|Associated acts||Strontium 90, Eberhard Schoener|
The Police were an English rock band formed in London in 1977. For the majority of their history, the band consisted of Sting (lead singer, bassist and principal songwriter), Andy Summers (guitarist) and Stewart Copeland (drummer). The Police became globally popular in the late 1970s and are generally regarded as one of the first new wave groups to achieve mainstream success, playing a style of rock that was influenced by punk, reggae, and jazz. They are also considered one of the leaders of the Second British Invasion of the US. They disbanded in 1986, but reunited in early 2007 for a one-off world tour that ended in August 2008.
Their 1978 debut album, Outlandos d'Amour, reached number six in the UK, and their second album Reggatta de Blanc became the first of five consecutive UK number one albums. Synchronicity from 1983 was number one in both the UK and the US, and sold over 8 million copies in the US alone. The Police have sold over 75 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling artists of all time. They were the world's highest-earning musicians in 2008, thanks to their reunion tour.
The band has won a number of music awards throughout their career, including six Grammy Awards, two Brit Awards—winning Best British Group once, an MTV Video Music Award, and in 2003 were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Four of their five studio albums appeared on Rolling Stone 's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. The Police were included among both Rolling Stone 's and VH1's lists of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
- 1 Career
- 1.1 Formation (1977)
- 1.2 Recording contract and Outlandos d'Amour (1977–78)
- 1.3 Reggatta de Blanc (1979)
- 1.4 Zenyatta Mondatta (1980–81)
- 1.5 Ghost in the Machine and Brimstone and Treacle (1981–82)
- 1.6 Synchronicity and "the biggest band in the world" (1983)
- 1.7 Hiatus and aborted sixth studio album (1984–86)
- 1.8 Disbandment (1986–2006)
- 1.9 Reunion tour (2007–08)
- 2 Legacy and influence
- 3 Musical style
- 4 Discography
- 5 Tours
- 6 Personnel
- 7 Awards
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
In late November 1976, while on tour in Newcastle upon Tyne in north east England with the British progressive rock band Curved Air, the band's American drummer Stewart Copeland met and exchanged phone numbers with an ambitious singer-bassist (and former schoolteacher) called Sting (so named due to his habit of wearing a black and yellow striped jersey mirroring a bee), who at the time was playing in a jazz-rock fusion band called Last Exit. In January 1977, Sting relocated to London and sought out Copeland for a jam session.
Curved Air had recently split up and Copeland, enthused by the then-current punk rock movement, was eager to form a new band and join the burgeoning London punk scene. While less keen, Sting acknowledged the commercial opportunities, so the duo formed the Police as a punk power trio with Corsican guitarist Henry Padovani recruited as the third member. After their debut concert on 1 March 1977 at Alexander's in Newport, Wales (which lasted only ten minutes), the group played London pubs and toured as a support act for Cherry Vanilla and for Wayne County & the Electric Chairs. Their first single Fall Out, recorded at Pathway Studios in Islington, North London on 12 February 1977 with a budget of £150, was released in May 1977 by Illegal Records.
Also in May 1977, ex-Gong musician Mike Howlett invited Sting to join him in the band project Strontium 90. The drummer Howlett had in mind, Chris Cutler, was unavailable to play, so Sting brought along Stewart Copeland. The fourth member of the band was guitarist Andy Summers from Lancashire, north west England. A decade older than Sting and Copeland, Summers was a music industry veteran, having played with Eric Burdon and the Animals and Kevin Ayres among others. Strontium 90 performed at a Gong reunion concert in Paris on 28 May 1977, and played at a London club (under the name of "The Elevators") in July. The band also recorded several demo tracks: these were released (along with live recordings and an early version of Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic) twenty years later in 1997 on the archive album Strontium 90: Police Academy.
Summers' musicality impressed Sting, who was becoming frustrated with Padovani's relatively rudimentary abilities and the limitations they imposed on the Police's potential career. Shortly after the Strontium 90 gig, Sting approached Summers to join the band. He agreed, on the initial condition that the band remain a trio, with him replacing Padovani. Restrained by loyalty, both Copeland and Sting initially resisted the idea, and the Police carried on as a four-piece version but they only performed live twice: on 25 July 1977 at the Music Machine in London and on 5 August at the Mont de Marsan Punk Festival. Shortly after these two gigs (and an aborted recording session with producer John Cale on 10 August), Summers delivered an ultimatum and Padovani was dismissed from the band. The effect of Summers' arrival was instant with Copeland stating: "One by one, Sting's songs had started coming in, and when Andy joined, it opened up new numbers of Sting's we could do, so the material started to get a lot more interesting and Sting started to take a lot more interest in the group."
