Pamela Geller

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Pamela Geller
Pamela Geller 2011.jpg
Pamela Geller
Born (1958-06-14) June 14, 1958 (age 56)[1]
Long Island, New York, U.S.[2]
Residence New York, New York, U.S.[1]
Other names Pamela Oshry
Alma mater Hofstra University; left before completing degree[1]
Occupation Blogger, author, political activist, commentator, former newspaper editor
Organization Co-founder of Freedom Defense Initiative and Stop Islamization of America[3]
Known for Opposition to Park51 community center and mosque
Notable work(s) The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration's War on America, with Robert Spencer[4]
Home town Hewlett Harbor, Long Island, New York[1]
Spouse(s) Michael Oshry (1990–2007; divorced)[1]
Children 4
Parents Reuben and Lillian Geller[1]
Website
www.pamelageller.com

Pamela Geller (born June 14, 1958)[5] is an American blogger, author, political activist,[6] and commentator.[1] She is known primarily for her criticism of Islam and opposition to Islamic activities and causes, such as the proposed construction of an Islamic community center near the former site of the World Trade Center.[7] She says her blogging and campaigns in the United States are against what she terms "creeping Sharia" in the country. She is described as a critic of radical Islam[8] and self-described as opposing political Islam.[1] Her viewpoints are described as anti-Islamic[9] or Islamophobic.[1]

Together with Robert Spencer, she co-founded the Freedom Defense Initiative and Stop Islamization of America.[10] These organizations were labeled hate groups by UK government officials, who barred Geller's entry into the UK in 2013.[9] She and Spencer co-authored the book The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration's War on America in 2010.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Geller is the third of four sisters born to Jewish parents Reuben, a textile manufacturer, and Lillian Geller.[1] She grew up in Hewlett Harbor, Long Island, New York, feeling that she was the black sheep of her family; an underachiever whose parents refused to cover the expenses of her college education."[11] She helped out in her father's business, where she learned to speak fluent Spanish.[12] Two of her sisters became doctors, and the third became a teacher.[1]

Geller attended Lynbrook High School and Hofstra University, though she left before completing her degree.[1]

She was married to Michael Oshry from 1990 until the couple divorced in 2007, and is the mother of four children.[1] As of April 2013 she was living in Hewlett, Long Island, New York.[13]

Career[edit]

Geller spent most of the 1980s working at the New York Daily News, first as a financial analyst and then in advertising and marketing.[14] Subsequently she was associate publisher of The New York Observer from 1989 through 1994.[15]

In a Village Voice interview, Geller attributed the advent of her political consciousness to the 9/11 attacks.[16] She created a blog called Atlas Shrugs in 2004. The blog gained thousands of readers in 2006 when Geller reprinted the controversial cartoons of Muhammad originally published in the Jyllands-Posten.[1] In 2007, her campaign against an Arabic-language public school in Brooklyn played "an important role" in the resignation of its principal, Debbie Almontaser.[1]

In 2010 Geller co-founded the American Freedom Defense Initiative organization (FDI) with Robert Spencer.[1] She also co-authored a book with Spencer, The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration's War on America (published in July 2010).[4] The book criticizes the Obama administration's treatment of the free-market system, freedom of speech, and foreign policy. She is also a contributor to the conservative magazine Human Events.[17]

Speaking on jihad at the 2010 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), Geller criticized the Pentagon's report on the 2009 Fort Hood shooting for failing to talk about the religious motivations behind the attack.[18] Geller, who had spoken at the annual CPAC convention four years previous, was forbidden to appear in 2013.[19] Geller attributed her exclusion from the event to her having claimed that CPAC board members Grover Norquist and Suhail Khan were "members of the Muslim Brotherhood and secret Islamist agents."[20] Reacting to CPAC's decision to exclude Geller, Mark Steyn called her a "fearless fighter on free speech" and said that he took the board's action "personally."[21]

In April 2013, Rabbi Michael White and Jerome Davidson, denouncing Geller as an anti-Muslim bigot, opposed her presentation on Sharia law at a Long Island synagogue, which was eventually canceled due to security concerns.[22]Israeli journalist Caroline Glick argued that White and Davidson were wrong; Geller opposes jihadists, not all Muslims.[23]

