The Simpsons (season 5)
|The Simpsons Season 5|
The Simpsons Season 5 DVD
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||22|
|Original run||September 30, 1993 –
May 19, 1994
|Home video release|
|Region 1||December 21, 2004|
|Region 2||March 21, 2005|
|Region 4||March 23, 2005|
|Region 5||May 27, 2010|
|List of The Simpsons episodes|
The Simpsons' fifth season originally aired on the Fox network between September 30, 1993 and May 19, 1994. The showrunner for the fifth production season was David Mirkin who executive produced 20 episodes. Al Jean and Mike Reiss executive produced the remaining two, which were both hold overs that were produced for the previous season. The season contains some of the series' most acclaimed episodes, including "Cape Feare" and "Rosebud". It also includes the 100th episode, "Sweet Seymour Skinner's Baadasssss Song". The season was nominated for two Primetime Emmy Awards and won an Annie Award for Best Animated Television Program as well as an Environmental Media Award and a Genesis Award. The DVD box set was released in Region 1 on December 21, 2004, Region 2 on March 21, 2005, and Region 4 on March 23, 2005.
The season was the first to be executive produced by David Mirkin, who would also run the following season. Several of the show's original writers who had worked on The Simpsons since the first season had left following the completion of season four. "Cape Feare", which was the final episode to be produced by the "original team", aired during this season as a hold over. Jay Kogen, Wallace Wolodarsky, Sam Simon and Jeff Martin wrote their final episodes for the season four production run. Show runners Al Jean and Mike Reiss left to produce their own series The Critic, but returned in subsequent seasons to produce more Simpsons episodes, and Jean again became the show runner starting with season thirteen. George Meyer and John Swartzwelder, Conan O'Brien, Frank Mula and future show runners Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein all stayed with the show following the previous season. O'Brien would leave the series halfway through the production of the season to host his own show, Late Night with Conan O'Brien. He had been working on "Homer Goes to College" when he found out he was chosen to host Late Night and was forced to walk out on his contract. He later had a cameo appearance in "Bart Gets Famous". He recorded his part while Late Night was on the air, but O'Brien thought that his show might be canceled by the time the episode aired.
A whole new group of writers were brought in for this season. Jace Richdale was the first to be hired by Mirkin and others to receive their first writing credits were Greg Daniels and Dan McGrath. Mike Scully wrote "Lisa's Rival", which was produced for this season, but aired the next. Two freelance writers wrote episodes: David Richardson wrote "Homer Loves Flanders" while Bill Canterbury received two writing credits. Bob Anderson and Susie Dietter, who had previously worked on the show as part of the animation staff, would direct their first episodes.
The season started off with "Homer's Barbershop Quartet" which was chosen as the season premiere because it guest starred George Harrison. The Fox executives had wanted to premiere with "Homer Goes to College" because it was an National Lampoon's Animal House parody, but the writers felt "Homer's Barbershop Quartet" would be a better episode because of Harrison's involvement. Even though the episode aired during the beginning of the fifth season, "Cape Feare" was the last episode written by the original team of writers and guest starred Kelsey Grammer as Sideshow Bob. Compared to previously produced episodes, the episode featured several elements that could be described as cartoonish. This was a result of the staff's careless attitude towards the end of season four as the majority of them were leaving which, combined with the shortness of the episode, led to the creation of the rake sequence, became a memorable moment for this episode. "Cape Feare" and "Rosebud" were both broadcast early in the season and are amongst the series' most acclaimed episodes, both having placed highly on Entertainment Weekly's list of the top 25 episodes. The episode "Deep Space Homer" was the only episode to be written by David Mirkin and was controversial amongst the show's writing staff when the episode was in production. Some of the writers felt that having Homer go into space was too "large" of an idea. Matt Groening felt that the idea was so big that it gave the writers "nowhere to go". As a result, every aspect of the show was worked on to make the concept work. The writers focused more upon the relationship between Homer and his family and Homer's attempts to be a hero. "Sweet Seymour Skinner's Baadasssss Song" was the series' 100th episode. It was chosen because it heavily featured Bart and was promoted as "Bart's biggest prank ever," even though Bart did not actually pull any pranks in the episode; rather, Bart accidentally let his dog loose, eventually resulting in Principal Skinner's firing. Cletus Spuckler and the Rich Texan were the only recurring characters to be introduced this season, first appearing in "Bart Gets an Elephant", and "$pringfield" respectively. Other minor characters who first appeared this season were Luigi and Baby Gerald. Two more episodes, "Bart of Darkness" and "Lisa's Rival" were produced as part of the season five (1F) production run, but both aired the following season.
