Jane Porter

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For the Tarzan character, see Jane Porter (Tarzan).
Jane Porter
JanePorter.jpeg
Jane Porter, from The Ladies' Monthly Museum
Born Jane Porter
(1776-01-17)January 17, 1776
Bailey in the city of Durham
Died May 24, 1850(1850-05-24) (aged 74)
Occupation Novelist
Nationality Scottish
Citizenship Kingdom of Great Britain
Period 1803–1840
Genre Historical Fiction
Subject Historical Documentary
Notable works The Scottish Chiefs

Jane Porter (17 January 1776 – 24 May 1850) was a British historical novelist, dramatist and literary figure.[1][2][3]

Life[edit]

Jane Porter was born in Durham as the third of the five children of Jane (née Blenkinsop) and William Porter. Tall and beautiful as she grew up, Jane Porter's grave air earned her the nickname La Penserosa (lit. "the pensive girl"). After her father's death, her family moved to Edinburgh, where Walter Scott was a regular visitor. Some time afterwards the family moved to London, where the sisters became acquainted with a number of literary women: Elizabeth Inchbald, Anna Laetitia Barbauld, Hannah More, Elizabeth Hamilton, Elizabeth Benger and Mrs Champion de Crespigny.

Porter's siblings also achieved some fame in their lifetimes; her sister Anna Maria Porter was also a novelist; her brother Sir Robert Ker Porter was a noted painter.[4]

Works[edit]

Porter is considered to have "crafted and pioneered many of the narrative tools most commonly associated with both the national tale and the historical novel."[5] Her 1803 work Thaddeus of Warsaw is one of the earliest examples of the historical novel and went through at least 84 editions,[6] including translation into French and German.[7] The eponymous hero of Porter's novel is Thaddeus Sobieski, a fictional descendant of King John Sobieski who fights alongside the invading Russian and Prussian armies. Based on eyewitness accounts from Polish refugees fleeing the failed revolts against the foreign occupation of Poland in the 1790s, the work was praised by Tadeusz Kościuszko, a hero of the American Revolution.

The Scottish Chiefs (1810), a novel about William Wallace, was also a success (the French version was banned by Napoleon), and it has remained popular with Scottish children. The Pastor's Fireside (1815) was a story about the later Stuarts.[8]

Porter contributed to periodicals and wrote the play Switzerland (1819), which seems to have been deliberately sabotaged by its lead Edmund Kean and closed after its first performance.[9] She is sometimes "credited" with the 1822 production Owen, Prince of Powys, which closed after only three performances,[8] but this was actually the work of Samson Penley.[9] Porter also wrote Tales Round a Winter Hearth (1821), Coming Out (1828), and The Field of Forty Footsteps (1828) with her sister, Anna Maria.[1]

A romance, Sir Edward Seaward's Diary (1831), purporting to be a record of actual circumstances and edited by Jane, was written by her brother, Dr William Ogilvie Porter, as letters in the University of Durham Porter archives show.

In her later years, Porter continued to write shorter pieces for journals. Many were published anonymously or simply signed "J. P." Her wide-ranging topics included Peter the Great, Simón Bolívar, and the African explorer Dixon Denham.[10]

Influences[edit]

Porter, like so many of her contemporaries, was fascinated by Lord Byron. The villain in The Pastor's Fireside, Duke Wharton, has been said to cast "an unmistakably Byronic shadow."[11] Additional influences on Porter's writing include her schoolmaster George Fulton, as well as Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene and Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia.[4][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McCalman, Iain, ed. (2009). "Porter, Jane". An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age. Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ Lee, Elizabeth (1896). "Porter, Jane". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 46. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 182–184. 
  3. ^ Todd, Janet, ed. (1989). "Porter, Jane". British Women Writers: a critical reference guide. Routledge. pp. 542–543. 
  4. ^ a b Sutherland, Virginia (2013). "Jane Porter and the Heroic Past". In Otago Students of Letters. In Her Hand: Letters of Roantic-Era British Women Writers in New Zealand Collections. Dunedin: University of Otago. 
  5. ^ McLean, Thomas (2007). "Nobody's Argument: Jane Porter and the Historical Novel". Journal for Early Modern Culture Studies 7 (2): 88–103. 
  6. ^ Looser, Devoney (2010). Women Writers and Old Age in Great Britain, 1750–1850. JHU Press. pp. 157 ff. ISBN 978-1-4214-0022-8. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  7. ^ Laskowski, Maciej (2012). "Jane Porter's Thaddeus of Warsaw as evidence of Polish–British relationships" (in Polish). Poznan: Instytucie Filologii Angielskiej. Retrieved 26 September 2013. .
  8. ^ a b Birch, Dinah, ed. (2011). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. Oxford University Press. 
  9. ^ a b  McMillan, Dorothy (1885–1900). "Porter, Jane". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  10. ^ McLean, Thomas (2009). "Jane Porter's Later Works, 1825-1846". Harvard Library Bulletin 20 (2): 45–62. 
  11. ^ McLean, Thomas (2012). "Jane Porter and the Wonder of Lord Byron". Romanticism 18 (3): 250–59. 
  12. ^ Kelly, Gary, ed. (2002). Varieties of Female Gothic 1. London: Pickering & Chatto. 

External links[edit]

Jane Porter biographies[edit]