In May 2013, the Jewish Defense League of Canada invited Pamela Geller to speak in Toronto, Canada. Initially, Geller was invited by Rabbi Mendel Kaplan to speak at Chabad@Flamingo. Because Kaplan was a chaplain with the York Regional Police, the police's Hate Crimes Unit stated that Kaplan's invitation conflicted with "our long-held position of inclusivity". Kaplan consequently uninvited Geller, and she spoke at the Toronto Zionist Center.[24]

She is a supporter of the English Defence League (EDL) saying: "I share the EDL's goals ... We need to encourage rational, reasonable groups that oppose the Islamisation of the west."[25] In June 2013, Geller was scheduled to speak at an EDL rally,[6] but was barred from entering Britain by a Home Office ruling that describes her as having established "anti-Muslim hate groups".[9] Cited as evidence for the ban were statements categorizing al-Qaeda as “a manifestation of devout Islam” and claiming that jihad requires Jews as an enemy.[26] Geller called the decision "a striking blow against freedom ... The nation that gave the world the Magna Carta is dead." Hope not Hate, which led a campaign to ban her, applauded the decision as a proper limit to "unfettered free speech".[9]

Views[edit]

Pamela Geller opposes both political Islam[1] and radical Islam.[27] Geller has said of herself that she has "no problem with Islam. I have a problem with political Islam."[1] In particular, she says jihadism is a threat to civilization.[28] After expressing her anti-jihad views in controversial subway ads[29] she was called an anti-Muslim bigot and racist by Muneer Awad of the Council on American-Islamic Relations.[30][31] Geller responded to such charges by noting that the ads weren't directed at all Muslims but "only those who engaged in what she characterises as 'Jihad'."[32]

Critics believe she crosses the line from a focused criticism of Islamism to a broader hostility towards Islam in general. When she called for an official classification of Islam as "a political movement ... authoritarian and supremacist ... as well as a religion," the ADL responded that "[w]hile the threat of Islamic extremism is a legitimate concern, such a simplistic initiative fails to distinguish between the general Muslim population and extremists motivated by radical interpretations of Islam."[33] Geller repeatedly denies that she is categorically anti-Muslim.[1][34][13][35][36] Charles Jacobs says that Geller takes aim at "radical Islam," comes to the defense of victims of honor killings, and deals with Islamist antisemitism which the ADL and SPLC fail to address.[28]

Geller has said that "Islam is the most antisemitic, genocidal ideology in the world." [37][38][39][40] She holds the view that radical Islam is a bona fide variant of Islam, which she describes in a number of ways: "Muslim terrorists were practicing pure Islam, original Islam."[35][36] Terrorists don't spring from "perversions of Islam but from the religion itself"[1] "I believe in the idea of a moderate Muslim. I do not believe in the idea of a moderate Islam. ... I think a moderate Muslim is a secular Muslim."[1] She quotes the prime minister of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, "... there is no moderate Islam; there is no extreme Islam; Islam is Islam."[41] She argues that Islam must be secularized from within: "I believe most Muslims are secular. I don’t believe that most Muslims subscribe to devout fundamentalist Islam by any stretch of the imagination. And we need the secular Muslims to win the battle for the reformation of Islam."[41]

In economics she favors "right-wing" "small government" fiscal policies of cutting taxes and reducing budgets.[42] She is "socially liberal" in her support of abortion legalization[1][16][2] and same-sex marriages[16] but she believes drug legalization goes "too far."[43] Gary Weiss writes that Ayn Rand's philosophy of individualism is a major influence in her thought and life.[44] But unlike Rand, Geller is a theist who defends the Judeo-Christian ethical tradition.[45] In her rhetorical style, she shares Rand’s "verbal excesses" accompanied by a "willingness to provoke and offend."[46]

In 2008, Geller co-wrote an op-ed for Arutz Sheva, expressing disappointment that fellow Jews are not more politically supportive of Israel:

It galls me that the Jews I fight for are self-destructive, suicidal even. Here in America (and the world over), Israel's real friends are in the Republican Party and yet over 80% of American Jews are Democrats. I don't get it. The conventional wisdom on the Left is that Israel is an oppressor and her actions are worse than the world's most depraved and dangerous regimes. Chomsky, Finkelstein, Soros—these men are the killers.[47]