The Simpsons won an Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production, while David Silverman received a nomination for "Best Individual Achievement for Creative Supervision in the Field of Animation". "Bart Gets an Elephant" won both an Environmental Media Award for "Best Television Episodic Comedy" and a Genesis Award for "Best Television Comedy Series".
At the Primetime Emmy Awards, Alf Clausen and Greg Daniels received a nomination in the "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics" category for the song "Who Needs The Kwik-E-Mart?" from the episode "Homer and Apu". Clausen also was nominated for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore)" for the episode "Cape Feare". The producers submitted episodes for "Outstanding Comedy Series" category rather than the "Outstanding Animated Program" as they had previously done and were not nominated. The series was also nominated for a Saturn Award for "Best Genre Television Series".
Like the previous three seasons, The Simpsons aired Thursday at 8:00 pm in the United States and was coupled with the series The Sinbad Show. "Homer's Barbershop Quartet", the season premiere, finished 30th in the ratings with a Nielsen rating of 12.7. "Treehouse of Horror IV", which was broadcast on October 28, was the highest rated episode of the season, finishing 17th with a Nielsen rating of 14.5 and finishing ninth in terms of viewers, being seen by approximately 24 million. "Secrets of a Successful Marriage", the season finale, aired during the week of May 16–22, 1994 and finished 43rd with a Nielsen rating of 9.8.
- In the № column the number refers to the order it aired during the entire series.
- In the # column the number refers to the episode number within its season.
- The production code refers to the code assigned to the episode by the production team. The first two characters refer to the season the episode was made for; for example, 1F for season five and 2F for season six. The second number is the order in which the episode was produced, which is not necessarily the airing order.
|№||#||Title||Directed by||Written by||Original air date||Production
|82||1||"Homer's Barbershop Quartet"||Mark Kirkland||Jeff Martin||September 30, 1993||9F21|
|In a flashback, Homer recounts his time with a barbershop quartet called The Be Sharps that also featured Principal Skinner, Apu and Chief Wiggum who was later replaced with Barney. The group became music stars with their hit song "Baby on Board" and won a Grammy. Eventually, Homer started missing his family and the group began to lose its popularity, so it broke up.
Guest stars: George Harrison, David Crosby and The Dapper Dans.
|83||2||"Cape Feare"||Rich Moore||Jon Vitti||October 7, 1993||9F22|
|Bart starts receiving threatening letters in the mail and it is soon revealed that they were sent to him by Sideshow Bob. Bob is released from prison, so Bart is placed in the Witness Relocation Program and the Simpson family is moved to Terror Lake. However, Bob follows the Simpsons there and sneaks onto the family's houseboat and tries to kill Bart. Cornered, Bart asks Bob to sing the entire score of H.M.S. Pinafore as a last request. Bob does so, and during his performance the boat drifts through Springfield and Bob is caught.
