The Prince (Pournelle)

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The Prince is a science fiction compilation by Jerry Pournelle and S. M. Stirling. It is part of the CoDominium future history series. The Prince is a compilation of four previously published novels: Falkenberg's Legion, Prince of Mercenaries, Go Tell The Spartans, and Prince of Sparta. Of the original novels, the first three of these were written by Pournelle (only); Prince of Sparta was cowrittten with Stirling. Pages 173-176 of the printed edition are new to the compilation.[1] The Prince was published by Baen Books in hardcover (ISBN 0-7434-3556-7) in September 2002.

The title and subject matter of the book are inspired by The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli.

Plot[edit]

The action occurs over a period from the 2060s to the 2090s in the CoDominium universe (the "CoDominium" being a formal alliance between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics over the rest of Earth, with a cynically hegemonistic policy toward all the other nations of Earth and Earth's off-world colonies). The stories relate the progress of John Christian Falkenberg from a junior officer in the Marines of the CoDominium Navy, through Captain and later Colonel, finally becoming head of Falkenberg′s Mercenary Legion, whose core is composed of officers and NCOs from his former Marine command and recruits from the planets on which they fight wars.

Falkenberg is portrayed as a military genius with a flair for the bold and unconventional, often resorting to deception. He creates a powerful enemy in Senator Adrian Bronson of Earth, who blames him for the death of his grandson while under Falkenberg′s command, and who also opposes Admiral Lermontov, Falkenberg′s ally in the Navy.

A dominant theme through the stories is the result of the CoDominium’s policy of shipping large numbers of voluntary and involuntary colonists to the colony planets. The involuntary colonists cause much trouble, having become inured to a welfare state existence in government ghettoes (Welfare Islands), where drugs and entertainment, paid for by the productive members of society, keep them pacified. Relocated to the colony worlds, they gather in city centers and shanty towns, reverting to their criminal lifestyles.

While some of the convict transportees assimilate into their new planets' societies, most band together against the original colonists, who are mostly farmers and large landowners. In other planets, local political parties form to demand consumer-oriented welfare states, ostensibly to promote social fairness, but with unavoidable agendas to advance the progress of industrialization and mining-intensive societies at the expense of the farmers (since the welfare states demanded by the influx of poor residents would require cheap energy and an unrealistically large tax base). Even without explicit knowledge of these agendas, the farmers are outraged by encroachments and banditry forcing them to yield land on which they have worked hard.

Falkenberg and his command represent a force in opposition to the policies of Earth's politicians and the often-misguided Humanity League. They act to suppress the bandits, rebels and insurgents who prey on landowners, and who may be working with corrupt politicians bent on exploiting natural resources on the newly-settled planets cheaply, with very little benefit to the people living on the new planets. Pournelle pays considerable attention to the soldier′s dilemma of being expected to obey orders without regard to the consequences to the people of the colony planets of Earth's policies. In several places, Pournelle discusses the reluctance of the Navy and Marines to be used to subdue local defiance of Earth rule to earn windfalls for the cronies of Senator Bronson and his political allies, without "leaving things in working order."

These stories may also illustrate Pournelle′s own convictions (see Jerry Pournelle#Politics), which echo those of Robert A. Heinlein,[citation needed] such as that democracy is not the only proper form of government, and may not always be the best given the realities of economics and ecology. In each of the stories, those on the side of rapid industrial development (to the benefit of Bronson and his allies) are seen to be likely to lead their societies towards anarchy. Often, the results of Falkenberg′s actions are little better in moral terms, but those actions prevent the slide to barbarism which Bronson's policies would otherwise cause.

The weapons and tactics employed are easily recognizable to the modern reader. In Pournelle′s future universe, scientific and technical advances with military implications are ruthlessly suppressed by the Soviet-American CoDominium which controls Earth. Also, the expense of importing advanced technology means that cheaper and less advanced alternatives are common. The mule or horse is a better vehicle than the truck on a colony world, while a tank or two might be the deciding factor in a campaign. The weapons are rifles, mortars and light artillery. A few helicopters are available, but in some situations are vulnerable to missiles fired by ground troops.

