The Simpsons (season 8)

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The Simpsons (season 8)
Simpsons s8.png
The Simpsons Season 8 DVD
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes 25
Broadcast
Original channel Fox
Original run October 27, 1996 –
May 18, 1997
Home video release
DVD release
Region 1 August 15, 2006
Region 2 October 2, 2006
Region 4 September 27, 2006
Season chronology
← Previous
Season 7
Next →
Season 9
List of The Simpsons episodes

The Simpsons' eighth season originally aired between October 27, 1996, and May 18, 1997, beginning with "Treehouse of Horror VII". The showrunners for the eighth production season were Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein.[1] The aired season contained two episodes which were hold-over episodes from season seven, which Oakley and Weinstein also ran. It also contained two episodes for which Al Jean and Mike Reiss were the show runners.

Season eight won multiple awards, including two Emmy Awards: "Homer's Phobia" won for Outstanding Animated Program (for Programming One Hour or Less) in 1997,[2] and Alf Clausen and Ken Keeler won for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics" with the song "We Put The Spring In Springfield" from the episode "Bart After Dark".[3] Clausen also received an Emmy nomination for "Outstanding Music Direction" for "Simpsoncalifragilisticexpiala(Annoyed Grunt)cious".[4] "Brother from Another Series" was nominated for the Emmy for "Sound Mixing For a Comedy Series or a Special".[5] For "Homer's Phobia", Mike Anderson won the Annie Award for Best Individual Achievement: Directing in a TV Production, and the WAC Winner Best Director for Primetime Series at the 1998 World Animation Celebration.[6] Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation awarded the episode the GLAAD Media Award for "Outstanding TV – Individual Episode".[7]

The DVD box set was released in Region 1 on August 15, 2005, Region 2 on September 2, 2005, and Region 4 on October 2, 2005. The set was released in two different forms: a Maggie-shaped head to match the Homer and Marge shaped heads of the previous two sets and also a standard rectangular shaped box. Like the seventh season box set, both versions are available for sale separately.

Episodes[edit]