Guest star: Kelsey Grammer.
|84||3||"Homer Goes to College"||Jim Reardon||Conan O'Brien||October 14, 1993||1F02|
|After failing a test at the nuclear plant, Homer's lack of a college degree is revealed and he is sent back to pass a nuclear physics class. Homer, having seen too many bad National Lampoon's Animal House knock-off movies, goofs off, so he is sent to a group of boys for tutoring. The boys, who are stereotypical nerds, try to help Homer, but he instead tries to help them party and decides to pull a prank on another college. They steal Springfield A&M's mascot, but his friends are caught and expelled. Homer invites them to live with him, but his family soon become angered by their new housemates, so Homer decides to try to help them get back into college. Consequentially, he fails his final exam and is convinced by Marge to return to college for another year.|
|85||4||"Rosebud"||Wes Archer||John Swartzwelder||October 21, 1993||1F01|
|After a disastrous birthday party, Mr. Burns pines for his long-lost childhood toy, a teddy bear named Bobo. The bear ends up in the hands of Maggie and when Homer discovers this, he tries to use the bear to get a large reward from Burns. When Burns agrees, Homer tries to hand the bear over, but is stopped by Maggie. Homer, seeing that Maggie has become attached to the bear, decides not to give it back to Mr. Burns, who promises that Homer will regret the decision. Mr. Burns later returns and talks to Maggie and she eventually gives it back to him.
Guest star: The Ramones.
|86||5||"Treehouse of Horror IV"
"The Simpsons Halloween Special IV"
|David Silverman||Wraparounds: Conan O'Brien
Part 1: Greg Daniels & Dan McGrath
Part 2: Bill Oakley & Josh Weinstein
Part 3: Bill Canterbury
|October 28, 1993||1F04|
|In a parody of Night Gallery, Bart tells three scary stories based on paintings:
The Devil and Homer Simpson – Homer sells his soul to the Devil (Ned Flanders) for a doughnut.
Terror at 5½ Feet – While riding the bus to school, Bart discovers that there is a Gremlin on the side of the bus.
Bart Simpson's Dracula – The Simpsons are invited to a dinner with Mr. Burns, where Bart and Lisa discover that Mr. Burns is a vampire.
Guest stars: Frank Welker and Phil Hartman.
|87||6||"Marge on the Lam"||Mark Kirkland||Bill Canterbury||November 4, 1993||1F03|
|Marge and neighbor Ruth Powers have a girls' night. Meanwhile, Homer tries to have fun without Marge and Lionel Hutz is hired as Bart, Lisa, and Maggie's babysitter. Homer hitches a ride home with Chief Wiggum, who is following behind Marge and Ruth and decides to pull them over. However, Ruth speeds her car up and reveals to Marge that she stole it from her ex-husband. Marge decides to stay with Ruth, but eventually the police catch up with them and the charges are dismissed.
Guest stars: George Fenneman, Pamela Reed and Phil Hartman.
|88||7||"Bart's Inner Child"||Bob Anderson||George Meyer||November 11, 1993||1F05|
|Marge realizes that she is no fun because of her constant nagging and seeks help from self-help guru Brad Goodman, who then uses Bart's irreverent attitude as a new example of how people should behave. The entire town of Springfield begins to act like Bart, who at first enjoys things but begins to feel that his role as a troublemaker is usurped. During the inaugural "Do what you feel" festival, several things go wrong and the town decides to stop acting like Bart.
Guest stars: James Brown, Albert Brooks and Phil Hartman.
|89||8||"Boy-Scoutz 'n the Hood"||Jeffrey Lynch||Dan McGrath||November 18, 1993||1F06|
|Bart and Milhouse find $20.00 on the street and buy a Squishee made entirely of syrup. After a night of bingeing and carousing, Bart wakes up to discover that he has joined a Boy Scouts-esque troupe called "The Junior Campers". Bart initially hates the group, then enjoys it, until Homer agrees to participate in their river-rafting trip. In a boat with Ned and Rod Flanders, Homer loses their map and the boat gets lost in the ocean. After being stuck out at sea for several days, they discover an oil rig with a Krusty Burger and are saved.
Guest star: Ernest Borgnine.
|90||9||"The Last Temptation of Homer"||Carlos Baeza||Frank Mula||December 9, 1993||1F07|
|Mr. Burns hires a female worker named Mindy Simmons in accordance with government policy and Homer is worried that his crush on her will ruin his marriage with Marge. Both Mindy and Homer have feelings for each other, but in the end Homer decides not to cheat on Marge. Meanwhile, Bart becomes a nerd after doctors find several things physically wrong with him and apply treatments that make him look like a nerd.