Arrarat[edit]

Originally published as the novel "West of Honor", later incorporated into "Falkenberg′s Legion"

Founded by religious zealots, Arrarat′s society is besieged by well-organized and well-supplied bandit gangs composed mainly of involuntary colonists. The story is told in a first-person narrative by newly commissioned Lieutenant Harlan (“Hal”) Slater of the CoDominium Line Marines. Lieutenant Slater, with two classmates from the Academy, were chosen by John Christian Falkenberg, youngest captain in the history of the Marines, to oversee the transfer of Marines to the planet Arrarat to suppress local unrest there.

Falkenberg commandeers Slater and other unassigned soldiers to form a provisional battalion to respond to an urgent request from the governor of Arrarat. On arrival they find that they are not at all welcome. The governor had requested a much larger, and more experienced, unit of military police and a destroyer in orbit to supply fire support to deal with numerous lawless bands in control of much of the countryside. The military men have other concerns, however, on seeing that they were sent Line Marines, and not military police. They fear the havoc unruly Line Marines (who have refined bar fights and drinking without paying to an art they call "System D") will create in the capital.

To avoid this, Falkenberg elects to take the marines upriver to the bandit-occupied Fort Beersheba, an old outpost built by the Line Marine regiment that had initially pacified the planet. Slater is tasked with taking and holding Fort Beersheba in a daring night assault using one company of airlifted troops, while Falkenberg marches the remainder of the newly organized 501st Line Marine Battalion up the river valley to meet him. Holding the fort is not easy - though disorganized and untrained, the rebels outnumber and outgun Slater′s A Company. Although A Company takes heavy casualties, Slater holds the bottleneck long enough to delay the bandits until Falkenberg arrives with heavy artillery.

After establishing the fort as a base, Slater and the other officers watch the restless and combat-eager marines suffer more and more from “the Bug,” a military kind of cabin fever. Partly to combat this growing problem, Falkenberg and the semi-retired head of Arrarat's small permanent Marine garrison urge the planet's governor to move against the bandits tyrannizing the farmers of the Jordan Valley, who simply want to farm and be left alone by both the central government and the bandit gangs. Governor Swale refuses, pleading lack of resources - and his previous treaties with the bandit "governments" in Arrarat's interior farming country which compel the farmers to turn most of what they make as "taxes" and sell their grain through the bandits to the coastal cities.

Finally, the bandit groups break their deal with Governor Swale, jacking prices on grain up precipitously and stopping shipments entirely to encourage Swale and the citizens of his coastal cities to accept the new deal. Governor Swale goes to Fort Beersheba to demand that Falkenberg's regiment go to the farm country to force the bandit gangs to honor their previous agreements.

Falkenberg asks Swale how, exactly, he's to restore the grain supply from farmers who are already oppressed by the bandits, and unlikely to submit to duress from both the planetary government and their local bandit government. When the governor can't supply a logical answer and refuses Falkenberg's counter-offer to take the farm country back from the bandits, Falkenberg refuses the order to march, as do the local Marine garrison commander and all of Falkenberg's junior officers. Vowing to have them all relieved of their commissions, Governor Swale orders his own planetary militia (a comparatively poorly-trained and equipped volunteer part-time military) to march on the farm country with him at its head.

However, the governor′s campaign goes poorly and his forces are besieged in the town of Allansport, forcing him to call Falkenberg for help. Sensing things are not as they seem, Falkenberg sends Slater and A Company on a deception mission to bait the enemy south of Allansport, where they end up facing a major enemy force waiting in attempted ambush, and occupying the strategic hill the Rockpile. Though A company takes extreme casualties, survivors are able to spot for Falkenberg′s artillery, and the enemy is defeated. Slater is severely wounded and medevacked to the capital.