She encouraged Israel to "stand loud and proud. Give up nothing. Turn over not a pebble. For every rocket fired, drop a MOAB. Take back Gaza. Secure Judea and Samaria. Stop buying Haaretz. Throw leftists bums out."[47] She is an ardent Zionist.[34] She regards much of the Israeli media as "Jewicidal" and the kibbutz movement as a failed idea and a variety of slavery.[48]

Stop Islamization of America[edit]

Geller and Robert Spencer co-founded Stop Islamization of America.[10] Geller is a co-founder of Stop Islamization of Nations, an umbrella organization that includes Stop Islamization of America and Stop Islamisation of Europe.[49][50] Both SIOA and FDI are described as exhibiting anti-Muslim bigotry by the Anti-Defamation League.[51][22] The Southern Poverty Law Center classifies them as hate groups.[52] Geller dismissed the SPLC as an "uber left" organization.[53]

Park51[edit]

Main article: Park51

In May 2010, they began a strong campaign against the proposed Park51 Islamic community center and mosque, which Geller has referred to as the "Ground Zero Mega Mosque".[54][55] She says that Park51 is viewed by Muslims as a "triumphal" monument built on "conquered land". She also appeared on a number of cable news shows speaking out against the proposed Islamic community center and mosque.[14]

Geller first blogged in Atlas Shrugs about the proposed New York project in reaction to coverage in The New York Times on December 8, 2009.[56][57] On December 21, she again blogged on the subject, referring to it as "Mosque at Ground Zero" and calling it "a stab in the eye".[58] Geller next blogged about the building on May 24, 2010, when she reported on a self-selected reader poll connected with a report in the New York Daily News, urging her readers to vote in it. This is when she first used the phrase "Mega Mosque at Ground Zero".[59][60]

Commenting on the controversy, Geller said,

I'm not leading the charge against the Islamic center near Ground Zero. The majority of Americans—70%—find this deeply insulting, offensive. To call it anti-Muslim is a gross misrepresentation and to say that I'm responsible for all this emotion, again a gross misrepresentation.[61]

When asked in an August 17, 2010, interview on CNN whether she agreed "that the terrorists who attacked us on 9/11 were practicing a perverted form of Islam, and that is not what is going to be practiced at this mosque", she responded "I will say that the Muslim terrorists were practicing pure Islam, original Islam."[35]

Ibrahim Hooper, a spokesman for the Council on American-Islamic Relations, criticized Geller, stating:

People say don't give her too much credit, she's a fringe character, but she is a fringe character who every day is on CNN, Fox, The Washington Post, and The New York Times. She is the driving force behind the Islamic center campaign. I would say that she is the queen of the Muslim bashers, I see her rise and the rise of these anti-Islam hate groups going hand in hand.[14]

Eric Boehlert, a senior fellow at liberal watchdog group Media Matters for America, concurred with Hooper, remarking that "she's been instrumental, she has whipped up hatred in the right-wing blogosphere and now that's spilled out into the wider community"[14] while Andrew C. McCarthy, writing in the conservative[62] magazine National Review, criticized Hooper's remarks on the matter, citing his controversial comments about Islamism and the United States.[36] Media Matters said "Geller's history of outrageous, inflammatory and false claims, particularly when it comes to issues related to Islam, demonstrate that she cannot be expected to make accurate statements and should not be rewarded with a platform on national television."[63]

[edit]

Stop Islamization of America has sponsored ads which carry messages such as "Fatwa on Your Head?" and "Leaving Islam?" in several cities including New York City and Miami, pointing readers to a website called RefugefromIslam.com.[14][64] Geller said the ads were meant to provide resources for Muslims who were afraid to leave the religion.[64]