Guest stars: Michelle Pfeiffer, Werner Klemperer and Phil Hartman.
|91||10||"$pringfield (Or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Legalized Gambling)"||Wes Archer||Bill Oakley & Josh Weinstein||December 16, 1993||1F08|
|After the local economy stalls, everyone in town votes for gambling to be legalized, prompting Mr. Burns to open a casino. Homer becomes a blackjack dealer, and Marge becomes so addicted to gambling that she forgets about her family life. Meanwhile, Bart opens up his own casino after being kicked out of Mr. Burns's and Lisa struggles to have her costume done for a school pageant. Homer agrees to help her, but does a terrible job, so he decides to go to the casino to get Marge back.
Guest stars: Robert Goulet and Gerry Cooney.
|92||11||"Homer the Vigilante"||Jim Reardon||John Swartzwelder||January 6, 1994||1F09|
|A crime wave hits Springfield, caused by the elusive cat burglar and Lisa's saxophone is stolen, so Homer agrees to try to get it back. The police are ineffective, so Flanders creates a neighborhood watch group, which Homer takes charge of. However, Homer's incompetence causes the vigilante group to commit more crimes than it prevents, and they are unsuccessful in catching the cat burglar. With the help of Grampa, Homer discovers that the burglar is a charming senior named Malloy. Malloy is arrested, but he tricks the citizens of Springfield into thinking he has hidden millions of dollars and escapes during the ensuing rush to find the money.
Guest star: Sam Neill.
|93||12||"Bart Gets Famous"||Susie Dietter||John Swartzwelder||February 3, 1994||1F11|
|After sneaking away from a school trip to a box factory, Bart sneaks onto the set of the Krusty the Clown show. He gets a job as Krusty's production assistant and soon becomes sick of the job. One day, he is close to quitting, but Krusty runs up and says he needs to use Bart in a sketch. Bart becomes an accidental star when he says, "I didn't do it" during the botched sketch. He becomes famous but soon becomes tired of being known for one line. Marge convinces him that the main thing is to make people happy, so Bart decides to continue, but the audience soon becomes tired of Bart's act and forgets about him.
Guest star: Conan O'Brien.
|94||13||"Homer and Apu"||Mark Kirkland||Greg Daniels||February 10, 1994||1F10|
|After twice getting food poisoning from expired food sold at the Kwik-E-Mart, Homer teams up with Kent Brockman to report Apu. Apu is fired from his job and comes to stay with the Simpsons, and he is replaced by actor James Woods. Homer resolves to help Apu get his old job back, and the two travel to India to talk to the owner of the Kwik-E-Mart, but are unsuccessful. Apu decides to visit his old Kwik-E-Mart and saves James Woods' life. Woods is so grateful that he helps Apu get re-hired.
Guest star: James Woods.
|95||14||"Lisa vs. Malibu Stacy"||Jeffrey Lynch||Bill Oakley & Josh Weinstein||February 17, 1994||1F12|
|Lisa protests against the phrases on her new Talking Malibu Stacy doll, which she finds demeaning to women. She tracks down the reclusive creator Stacy to make a more politically correct doll. Meanwhile, Grampa is worried that he is getting old, so he takes a job at Krusty Burger. Lisa and Stacy create "Lisa Lionheart" which gets a lot of positive buzz, but is a flop when the Malibu Stacy executives release a new doll that comes with a hat.
Guest star: Kathleen Turner.
|96||15||"Deep Space Homer"||Carlos Baeza||David Mirkin||February 24, 1994||1F13|
|NASA decides that they need to hire average joes in order to get higher television ratings. They recruit Homer and Barney to train to be the first average American in space. Homer, who wants to be respected, is the winner by default, and goes into space with Buzz Aldrin. While there, he causes a lot of havoc and eventually breaks the handle on the space shuttle's hatch. Homer inadvertently seals the door shut with an inanimate carbon rod, and the shuttle returns to Earth. The rod is hailed as a hero, but Homer gains the respect of Aldrin and his family.