The political fallout is less straightforward, and more morally equivocal. The religious farmers, long oppressed by a gang of ex-convicts, begin avenging themselves on anyone who collaborated with the bandits. Meanwhile the colonial governor, who was trying to use the bandits to generate revenue to set up industries on Arrarat to provide employment for the time-expired convicts, reveals himself to be in the Bronson camp - and to have arranged the sale of mineral rights from land controlled by the bandits to mining companies affiliated with Senator Bronson and his group. However, he is unlikely to cause further problems, because, as Falkenberg observes, Bronson has little use for failures.

The story ends with the newly promoted Major Falkenberg explaining the facts described above to Slater, admitting that industrialization should occur in Arrarat to preserve civilization there, but not on Swale's terms, and not merely to enrich the clients of Earth politicians like Bronson. Falkenberg then recruits the now Captain Slater (the youngest in the history of the fleet, just as Falkenberg had been on arrival at Arrarat) into joining him in a transfer to Falkenberg′s new command, the 42nd Line Marine Regiment, and Slater′s Arrarat-born girlfriend Kathryn agreeing to join him.

Hadley[edit]

Originally part of the novel "The Mercenary", later incorporated into "Falkenberg's Legion"

Falkenberg has been recruited by Admiral Lermontov of the CoDominium fleet to create a military force that can support a government on one of the colony planets, providing the Fleet with a base when the CoDominium collapses, taking Earth with it. He is courtmartialed and discharged from the CoDominium Marines on a technicality in order to operate as a mercenary, though thanks to his conflict with Senator Bronson of Earth, he was likely to be arrested anyway.

On Hadley he encounters the same situation as on other colonies, with the added element that the CD is pulling out. The authorities left behind are trying to create power bases by raising armies, some from landowners, some from industrialists, some from the convicts and involuntary colonists. Falkenberg, nominally working for the government in power, begins training his Mercenary Legion, using a battalion of officers and noncoms from his Marine regiment, the 42nd Line Marine Regiment, who have arrived as 'colonists,' as the cadre. Eventually this force, plus a regiment of local troops trained separately, allows him to dictate the outcome on Hadley.

One of the local officials who had been involved with training that regiment attempts a coup, but is killed by Legion troops anticipating the attempt. The reason for the coup is an imminent takeover by "democratic" populist forces organizing the underclasses. Since all resources are already being used to feed the underclass, any takeover would lead to collapse. Having foiled the coup, Falkenberg carries out a military assault on the populists in a stadium, killing thousands and eliminating their leaders. Though in theory the odds are a thousand or so Legion soldiers against ten times as many civilians, some with firearms, in practice the battle IS entirely one-sided, and depicted as such by Pournelle - as in all cases where trained, well-organized and determined soldiers face untrained civilians. The scene of the soldiers descending from the topmost level of the stadium, firing in volleys, is very like the classic Odessa Steps sequence in the movie The Battleship Potemkin (except that the sympathies are completely reversed). The ruthlessness of the assault is reminiscent of Napoleon's tactics used when dealing with uprisings in Paris. The colourful description "There was too much blood, blood cascading down the steps, blood pouring down stairwells" might be partially derived from medieval chronicles describing the conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders. The scene as described also sounds remarkably like Belisarius' slaughter of the Nika rioters in the Hippodrome in 6th century Constantinople.

The colony is left in the charge of the government's one remaining Vice President, a technical operator who understands the need to remove the population to the countryside and stabilize the agricultural economy. Falkenberg, angered by the necessity of his actions and fully aware that he had perpetrated an atrocity - though convinced it was necessary and unavoidable - takes the Legion and departs. Later, Pournelle has "Crofton's Encyclopedia of Contemporary History and Social Issues" refer to the reports of excessive violence on both sides (an understatement, given the outbreak of widespread murder, arson and looting only ended by the stadium massacre) and say that "the government of Hadley has expressed satisfaction with Falkenberg's efforts there."

