|Also known as||The Tupperwares|
|Origin||Los Angeles, California|
|Genres||Punk rock, synthpunk|
|Associated acts||Ze Whiz Kidz, The Mentors, Girls, Nervous Gender|
|Past members||Tomata du Plenty
Rio de Janeiro
K. K. Barrett
Sample of The Screamers "The Scream" (Rene Daalder, David Campbell demo) (1978).
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
The Screamers were an American synthpunk group founded in 1975. They were among the first wave of the L.A. punk rock scene. The Los Angeles Times applied the label "techno-punk" to the band in 1978. In the documentary Punk: Attitude (2005), the Dead Kennedys cite the Screamers as a key influence on their group and as one of the great unrecorded groups in rock history.
The Screamers were noted for unusual instrumentation, featuring synthesizer (ARP Odyssey) and electric piano (Fender Rhodes). Additional musicians, including violinists and a female vocalist, were occasionally incorporated into their performances. The group featured a theatrical presentation that centered around manic lead vocalist, Tomata du Plenty. DuPlenty and Tommy Gear, a keyboard player and vocalist, were the band's principal songwriters.
The Screamers developed a substantial following via the internet and generated considerable press coverage during and after the band's career, despite the fact that they never released a record.
The Screamers' founders Tomata du Plenty (born David Xavier Harrigan) and Tommy Gear first collaborated in Seattle in 1975, where they formed The Tupperwares. The original lineup of the Tupperwares included Tommy Gear (at the time, using the name "Melba Toast"), Tomata du Plenty, and Rio de Janeiro on vocals, backed by Pam Lillig and Ben witz (later of Girls), as well as Bill Rieflin (later of The Blackouts and Ministry) and a teenage Eldon Hoke (later known as "El Duce" of The Mentors).
In late 1976, after legal threats from Tupperware trademark owners, the band's name was changed to the Screamers. The trio Tomata, Tommy, Rio migrated to Los Angeles, leaving the other band members behind. Shortly after arriving in Los Angeles, Rio de Janeiro left the band due to creative differences and they added David Brown and drummer K. K. Barrett. Brown soon left to found the seminal punk label Dangerhouse Records; he was replaced by Paul Roessler.
The Screamers created a visual presence in the press before they ever played live. Studio photos of the band began to appear in magazines even before a full band had been assembled. Artist Gary Panter's logo for the band, a stylized cartoon of a screaming head with spiked hair, became one of the most recognizable images to emerge from punk rock.
From 1977 through 1979, the Screamers became a sensation in Los Angeles rock clubs, selling out multiple-night engagements at the Whisky a Go Go. They were the first band without a recording contract to headline the prestigious Roxy on Sunset Boulevard. They also did several short tours during this period, playing in New York, at CBGB and Hurrah, in '78 and '79.
Describing a July 1979 performance, music critic Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times focused on "Tomata's extraordinary power on stage." According to Hilburn, "Tomata's hair was greased to stand straight up, giving him the look of a man who had just stuck his finger into an electric socket. His performance reflected the nervous, relentless anxiety of a soceity [sic?]... By the end of the 40-minute set, Tomata had gone through the same disintegration of the human-will that we associate with such books as 1984. Eventually, the tuxedo jacket, shirt and tie are ripped off, leaving him "symbolically" (not literally) naked in his attempt to maintain some dignity and individuality. As if suddenly put in another man's body, he asks in horror: 'Who am I?'"
The Screamers never released a single official recording of any kind, although several bootleg recordings have since appeared, composed of rehearsals or live tapes. At one point, the group determined they would release their debut album only in video form (this was a very unusual approach at the time, before MTV existed), and they devoted time and resources to constructing a small movie studio. Despite some fitful efforts in the early 1980s, the band had effectively dissolved before their video plans were realized. Roessler joined L.A.'s other "synthpunk" band, Nervous Gender. The other band members pursued non-musical careers, though K.K. Barrett reunited with Roessler to perform several Screamers songs live in late 2000, in tribute to Tomata du Plenty, who had recently died in San Francisco in August 2000.
The song '122 Hours of Fear' by The Screamers recorded in 1978 was inspired by the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181.
In 2004, Target Video released a DVD of a Screamers concert from 1978, filmed at the Mabuhay Gardens in San Francisco and appended several early Screamers music videos shot at the Target studio around the same time. Unauthorized live recordings and demo tapes of the Screamers circulate as bootlegs.
Their song "Peer Pressure" is featured on the 2010 compilation Black Hole: Jon Savage Presents/California Punk 1977-1980.
In popular culture
A poster advertising a Screamers show is featured in the hallway (along with many other band's posters) of the house in the film Laurel Canyon.
In the 2007 film about the Germs and their singer Darby Crash, actors reenact one of The Screamers concerts, with The Screamers performing Sex boy, and the crowd asks for 122 hours of fear.
- Los Angeles Times, 2-27-1978 "L.A. PUNK ROCKERS - Six New Wave Bands Showcased"
- Reighley, Kurt (2002-05-08), "The Screamers", Seattle Weekly, retrieved 2010-02-19
- "Screamers Chronology and History". Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Screamers Chronology and History". Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- Robert Hilburn, "The L.A. Rock Scene: A Dramatic Resurgence," 'Los Angeles Times,' July 24, 1979
- Mullen, Brendan (2000-08-31), "Goodbye, Tomata du Plenty", LA Weekly
- The Screamers – "An Unofficial Screamers Website"
- The Screamers at AllMusic
- The Screamers on Myspace
- 122 hours of fear 1978 recording, lyrics and video.
- Population: 1 Official Website
- "The Screamers", the Screamers page on PunkRockers.com
- Tomata du Plenty 1948-2000: some remembrances, theoretical.com, March 13, 2002. (archive.org)
- "Tomata du Plenty, R.I.P. 1948-2000" by V. Vale, ReSearchPubs.com, 2005.
- "Somewhere Between Rammstein and Twiggy", from: We Got the Neutron Bomb: The Untold Story of L.A. Punk by Brendan Mullen & Marc Spitz, 2001. ISBN 0-609-80774-9 (At LA Weekly website, December 5, 2001.)
- "Two Ears and a Tale: The Screamers: by Kurt B. Reighley, Seattle Weekly, May 8, 2002.
- "A Tribute to Synth Punk 101: The Screamers Come Full Circle in Seattle" by Jennifer Maerz, The Stranger, August 8, 2002.