Guest stars: Buzz Aldrin and James Taylor.
|97||16||"Homer Loves Flanders"||Wes Archer||David Richardson||March 17, 1994||1F14|
|Homer begins to like Flanders after being invited to a football game. However, Homer's constant presence around Flanders and his family causes Ned to feel hate for Homer. One day while trying to drive away from Homer, Flanders is arrested and charged with drunk driving. Flanders begins to lose the respect of the church congregation until Homer sticks up for him. Flanders thanks Homer and the two remain friends.|
|98||17||"Bart Gets an Elephant"||Jim Reardon||John Swartzwelder||March 31, 1994||1F15|
|While stuck cleaning the house, Bart wins a radio contest and chooses a gag prize, an elephant, instead of the real prize, $10,000 cash. The radio station eventually gets Bart his elephant, which is named Stampy. When taking care of Stampy gets too expensive Homer decides to sell him to an ivory dealer rather than turn him over to a non-profit Animal Refuge. Bart tries to run away with Stampy, but the elephant escapes. They track him down, and Homer agrees to give him to the Animal Refuge.|
|99||18||"Burns' Heir"||Mark Kirkland||Jace Richdale||April 14, 1994||1F16|
|Mr. Burns has a near-death experience which prompts him to find an heir to inherit his wealth after he dies. Bart is rejected, but Burns soon decides to choose him after seeing that Bart is "a creature of pure malevolence". Marge convinces Bart to go spend some time with Burns, and soon becomes more disruptive than normal to his own family and decides to go live with Mr. Burns. Bart eventually starts to miss his family, but Burns manipulates him into staying. Burns tries to have Bart prove his loyalty by firing Homer, but Bart instead decides to go back to living with his family.
Guest star: Phil Hartman.
|100||19||"Sweet Seymour Skinner's Baadasssss Song"||Bob Anderson||Bill Oakley & Josh Weinstein||April 28, 1994||1F18|
|Bart accidentally gets Principal Skinner fired after he brings Santa's Little Helper to school for show and tell. Bart feels guilty for what he did, and befriends Skinner. Meanwhile, Ned Flanders is hired as principal and the school goes to pot. Bart decides that while he enjoys having Skinner as a friend, he needs him as an enemy, but discovers that he returned to the Army to be a sergeant. Bart convinces Skinner to return and they get Flanders fired so that Skinner can get his old job back.
Guest star: Frank Welker.
|101||20||"The Boy Who Knew Too Much"||Jeffrey Lynch||John Swartzwelder||May 5, 1994||1F19|
|Bart plays hooky from school and ends up at the birthday party of Freddy Quimby, the Mayor's nephew, where Freddy is accused of assaulting a waiter. Bart knows the truth, but would have to admit that he was playing hooky if he testifies. Meanwhile, Homer is chosen for jury duty in the assault case against Freddy Quimby and takes advantage of being sequestered in a hotel.
Guest star: Phil Hartman.
|102||21||"Lady Bouvier's Lover"||Wes Archer||Bill Oakley & Josh Weinstein||May 12, 1994||1F21|
|While attending Maggie's first birthday party, Grampa falls for Marge's mother Jackie. Grampa and Jackie start dating, but he is soon pushed aside in favor of Mr. Burns. Burns and Jackie are soon engaged to be married, much to the chagrin of Marge and Smithers. Grampa crashes the wedding and tries to get Jackie back, but she decides that she does not want to be married. Meanwhile, Bart steals Homer's credit card to buy a piece of Itchy and Scratchy memorabilia that turns out to be a rip-off.
Guest star: Phil Hartman.
|103||22||"Secrets of a Successful Marriage"||Carlos Baeza||Greg Daniels||May 19, 1994||1F20|
|Tired of being called "slow," Homer signs up to teach a class on keeping a successful marriage at a learning annex. He is an unsuccessful teacher and finds that the only way he can keep the class interested is to tell racy secrets about Marge and their bedroom antics. Marge soon gets fed up with Homer telling their secrets and kicks him out. Homer starts living in Bart's treehouse and becomes so lost without Marge that he begs her to take him back, and she eventually agrees.