Thurstone/Santiago[edit]

Originally a short story "His Truth Goes Marching On", later incorporated into "Prince of Mercenaries"

Captain Peter Owensford of Falkenberg's Legion recounts how, as a Lieutenant in a Volunteer Brigade sponsored by the Earth Humanity League, he was part of an intervention on the side of Republican forces against the local rulers, a Spanish aristocracy known as Carlists. Thanks again to dumping of colonists from Earth, the Santiago colony on Thurstone has progressed to de facto slavery by debt bondage in order to maintain social order. Parallels with the Spanish Civil War are many and, according to the author, intentional.

The campaign is brutal, especially with a detached officer corps of political appointees unable to make proper military decisions. A "political officer" in the zampolit Soviet style, parroting liberty and atheism instead of communism, overrules Owensford's tactical decisions and impedes his training of the men. In the end, after losing many troops, Owensford catches the officer and some cronies preparing to use an atomic bomb to destroy his command and provoke the CoDominium Navy to act against the Carlists. He confiscates the bomb and attempts to retreat; but is caught in a Carlist advance. Eventually he surrenders to mercenary forces (who as detached professionals are less likely to execute him out of hand), and becomes a mercenary himself. His commanding officer in the mission, Captain Anselm "Ace" Barton, has already done so.

Tanith[edit]

Originally the novel Prince of Mercenaries. Parts of the novel incorporate the short story "Silent Leges".

On the hot jungle planet of Tanith, Falkenberg is working with Governor Blaine, another Lermontov ally. Tanith is the source of a drug used in the Welfare Islands, borloi, and the revenue from that traffic is being used to support the Fleet as the Senate on Earth cuts its support year by year. Most of the workers on the plantations are convicts. Falkenberg is helping to deal with a rebellion in the plantations. He is also helping Blaine to support Lermontov.

Here Prince Lysander of Sparta, a planet founded with certain political ideals by the Constitutional Society, comes to learn about Falkenberg. He finds himself in the middle of a plot to hijack borloi away from the Navy on behalf of Senator Bronson. Enlisting with Falkenberg as a junior officer, he learns the realities of military life. The opposition is another force of mercenaries commanded by Ace Barton. They foil the plot, but now Bronson is determined to undermine Sparta. Barton and Falkenberg broker a truce, with Barton rescuing Falkenberg when one of the locals reneges on the agreement and takes Falkenberg hostage.

Barton's part in the rebellion means he has to leave the planet, and with few options, he re-enlists with Falkenberg, who sends him to Sparta. Lysander commits himself to the plans of Lermontov and Falkenberg to use Sparta as a base for the Navy after the CoDominium collapse.

New Washington[edit]

Originally a short novel, "Sword and Scepter". Part of the novel The Mercenary, later incorporated into Falkenberg's Legion

Falkenberg departs Tanith for a contract on the planet New Washington. This is one of a pair of planets, orbiting a common center which itself orbits a red dwarf star. It is one of the farthest colonies from Earth, being over a hundred parsecs away.

The two planets are tidally locked, so they always present the same face to each other. As day progresses to night on New Washington, the side of the sister planet Franklin facing it goes from night to day. One revolution takes 40 hours. The pair revolve around their star in 52 days.

New Washington was founded by dissidents from the colony on Franklin, and eventually rebel against the officials from Franklin who governed New Washington. Franklin responded by sending both its ownb troops and mercenaries from Earth, Friedland (a German-settled planet whose mercenary forces specialized in mobile armored warfare), and Covenant (a Scots-settled planet with a strong tradition as fierce infantrymen, which also sends its troops as mercenaries to fight on other planet). This first rebellion succeeds brilliantly against the Franklin occupation army, but is crushed after a set-piece battle on an open plain on the Franklin-occupied side of the mountains which divide New Washington's only continent, when the Friedland tanks and Covenant infantry overwhelm the local forces and destroy them. The rebellion is then ruthlessly suppressed by local forces who retaliate against the rebel populace, burning ranches and towns throughout rebel country to discourage further rebellion.