Geller and FDI/SIOA paid to run ads on the transit systems of New York City, Washington, and San Francisco. The ad approved to run on the New York City subway and San Francisco buses read, "In any war between the civilized man and the savage, support the civilized man. Support Israel. Defeat Jihad."[65] Opponents argue that the ad implies Muslims are savages.[30][31] Others argue the opposite, that it is insulting to assume Muslims will identify with violent jihadi.[66][67] Moderate Muslims argue that Geller's use of the word jihad is identical to Islamic extremists' and too common in general American usage. Moderates seek to reclaim the notion of jihad as a striving but find "rebranding" difficult in today's culture.[68]

The Jewish Council for Public Affairs has called the ad "bigoted, divisive" and JCPA President Rabbi Steve Gutow has said, "The fact that ads have been placed in the subway attacking Israel does not excuse the use of attack ads against Muslims".[69] Israel Kasnett, editor for the Jerusalem Post, argues that Geller is right in her description of violent jihad.[70][71] Jewish groups such as the Jewish Community Relations Council and the Anti-Defamation League "successfully persuaded the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency to donate proceeds from the [offensive bus] ads to the city’s Human Rights Commission".[65]

Geller purchased ad space at 39 New York City subway stations for a new ad that "links Islam to terrorism".[72] Prompted by an ad critical of Israel on the subway, Geller said she is exercising her freedom of speech by showing a picture of the burning World Trade Center with a quote from the Koran. The ads went up in January 2013 and ran about a month.[73] In the fall of 2014, Geller paid $100,000 for a series of "incendiary" ads to run on New York's transportation system. They link Islam to ISIS, Hamas, Hitler, and the beheading of James Foley. The MTA is legally required to run the ads.[74]

Atlas Shrugs blog[edit]

Geller's blog, Atlas Shrugs, is named in homage to novelist/philosopher Ayn Rand's novel Atlas Shrugged.[1][61] Rand's writings had a seminal influence on her thought.[1][16][2][61] Geller was a frequent and prolific commenter on the anti-jihadi Little Green Footballs when, encouraged by a fellow commenter, she started her own blog in late 2004.[1][33] She generally posts 10–15 times a day.[16][1]

Her first "spike" in traffic came in early 2006. When thousands of Muslims worldwide protested – sometimes violently – over cartoons of the Islamic prophet Muhammad printed in a Danish newspaper,[75] Geller posted the cartoons on her blog.[1][76] Consequently her hits increased dramatically to tens of thousands.[1] By September of 2010 she was attracting 184,000 visitors per month.[1] She refers to her blog as "my living room and kitchen — a place where she can kick back and yell, like some people shout at their TV" in contrast to her books and published articles which are "more studied and more measured."[2]

During the 2008 Presidential campaign she posted a number of critical articles on Barack Obama. NPR reported that after she examined lists of contributions given to Barack Obama's presidential campaign, others, including The New York Times and The Washington Post, followed suit.[77] Contributors with the names "Es Ech", "Doodad Pro", and similar names turned up, and a conservative activist said he donated to Obama's campaign using the name Osama bin Laden.[77] She published a letter from one of her readers saying that Malcolm X had impregnated Ann Dunham, Barack Obama's mother. After the theory was posted, the conspiracy theory gained notoriety and led Keith Olbermann to label her "the worst person in the world" during the eponymous segment of Countdown with Keith Olbermann.[16] Geller later said this was never her view.[14][78]

In November 2008, she captured a conversation by Representative Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) on video, and posted it on YouTube.[79] In it, after prefacing his remarks by saying he had "no personal knowledge" of the matter and his statement was merely his "guess", he went on to say that Obama "didn't have the political courage to want to make the statement of walking out" of Trinity United Church of Christ when he realized that Rev. Jeremiah Wright was "a nut" and "lunatic", because "you don't walk out of a church with 8,000 members in your district".[79][80][81] After Geller released the video, Nadler said: "I made a thoughtless comment yesterday which does not reflect the way I feel about Barack Obama".[80][81]

Controversial postings on Atlas Shrugs include:[82][83] Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan in a mock-up photograph in a Nazi uniform,[1][84] a video suggesting that some Muslims have sex with goats, and a doctored photo showing President Obama urinating on an American flag.[14] The Guardian claimed Geller defends former Serbian president Slobodan Milošević and denied the existence of Serbian concentration camps of the 1990s.[61] She denies supporting Milošević but has expressed skepticism of some accounts of the camps.[85]

