Bimaristan, he learns from Ibn Sina the basics of scientific medicine as well as the philosophy of Aristotle. So Rob learns to perform a medical history and medical examination including pulse diagnosis, the leech treatment, the use of opium, including the analgesic effect, and minor surgical procedures. When a plague breaks out in the city and thousands die, the doctors remain at the patients' side. With the discovery of basic hygienic principles the plague is overcome. Rob suggests that oriental rat fleas may be the carriers of the Black Death, and with rat poison the pest may be suppressed. The passion for Rebecca flares up again, as Rob takes care for the abandoned, sick of the plague, and nurses her healthy. There is extramarital sex between Rob and Rebecca that results in pregnancy. Adultery leads to the preparation of a stoning. Rob learns from the Shah on the burden of ruling.
The Christian, Jewish, and Islamic religions are mainly used in the evaluation of medical science. A conflict is sparked by the ethical assessment of the autopsy on the human body. As a Zoroastrian dies of appendicitis, Rob learns from him that he does not require the dead body in his religion. With him, Rob secretly performs an autopsy to deepen his knowledge of anatomy and to discover the inflamed vermiform appendix. Later, he is able to perform an appendectomy under anesthesia on the Shah.
Isfahan is betrayed by mullahs to the Seljuks to drive the Jews and secular blasphemers like Ibn Sina out of town or kill them. After a crowd destroyed the hospital and killed the employees, Ibn Sina commits suicide. Shortly before his death, Ibn Sina transfers his medical writings to Rob Cole in the burning library. Rob Cole may call himself 'Hakim,' an honorary medical title , which is given to him by the medical grandmaster.
After the death of Ibn Sina Rob Cole returns with Rebecca as his wife back to London, to found a hospital. The old Barber, Cole's first teacher, learns from a little boy by the return of his former pupil and of its fame.
- Tom Payne – Rob Cole/Jesse Ben Benjamin
- Emma Rigby – Rebecca
- Stellan Skarsgård – Barber
- Ben Kingsley – Ibn Sina
- Olivier Martinez – Shah Ala ad-Daula
- Elyas M'Barek – Karim
- Fahri Yardım – Davout Hossein
- Stanley Townsend – Bar Kappara
- Adam Thomas-Wright - Young Rob Cole
The film premiered on 25 December 2013 in German theaters. It was an immediate box-office hit and earned the producers a Bogey Award for more than 1,000 visitors per copy on its opening weekend and 1 million visitors within ten days.
It will also be released as a two-part mini-series for the German public TV ARD.
- Haderer, Stephan (December 29, 2013). "Film review: "Der Medicus" ("The Physician", GER 2013)". stephanhaderer.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- "Der Medicus (The Physician)". filmaffinity.com. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- "Excellent box-office start for Der Medicus (The Physician)". RTL Group. 2014-06-01.
- The Physician at the Internet Movie Database
- The Physician at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Physician at AllMovie
- The Physician (Der Medicus): Berlin Review on hollywoodreporter.com
- The Physician. A masterpiece. Vasile Francisc, Hannover Unlimited, 2014
- 'Der Medicus' At #1 In Germany And Spain on bertelsmann.com/