Falkenberg is hired away from his headquarters on the inhospitable swamp planet of Tanith to throw out the invaders. The rebel leaders on New Washington are not entirely behind his military objectives, but see his mercenary unit as a nucleus around which a new rebellion can form. After a stealthy spaceborne insertion of his troops to ships at sea, Falkenberg and his forces execute a blitzkrieg attack on the isolated loyalist town of Allansport to give him an operational base, from which his troops take the "impregnable" fortress of Astoria in an amphibious assault spearheaded by a stealthy insertion of his troops in freight containers inside the fortress and throughout the town.

After Astoria is taken, Falkenberg's forces spearhead a "shock and awe" invasion through large amounts of territory, leading the organized forces of the rebel government in another blitzkrieg overwhelming Franklin's occupying troops on the west side of the mountain range, sending them running frantically and besieging the few large concentrations of Franklin troops in a few isolated areas. In an eighty-hour campaign, Falkenberg and the local rebel forces occupy most of New Washington - almost all of it west of the continent's major mountain range, and all of its farming and mining country.

The campaign eventually comes to a head when a group of Falkenberg's forces, mainly artillery captured from the Friedland garrison at Astoria and Franklin's forces in the path of the blitzkrieg, and a dwindling force of infantry guarding the guns and also operating as an advance force just within Hillyer Gap, the only usable pass through the mountains between rebel-held country and enemy territory, stall the advance of a column of tanks from the German-settled planet of Friedland and a band of Scots mercenary infantry from the planet Covenant at the pass, inflicting devastating casualties with his artillery on both units.

Falkenberg becomes embroiled in rebel politics, falling into a relationship with Glenda Ruth Horton, leader of the rebel military and of one of the main rebel factions - who is attracted to him but unsure of his commitment to her - while confronting other factions. The rebel military force sent to relieve the security force Falkenberg left behind in Allansport begin looting and burning the town (after the local rebel commander tells them they can claim part of any government property they find as a reward) just after Falkenberg and Glenda Ruth win the engagement at Hillyer Gap. The sack of Allansport is a direct violation of the Laws of War, a vestige of CoDominium control over its former colonies sporadically enforced by the CoDominium Navy and Marines.

Falkenberg leaves his force guarding the pass, bringing a detachment of his own soldiers to investigate the situation at Allansport, convinces Glenda Ruth to relieve the powerful local rebel militia head of command at Allansport, then returns to the capital with Glenda Ruth and the mayor of Allansport, an influential loyalist politician with whom Falkenberg eventually negotiates a contract to enforce the Laws of War and protect Allansport from rebel violence. Other local rebel leaders are outraged at Falkenberg's four day-long armed truce with the Coventanters, demanding that Falkenberg now try to force the pass himself (which Falkenberg and Glenda Ruth realize would place their forces at the mercy of the same superior forces from Friedland and Covenant which destroyed the last rebellion). At this point a CoDominium ship appears, ostensibly to investigate reports of an alleged breach of the Laws of War.

The commander of the ship proves to be a Lermontov ally. In possession of New Washington, Franklin would be able to build its own Navy and threaten Lermontov's plans if the invasion succeeded, because the only source of the metals Franklin would need to build ships for an invasion fleet was the mines on New Washington. Lermontov's scheme was to pacify the planet at minimum cost by creating a pretext for the CoDominium to order mercenaries on both sides to leave, at which point no credible military force would be present to bring New Washington back under Franklin's control or to invade other planets.

This turns out to be the real reason Falkenberg did not try to force the mountain pass. However, Falkenberg has decided to stay; it turns out that he is very serious about Glenda Ruth and has decided to settle down with her and end his roving life. He secures a land grant for his Legion, turning them into settlers. In the end Falkenberg becomes Protector of New Washington. Meanwhile, tensions on Earth grow towards the Great Patriotic Wars which would leave the planet largely devastated.

The story takes up themes from American history - both the American Civil War (with, paradoxically, settlers from the North US rebelling against the rule of Southerners), General "Spoons" Butler's general order punishing the women of New Orleans for "insulting" Union soldiers who made sexual advances toward them when that city was occupied by Federal troops, and from the American War of Independence (a well-meaning and sympathetic Loyalist opposing the secessionist movement).