Key
  • In the № column the number refers to the order it aired during the entire series.
  • In the # column the number refers to the episode number within its season.
  • The production code refers to the code assigned to the episode by the production team. The first two characters refer to the season the episode was made for; for example, 1F for season five and 2F for season six. The second number is the order in which the episode was produced, which is not necessarily the airing order.[8]
No. in
series
No. in
season
Title Directed by Written by Original air date Production
code
U.S. viewers
(millions)
154 1 "Treehouse of Horror VII"
"The Simpsons Halloween Special VII"
Mike B. Anderson Part 1: Ken Keeler
Part 2: Dan Greaney
Part 3: David S. Cohen
October 27, 1996 (1996-10-27) 4F02 18.3[9]
A Halloween special which is divided into three short stories:
The Thing and I – Bart discovers he has an evil twin, who is living in the Simpsons' attic.
The Genesis Tub – After intending to prove that sugary drinks will rot teeth, Lisa creates her own miniature universe.
Citizen Kang – Kang and Kodos impersonate presidential candidates Bill Clinton and Bob Dole in order to invade Earth.
Guest star: Phil Hartman[1]
155 2 "You Only Move Twice" Mike Anderson John Swartzwelder November 3, 1996 (1996-11-03) 3F23 13.9[11]
When Homer accepts a new job at the Globex Corporation the Simpson family moves to Cypress Creek. Homer enjoys his new work and his easy-going boss, but is completely unaware that his boss is an evil genius and that the company is a vehicle for international extortion. The rest of the family have trouble settling in Cypress Creek and begin to get homesick so Homer must make a choice between Cypress Creek and Springfield.
Guest star: Albert Brooks.[10]
156 3 "The Homer They Fall" Mark Kirkland Jonathan Collier November 10, 1996 (1996-11-10) 4F03 17.0[11]
When Bart is beaten up by school bullies, Homer takes matters into his own hands. Although Homer is unable to make his point, Moe is impressed by his ability to withstand a beating. Moe talks Homer into becoming a boxer with Moe as his manager. His sole strategy is to let opponents knock themselves out while pounding on Homer. Promoter Lucius Sweet becomes aware of Homer's rise as a boxer and wants him to fight Drederick Tatum, the heavyweight champion.
Guest stars: Michael Buffer and Paul Winfield.[12]
157 4 "Burns, Baby Burns" Jim Reardon Ian Maxtone-Graham November 17, 1996 (1996-11-17) 4F05 12.6[11]
A man named Larry's jaw drops when he sees his father Mr. Burns on a train from Yale to Springfield and Larry immediately follows the train. When he arrives at Mr Burns's mansion he identifies himself as Mr. Burns's long lost son. Burns admits that Larry is the result of a one-night stand and accepts him as his own. Soon, however, Larry proves to be an incurable oaf and Burns gets tired of him. Homer befriends Larry because they share similar interests. Together they fake Larry's kidnapping to win back Burns's love. But when Burns is told that Homer has kidnapped his son Homer and Larry are chased by reporters and the police. When told of the fake kidnapping Burns cannot continue as Larry's father and Larry leaves Springfield to return to his family.
Guest star: Rodney Dangerfield.[13]
158 5 "Bart After Dark" Dominic Polcino Richard Appel November 24, 1996 (1996-11-24) 4F06 14.1[11]
Bart does property damage to a house and Homer makes him do chores to pay for his misdeed. The house turns out to be a burlesque saloon and a group of concerned citizens confront Homer on Bart's work. Marge agrees with the group and joins them in their attempt to oust the saloon from Springfield. In a town hall meeting, Marge convinces the townspeople to demolish the old house, but when the destruction team begins, Homer sings a song that changes everybody's mind. The demolition stops, but Marge's bulldozer accidentally slips out of gear and damages the house.[14]
159 6 "A Milhouse Divided" Steven Dean Moore Steve Tompkins December 1, 1996 (1996-12-01) 4F04 12.8[11]
Marge decides to host a dinner party at the Simpson house. They invite their friends to it, but the Van Houtens have a very bad time and argue and fight throughout the night until Luann announces that she wants a divorce. Luann happily settles back to single life with Milhouse, and starts dating an American Gladiator named Pyro. Homer is confident that it will never happen to him, but Kirk tells him how quickly things can change. He realizes that he has taken his marriage for granted and overcompensates by smothering Marge. Deciding that their marriage is finished, Homer secretly files for a divorce from Marge. Homer then surprises her by asking her for her hand in marriage again and Marge accepts. Kirk tries the same strategy with Luann, but she refuses.[15]