American journalist Jeffrey Goldberg, who frequently writes about topics relating to Israel and the Middle East, has described Geller as a "bigoted blogger" and said she supported South African white supremacist Eugène Terre'Blanche.[86] Geller has in turn called Goldberg "notoriously anti-zionist and intellectually dishonest", as well as a "Jewicidal Jihadi"[87][88] Geller describes Terreblanche as the "leader of the noxious and hateful neo-Nazi Afrikaner Resistance Movement". She maintains there is a genocide underway in South Africa that includes innocent whites who are not "racist monsters like Eugene Terreblanche".[89][85]

Media response[edit]

According to Cord Jefferson, writing in the American Prospect, "the media often craves controversy over substance" and paid "disproportionate attention" to the Park51 story. Citing Salon writer Justin Elliot as evidence that "the controversy was kicked up and driven by Pamela Geller ... whose sinister portrayal of the project was embraced by Rupert Murdoch's New York Post." Jefferson concludes that "... a small-time political blogger with an obsession was able to hijack the news cycle for months."[90] The story was erroneously labeled "The Ground Zero Mosque" by "multiple conservative media outlets such as Fox News and drew national attention.[91]

William McGurn, writing in the Wall Street Journal on the subway ads, says they were meant to provoke by being ambiguous. There were immediately taken as many as hateful and "racist". McGurn says "most Americans probably read it the way it is written: Israel is a civilized nation under attack from people who do savage things in the name of jihad." He points out that the word "jihad" is taken in a benign spiritual sense or as a violent militant sense. He finds the media is too quick to assume the ad is an attack on the religion and all Muslims.[29]

The blog has been criticized by progressive Media Matters for America,.[63][92] She called "extreme" by Chris McGreal of The Guardian.[61] Conversely, it has been praised by Caroline Glick, managing editor of The Jerusalem Post, who hailed the blog's coverage of Muslim "honor killings" and called her "an intrepid blogger".[93][94]

Works[edit]

Books[edit]