Guest star: Phil Hartman.
The DVD boxset for season five was released by 20th Century Fox in the United States and Canada on December 21, 2004, ten years after it had completed broadcast on television. As well as every episode from the season, the DVD release features bonus material including deleted scenes, animatics, and commentaries for every episode. The menus are a different format than the previous seasons, and that format would be used in every set after.
|Set details||Special features|
|Region 1||Region 2||Region 4|
|December 21, 2004||March 21, 2005||March 23, 2005|
- "The Family Dynamic". Entertainment Weekly. 2003-01-29. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- Vitti, Jon (2004). Commentary for the episode "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Jean, Al (2004). The Simpsons season 5 DVD commentary for the episode "Cape Feare" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Groening, Matt; Brooks, James L.; Mirkin, David; O'Brien, Conan; Dietter, Susie; Silverman, Davis (2004). Commentary for the episode "Bart Gets Famous". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Mirkin, David (2004). The Simpsons season 5 DVD commentary for the episode "Burns' Heir" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Anderson, Bob (2004). Commentary for the episode "Bart's Inner Child". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Groening, Matt; Reiss, Mike; Jean, Al; Martin, Jeff; Azaria, Hank; Lovitz, Jon; Kirkland, Mark (2004). The Simpsons season 5 DVD commentary for the episode "Homer's Barbershow Quartet" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Jean, Al (2004). Commentary for the episode "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Groening, Matt; Mirkin, David; Silverman, David; Kirkland, Mark (2004). Commentary for the episode "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Groening, Matt; Mirkin, David; Silverman, David; Oakley, Bill; Weinstein, Josh; Anderson, Bob (2004). Commentary for the episode "Cape Feare". The Simpsons: The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 139.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 148-150.
- "Legacy: 22nd Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1994)". Annie Awards. Retrieved 2008-04-06.[dead link]
- "Awards for "The Simpsons"". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- "1995 Genesis Awards". Humane Society of the United States. Archived from the original on 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- "Primetime Emmy Awards Advanced Search". Emmys.org. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- Jean, Al (2004). The Simpsons season 4 DVD commentary for the episode "Mr. Plow" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- Walt Belcher (1994-07-22). "Casting about for an Emmy - Bart Simpson and Tim Allen aren't in the running for TV's big awards". The Tampa Tribune. p. 1.
- Verne Gay (1993-05-26). "Fox adds 6 hours of new shows in fall". The Record. p. F2.
- Associated Press (1993-10-06). "Nielsen ratings / Sept. 27 - Oct. 3". Press-Telegram. p. D5.
- Associated Press (1993-11-03). "Nielsen ratings / Oct. 26-Nov. 1". Press-Telegram. p. C6.
- "The Ratings - Off into the 'Sunset'". Entertainment Weekly. 1993-11-12. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- Associated Press (1994-05-25). "Nielsen ratings / May 16–22". Press-Telegram. p. 4E.
- Turner, Chris (2004). Planet Simpson. Random House Canada. p. 4. ISBN 0-679-31318-4.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 120.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 121.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 122.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 123.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 124-125.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 126.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 127.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 128-129.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 130.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 131.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 132.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 133.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 134.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 135.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 136-137.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 138.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 140.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 141.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 142-143.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 144.
- Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 145.
- The Simpsons season 5 DVD boxset (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 2004.
- "Simpsons, The - The Complete 5th Season". TVShowsonDVD.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- "The Simpsons Season 5 DVD". The Simpsons Shop. Retrieved 2008-03-07.[dead link]
- Groening, Matt (1997). Richmond, Ray; Coffman, Antonia, eds. The Simpsons: A Complete Guide to Our Favorite Family. Created by Matt Groening; edited by Ray Richmond and Antonia Coffman. (1st ed.). New York: HarperPerennial. ASIN 0006388981. LCCN 98141857. OCLC 37796735. OL 433519M. ISBN 0-00-638898-1, 978-0-00-638898-2.