The Police's power trio line-up of Copeland, Sting, and Summers performed for the first time on 18 August 1977 at Rebecca's club in the English city of Birmingham in the West Midlands. A trio was unusual for the time, and this line-up endured for the rest of the band's history. Few punk bands were three-pieces, while contemporary bands pursuing progressive rock, symphonic rock and other sound trends usually expanded their line-ups with support players. The developing Police sound, however, made explicit use of the trio dynamics by forcing the band to concentrate on space and texture: while the musical background of all three players may have made them suspect to punk purists, with music critic Christopher Gable stating, "The truth is that the band merely utilized the trappings of 1970s British punk: the bleached blond short hair, Sting in his jumpsuits or army jackets, Copeland and his near maniacal drumming style. In fact, they were criticized by other punk bands for not being authentic and lacking 'street cred.' What the Police did perhaps take from punk was a brand of nervous, energetic disillusion with 1970s Britain." The band were also able to draw on influences from reggae to jazz to progressive and pub rock.
While still maintaining the main band and attempting to win over punk audiences, Police members continued to moonlight within art-rock. In late 1977 and early 1978, Sting and Summers recorded and performed as part of an ensemble led by German experimental composer Eberhard Schoener; Copeland also joined for a time. These performances resulted in three albums, each of them an eclectic mix of rock, electronica and jazz. Various appearances by the Schoener outfit on German television made the German public aware of Sting's unusual high-pitched voice, and helped pave the way for the Police's later popularity.
The bleached-blond hair that became a trademark of the band was a lucky accident. In February 1978, the band, desperate for money, was asked to do a commercial for Wrigley's Spearmint chewing gum (directed by Tony Scott) on the condition that they dye their hair blond. The commercial was shot with the band, but was shelved and never aired.
Recording contract and Outlandos d'Amour (1977–78)
Stewart Copeland's older brother Miles Copeland III was initially sceptical of the inclusion of Summers in the band, fearing that it would undermine their punk credibility, and reluctantly agreed to come through with £1,500 to finance the Police's first album. Recording Outlandos d'Amour was a difficult process, as the band was working on a small budget, with no manager or record deal. It was recorded during off-peak hours at the Surrey Sound Studios in Leatherhead, Surrey, a basic recording facility run by brothers Chris and Nigel Gray.
During one of his periodic studio visits, Miles Copeland heard Roxanne for the first time at the end of a session. Where he had been less than enthusiastic about the band's other songs, the elder Copeland was immediately struck by Roxanne, and very quickly got the Police a record deal with A&M Records on the strength of the track. Roxanne was issued as a single in the spring of 1978, while other album tracks were still in the midst of being recorded, but it failed to chart. It also failed to make the BBC's playlist, which the band attributed to the song's depiction of prostitution. A&M consequently promoted the single with posters claiming "Banned by the BBC," though it was never really banned—just not play-listed. "We got a lot of mileage out of it being supposedly banned by the BBC," Stewart Copeland admitted twenty-three years after the fact. "In fact, all that really happened was that we didn't make their playlist, so we turned that into 'Banned by the BBC.'"
Shortly after Roxanne was released, and while Outlandos d'Amour was still being recorded, Stewart Copeland (using the alias 'Klark Kent') released a solo single called Don't Care. It peaked at #48 UK in August 1978, and led to a TV appearance on BBC1's Top of the Pops. 'Kent' sang and played every instrument on the single, but for his Top of the Pops appearance he was backed by various friends wearing masks (including Sting and Summers) who mimed the instrumental accompaniment.
The Police made their first proper TV appearance a few months later, in October 1978, on BBC2's The Old Grey Whistle Test to promote the release of Outlandos d'Amour. Though Roxanne was never banned (despite A&M's claims to the contrary) the BBC did ban the second single from Outlandos, Can't Stand Losing You. This was due to the single's cover, which featured Copeland hanging himself over an ice block being melted by a portable radiator. The single became a minor chart hit, the Police's first, peaking at #42 UK. The follow-up single So Lonely, issued in November 1978, failed to chart.
In February 1979 Roxanne was issued as a single in North America, where it was warmly received on radio despite the subject matter. The song peaked at No. 31 Canada and No. 32 US, spurring a UK re-release of it in April. The re-issue of Roxanne finally gained the band widespread recognition in the United Kingdom when it peaked at No. 12 on the UK Singles Chart.
