The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital

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Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital and Gatehouse
Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital Gatehouse Dec 09.JPG
Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital Gatehouse, December 2009
The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital is located in Maryland
The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital
Location Charles St., Towson, Maryland
Coordinates 39°23′28″N 76°37′9″W / 39.39111°N 76.61917°W / 39.39111; -76.61917Coordinates: 39°23′28″N 76°37′9″W / 39.39111°N 76.61917°W / 39.39111; -76.61917
Area 20.9 acres (8.5 ha)
Built 1860
Architect Calvert Vaux; Dixon, Thomas & James M.
Architectural style Late Gothic Revival, Norman Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 71000369
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 11, 1971[1]
Designated NHL November 11, 1971[2]

The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, known to many simply as Sheppard Pratt, is a psychiatric hospital located in Towson, a northern suburb of Baltimore, Maryland. The hospital was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1971.[2]

Founded in 1853 by the Baltimore merchant Moses Sheppard, after a visit by the mental health rights advocate and social reformer Dorothea Lynde Dix, the hospital was originally called the Sheppard Asylum. The original buildings were designed by the famous architect Calvert Vaux and constructed on what had previously been a 340-acre (140 ha) farm. The cornerstone of the original building was laid in spring of 1862. The facility was designed according to the Kirkbride Plan.

Sheppard stipulated that the following conditions were to be imposed for the Asylum:

“Courteous treatment and comfort of all patients; that no patient was to be confined below ground; all were to have privacy, sunlight and fresh air; the asylum's purpose was to be curative, combining science and experience for the best possible results; and that only income, not principal would be used to build and operate the asylum.”

As a result of these financial restraints, the Asylum did not open until 1891, 34 years after Sheppard's death. It also left it with financial uncertainty, putting its long-term future in doubt.

The future of the Asylum was greatly enhanced when in 1893, the estate of Baltimore merchant Enoch Pratt bequeathed a substantial amount of his fortune to complete the construction and expand the asylum with the stipulation that the name change to The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital.

In 2000, Sheppard Pratt retained the services HDR, Inc. to design a major expansion to the campus, which would be the largest addition to Sheppard Pratt since its inception. The new addition was as large as the original buildings, encompassing over 270,000 square feet (25,000 m2), effectively doubling the size of the facility. with the expansion and renovation complete, patient rooms have been moved from the hospital's twin historic Victorian-era buildings to more modern facilities.

Today the hospital is one of the leading mental health providers in the United States. It has been constantly ranked in the top 10 by US News and World Report.

The Retreat at Sheppard Pratt[edit]

The Retreat consists of a 14 bed unit designed for those seeking a "comprehensive evaluation and intensive treatment" experience in a psychotherapeutic milieu, unencumbered by the payment policies of third parties. The program at the Retreat includes 38 hours of group programming and 6-8 individual sessions with clinicians each week. The Retreat offers an elegantly appointed setting for an intermediate length of stay of several weeks to several months, where all residents stay at least 20 days.[3]

The Retreat offers a multi-disciplinary treatment approach to a variety of psychiatric conditions that can be treated safely and effectively in a voluntary, unlocked environment.[4] Individualized treatment at The Retreat includes specialized practices such as Dialectical Behavior Therapy[5] and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation[6]

Further reading[edit]

  • The Sheppard & Enoch Pratt Hospital, 1853-1970. A History., Bliss Forbush (1971)
  • Gatehouse: The Evolution of the Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, 1853-1986, Bliss Forbush (1986), ISBN B0006ELCV6


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital and Gate House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  3. ^ "Sheppard Pratt Locations". Sheppard Pratt Health Systems. 
  4. ^ "The Retreat at Sheppard Pratt". Sheppard Pratt Health Systems. 
  5. ^ "Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)". Sheppard Pratt Health Systems. 
  6. ^ "Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Depression Treatment". Sheppard Pratt Health Systems. 

External links[edit]