|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2008)|
|Also known as||Exterminators, Invaders|
|Origin||Perth, Western Australia, Australia|
Power pop (early)
|Years active||1978–1987, 1995, 2007–present|
|Labels||Au Go Go
|Past members||James Baker
The Scientists are an influential post-punk band from Perth, Australia, led by Kim Salmon, initially known as Exterminators and then Invaders. The band had two primary incarnations: the Perth-based punk band of the late 1970s and the Sydney/London-based swamp rock band of the 1980s. The Scientists were much more influential than their minimal commercial success would indicate, lending their influence to artists such as Mudhoney and New York's downtown indie scene of the early 1990s.
Kim Salmon had formed a protopunk band, the Cheap Nasties, in August 1976. He left in December 1977 and the remainder, with Robbie Porritt joining as lead vocalist, continued as The Manikins. Salmon replaced Mark Demetrius in the Exterminators, who then became known as the Invaders. The lineup included Roddy Radalj (guitar, vocals), Boris Sujdovic (bass) and John Rowlings (drums).
The Invaders became The Scientists in May 1978, when James Baker from The Victims replaced John Rowlings. Sujdovic left the band in August 1978. The songwriting partnership that ensued, with Baker writing lyrics which Salmon would put to music, naturally favoured a melodic pop infused style of punk.
The band started playing again in January 1979 with Dennis Byrne on bass. This lineup recorded the band's first single, "Frantic Romantic"/"Shake (Together Tonight)", released in June 1979 on the DNA label.
Radalj and Byrne left in April 1979, to be replaced by Ben Juniper (guitar) and Ian Sharples (bass). This lineup recorded the band's second release, The Scientists EP (released February 1980) and did two tours of Melbourne and Sydney, in December 1979 and February/March 1980. In Melbourne, the band appeared on pop TV show Countdown, performing "Last Night" from the EP.
Juniper left the band in May 1980 and Salmon, Baker and Sharples continued as a three-piece. The band broke up in January 1981 after recording their album, The Scientists (commonly referred to as The Pink Album), released in August 1981. In Sydney, Baker had joined Radalj to form Le Hoodoo Gurus with Dave Faulkner (ex-The Victims) and Kimble Rendall in January 1981.
Salmon then formed Louie Louie with Kim Williams (bass) and Brett Rixon (drums), though this band broke up in August 1981.
Sydney and London, 1982-1987
In September 1981, Salmon and Boris Sujdovic (ex Rockets) reformed the band, with Brett Rixon on drums and Tony Thewlis (ex Helicopters) on guitar, and prepared to move to Sydney. For this version of the band, the musical direction of the band turned more towards psychedelic-tinged rock'n'roll that became better known as grunge, which would later explode in Seattle, as well as incorporating the influence of bands such as The Cramps, Suicide, The Stooges and Captain Beefheart.
The band was signed by Au Go Go Records, who released "This Is My Happy Hour"/"Swampland" (December 1982), the influential Blood Red River mini-LP (September 1983) and "We Had Love"/"Clear Spot" (December 1983).
By the end of 1983, The Scientists were one of the most popular Australian independent bands. Deciding to move on to new horizons, they left Australia to move to London in March 1984. In October 1984, the band supported The Gun Club on their European tour. Meanwhile, Au Go Go had issued the mini-LP This Heart Doesn't Run on Blood, This Heart Doesn't Run on Love mini-album (September 1984). By this time, the band's music had left the Cramps-like sound behind, becoming much darker and harsher and coming more uniquely into their own.
The band released a 12" EP, Demolition Derby, in Belgium in February 1985, and their first full overseas album, You Get What You Deserve, in the UK in July 1985 on their manager's Karbon label, followed by the "You Only Live Twice/If It's The Last Thing I Do" 7" in September. Owing to contractual disputes with Au Go Go, different mixes of some tracks appeared in Australia as the mini-album Atom Bomb Baby, with the 7" "Atom Bomb Baby/Backwards Man" and a compilation LP Heading For A Trauma (comprising Demolition Derby with rare, radio and live tracks) being released with it in July 1985.
Brett Rixon left the band in February 1985 to be replaced by Phillip Hertz, who was replaced in December 1985 by Leanne Chock. The band got a new deal with Big Time Records, who asked them to do a best-of compilation to introduce them to the market. The band rerecorded 11 of their songs with producer Richard Mazda as Weird Love, released April 1986.