The group's US success led to a gig at the famous New York club CBGB and a gruelling 1979 North American tour in which the band drove themselves and all their equipment around the country in a Ford Econoline van. That summer, "Can't Stand Losing You" was also re-released in the UK, becoming a substantial hit, peaking at No. 2. The group's first single, Fall Out, was re-issued in late 1979, and became a minor chart hit, peaking at No. 47 UK.
Reggatta de Blanc (1979)
In October 1979, the group released their second album, Reggatta de Blanc, which topped the UK Albums Chart, and became the first of five consecutive UK No. 1 albums. The album spawned the hit singles "Message in a Bottle" (No. 1 UK, No. 2 Canada, No. 5 Australia) and "Walking on the Moon" (No. 1 UK). Elsewhere, the album's singles failed to dent the US top 40, but Reggatta de Blanc still hit No. 25 on the US album charts.
The band's first live performance of "Message in a Bottle" was on the BBC's television show Rock Goes to College filmed at Hatfield Polytechnic College in Hertfordshire. The instrumental title track Reggatta de Blanc won the Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance. In February 1980, the single So Lonely was re-issued in the UK. Originally a non-charting flop when first issued in late 1978, upon re-release the track became a UK top 10 hit, peaking at No. 6.
In March 1980, the Police began their first world tour, which included places that had seldom hosted foreign performers—including Mexico, India, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Greece, and Egypt. The tour was subsequently documented in the film The Police Around the World (1982), directed by Kate and Derek Burbidge, which encompasses footage shot by Anne Nightingale originally intended for a BBC production The Police in the East.
In May 1980, A&M in the UK released Six Pack, an expensive package containing the five previous A&M singles (not including Fall Out) in their original sleeves plus a mono alternate take of the album track The Bed's Too Big Without You backed with a live version of Truth Hits Everybody. It reached No. 17 in the UK Singles Chart (although chart regulations introduced later in the decade would have classed it as an album).
Zenyatta Mondatta (1980–81)
Pressured by their record company for a new record and a prompt return to touring, the Police released their third album, Zenyatta Mondatta, in October 1980. The album was recorded in a three-week period in Holland for tax reasons. The album gave the group their third UK No. 1 hit, Don't Stand So Close to Me (the UK's best selling single of 1980) and another hit single, De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da, both of which reached No. 10 in the US. While the three band members and co-producer Nigel Gray all expressed immediate regret over the rushed recording for the album, which was finished at 4 AM on the day the band began their world tour, the album received high praise from critics. The instrumental Behind My Camel, written by Andy Summers, won the band a Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental Performance, while Don't Stand So Close to Me won the Grammy for Best Rock Vocal Performance for Duo or Group.
Ghost in the Machine and Brimstone and Treacle (1981–82)
The Police's fourth album, Ghost in the Machine, co-produced by Hugh Padgham, was recorded at Air Studios on the Caribbean island of Montserrat, and released in 1981. It featured thicker sounds, layered saxophones, and vocal textures. It spawned the hit singles "Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic" (featuring pianist Jean Roussel), their fourth UK No. 1 (No. 3 in the US), "Invisible Sun", and "Spirits in the Material World". As the band was unable to agree on a cover picture, the album cover had three red pictographs, "digital" likenesses of the three band members in the style of segmented LED displays, set against a black background. In the 1980s, Sting and Summers became tax exiles and moved to Ireland (Sting to Roundstone in Galway, and Summers to Kinsale in County Cork) while Copeland, an American, remained in England.
The group opened and closed the 1981 concert film, Urgh! A Music War. The film, which captured the music scene in the wake of punk, was masterminded by Stewart Copeland's brothers Ian and Miles Copeland. The film had a limited release at the time but developed a mythic reputation over the years.
At the 1982 Brit Awards in London, the Police received the award for Best British Group. After the Ghost in the Machine Tour concluded in 1982, the group took a sabbatical and each of the members pursued outside projects. By this time, Sting was becoming a major star, and he established a career beyond the Police by branching out into acting. Back in 1979, he had made a well-received debut as the 'Ace Face' in Quadrophenia, the film version of The Who's rock opera, followed by a role as a mechanic in love with Eddie Cochran's music in Chris Petit's Radio On. In 1982, Sting furthered his acting career by co-starring in the Richard Loncraine film Brimstone and Treacle. He also had a minor solo hit in the United Kingdom with the movie's theme song, "Spread a Little Happiness" (which appeared on the Brimstone & Treacle soundtrack, along with three new Police tracks, "How Stupid Mister Bates", "A Kind of Loving", and "I Burn for You"). Over 1981 and 1982, Summers recorded his first album with Robert Fripp, I Advance Masked.