160 7 "Lisa's Date with Density" Susie Dietter Mike Scully December 15, 1996 (1996-12-15) 4F01
N/A
Homer finds an autodialer and starts a telemarketing scam. Meanwhile, Nelson is punished for vandalizing Superintendent Chalmers' car and has to help Willie around the schoolyard. When Lisa watches Nelson torment Willie, she finds herself attracted to him and decides to try to change Nelson into a better person. Lisa goes on a date with him and they kiss, but when he is later revealed to be lying about vandalizing Skinner's house, she loses the attraction.[16]
161 8 "Hurricane Neddy" Bob Anderson Steve Young December 29, 1996 (1996-12-29) 4F07
N/A
A hurricane destroys the Flanders' home and they have to move into the church basement. The people of Springfield gather to rebuild their house, but when Ned sees the poor workmanship, he has a complete breakdown. Ned commits himself to a mental institution and his psychiatrist discovers that Ned's past has taught him to suppress his anger. The psychiatrist then teaches Ned to express his anger with Homer as a role model and Ned gets cured.
Guest star: Jon Lovitz.[17]
162 9 "El Viaje Misterioso de Nuestro Jomer (The Mysterious Voyage of Homer)" Jim Reardon Ken Keeler January 5, 1997 (1997-01-05) 3F24 14.9[19]
Homer begins to hallucinate after eating a dish laced with potent Guatemalan peppers at the chili cook-off. In this hallucination he meets a mystical coyote, which tells him to find his soul mate. After a fight with Marge, he is concerned that she is not really his soul mate. Homer leaves the house and seeks solitude in a lighthouse. Marge arrives at the lighthouse and apologizes and then Homer realizes that Marge is his soul mate after all.
Guest star: Johnny Cash.[18]
163 10 "The Springfield Files" Steven Dean Moore Reid Harrison January 12, 1997 (1997-01-12) 3G01 20.9[21]
Homer walks home one night from Moe's Tavern. On his way he sees an eerie glowing creature. The next day Homer's story is printed in the local newspaper. FBI agents Mulder and Scully read the story and go to Springfield to investigate this X-file. After talking with Homer they find his credibility shaky and quickly leave again. Bart and Homer then set up a camp to videotape the creature. When the creature appears, Lisa reveals that the creature is actually Mr. Burns after a medical treatment by Dr. Riviera.
Guest stars: Leonard Nimoy, David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson.[20]
164 11 "The Twisted World of Marge Simpson" Chuck Sheetz Jennifer Crittenden January 19, 1997 (1997-01-19) 4F08 14.0[21]
Marge starts a new pretzel franchise after being voted out of the Springfield Investorettes for being too conservative. The Investorettes see this and strike back by getting a falafel van. Homer helps Marge with her business by asking Fat Tony for assistance. Soon the orders pour while the falafel business mysteriously fails. Fat Tony attempts to collect all of Marge's profit, but she refuses. He then sends his goons to the Simpson house where he meets the Japanese mafia, who was sent by the Investorettes, and it ends in a showdown between the two mafias.
Guest stars: Jack Lemmon and Joe Mantegna.[22]
165 12 "Mountain of Madness" Mark Kirkland John Swartzwelder February 2, 1997 (1997-02-02) 4F10 9.1[24]
To encourage teamwork, Mr. Burns takes all of his employees to a corporate retreat in the mountains. The employees pair up and Homer becomes Burns's partner. The challenge is to find a cabin on the snowy mountainside. The pair to finish last will be fired. Burns and Homer cheat by using a snowmobile and make it the cabin before everybody else, but an avalanche buries the cabin. Homer and Burns go insane in the cold and get into a fight. In the fight they ignite a propane tank, which rockets the cabin to safety.[23]
166 13 "Simpsoncalifragilisticexpiala(Annoyed Grunt)cious" Chuck Sheetz Al Jean & Mike Reiss February 7, 1997 (1997-02-07) 3G03 17.7[26]
Marge is stressed by the demands of motherhood and the Simpsons get a magical British nanny, who floats down from the sky holding an umbrella. The nanny is a miracle worker, who teaches Bart and Lisa how to clean and charms everybody. However, the Simpsons cannot stop living their messy ways and the nanny's spirit gets crushed. She leaves the family realizing that she has taught them nothing.[25]
167 14 "The Itchy & Scratchy & Poochie Show" Steven Dean Moore David S. Cohen February 9, 1997 (1997-02-09) 4F12 15.5[28]