Articles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Barnard, Anne; Feuer, Alan (October 8, 2010). "Outraged, and Outrageous". The New York Times.
  2. ^ a b c d Chandler, Doug (September 1, 2010). "The Passions (And Perils) Of Pamela Geller". The Jewish Week. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  3. ^ "'Islamic Apartheid' Ads Submitted To MTA By Pamela Geller In Response To Pro-Palestinian Ads". Huffington Post. March 28, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Geller, Pamela; Spencer, Robert (July 2010). The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administration's War on America. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4391-8930-6. 
  5. ^ U.S. Public Records Index Vol 1 & 2 (Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.), 2010.
  6. ^ a b Jessica Elgot (June 20, 2013). "Pamela Geller, Robert Spencer To Speak At EDL Rally In Woolwich, Campaigners Call For UK Entry Ban". The Huffington Post (London). 
  7. ^ Milazzo, Linda (25 June 2012). "Jewish Federation Puts Kibosh On Extreme Islamophobe Pamela Geller". Alternet. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  8. ^ Terry Davidson (May 1, 2013). "York Regional Police threaten rabbi's role as chaplain over Pamela Geller speech". Toronto Sun. Retrieved May 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d Kevin Rawlinson (June 26, 2013). "Anti-Ground Zero Mosque campaigners Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer barred from entering Britain to speak at an EDL rally". The Independent (London). 
  10. ^ a b "Contact". Stop Islamization of America. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  11. ^ Gary Weiss, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul, Macmillan, 2012 p. 136.
  12. ^ "Papa". Atlas Shrugs. June 21, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Bart Jones (April 8, 2013). "Blogger involved in 'Ground Zero mosque' controversy to speak in Great Neck". Newsday. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Burke, Daniel (May 25, 2011) [2010]. "Pamela Geller, 'Queen Of Muslim Bashers,' At Center Of N.Y. 'Mosque' Debate". The Huffington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ "New Editor Named for Observer". The New York Times. May 10, 1994. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f Greg Howard (November 28, 2012). "Pamela Geller's War". Village Voice. "The 9/11 attack was the most evil thing Geller could imagine. She felt we were at war with a group of people who played by a different set of rules. Savages. She had to do something. So she learned about Islam, jihad, and sharia, the religion's code of law. Growing up, she was largely apolitical but always championed women's rights. She was particularly disturbed by women under sharia who were treated as second-class citizens. She read about women and young girls alike being beaten, raped, murdered. But the more she studied the religion, the more social issues took a backseat to her belief that Islam itself needed to be defeated." 
  17. ^ "Pamela Geller". Human Events. Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  18. ^ Berger, Judson (April 7, 2010). "CPAC Session on Jihad, Free Speech Attracts Complaints". Fox News. Retrieved October 12, 2010. "When nowhere in that document was Islam or Jihad mentioned, then Houston, we have a problem. People need to understand what is the motivation." 
  19. ^ Alex Seitz-Wald (March 4, 2013). "Anti-Muslim activist Pam Geller turned away from CPAC". Salon. 
  20. ^ Alex Seitz-Wald (March 16, 2013). "Pam Geller: CPAC board member is "worse" than Anwar al-Awlaki". Salon. 
  21. ^ Mark Steyn (March 4, 2013). "CPAC Tentwatch". National Review. 
  22. ^ a b "L.I. Synagogue Cancels Controversial Pamela Geller Speech". CBS New York. April 10, 2013. 
  23. ^ Caroline B. Glick (April 13, 2013). "Moral relativism and jihad". Jerusalem Post. 
  24. ^ "Pamela Geller's Invitation to Speak in Toronto Angers Board of Rabbis". The Forward. 2013-05-13. 
  25. ^ Townsend, Mark (October 10, 2010). "English Defence League forges links with America's Tea Party". The Observer. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  26. ^ "American right-wing activists banned from entering UK". 4 News (UK). July 26, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  27. ^
  28. ^ a b Charles Jacobs (May 10, 2013). "Pamela Geller, Jewish heroine". The Jewish Advocate. "Geller thinks Radical Islam is a threat to Western civilization and that our politically correct leaders who persist in being willfully blind are endangering us all. Having this view attracts detractors. Expressing it daily, with no holds barred, with gory photos of the victims of jihad and outrageous details of how our leaders betray us, has earned Pamela a baying herd of defamers." 
  29. ^ a b "Call a Terrorist a 'Savage'? How Uncivilized, An anti-jihad message is 'hate speech' by today's topsy-turvy standards.". Wall Street Journal. Oct 1, 2012. 
  30. ^ a b Karen Matthews (September 20, 2012). "Anti-jihad 'savage' ads going up in NYC subway". Associated Press. 
  31. ^ a b Matt Flegenheimer (September 18, 2012). "Ad Calling Jihad 'Savage' Is Set to Appear in Subway". The New York Times. 
  32. ^ Hannah Thomas-Peter (September 20, 2012). "Anti-Jihad Adverts To Run In New York Subway". Sky News. 
  33. ^ a b "Stop the Islamization of America". Anti-Defamation League. March 2011. p. 6. 