In 1983, Stewart Copeland composed the musical score for Francis Ford Coppola's film Rumble Fish. The single "Don't Box Me In (theme From Rumble Fish)", a collaboration between Copeland and singer/songwriter Stan Ridgway (of the band Wall of Voodoo) received significant airplay upon release of the film that year. Also in 1983, Sting filmed his first big-budget movie role playing Feyd-Rautha in David Lynch's Dune. As Sting's fame rose, his relationship with band founder Stewart Copeland deteriorated. Their increasingly strained partnership was further stretched by the pressures of worldwide publicity and fame, conflicting egos, and their financial success. Meanwhile, both Sting's and Summers' marriages failed.
Synchronicity and "the biggest band in the world" (1983)
In 1983, the Police released their last studio album, Synchronicity, which spawned the hit singles "Every Breath You Take", "Wrapped Around Your Finger", "King of Pain", and "Synchronicity II". By that time, several critics deemed them "the biggest rock band in the world." The Synchronicity Tour began in Chicago, Illinois in July 1983 at the original Comiskey Park, and on 18 August the band played in front of 70,000 in Shea Stadium, New York, with Sting announcing near the end of the concert: "We'd like to thank the Beatles for lending us their stadium." They played throughout the UK in December 1983, including four sold out nights at London's Wembley Arena, and the tour ended in Melbourne, Australia in March 1984 at the Melbourne Showgrounds (the final concert featured Simple Minds, Flock of Seagulls, The Fixx, Joan Jett and the Blackhearts, with the Police topping the bill). Sting's look, dominated by his orange-coloured hair (a result from his role in Dune) and tattered clothing, both of which were emphasised in the music videos from the album, carried over into the set for the concert.
Except for "King of Pain", the singles were accompanied by music videos directed by Godley & Creme.
According to both Billboard and Guinness ' British Hit Singles & Albums this album became a No. 1 album in both the UK (where it debuted at No. 1) and the US. It stayed at No. 1 in the UK for two weeks and in the US for eight weeks. It was nominated for Grammy Awards for Album of the Year, but lost to Michael Jackson's Thriller. "Every Breath You Take" won the Grammy for Song of the Year, beating Jackson's "Billie Jean". "Every Breath You Take" also won the Grammy for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, while "Synchronicity II" won the Grammy for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. "Every Breath You Take" also won the American Video Award for Best Group video, and the song won two Ivor Novello Awards in the categories Best Song Musically and Lyrically and Most Performed Work from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.
Hiatus and aborted sixth studio album (1984–86)
During the group's 1983 Shea Stadium concert, Sting felt that performing at the venue was "Everest" and decided to pursue a solo career, according to the documentary Last Play at Shea. After the Synchronicity tour ended in March 1984, the band went on hiatus while Sting recorded and toured in support of his successful solo debut LP, the jazz-influenced The Dream of the Blue Turtles, released in June 1985; Copeland recorded and filmed The Rhythmatist (1985); and Summers recorded another album with Robert Fripp (Bewitched, 1984) and the theme song for the film 2010—which was not used in the film, but included on the soundtrack album. At the 1985 Brit Awards held at London's Grosvenor Hotel on 11 February, the band received the award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.
In June 1986, the trio reconvened to play three concerts for the Amnesty International A Conspiracy of Hope Tour. In July of that year, they reunited in the studio to record a new album. However, Copeland broke his collarbone in a fall from a horse and was unable to play the drums. As a result of the tense and short-lived reunion in the studio, "Don't Stand So Close to Me '86" was released in October 1986 as their final single and made it into the UK Top 25; it also appeared on the 1986 compilation Every Breath You Take: The Singles, which reached No. 1 in the UK album charts. "De Do Do Do De Da Da Da" was subsequently included on the DTS-CD release of the Every Breath You Take: The Classics album in 1995.
Following the failed effort to record a new studio album, the Police effectively disbanded. In the liner notes to the Police's box set Message in a Box, Summers explains: "The attempt to record a new album was doomed from the outset. The night before we went into the studio Stewart broke his collarbone falling off a horse and that meant we lost our last chance of recovering some rapport just by jamming together. Anyway, it was clear Sting had no real intention of writing any new songs for the Police. It was an empty exercise."
Each of the band members continued with their solo careers over the next 20 years. Sting continued recording and touring as a solo performer to great success. Summers recorded a number of albums, both as a solo artist and in collaboration with other musicians. Copeland became a prolific producer of movie and television soundtracks, and he recorded and toured with two new bands, Animal Logic and Oysterhead. However, a few events did bring the Police back together, albeit briefly.
