The Red Beret

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The Red Beret
Paratrooper
Cinema poster for the US release
Directed by Terence Young
Produced by Irving Allen
Albert R. Broccoli
Written by Richard Maibaum
Sy Bartlett
Frank Nugent
partly based on a book by Hilary Saint George Saunders
Starring Alan Ladd
Leo Genn
Music by John Addison
Cinematography John Wilcox
Edited by Gordon Pilkington
Production
company
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release dates
11 August 1953 (UK)
Running time
88 min
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Budget US$700,000[1]
Box office US$8 million (world wide)[1]

The Red Beret (retitled Paratrooper for the US release) is a 1953 British war film directed by Terence Young and starring Alan Ladd, Leo Genn and Susan Stephen. It is the fictitious story about an American who enlists in the British Parachute Regiment in 1940, claiming to be a Canadian. It is notable as the first film made by Irving Allen's and Albert R. Broccoli's Warwick Films, with many of the crew later working on various films for Warwick Films and Broccoli's Eon Productions. It is partly based on the 1950 non-fiction book with the same title, about the Parachute Regiment and its first operation, Operation Biting, in February 1942, written by Hilary Saint George Saunders.

The lead character was originally intended to be British, but when Richard Todd, who had been a paratrooper during the war, turned down the role because he felt it was "too far fetched",[2] Albert R. Broccoli offered it to the American Alan Ladd and the story was rewritten by Ladd's personal screenwriter Richard Maibaum to fit him in.

Plot[edit]

Steve MacKendrick (Alan Ladd), nicknamed "Canada" because that is where he claims he is from, volunteers in 1940 for the British Army's paratroop school. He obviously has a good deal more background and leadership skills than he lets on. Canada tries to become better acquainted with a pretty parachute rigger named Penny Gardner (Susan Stephen). She is initially put off by his attitude, but they eventually start dating. Both Penny and his new commander, Major Snow (Leo Genn), see potential (and a mystery that does not add up) in him, despite his strong efforts to avoid assuming any responsibility. Canada turns down Snow's offer to send him to officer school.

After completing parachute school, Canada's unit goes on a raid on the German radar station at Bruneval. An RAF radar expert, Sergeant Box, accompanies the raiders to retrieve a key component to take back to Britain. The mission is a success.

Back in Britain, Canada is recognised by an American airman. He tells Penny that he resigned his commission from the USAAF after ordering his best friend and co-pilot to parachute out of their bomber when an experimental rocket gets stuck. When his friend's parachute does not open properly and he is killed, Canada blames himself and refuses any responsibility that might endanger anyone's life. When Snow confronts Canada with what he has learned (from a security investigation that he has ordered), Canada wrongly assumes Penny told what she learned, and he breaks up with her.

The unit's next operation involves taking and destroying an airfield at Bône during the invasion of North Africa. With Major Snow wounded and the men trapped in a minefield, Canada must risk others to extricate the unit. Afterward, Canada and Penny become reconciled.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

  • The Parachute Regiment provided extras, facilities, and locations at the RAF Abingdon Parachute School, Abingdon, Oxfordshire[3] and at Trawsfynydd, North Wales.[4] Studio work took place at Shepperton.
  • Terence Young's original choice for the lead, former World War II Para Richard Todd turned the role down as being "too far fetched".[2]
  • Former agent Albert R. Broccoli knew that Ladd was unhappy with Paramount due to a new contract at much less money. Broccoli met Ladd and his wife and agent Sue Carol who agreed to a three picture contract with Warwick provided Ladd's scriptwriter Richard Maibaum was allowed to rewrite the screenplay for Ladd.[5]
  • Ladd was paid US$200,000, first class travel and accommodation for himself, his wife, their four children and their nurse, and 10 per cent of the gross receipts over US$2,000,000 for his eleven weeks work filming The Red Beret.[6]
  • Ladd's most popular and critically acclaimed film Shane though filmed earlier was also released in 1953 making him a prime box office attraction.
  • The movie was originally intended to be a co-production with RKO but they and Warwick were unable to come to terms so Warwick made a deal with Columbia instead.[7]
  • Though there was some public criticism of an American playing the lead in a British war film, British cinema owners responded that Hollywood stars filled their cinema seats, unlike most local actors. Ladd himself explained that his character had enlisted in the Parachute Regiment to learn from them.
  • In addition to director Young and screenwriter Maibaum, camera operator Ted Moore and stuntman Bob Simmons, who worked on the film worked extensively on future Warwick and Eon Productions films as did actor Walter Gotell, who appeared as a German sentry and Johanna Harwood who worked on the continuity of the film co-wrote the screenplays for the first two Bond films .
  • The film cost US$700,000 to make and grossed US$8 million worldwide.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c p.55 Chapman, James Licence to Thrill: A Cultural History of the James Bond Films Columbia University Press 2001
  2. ^ a b Todd, Richard Caught in the Act Hutchinson 1986
  3. ^ p.131 Mackenzie, S.P. British War Films, 1939–1945: The Cinema and the Services Hambledon & London 2007
  4. ^ http://www.moviemapnorthwales.co.uk/eng/map_detail_37.html
  5. ^ Broccoli, Albert R. & Zec, Donald When the Snow Melts Boxtree 1998
  6. ^ 309 F.2d 51
  7. ^ STUDIOS PLANNING 2 ALAN LADD FILMS: WARWICK AND COLUMBIA TO JOIN IN OFFERING 'THE RED BERET' AND 'THE WHITE SOUTH' Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 15 July 1952: 17

External links[edit]