  34. ^ a b "Anti-Muslim activist barred from speaking at Jewish Federation headquarters". Jewish Journal. June 25, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c Kaye, Randi (August 17, 2010). "Firestorm Grows Over Islamic Center Near Ground Zero". Anderson Cooper 360° (CNN). Retrieved August 26, 2010. 
  36. ^ a b c McCarthy, Andrew C. "Re:SPLC on Geller". National Review. 
  37. ^ "NY TIMES CON JOB: "DAISY KHAN HAD NEVER SEEN SO MANY JEWS IN HER LIFE."". atlasshrugs.com. 2010-11-14. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  38. ^ "Under tight security, Geller addresses crowd of hundreds at Chabad". theislandnow.com. 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  39. ^ "Confronting Pamela Geller (Updated With Response)". huffingtonpost.com. 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  40. ^ "Confronting the #Huffington Post". pamelageller.com. 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  41. ^ a b "Pamela Geller: "This Is a Clash of Civilizations"". PBS. September 27, 2011. 
  42. ^ Gary Weiss, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul, Macmillan, 2012 p. 137.
  43. ^ Gary Weiss, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul, Macmillan, 2012 p. 130.
  44. ^ Gary Weiss, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul, Macmillan, 2012 pp. 129–137.
  45. ^ Gary Weiss, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul, Macmillan, 2012 p.134.
  46. ^ Gary Weiss, Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul, Macmillan, 2012 pp. 133–4.
  47. ^ a b Geller, Pamela; Saxon, Eliza (May 11, 2008). "Op-Ed: Indomitable Israel". Beit El: Arutz Sheva. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  48. ^ Weiss, p.133.
  49. ^ "International Freedom Organizations Unite to Create Stop Islamization of Nations" (Press release). Stop Islamization of America. January 17, 2012. 
  50. ^ John K. Press (September 16, 2012). "A Plan to Stop the Islamization of the World is at Hand". American Thinker. 
  51. ^ "Backgrounder: Stop Islamization of America (SIOA)". Extremism. Anti-Defamation League. March 25, 2011 [August 26, 2010]. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  52. ^ Lach, Eric (March 1, 2011). "Pam Geller On 'Hate Group' Label: 'A Badge of Honor'". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
  53. ^ Siemaszko, Corky (February 25, 2011). "Southern Poverty Law Center lists anti-Islamic NYC blogger Pamela Geller, followers a hate group". Daily News (New York). Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  54. ^ "How the "ground zero mosque" fear mongering began – Park51, Muslim Community Center in Lower Manhattan". Salon. August 16, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  55. ^ "The Seeker: Untold story behind the so-called 'Ground Zero mosque'". Chicago Tribune. August 20, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  56. ^ "Giving Thanks". Atlas Shrugs. December 8, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  57. ^ Ralph Blumenthal and Sharaf Mowjood (December 9, 2009). "Muslim Prayers and Renewal Near Ground Zero". The New York Times. 
  58. ^ "Mosque at Ground Zero: Adding Insult to Agony". Atlas Shrugs. December 21, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  59. ^ "Vote On Mega Mosque At Ground Zero". Atlas Shrugs. May 24, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Lower Manhattan board mixed on planned mosque and Islamic center at Ground Zero WTC site". Daily News. New York. May 24, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010. 
  61. ^ a b c d e McGreal, Chris (August 20, 2010). "The US blogger on a mission to halt 'Islamic takeover'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved August 21, 2010. 
  62. ^ Advertising Media Kit, National Review Online.
  63. ^ a b "Memo to media: Pamela Geller does not belong on national television". Media Matters for America. July 14, 2010. Retrieved August 24, 2010. 
  64. ^ a b Mail Foreign Service. "'Fatwa on your head?' Controversial adverts that help Muslims abandon Islam appear on New York buses", Daily Mail, May 27, 2010.
  65. ^ a b Pine, Dan. "New ad on Muni buses in S.F. has disturbing imagery, calls Israel an apartheid state." J Weekly. May 16, 2013.
  66. ^ "A shocking assumption". New York Post. Sep 29, 2012. 
  67. ^ Petra Marquardt-Bigman (September 27, 2012). "Mona Eltahawy Defends Jihad: We are all Proud Savages Now!". The Algemeiner. 
  68. ^ Alex Seitz-Wald (January 9, 2013). "Can "jihad" survive Pam Geller?". Salon. 
  69. ^ "JCPA Condemns Bigoted, Divisive, and Unhelpful Anti-Muslim Ads". Jewish Council for Public Affairs. Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  70. ^ Israel Kasnett (September 30, 2012). "Support the civilized man". Jerusalem Post. 
  71. ^ April Fehling (September 24, 2012). "New Yorkers Rush By As Embattled Anti-Jihad Ads Hit The Subway". NPR. 
  72. ^ Peter Donohue (January 8, 2013). "Group's ads link Islam to terrorism: Controversial American Freedom Defense Initiative paid $77,000 to quote Koran with flaming Twin Towers". Daily News (New York). 
  73. ^ "More Ads With Inflammatory Messages About Islam Appear In NYC Subway". CBS News. January 8, 2013. 
  74. ^ Jennifer Fermino (September 19, 2014). "Shocking anti-Islam ad campaign coming to MTA buses, subway stations". New York Daily News. 
  75. ^ "Muslim cartoon fury claims lives". BBC News. February 6, 2006. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
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