Summers played guitar on Sting's album ...Nothing Like the Sun (1987), a favour the singer returned by playing bass on Summers' album Charming Snakes (1989) and later singing lead vocals on "'Round Midnight" for Summers' tribute to Thelonious Monk Green Chimneys (1999).
On 2 October 1991 (Sting's 40th birthday), Summers joined Sting on stage at the Hollywood Bowl during The Soul Cages Tour to perform "Walking on the Moon", "Every Breath You Take", and "Message in a Bottle". The performance was broadcast as a pay-per-view event.
On 22 August 1992, Sting married Trudie Styler in an 11th-century chapel in Wiltshire, south-west England. Summers and Copeland were invited to the ceremony and reception. Aware that all band members were present, the wedding guests pressured the trio into playing, and they performed "Roxanne" and "Message in a Bottle". Copeland said later that "after about three minutes, it became 'the thing' again".
In 1995 A&M released Live!, a double live album produced by Andy Summers featuring two complete concerts—one recorded on 27 November 1979 at the Orpheum Theatre in Boston during the Reggatta de Blanc tour, and one recorded on 2 November 1983 at the Omni in Atlanta, Georgia during the Synchronicity Tour (the latter one was also documented in the VHS tape Synchronicity Concert in 1984).
On 10 March 2003, the Police were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and performed "Roxanne", "Message in a Bottle", and "Every Breath You Take" live, as a group (the last song was performed alongside Steven Tyler, Gwen Stefani, and John Mayer). In the autumn of 2003, Sting released his autobiography, Broken Music.
In 2004, Copeland and Summers joined Incubus onstage at KROQ's Almost Acoustic Christmas concert in Los Angeles performing "Roxanne" and "Message in a Bottle".
In 2004, Henry Padovani released an album with the participation of Stewart Copeland and Sting on one track, reuniting the original Police line-up for the first time since 1977. Also in 2004, Rolling Stone ranked The Police No. 70 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
In 2006, Stewart Copeland made a rockumentary about the band called Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out, based on Super-8 filming he did when the band was touring and recording in the late 1970s and the early 1980s. In October 2006, Andy Summers released One Train Later, an autobiographical memoir detailing his early career and time with the band.
Reunion tour (2007–08)
In early 2007, reports surfaced that the trio would reunite for a tour to mark the Police's 30th anniversary, more than 20 years since their split in 1986. The tour coincide with Universal Music (current owners of the A&M label) re-releasing some material from the band's back catalogue. The following statement was released on behalf of the band by a spokesman at Interscope-Geffen-A&M and posted on Sting's official website: "As the 30th anniversary of the first Police single approaches, discussions have been underway as to how this will be commemorated. While we can confirm that there will indeed be something special done to mark the occasion, the depth of the band's involvement still remains undetermined."
On 22 January 2007, the punk wave magazine Side-Line broke the story that the Police would reunite for the Grammys, and would perform Roxanne. Side-Line also stated that the Police were to embark on a massive world tour. Billboard magazine later confirmed the news, quoting Andy Summers' 2006 statement as to how the band could have continued post-Synchronicity: "The more rational approach would have been, 'OK, Sting, go make a solo record, and let's get back together in two or three years.' I'm certain we could have done that. Of course we could have. We were definitely not in a creative dry space. We could have easily carried on, and we could probably still be there. That wasn't to be our fate. It went in another way. I regret we never paid it off with a last tour." The band opened the 49th Annual Grammy Awards on 11 February 2007 in Los Angeles, announcing, "Ladies and gentlemen, we are the Police, and we're back!" before launching into Roxanne. A&M Records, the band's record company, promoted the 2007–08 reunion tour as the 30th anniversary of the band's formation, and of the release of their first single for A&M, Roxanne.
The Police Reunion Tour began in late May 2007 with two shows in Vancouver. Stewart Copeland gave a scathing review of the show on his own website, which the press interpreted as a feud occurring two gigs into the tour. Copeland later apologised for besmirching "my buddy Sting," and chalked up the comments to 'hyper self-criticism'. Tickets for the British leg of the tour sold out within 30 minutes, and the band played two nights at Twickenham Stadium, southwest London on 8 and 9 September. On 29 and 30 September 2007, Henry Padovani joined the group on stage for the final encore of their two shows in Paris, and the Police played Next to You as a four-piece band. In October 2007, the group played the largest gig of the reunion tour in Dublin, Ireland, in front of 82,000 fans. They continued their reunion tour in 2008, and locations included New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Macau, Japan, Canada, US, France, Germany, Norway, Denmark, UK, Serbia, Poland, Puerto Rico, and South America including Chile, Argentina and Brazil.
