The Private Life of Henry VIII
|The Private Life of Henry VIII|
|Directed by||Alexander Korda|
|Produced by||Alexander Korda
|Written by||Lajos Biró
|Music by||Kurt Schröder|
|Editing by||Stephen Harrison|
|Studio||London Film Productions|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Running time||97 minutes|
The Private Life of Henry VIII is a 1933 British historical comedy film directed by Hungarian Director-Producer Alexander Korda and starring Charles Laughton, Robert Donat, Merle Oberon and Elsa Lanchester. The film focuses on the reign of Henry VIII, King of England, and his various marriages. It was written by Lajos Biró and Arthur Wimperis for London Film Productions. The film was a major international success, establishing Korda as a leading filmmaker and Laughton as a box office star.
The film takes place 20 years into King Henry's rule. In May 1536, immediately following the execution of his second wife, Anne Boleyn (Merle Oberon), King Henry VIII (Charles Laughton) marries Jane Seymour (Wendy Barrie), who dies in childbirth eighteen months later. He then weds a German princess, Anne of Cleves (played by Laughton's real-life wife Elsa Lanchester). This marriage ends in divorce when Anne deliberately makes herself unattractive so she can be free to marry her sweetheart. (In an imaginative and high-spirited scene, Anne "wins her freedom" from Henry in a game of cards on their wedding night). After this divorce, Henry marries the beautiful and ambitious Lady Katherine Howard (Binnie Barnes). She has rejected love all her life in favour of ambition, but after her marriage, she falls in love with Henry's handsome courtier Thomas Culpeper (Robert Donat). Their liaison is discovered by Henry's advisers and the couple are executed. The weak and ageing Henry consoles himself with a final marriage to Catherine Parr (Everley Gregg), who survives her husband.
Alexander Korda was looking for a film to star Charles Laughton and his wife, Elsa Lanchester. Several stories of the film's genesis were from a resemblance between a statue of Henry VIII and Laughton, a cabby singing the folk song "I'm Enery the Eighth I Am", and a discussion on a set of one of his previous films. Originally, the story was to focus solely on the marriage of King Henry VIII and his fourth wife Anne of Cleves, but as the project grew, the story was re-modified to focus on five of Henry's six wives. Only the first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was omitted because they had no particular interest, described later as a "respectable lady," as denoted in the film.
It was hugely successful as a commercial film. It made Alexander Korda a premier figure in the film industry at the time; United Artists signed Korda for 16 films. It also advanced the careers of Charles Laughton, Robert Donat, and Merle Oberon. It was also Oberon's first major film role. Laughton would later reprise the same role in 1953 in the film Young Bess, opposite Jean Simmons as his daughter, Elizabeth.
It was the 12th most successful film at the US box office in 1933. The film premiered to record-breaking crowds at New York's Radio City Music Hall and London's Leicester Square Theatre one week later. It earned £500,000 on its first release.
Laughton was also voted Best Actor in a British film by readers of Film Weekly.
- Charles Laughton as Henry VIII
- Merle Oberon as Anne Boleyn
- Wendy Barrie as Jane Seymour
- Elsa Lanchester as Anne of Cleves
- Binnie Barnes as Catherine Howard
- Robert Donat as Thomas Culpeper
- Franklin Dyall as Thomas Cromwell
- Miles Mander as Wriothesley
- Laurence Hanray as Archbishop Thomas Cranmer
- William Austin as The Duke of Cleves
- John Loder as Thomas Peynell
- Everley Gregg as Catherine Parr
- Lady Tree as The King's Nurse
- John Turnbull as Hans Holbein
- Frederick Culley as Duke of Norfolk
- William Heughan as Kingston
- Judy Kelly as Lady Rochford
- Hay Petrie as The King's Barber
- Wally Patch as Butcher
- Arthur Howard as Kitchen Helper
- Annie Esmond as Cook's Wife
- Claude Allister as Cornell
- Law, Jonathan (1997). Cassell Companion to Cinema. London: Market House Books Limited. ISBN 978-0-304-34938-0 Check
- Magill, Frank (1980). Magill's Survey of Cinema. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-89356-225-4 Check
- Korda, Michael (1980). Charmed Lives: The Fabulous World of the Korda Brothers. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0-7139-1318-5.
- "BRITISH FILM LOSSES.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 – 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 8 February 1936. p. 3 Edition: SPORTS EDITION. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "BOX OFFICE SUCCESSES OF 1933.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 – 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 13 April 1934. p. 3. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "BEST FILM PERFORMANCE LAST YEAR.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 – 1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 9 July 1937. p. 8 Edition: LATE NEWS EDITION and DAILY. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Private Life of Henry VIII.|
- The Private Life of Henry VIII at the Internet Movie Database
- The Private Life of Henry VIII at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
- The Private Life of Henry VIII is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more]
- The Private Life of Henry VIII at allmovie
- The Private Life of Henry VIII at the TCM Movie Database
- The Private Life of Henry VIII review at Old Movies