The Recruiting Officer
The Recruiting Officer is a 1706 play by the Irish writer George Farquhar, which follows the social and sexual exploits of two officers, the womanising Plume and the cowardly Brazen, in the town of Shrewsbury (the town where Farquhar himself was posted in this capacity) to recruit soldiers. The characters of the play are generally stock, in keeping with the genre of Restoration Comedy.
|Mr Scale||Three Justices|
|Mr Worthy||a gentleman of Shropshire|
|Capt. Plume||Two Recruiting Officers|
|Kite||Serjeant to Plume|
|Bullock||a Country Clown|
|Costar Pear-main||Two Recruits|
|Melinda||a Lady of Fortune|
|Sylvia||Daughter to Ballance, in love with Plume|
|Rose||a Country Wench|
|Constable, Recruits, Mob,|
The play opens with the recruiter, Captain Plume's Sergeant Kite, recruiting in the town of Shrewsbury. Plume arrives, in love with Sylvia, closely followed by Worthy, a local gentleman who is in love with Sylvia's cousin Melinda. Worthy had offered Melinda to become his mistress a year previously as he believed her not to be of commendable fortune, but then he changes his mind after she comes into an inheritance of £20,000. Melinda accepts the attention of Captain Brazen, another recruiter to annoy Worthy, as she is offended of his previous offer (actually, however, Melinda's maid Lucy is responding to Brazen's advances under the guise of being Melinda, hoping to marry him herself.) Melinda and Sylvia begin to argue at the beginning of the play, as Melinda believes that the money she has inherited make her more admirable, whereas Silvia (who is more down to earth) is infuriated by Melinda's behaviour.
In the aftermath Sylvia leaves her father's house to mourn her brother Owen's death. She tells her father Balance that she is going to the Welsh countryside but in fact goes into Shrewsbury dressed as a man, under the name Jack Wilful. There Brazen and Plume compete to recruit 'Wilful', unaware of 'his' real identity – Kite abducts 'him' for Plume while Plume duels with Brazen. Still disguised as Wilful, Sylvia goes on to spend the night in bed with Rose, a local wench previously courted by Plume to get Rose's brother Bullock to join up. An action is brought against 'Wilful' for ravishing Rose and 'he' finds 'himself' on trial before Sylvia's father Balance and his two fellow magistrates Scruple and Scale. The three magistrates also look into Kite's dubious recruiting practices but finally acquit him and force Wilful to swear to the Articles of War.
Meanwhile Melinda continues to discourage Worthy, until going to a fortune teller (in fact Kite in disguise), where she is convinced to relent to his courtship. She is also tricked by being given a sample of her handwriting by the 'fortune teller', who takes it from a 'devil' he has conjured up under the table (in fact Plume). Kite is then visited by Brazen, who gives him a love letter from (as he thinks) Melinda. However, by comparing the handwriting sample, Worthy discovers that the letter is in fact from Melinda's maid Lucy, who hopes to ensnare Brazen as a husband.
Worthy then goes to visit Melinda but, on going to tell Plume the good news, finds out that Melinda seems to be eloping with Brazen after all. Worthy intercepts Brazen and a disguised woman – Worthy takes this to be Melinda and challenges Brazen to a duel, but this is prevented when the woman drops her disguise and reveals herself to be Lucy. Sylvia drops her disguise, Plume agrees to leave the army and marry her, Melinda relents towards Worthy and agrees to marry him, and Plume transfers his twenty recruits to Brazen to compensate him for the loss of a rich marriage with Melinda.
The Recruiting Officer opened at Drury Lane in 1706. It was an immediate hit and went on to become one of the most frequently performed plays of the 18th century. The part of the foppish Brazen proved a notable role for the renowned actor-manager Colley Cibber. The Recruiting Officer was the first play to be staged in New York City on 6 December 1732. It was also the first play to be staged in the Colony of New South Wales, which is now Australia, by the convicts of the First Fleet in 1789 under the governance of Captain Arthur Phillip RN (also Commodore of the First Fleet)., as well as the first performance of the original Dock Street Theatre in Historic downtown Charleston, SC in 1736. The most famous modern revival was staged at the National Theatre (when at the Old Vic) in 1963 – its inaugural season. Directed by William Gaskill, it had an extremely strong cast which included Laurence Olivier as Brazen, Robert Stephens as Plume, Colin Blakely as Kite, Derek Jacobi as Worthy, Maggie Smith as Silvia and Mary Miller as Melinda. The National Theatre staged the play again in 1991 with Desmond Barrit as Brazen, Alex Jennings as Plume and Ken Stott as Kite. It was directed by Nicholas Hytner.
There have been two television adaptations of the play. The first for Australian television in 1965, the second a BBC Play of the Month (1973). The latter, of which only fragments are believed to survive, was directed by David Giles, starred Ian McKellen as Plume, Prunella Ransome as his sweetheart Silvia, Jane Asher as Melinda, John Moffatt as Brazen, and Brian Blessed as Sergeant Kite.
The German dramatist Bertolt Brecht adapted The Recruiting Officer as Trumpets and Drums in 1955. Thomas Keneally wrote a novel, The Playmaker, based on the staging of this play by the First Fleet. That novel was adapted into a play, Our Country's Good, in 1988, by Timberlake Wertenbaker. Both works deal with the nature and merits of punishment, rehabilitation and theatre.
- from Farquhar's "Epistle Dedicatory" to the people of Shrewsbury, in which he notes: "’Twas my good fortune to be order’d some time ago into the Place which is made the Scene…Some little turns of Humour that I met with…gave rise to this Comedy."
- From the Bernard Lintott edition of 1707
- Farquhar, G. ed. Trussler, S. The Recruiting Officer, Nick Hern Books, London, 1997. ISBN 978-1-85459-340-5
- Hornblow, Arthur, A History of the Theater in America from Its Beginnings to the Present Time, J. B. Lippincott, 1919, Volume 1, p. 42
- For more information on this production's rehearsal period and performance, consult: Max Stafford-Clark, Letters to George: The Account of a Rehearsal, Nick Hern Books, London, 1997. ISBN 978-1-85459-317-7
- Hughes, Robert (1987) The Fatal Shore, Collins.
- Missing or incomplete episodes for programme Play of the Month, lostshows.com