A new character, Poochie, is added to The Itchy & Scratchy Show as an attempt to boost failing ratings. Bart and Lisa convince Homer to audition for the voice of Poochie. He gets the part and makes public appearances with the voice actor behind Itchy and Scratchy. Poochie's debut is not well received and the producers decide to kill him off. Homer refuses to cooperate and records a different version of the death scene. Homer is convinced that he managed to keep Poochie, but when the episode airs, the character is edited out.
Guest star: Alex Rocco.[27]
168 15 "Homer's Phobia" Mike B. Anderson Ron Hauge February 16, 1997 (1997-02-16) 4F11 15.3[30]
The family tries to sell an old heirloom at a collectibles store and strike up a relationship with John, the store owner. The Simpsons invite John over to their house to assess their other belongings and Homer takes a liking to him. Marge then informs Homer that John is gay and he refuses to see him again. Afterwards Homer notices changes in Bart's behavior and fears that John has turned him into a homosexual. Trying to make Bart manlier, they go on a hunting trip, but get attacked by a herd of aggressive reindeer. Suddenly, John arrives and saves the day. Homer then thanks John for saving his life and accepts him as a friend.
Guest star: John Waters.[29]
169 16 "Brother from Another Series" Pete Michels Ken Keeler February 23, 1997 (1997-02-23) 4F14 15.1[30]
Sideshow Bob is released from prison and his brother, Cecil, hires him to supervise the construction of a dam. Bart suspects that Bob is up to something and sneaks into his office along with Lisa. There he discovers a suitcase filled with money. Bob enters and explains his innocence, but Bart and Lisa do not believe him. Cecil now enters and holds them all at gunpoint. His plan is to blow up the dam and walk away with the $15 million he embezzled from the project. Bob would naturally be blamed allowing Cecil to get revenge for Bob stealing his part as Krusty's sidekick. Cecil now locks up Bob, Bart and Lisa, but they manage to escape and stop Cecil.
Guest stars: Kelsey Grammer and David Hyde Pierce.[31]
170 17 "My Sister, My Sitter" Jim Reardon Dan Greaney March 2, 1997 (1997-03-02) 4F13 15.1[30]
Lisa wants to start babysitting, but Marge thinks she is too young. Flanders urgently needs a babysitter and Lisa gets her first job. When Flanders gives her a glowing review, she starts to get steady work. Then one evening, Lisa is put in charge of babysitting Bart and Maggie. Bart is outraged and embarks on a series of pranks. When Bart refuses to go to bed, Lisa accidentally knocks him down the stairs which dislocates his arm. Lisa tries to help him by transporting him in a wheelbarrow to Dr. Nick. Bart falls out of the wheelbarrow and rolls down a hill. The townspeople are mortified, but Lisa continues to get jobs the following day.[32]
171 18 "Homer vs. the Eighteenth Amendment" Bob Anderson John Swartzwelder March 16, 1997 (1997-03-16) 4F15 14.6[34]
Alcohol is banned from Springfield after Bart accidentally gets drunk at a town parade. Rex Banner is appointed to replace Chief Wiggum as police chief to enforce the new laws and stop Fat Tony from smuggling. Rex is successful, but then Homer starts to smuggle alcohol. Eventually, Homer ends his bootlegging ends and approaches Wiggum with a plan to expose himself and restore Wiggum's good name. Homer is about to receive punishment by being catapulted, but he is saved by an impassioned speech by Marge. The liquor ban is then lifted and the town celebrates by getting drunk.
Guest stars: Joe Mantegna and Dave Thomas.[33]
172 19 "Grade School Confidential" Susie Dietter Rachel Pulido April 6, 1997 (1997-04-06) 4F09 13.3[36]
Seymour Skinner and Edna Krabappel strike up a conversation at a party and take a romantic interest in each other. They try to keep their affair a secret, but Bart sees them kiss. The following day the couple hears Bart telling his classmates about it and silences him by deleting his permanent records. Bart becomes their go-between for exchanging love notes, but he gets tired of that and exposes Skinner and Krabappel in the janitor's closet locked in a passionate embrace. The word spreads all over town and Superintendent Chalmers gives Skinner an ultimatum – either end the relationship or face dismissal. Skinner pretends that he is in fact a virgin and the matter is cleared up.[35]
173 20 "The Canine Mutiny" Dominic Polcino Ron Hauge April 13, 1997 (1997-04-13) 4F16
N/A
Bart gets a credit card and buys a well trained new dog called Laddie. When Bart cannot pay the balance on the credit card the bank repossesses Laddie. Instead of giving them Laddie, Bart gives the repo men Santa's Little Helper. Feeling guilty Bart gives Laddie to the police and sets out to find Santa's Little Helper and finds him at a blind man's house. Bart tries to kidnap his dog, but instead the blind man alerts the police. When they arrive, Laddie, who is now a police dog, sniffs out a bag of marijuana and the blind man gets arrested. Bart can then leave with Santa's Little Helper.[37]