The group were headliners at the TW Classic festival in Werchter, Belgium on 7 June 2008. The Police also headlined the last night of the 2008 Isle of Wight Festival on 15 June 2008, in addition to headlining the Heineken Jammin' Festival in Venice on 23 June and the Sunday night at Hard Rock Calling (previously called Hyde Park Calling) in London on 29 June. In February 2008, the band announced that once they were finished touring, they would break up again. According to Sting, "There will be no new album, no big new tour, once we're done with our reunion tour, that's it for the Police."
The final show of the tour was held on 7 August 2008 at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The band performed the opening song of the night, Message in a Bottle, supported by the brass band of the New York Metropolitan Police Corp. Later, they performed Sunshine of Your Love and Purple Haze as a tribute to the rock trios that preceded them (Cream and The Jimi Hendrix Experience). While announcing the show, the group also announced their donation of $1 million to New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg's initiative to plant one million trees in the city by 2017. Proceeds of the concert went towards arts programming for the city's two public television stations, WNET and WLIW.
During the entire tour, the Police sold 3.7 million tickets and grossed $358 million, making it the third-highest-grossing tour of all-time at its conclusion. On 11 November 2008, the Police released Certifiable: Live in Buenos Aires, a DVD and CD set of the band's performance in Buenos Aires, Argentina on the tour. Those sets with two DVDs also included a documentary shot by Copeland's son Jordan entitled Better Than Therapy.
Legacy and influence
In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked the Police number 70 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, and in 2010, the band was ranked 40th on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Four of the band's five studio albums appeared on Rolling Stone's 2003 list of the 500 greatest albums of all time: Ghost in the Machine (number 322), Reggatta de Blanc (number 369), Outlandos d'Amour (number 434), and Synchronicity (number 455). In the magazine's 2004 list of the 500 greatest songs of all time, Every Breath You Take ranked number 84 (the highest for any song by a new wave band), and Roxanne ranked number 388. Message in a Bottle ranked number 65 in the magazine's 2008 list of the 100 greatest guitar songs of all time. The Police are typically regarded as in both the vanguard of the Second British Invasion, and the new wave movement.
The group's early style has been called punk rock, but Allmusic Guide argues that this was only true "... in the loosest sense of the term.". The Guide states that the band's "... nervous, reggae-injected pop/rock was punky" and had a "punk spirit" but it "wasn't necessarily punk."
Prior to his days in the Police, Sting had spent time as a secondary school teacher for English and Mathematics, and his work with the band reflects a literary awareness. For example, material on the album Ghost in the Machine was inspired by the writings of Arthur Koestler, and the Police's final studio album Synchronicity was influenced by the writings of Carl Jung. Sting also peppers his songs with literary allusions: the song Don't Stand So Close to Me mentions Vladimir Nabokov's novel Lolita; the song Tea in the Sahara alludes to the novel The Sheltering Sky by Paul Bowles; and the song Wrapped Around Your Finger refers both to the sea monsters Scylla and Charybdis, from Greek mythology, and to Mephistopheles, from the German legend of Faust.
- Outlandos d'Amour (1978)
- Reggatta de Blanc (1979)
- Zenyatta Mondatta (1980)
- Ghost in the Machine (1981)
- Synchronicity (1983)
- The Police Around the World Tour (1977–80)
- Zenyatta Mondatta Tour (1980–81)
- Ghost in the Machine Tour (1981–82)
- Synchronicity Tour (1983–84)
- The Police Reunion Tour (2007–08)
- Stewart Copeland – drums and percussion; backing vocals, keyboards (January 1977 – July 1986, 2003, 2007–08)
- Sting – lead vocals, bass guitar and double bass; keyboards and saxophone (studio only) (January 1977 – July 1986, 2003, 2007–08)
- Henry Padovani – guitar (January to August 1977; reunion with Sting and Copeland in 2004; 2008, reunion tour finale, Paris with Summers, Sting & Copeland)
- Andy Summers – guitars; backing vocals, keyboards (June 1977 – July 1986, 2003, 2007–08)
- 1980: Best Rock Instrumental Performance for "Reggatta de Blanc"
- 1981: Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for "Don't Stand So Close to Me"
- 1981: Best Rock Instrumental Performance for "Behind My Camel"
- 1983: Song of the Year for "Every Breath You Take"
- 1983: Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for "Every Breath You Take"
- 1983: Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for Synchronicity
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
- Ranked No.70 on Rolling Stone's Immortals, the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time
- Ranked No.40 on VH1's List of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time
- "The Police Lead Hall's New Wave". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 30 March 2013
- "When Video Killed Radio Stars". New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2013
- "The Police Chart history". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 21 August 2014
- Graff, Gary (9 August 2014). "Andy Summers finds new magic in Rock 'n' Roll". Qatar Tribune. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Records, 429 (27 March 2014). "Guitarist Andy Summers and Rob Giles release 'Circus Hero'". Electronic Musician. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "Madonna News – The Police Are Considerably Richer Than You". idiomag. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
- "The Police: Timeline". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 16 October 2012
- "The Greatest Artists of All Time". VH1/Stereogum. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- Flowers, Brandon. "The Police: 100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 January 2015
- Egan, Sean (8 August 2003). "The Police: Every Little Thing They Sang Was Magic". Goldmine. 29.16: 14.
