The Princess and the Tin Box

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The Princess and the Tin Box by James Thurber is a short fable about a spoiled princess and how she picked her husband. The story intentionally leads the reader down the wrong path, and shows that human nature can deceive us.

Once upon a time, in a far country, there lived a King whose daughter was the prettiest princess in the world. Her eyes were like the cornflower, her hair was sweeter than the hyacinth, and her throat made the swan look dusty

From the time she was a year old, the Princess had been showered with presents. Her nursery looked like Cartier’s window. Her toys were all made of gold or platinum or diamonds or emeralds. She was not permitted to have wooden blocks or china dolls or rubber dogs or linen books, because such materials were considered cheap for the daughter of a king.

When she was seven, she was allowed to attend the wedding of her brother and throw real pearls at the bride instead of rice. Only the nightingale, with his lyre of gold, was permitted to sing for the Princess. The common blackbird, with his boxwood flute, was kept out of the palace grounds. She walked in silver-and-samite slippers to a sapphire-and-topaz bathroom and slept in an ivory bed inlaid with rubies.

On the day the Princess was eighteen, the King sent a royal ambassador to the courts of five neighboring kingdoms to announce that he would give his daughter’s hand in marriage to the prince who brought her the gift she liked the most.

The first prince to arrive at the palace rode a swift white stallion and laid at the feet of the Princess an enormous apple made of solid gold which he had taken from a dragon who had guarded it for a thousand years. It was placed on a long ebony table set up to hold the gifts of the Princess’ suitors. The second prince, who came on a gray charger, brought her a nightingale made of a thousand diamonds, and it was placed beside the golden apple. The third prince, riding on a black horse, carried a great jewel box made of platinum and sapphires, and it was placed next to the diamond nightingale. The fourth prince, astride a fiery yellow horse, gave the Princess a gigantic heart made of rubies and pierced by an emerald arrow. It was placed next to the platinum-and-sapphire jewel box.

Now the fifth prince was the strongest and handsomest of all the five suitors, but he was the son of a poor king whose realm had been overrun by mice and locusts and wizards and mining engineers so that there was nothing much of value left in it. He came plodding up to the palace of the Princess on a plow horse, and he brought her a small tin box filled with mica and feldspar and hornblende (types of ordinary rocks) which he had picked up on the way.

The other princes roared with disdainful laughter when they saw the tawdry gift the fifth prince had brought to the Princess. But she examined it with great interest and squealed with delight, for all her life she had been glutted with precious stones and priceless metals, but she had never seen tin before or mica or feldspar or hornblende. The tin box was placed next to the ruby heart pierced with an emerald arrow.

“Now,” the King said to his daughter, “you must select the gift you like best and marry the prince that brought it.”

The Princess smiled and walked up to the table and picked up the present she liked the most. It was the platinum-and-sapphire jewel box, the gift of the third prince.

“The way I figure it,” she said, “is this. It is a very large and expensive box, and when I am married, I will meet many admirers who will give me precious gems with which to fill it to the top. Therefore, it is the most valuable of all the gifts my suitors have brought me, and I like it the best.”

The Princess married the third prince that very day in the midst of great merriment and high revelry. More than a hundred thousand pearls were thrown at her and she loved it.

Moral: All those who thought that the Princess was going to select the tin box filled with worthless stones instead of one of the other gifts will kindly stay after class and write one hundred times on the blackboard, “I would rather have a hunk of aluminum silicate than a diamond necklace."

Plot summary[edit]

Once upon a time, in a far country, there lived a king whose daughter was the most beautiful lady in the world. From the minute of her birth, expensive gifts were lavished upon her. All her toys were made of gold or platinum and other precious materials. China dolls or wooden blocks or linen books were not given to her as they were deemed to be too cheap for the beautiful daughter of a king.

When it came to the time for the princess to marry, five princes from neighboring kingdoms came to her and presented her with gifts. The first prince brought her an enormous golden apple, the second prince brought her a nightingale encrusted with a thousand diamonds, the third prince brought her a great jewel box made of sapphires and diamonds, and the fourth prince brought her a gigantic heart decorated with rubies and pierced by an emerald arrow.

The fifth prince was the strongest and most handsome of all the suitors but unfortunately, he was also the poorest. His kingdom had been overtaken by mice, locusts, wizards, and mining engineers so that nothing much of value was left. He brought to the princess a tin box filled with mica, feldspar and hornblende which he had picked up along the way.

When the princess was asked whom she wanted to marry, she picked the third suitor because she liked his present the most. She said that she will get many precious gifts after she got married to fill the jewel box with.

Moral: All those who thought the princess was going to select the tin box filled with worthless stones instead of one of the other gifts will kindly stay after class and write one hundred times on the blackboard "I would rather have a hunk of aluminum silicate than a diamond necklace."