The Shanghai Gesture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Shanghai Gesture
The Shanghai Gesture orig US poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Josef von Sternberg
Charles Kerr (assistant)
Produced by Arnold Pressburger
Screenplay by Josef von Sternberg
Geza Herczeg
Jules Furthman
Based on the play The Shanghai Gesture 
by John Colton
Starring Gene Tierney
Walter Huston
Victor Mature
Ona Munson
Music by Richard Hageman
Cinematography Paul Ivano
Edited by Sam Winston
Production
company
Distributed by United Artists
Release dates
Running time 99 minutes
Country United States
Language English

The Shanghai Gesture is a 1941 American film noir directed by Josef von Sternberg and starring Gene Tierney, Walter Huston, Victor Mature and Ona Munson. It is based on a Broadway play of the same name by John Colton, which was adapted for the screen by von Sternberg and produced by Arnold Pressburger for United Artists. It was the last Hollywood film completed by Josef von Sternberg (in 1951 he started directing Macao, but was fired halfway through by Howard Hughes, and the same thing happened with the 1957 Jet Pilot).

The Shanghai Gesture received Academy Award nominations for Best Art Direction (Boris Leven) and Best Original Music Score (Richard Hageman).[1]

Plot[edit]

Gigolo "Doctor" Omar (Victor Mature) bribes the Shanghai police not to jail the broke American showgirl Dixie Pomeroy (Phyllis Brooks); he invites her to seek a job at the casino owned by Dragon-lady "Mother" Gin Sling (Ona Munson), his boss.

In the casino, Omar attracts the attention of a beautiful, privileged young woman (Gene Tierney), fresh from a European finishing school. She is out for some excitement. When asked, she gives her name as "Poppy" Smith.

Meanwhile, Gin Sling is informed that she must move her establishment to the much less desirable Chinese sector. She is given five or six weeks, until Chinese New Year, to comply. Gin Sling is confident that she can thwart this threat to her livelihood, and orders her minions to find out everything they can about the man behind it, Englishman Sir Guy Charteris (Walter Huston), a wealthy entrepreneur who has purchased a large area of Shanghai that contains her gambling parlor. Dixie proves to be an unexpected source of information; Charteris had taken her out to dinner a number of times, before dumping her to avoid her meeting his newly arrived daughter, Poppy, whose real name is Victoria Charteris. From Dixie's description, Gin Sling realizes Charteris is someone from her past.

Meanwhile, Poppy falls in love with Omar and becomes addicted to gambling and alcohol. Though the spoiled woman is openly contemptuous of the casino owner, Gin Sling allows her credit to cover her ever growing losses.

Gin Sling invites Charteris and other important dignitaries to a Chinese New Year dinner party. Charteris at first declines, but then curiosity gets the better of him. At the dinner, she exposes his disgraceful past. Charteris, then calling himself Victor Dawson, had married her. One day, he abandoned her, taking her inheritance, leaving her destitute and alone. Thinking her baby had died and forced to do whatever she had to in order to survive, she wandered from place to place, until she reached Shanghai. There, Percival Hower had faith in her and backed her financially, allowing her to work her way up to her current position.

To cap her revenge, she has Victoria brought in. Victoria openly flaunts her attraction to Omar and ridicules her father. As Charteris takes his wayward daughter out, he tells Van Elst privately to come to his office the next morning to pick up a £20,000 check for Gin Sling and tell her "the funds she claims I took are, and always have been in an account in her name" in a north China bank.

Despite hearing this, Victoria defies him and goes back inside where the other guests have left. When he tries to retrieve her, he is confronted by Gin Sling. He then reveals that their baby had been found alive and put in a hospital where Charteris found her and brought her up far from China. Victoria is Gin Sling's own daughter.

Gin Sling then tries to talk to Victoria alone, revealing that she is her mother, but when the young woman continues insulting her, Gin Sling shoots her dead. The Dragon Lady then remarks to Hower that this is something she cannot bribe her way out of. The muscular coolie, standing outside with Charteris, delivers the bitingly ironic last line "you likee Chinese New Year?" as Charteris realizes what has happened.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

There were several attempts to turn the play into a film in the 1930s, one of them by Cecil B. DeMille, and another in the early 1930s by Edward Small at United Artists.[2]

Unusual at the time, is that the list of actors in the opening credits end with a title card honoring the extras. It reads:

And a large cast of "HOLLYWOOD EXTRAS" who without expecting credit or mention stand ready day and night to do their best -- and who at their best are more than good enough to deserve mention.

Keye Luke painted the mural that is displayed in the casino.

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Film critic Dennis Schwartz gave the film a positive review, writing, "Josef von Sternberg's (The Scarlet Empress/The Blue Angel/The Devil is a Woman) last great Hollywood film is based on a 1925 play by John Colton that required over 30 revisions ordered by the Breen Office censors before it was deemed acceptable. In one unreleased censored version, attributed to writer Jules Furthman, the blemished noirish heroine named Mother Gin Sling is instead named Mother Goddamn and runs a brothel instead of a casino. What remains from all the cuts is the surreal baroque setting--a gesture to the descent of mankind into the bowels of the earth--a casino designed like Dante's Inferno. Despite the forced changes, this is still a delirious masterpiece of decadence and sexual depravity that surrounds itself with Eastern motifs that are meant to mystify rather than enlighten."[3]

Awards[edit]

Nominations

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NY Times: The Shanghai Gesture". NY Times. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  2. ^ Prize Ring Comedy Goes Into Work at Early Date at U.A.: The Washington Post (1923-1954) [Washington, D.C] 28 May 1933: S5.
  3. ^ Schwartz, Dennis. Ozus' World Movie Reviews, February 19, 2005; accessed July 10, 2013.

External links[edit]