- "'Whatever we do, this will always be the seminal band' ". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 January 2015
- "The Police: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 8 April 2013
- Copeland 1995.
- Sting 2003.
- Sutcliffe, Phil & Fielder, Hugh (1981). L'Historia Bandido. London and New York: Proteus Books. ISBN 0-906071-66-6. Page 41.
- Summers 2006, pp. 167–170
- Christopher Sandford (2007). "Sting: Back on the Beat". p. 53. Da Capo Press, Incorporated,
- Summers 2006, pp. 174–176.
- Gable, Christopher (2009). The Words and Music of Sting. London: ABC-CLIO. p. 1.
- "Trance-Formation" (EMI 1C 064-32 526) with Andy Summers (1977); "Flashback" (EMI 1C 066-32 839) with Sting, Andy Summers and Stewart Copeland (1978); "Video-Magic" (EMI 1C 064-45 234) with Sting and Andy Summers (1978).
- Obrecht, Jan. "Andy Summers". Menn 1992, p. 246
- Campion 2009, pp. 59
- Chris Campion (2010). "Walking on the Moon: The Untold Story of the Police and the Rise of New Wave Rock". p. 229. John Wiley and Sons
- Summers 2006, p. 194
- Walking on the Moon: The Untold Story of the Police and the Rise ... – Page 65 Chris Campion – 2010 "“We got a lot of mileage out of it being supposedly banned by the BBC," Stewart Copeland admitted twenty-three years after the fact. "In fact, all that really happened was that we didn't make their playlist, so we turned that into 'Banned by the BBC.' ” A&M even printed up posters that announced ..."
- Wensley Clarkson (1996). "Sting: the secret life of Gordon Sumner". p. 85. John Blake Publishing, Limited,
- Revolver Interview April 2000 "Revolver: Bands like the Offspring cite 'Can't Stand Losing You' as an important early punk song. Wasn't it banned by the BBC? Copeland: Actually, we got a lot of mileage out of it being supposedly banned by the BBC. In fact, all that really happened was that we didn't make their playlist, so we turned that into 'Banned by the BBC'. Sting: Wait a minute—it was 'Roxanne' they wouldn't play. Then we had that publicity campaign with posters about how the BBC banned 'Roxanne'. The reason they had a problem with 'Can't Stand Losing You' was because the photo on the cover of the single had Stewart standing on a block of ice with a noose around his neck, waiting for the ice to melt. "
- "1979 Top 40 Official Singles Chart UK Archive 19th May 1979". Official Charts. Retrieved 21 August 2014
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2007). "The Police > Biography". allmusic. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 8th Edition (Billboard Publications), page 497.
- Shaun Keaveny (2010). "R2D2 Lives in Preston: The Best of BBC 6 Music's Toast the Nation!". p. 125. Pan Macmillan,
- Grammy Awards by the Police, Grammy.com.
- "The Police in the East". BBC Two. Retrieved 28 November 2014
- Eagan, Sean (8 August 2003). "The Police: Every Little Thing They Sang Was Magic". Goldmine. 29.16: 16.
- Sutcliffe, Phil & Fielder, Hugh (1981). L'Historia Bandido. London and New York: Proteus Books. ISBN 0-906071-66-6. Page 77.
- Prato, Greg (25 December 1980). "Zenyatta Mondatta Review". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
While Sting later criticized the album as not all it could have been (the band rushed to complete the album so they could to begin another tour), Zenyatta Mondatta remains to some one of the finest rock albums.
