The Ragtime Dance
|The Ragtime Dance|
Cover art for the 1906 sheet music
|A Stop-Time Two Step by Scott Joplin|
|Musical form||A Stop-Time Two Step|
|Genre||Ragtime Folk Ballet|
|Publisher||John Stark & Son|
Although the piece was performed in Sedalia, Missouri on November 24, 1899, it wasn't published until 1902. John Stillwell Stark had announced the publication of "The Ragtime Dance" in September 1899, but had doubts about the marketability of the piece and delayed publication. When he eventually published it in 1902, at the urging of his daughter, it was a commercial failure.
The 1902 arrangement was a short ragtime folk ballet suitable for stage performance, complete with narration and choreography. The narrator recounts a "dark town" ball that took place at 9 p.m. on a Thursday night and included a cakewalk. The choreography is for four couples.
Four years later, Stark republished the piece in a piano rag arrangement, stripped of its narration and choreography and substantially shortened. The copyright for this arrangement was registered December 21, 1906. The cover art for the 1906 sheet music featured an African American couple dancing in formal attire: the lady holds a fan, and the gentleman holds a top hat and cane.
Marvin Hamlisch incorporated "The Ragtime Dance" into a medley for the soundtrack of the Oscar-winning 1973 film The Sting. The song also appeared in the soundtrack of the 1978 film Pretty Baby and the 1980 Broadway musical revue Tintypes.
Music (1906 arrangement)
The overall structure is: Intro AA BB CC D E F.
The piece was subtitled "A Stop-Time Two Step". "Stop-time" refers to an unusual effect used in the second half of the piece. Starting with the "D" section, the pianist is instructed to "Stamp the heel of one foot heavily upon the floor" in time with the beat. Joplin reused this effect in his 1910 "Stoptime Rag".
Reception and legacy
In November 1970, Joshua Rifkin released a recording called Scott Joplin: Piano Rags on the classical label Nonesuch, which featured as its third track "The Ragtime Dance". It sold 100,000 copies in its first year and eventually became Nonesuch's first million-selling record. The Billboard "Best-Selling Classical LPs" chart for 28 September 1974 has the record at #5, with the follow-up "Volume 2" at #4, and a combined set of both volumes at #3. Separately both volumes had been on the chart for 64 weeks. The album was nominated in 1971 for two Grammy Award categories: Best Album Notes and Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra), but at the ceremony on March 14, 1972, Rifkin did not win in any category. In 1979 Alan Rich in the New York Magazine wrote that by giving artists like Rifkin the opportunity to put Joplin's music on record Nonesuch Records "created, almost alone, the Scott Joplin revival."
- Edward A. Berlin. "A Biography of Scott Joplin". Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Perfessor" Bill Edwards. "Rags and Pieces by Scott Joplin". Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- Jasen, David A.; Trebor Jay Tichenor (1978). Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History. New York, NY: Dover Publications, Inc. p. 93. ISBN 0-486-25922-6.
- "Mfiles: The Sting". Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Soundtrack Collector: Pretty Baby". Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "IBDB song list: Tintypes". Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Scott Joplin Piano Rags Nonesuch Records CD (w/bonus tracks)". Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- "Nonesuch Records". Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Billboard magazine 1974, p. 61.
- LA Times.
- Rich 1979.
- LA Times. "Entertainment Awards Database". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
- Billboard magazine (1974). "Best Selling Classical LPs". Billboard magazine (28th September 1974): 61. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- Rich, Alan (1979). "Music". New York Magazine (New York Media LLC) (24th December 1979): 81. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
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