The Prisoner (1955 film)
U.S. half sheet poster
|Directed by||Peter Glenville|
|Written by||Bridget Boland|
|Music by||Benjamin Frankel|
|Cinematography||Reginald H. Wyer|
|Edited by||Frederick Wilson|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures Corporation|
|Netherlands:95 min / USA:91 min|
In an unnamed East European country that has recently come under Communist tyranny in place of Nazi tyranny, a Cardinal (Alec Guinness) is falsely accused of treason. The Interrogator (Jack Hawkins), an old friend of the Cardinal's but now a Communist, is given the task of persuading him to make a public confession of treason.
The Interrogator eventually breaks though by showing how the Cardinal became a priest to escape from his childhood. To purge his sin, in the show trial the Cardinal confesses to every lie of which he is accused, and is released to face a silent, bewildered crowd.
The Cardinal was based on Croatian cardinal Aloysius Stepinac (1898–1960), who was a defendant in a trial in Croatia and on Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty (1892–1975), who was charged in Hungary. The film was shot in England and Belgium (at Ostend and Bruges).
- Alec Guinness as The Cardinal
- Jack Hawkins as The Interrogator
- Wilfrid Lawson as The Jailer
- Kenneth Griffith as The Secretary
- Jeanette Sterke as The Girl
- Ronald Lewis as The Guard
- Raymond Huntley as The General
- Mark Dignam as The Governor
- Gerard Heinz as The Doctor
The film was controversial. It was seen as "procommunist" by some in Ireland; while in France, where the film was prohibited from being shown at Cannes, the film was labelled "anticommunist." The Italians saw it as "anti-Catholic", and the film was similarly banned from the Venice Film Festival.
The Radio Times, while praising the two main performances, wrote, "Peter Glenville's theatrical direction won't do much to persuade those without religious or political convictions to become involved" ; TV Guide wrote, "basically a photographed stage play, and although there are a few other actors, Hawkins and Guinness are center stage most of the time--their mano a mano a delight to watch. Director Glenville had to use all of his expertise to keep the film from being little more than talking heads, but his touch is sure" ; while The New York Times called it a "grim and gripping drama—which also happens to be an equally revealing motion picture, one of the best of the year...a film that will make you shiver—and think." 
- "The Prisoner". BFI.
- "The Prisoner.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 19 October 1955. p. 65. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- "The Prisoner". TV Guide.
- David Parkinson. "The Prisoner". Radio Times.
- "Movie Review – The Prisoner". NY Times.