- Fricke, David. "Zenyatta Mondatta Review". RollingStone.com. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
- tcm.com. "Those Were the Days: URGH! A MUSIC WAR Turner Classic Movies 14 November 2009". Moviemorlocks.com. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- 1982 Brit Awards Brits.co.uk. Retrieved 5 December 2011
- "Police play Shea Stadium". BBC. Retrieved 26 January 2014
- Joel Whitburn (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. Billboard Books
- David Roberts (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. London: Guinness World Records Limited
- Lister, David, Pop ballads bite back in lyrical fashion, The Independent, 28 May 1994
- "Last Play at Shea' documentary tells stadium's story Newsday 21 April 2010". Newsday.com. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- "1985 Brit Awards Brits.co.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2014
- Billboard 13 Dec 2003. p. 26
- "Secret Police Reunion in 1986 Was 'Too Early'". celebrityspider.com. 18 June 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- Summers, Andy. "On the '86 remix...". thepolice.com. p. Don't Stand So Close To Me '86, 12'. Archived from the original on 2015-05-24. Retrieved 2015-05-24.
- Maximillien De Lafayette (2010). "Hollywood Most Beautiful, Exclusive and Rarest Photos Album: Films, Superstars, Divas, Femmes Fatales, and Legends of the Silver Screen. 2nd Edition". p. 371. Lulu.com,
- Loder, Kurt (11 March 2003). "Gwen, Steven Tyler Sing With Police; AC/DC Shake The Waldorf: Kurt Loder Reports From The Rock Hall Induction". MTV News. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "History". PoliceReunionTour.com. 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
- Cohen, Jonathan (1 January 2007). "Rumors swirl about possible Police reunion". Billboard. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Police fans may soon be walking on the moon again". The Mail on Sunday, 31 December 2006 (London). 30 December 2006.
- Grossberg, Josh (30 January 2007). "Reunited Police to Open Grammys". E!. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "The Police reunion at Grammys". Side-line.com. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- "The Police to play "Roxanne" at Grammys". Side-line.com. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Police Reunion Rumors Reaching Fever Pitch – Billboard, 3 January 2007
- "Police to reunite for Grammy gig". BBC News. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Walters, Sarah (12 June 2008). "The Police pull into town...". CityLife. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- Cohen, Jonathan (3 January 2007). "Police Reunion Rumors Reaching Fever Pitch". Billboard. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- Stewart Copeland on his own forum
- "The Police find strange harmony in creative tension". The Dallas Morning News. 20 May 2008.
- "Police tickets sell out in minutes". TVNZ. One News.
- "Police 'coup' for Wight festival". BBC News. 26 November 2007.
- Verrico, Lisa (1 July 2008). "Hard Rock Calling/ The Police in Hyde Park, London". The Times of London. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Sting Can't Wait To Be A Solo Singer Again". Icelebz.com. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Nichols, Michelle (6 May 2008). "The Police to perform final gig in New York". Reuters. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- Scaggs, Austin (4 September 2008). "The Police Say Farewell With New York Blowout". Rolling Stone (1060): 15.[dead link]
- "Best Buy Presents The Police Encore Performance from Madison Square Garden Live on Best Buy.com on 7 August 2008...". ThePolice.com. 4 August 2008.
- Graff, Gary (15 July 2008). "Live CD/DVD To Chronicle Police Reunion Tour". Billboard.
- "100 Greatest Artists: The Police". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "VH1 Listed 100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Today24News. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 18 November 2003. Archived from the original on 23 June 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Rolling Stone 's 100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time". Stereogum. 30 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Culture Club, Police, Duran Duran lead Second Invasion Scripps-Howard News Service printed by The Pittsburgh Press October 31, 1984". Google. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Thomas, Stephen. "The Police". AllMusic. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Inductee List, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
- Copeland, Ian (1995). Wild Thing. New York, N.Y.: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-81508-7.
- Copeland, Stewart (2009). Strange Things Happen: A Life with The Police, Polo and Pygmies. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0-06-194196-2.
- Padovani, Henri (2010). Secret Police Man. Brighton: Penn Press. ISBN 978-1-907172-83-0.
- Sting (2005). Broken Music. New York, N.Y.: Dial. ISBN 0-7432-3184-8.
- Summers, Andy (2006). One Train Later: A Memoir. New York, N.Y.: Thomas Dunne. ISBN 0-312-35914-4.
- Summers, Andy (2007). I'll Be Watching You: Inside The Police 1980–83. Cologne: Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-1305-2.
- Fielder, Hugh (1981). The Police: L'Historia Bandido. New York: Proteus. ISBN 978-0-906071-77-9.
Find more about
at Wikipedia's sister projects
|Media from Commons|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|
|Database entry Q178095 on Wikidata|