Sparta[edit]

Originally the novels Go Tell The Spartans and Prince of Sparta, co-written with S.M. Stirling

The remaining narrative takes place on Sparta, leading up to the acclamation of Lysander as Imperator by the Navy and Marines when the CoDominium collapses. However, before this can happen, the conflict between Spartan society and the convict underclass must be resolved.

Sparta is a constitutional dual monarchy, one King taking external affairs, the other King being involved in the economy. Citizenship with the right to vote is an earned privilege, as in Heinlein's Starship Troopers. Citizens are also expected to join the militia, on the model of Swiss citizen-soldiers. Other than enforcing basic laws, education and military service, the government does not intervene in the lives of the people. Prosperity or starvation is the responsibility of the individual.

The underclass can attempt to become Citizens, and many do. For the rest, the usual populists try to organize them into a Movement. Paradoxically, Sparta's openness and political transparency makes it more vulnerable to such a Movement than a dictatorship such as Carlist Santiago. One such movement has a guerilla army of self-styled Helots.

After the episode on Tanith, Senator Bronson begins building up the open and covert oppositions on Sparta. His motives are actually not far removed from Lermontov's - he too wishes to set up a power base among the colonies to preserve his version of civilization when the CoDominium collapses. However, his appetite for personal and dynastic power prevents him from finding common ground with Lermontov, Blaine and Falkenberg. He rejects their attempts at a truce. Instead he sends in supplies and advisors to organize the Helot forces, and employs techno-ninja saboteurs from the Meiji colony to infiltrate the data systems on Sparta. To counter this, a cadre of Falkenberg's Legion does not accompany him to New Washington, instead going to Sparta to create the nucleus of an army. Leading this portion of the Legion is Peter Owensford, along with Ace Barton, the mercenary Falkenberg defeated on Tanith, and Benjamin Whitlock, a sociologist and political historian who, with his Southern U.S.A. roots, may be a stand-in for the author, Jerry Pournelle, who is from Louisiana[citation needed].

The rebels are led by a woman, Skida "Skilly" Thibodeau, a native of Belize transported off Earth after arrest for criminal activity.[2] Although highly intelligent and an amateur student of military history, she devises complex campaign plans which the Legion is able to detect and foil, despite the Helots' advanced weaponry and sabotage campaigns supporting her. Much of the narrative is taken up with these bloody campaigns, in which Skilly's rebels employ artillery, missiles, rape, murder, poison gas and civilian massacre in order to undermine Spartan society. They have help from former CoDominium officers in the pay of Bronson.

The penultimate act of the Bronson campaign is an attempt to use the Marine garrison on Sparta, with support from suborned Navy ships and a general uprising by Helot elements in the capital, to destroy the government. The armed Citizens stand and fight, so much that the Marines switch sides. The Navy restores proper command, almost engaging in a fratricidal space battle. Lysander's aging father is killed when the palace is assaulted.

In the final chapters, one of Skilly's officers, a nephew of Bronson's, defects and tells Lysander's generals that there is an atom bomb somewhere in the city. Skilly then contacts the commanders, offering the location of the bomb in return for a safe-conduct off the planet. They grant her this, but some of Falkenberg's men simply set out to do privately what the government cannot do publicly. The problem of the underclass is dealt with in a fashion that again echoes Heinlein's notions, this the one of being sent to Coventry - those who do not accept Sparta's social contract will be given basic tools and sent to uninhabited islands to work out their own fate without interference. Finally, with the CoDominium in collapse and all Earth authority vanished, the Generals and Admirals acclaim Lysander, now King of Sparta, as Imperator.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falkenberg Chronology
  2. ^ Pournelle, Jerry; Stirling, S.M. (2002). The Prince. Wake Forest, North Carolina, USA: Baen Books. p. 1168. ISBN 978-0743435567.