The Shape of Punk to Come
|The Shape of Punk to Come|
|Studio album by Refused|
|Released||April 13, 1998|
|Recorded||Late 1997 at Tonteknik Bomba Je studios|
|Genre||Post-hardcore, experimental rock, art punk|
|Producer||Eskil Lövström, Andreas Nilsson, Pelle Henricsson, Refused|
|Consequence of Sound|||
|Drowned in Sound||10/10|
The Shape of Punk to Come: A Chimerical Bombination in 12 Bursts, often shortened to The Shape of Punk to Come, is the third album by Swedish hardcore punk band Refused, released in October 1998 through Burning Heart Records. The album's title is a reference to a track on The Nation of Ulysses' second album Plays Pretty for Baby, which itself was a reference and shares its title with Ornette Coleman's 1959 avant-garde jazz album The Shape of Jazz to Come. The song title "Worms of the Senses / Faculties of the Skull" is an allusion to a line from Allen Ginsberg's long poem "Howl". Additionally, the song "Refused Are Fuckin' Dead" is a reference to the Born Against song "Born Against Are Fuckin' Dead".
Although Refused broke up only months after the album's release, The Shape of Punk to Come has since found an audience for the band and largely contributed to their posthumous fame, as well as inspiring many later artists in a wide range of genres. Kerrang! magazine listed The Shape of Punk to Come at #13 on their 50 Most Influential Albums of All Time list in 2003.
This album marked a sharp and conscious departure from Refused's earlier work. The philosophy of the album, expounded in the ample liner notes and encapsulated in the song "New Noise", was that punk and hardcore music could not be anti-establishment by continuing to package revolutionary lyrics in sounds which had been increasingly co-opted into the mainstream. The sound of the record challenged existing punk sensibilities; it was "punk" at a fundamental level, but thanks to bold and experimental combinations of post-hardcore, post-punk, techno, and jazz sounds, it was worlds apart from pop punk bands such as Green Day and Blink-182, and even more traditional punk rock bands such as Bad Religion and Pennywise.
The album also includes "political interludes" between some songs. The use of more technological sounds or drum and bass music, particularly on The New Noise Theology E.P. which followed the album, is a tactic that various members of Refused have credited to the influence of Philadelphia punk band Ink & Dagger.
Samples and "borrowed" material
- The Deadly Rhythm features a musical quotation of Bo Diddley's 1959 R&B song I'm a Man.
- The break in New Noise samples Col. Kurtz's famous monologue from the 1979 Vietnam war film Apocalypse Now.
- Tannhäuser / Derivè includes a reference to the theme The Augurs of Spring: Dances of the Young Girls from Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring.
- The spoken text at the start of Protest Song '68 comes from the opening of the Henry Miller novel Tropic of Cancer.
- The title is a reference to the Ornette Coleman album The Shape of Jazz to Come
- The cover artwork is taken from the cover of Teenage Dance Session by Rye Coalition Which is of itself a copy of an earlier album cover.
- The title of the song Refused are Fucking Dead comes from the Born Against song of similar titling Born Against are Fucking Dead.
In 2004, a DVD-Audio version of the album was released, remixed in 5.1-channel Surround Sound. Many of the songs were compositionally altered, some significantly. "Bruitist Pome #5," for example, was thoroughly reworked, while a seven-minute version of "Refused Are Fuckin Dead" jarringly transitions into a new second half, which incorporates elements of the Bombe Je Remix of the song. Other songs received new intros or outros.
In 2005, The Shape of Punk to Come was ranked number 428 in Rock Hard magazine's book The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time.
- "Worms of the Senses / Faculties of the Skull" – 7:05
- "Liberation Frequency" – 4:08
- "The Deadly Rhythm" – 3:34
- "Summerholidays vs. Punkroutine" – 4:01
- "Bruitist Pome #5" – 1:25
- "New Noise" – 5:08
- "The Refused Party Program" – 2:38
- "Protest Song '68" – 4:32
- "Refused Are Fuckin Dead" – 5:08
- "The Shape of Punk to Come" – 5:06
- "Tannhäuser / Derivè" – 8:07
- "The Apollo Programme Was a Hoax" – 4:13
In addition to the 12 tracks of the original release, the 2010 reissue, released as a deluxe edition, also included previously unreleased live recordings from a 1998 concert and a DVD of the documentary on the band, Refused Are Fucking Dead.
Disc 2: Live at Umeå Open festival (April 3, 1998)
- "The Shape of Punk to Come" – 4:38
- "The Refused Party Program" – 1:28
- "Circle Pit" – 2:48
- "Worms of the Senses / Faculties of the Skull" – 5:31
- "Hook, Line and Sinker" – 2:51
- "Summerholidays vs. Punkroutine" – 3:54
- "Rather Be Dead" – 3:42
- "Burn It" – 2:33
- "The Deadly Rhythm" – 4:05
- "Coup d'Ètat" – 5:10
- "New Noise" – 4:48
- "Tannhäuser" – 7:30
Disc 3: Refused Are Fucking Dead DVD
The Shape of Punk to Come personnel as listed in the album liner notes.
Art and design