Sujdovic had to leave the UK after the recording owing to visa problems and was replaced by Joe Presedo of Silver Chapter. Presedo and Chock left in December 1986, Salmon shifted to bass and Nick Combe joined on drums. The Salmon/Thewlis/Combe lineup recorded the album Human Jukebox in December 1986.
This lineup returned to Australia in April 1987 for the Human Jukebox tour. Salmon moved back to Perth with his wife Linda Fearon (co-writer of "Blood Red River") and son. Human Jukebox was released on Karbon in October 1987. The band toured Australia in November 1987, with a lineup of Salmon, Thewlis, Combe on drums and Brett Rixon rejoining on bass. Their last show was at the Shenton Park Hotel, Perth, Saturday 27 November 1987.
After The Scientists
In Perth between the 1987 tours, Salmon formed Kim Salmon and the Surrealists with Brian Hooper on bass and Tony Pola on drums. He lived in Perth until the early 1990s, playing live solo, with the Surrealists or with Kim Salmon's Human Jukebox, formed with Kim Williams and Tony Pola to promote The Scientists compilation Absolute released in 1991. He also played with the second incarnation of The Beasts of Bourbon from 1988 until 1993. Salmon's music continued in a similar direction to his work with the Scientists.
After The Scientists, Tony Thewlis formed The Interstellar Villains, going off in a musical direction much more rooted in '60s rock, psychedelia and surf music. He then joined Diggory Kenrick and Robert Coyne (again) in the innovative but underrated Venus Ray.
The first version of The Scientists, as the Salmon/Baker/Sharples/Juniper lineup, reformed for a one-off show in Perth on 10 February 1995. There have been other reformation shows of both versions of the band. In May 2006 the band were invited by Mudhoney to play at the All Tomorrow's Parties (ATP) festival in the UK. They also supported Mudhoney at a performance at Shepherd's Bush Empire in London on 11 May 2006. In 2007 a live recording of that performance, Sedition was released on the ATP Recordings label. The same lineup of Thewlis, Salmon, Sujdovic and Leanne Chock played in London in April 2007 and at the ATP festival the same month. They supported Sonic Youth for their Australian Daydream Nation shows, performing the album Blood Red River in its entirety as part of the All Tomorrow's Parties-curated Don't Look Back series.
The group played their first ever U.S. show at the ATP New York 2010 music festival in Monticello, New York in September where they performed Blood Red River in its entirety.
Use in film
- "Frantic Romantic" (1979) Bomp
- "Last Night" (1980) WhiteRider
- "This Is My Happy Hour" (1982) Au-Go-Go
- "We Had Love" (1983) Au-Go-Go
- "When World's Collide (live)" (1983) Au-Go-Go
- "You Only Live Twice" (1985) Karbon (#11)
- Demolition Derby EP (1985) Soundwork
- Heading for a Trauma (1985)
- The Scientists (The Pink Album) (1981) Easter
- Blood Red River mini-LP (1983) Au-Go-Go
- This Heart Doesn't Run on Blood, This Heart Doesn't Run on Love (1984) Au-Go-Go (#10)
- Atom Bomb Baby mini-LP (1985) Au-Go-Go (#24)
- You Get What You Deserve (1985) Karbon (#9)
- Weird Love (1986) Karbon (#24)
- The Human Jukebox (1987)
- Scientists (1989)
- Absolute (1991) Red Eye
- Blood Red River: 1982-1984 (2000)
- Human Jukebox: 1984-1986 (2002)
- Pissed on Another Planet (2004)
- Sedition (2007) ATP Recordings
- Rubber never sleeps (remastered, 2012) Bang! Records
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Encyclopedia entry for 'The Dukes'". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-768-2. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- "The Scientists". Australian Rock Database. Magnus Holmgren. Retrieved 2008-02-09.
- Mills, Fred (January 2007). "Hoodoo Gurus: By My Guru". Harp Magazine. Retrieved 2008-02-09.
- O'Donnell, John; Creswell, Toby; Mathieson, Craig (October 2010). 100 Best Australian Albums. Prahran, Vic: Hardie Grant Books. ISBN 978-1-74066-955-9.
- Lazell, Barry (1997). Indie Hits 1980-1999. Cherry Red Books. ISBN 0-9517206-9-4.
- ATP Recordings Page
- Kim Salmon interview (Noise For Heroes)
- www.perthpunk.com, which contains an extensive history of the earliest Perth punk rock scene, including references to The Cheap Nasties, Kim Salmon, Victims, Geeks, Manikins, Dave Warner and Pus, and written contributions by Rod Radalj and Mark Demetrius.
- www.fromthearchives.org, which has a complete discography.