174 21 "The Old Man and the Lisa" Mark Kirkland John Swartzwelder April 20, 1997 (1997-04-20) 4F17 14.0[36]
Mr. Burns loses his fortune in a bad investment. He is not doing well alone and is committed to the Springfield Retirement Castle. Disgusted by his surroundings, he vows to get his fortune back. He then sees Lisa collecting recyclables and remembers her opposition towards him. He believes that the reason for losing his fortune was that he was surrounded by "yes men" and therefore asks Lisa to help him. Lisa introduces Burns to recycling and by collecting these he soon gets enough money to buy a recycling plant. In reality this recycling plant captures all aquatic life and grinds it into to all-purpose goo. Lisa is horrified, but Burns regains his fortune and buys back his power plant.
Guest star: Bret Hart.[38]
175 22 "In Marge We Trust" Steven Dean Moore Donick Cary April 27, 1997 (1997-04-27) 4F18 16.9[36]
Marge is concerned that Reverend Lovejoy does not meet the needs of his parishioners and becomes the new advice giver at the Church. When Marge gains a loyal following, Lovejoy gets concerned that he has become "shepherd without a flock". Meanwhile, Homer finds an old Japanese product, "Mr. Sparkle", a dish-washing detergent, with a logo that oddly resembles him. When he calls up the company behind the product, he finds Mr. Sparkle is a composite of two company logos. Marge is unable to help Ned Flanders in a crisis and calls up Lovejoy for help. Lovejoy solves the crisis and gets his congregants' interest in his next sermon telling the story.
Guest stars: Denise Kumagal, Karen Maruyama, Sab Shimono and Gedde Watanabe.[39]
176 23 "Homer's Enemy" Jim Reardon John Swartzwelder May 4, 1997 (1997-05-04) 4F19 11.8[41]
Frank Grimes, a new employee at the Nuclear Power Plant, is a hard-working man who has never been given a break in his life. At work he meets Homer and takes an instant dislike to his poor job performance and attitude. Meanwhile, Bart steps into a tax auction and buys an abandoned factory for a dollar, which he uses to play factory with Milhouse. Homer tries to win Grimes approval by inviting him over for a family dinner. When Grimes sees Homer's accomplishments and home, he becomes even more bitter. Imitating Homer's behavior at work, he runs amok and electrocutes himself.[40]
177 24 "The Simpsons Spin-Off Showcase" Neil Affleck Story: Ken Keeler
Part 1: David S. Cohen
Part 2: Dan Greaney
Part 3: Steve Tompkins
May 11, 1997 (1997-05-11) 4F20 11.6[43]
Troy McClure hosts a show which features three ideas for spin-offs to The Simpsons:
Chief Wiggum, P.I. – Chief Wiggum and Seymour Skinner are detectives in New Orleans.
The Love-Matic Grampa – Grampa's soul is contained in Moe's Love Tester machine.
The Simpson Family Smile-Time Variety Hour – The Simpsons host a 70s variety show, with Lisa replaced by an adult bimbo.
Guest stars: Tim Conway and Gailard Sartain.[42]
178 25 "The Secret War of Lisa Simpson" Mike B. Anderson Richard Appel May 18, 1997 (1997-05-18) 4F21 12.7[45]
Bart is enrolled in a military school after unintentionally pranking the whole town. After seeing the school Lisa decides she wants to join too. Lisa is the first female cadet and therefore gets to stay in her own private barrack. This move creates resentment among the boys at the facility and Bart refuses to speak to his sister. Later, Bart secretly apologizes and helps her train for a test. When Lisa has trouble completing the test Bart publicly encourages her at the expense of his own reputation, and she finally passes the test.
Guest star: Willem Dafoe.[44]

DVD release[edit]

The Simpsons season 8 DVD digipak, special Maggie head edition

The DVD boxset for season eight was released by 20th Century Fox in the United States and Canada on August 15, 2005, nine years after it had completed broadcast on television. As well as every episode from the season, the DVD release features bonus material including deleted scenes, Animatics, and commentaries for every episode. As with the previous season, the set was released in two different packagings: a "Collector's Edition" plastic packaging molded to look like Maggie's head, and a standard rectangular cardboard box featuring Maggie looking through a photo album.[46][47] The menus continue the same format from the previous three seasons, and the overall theme is various characters posing for photographs.

The Complete Eighth Season
Set Details[48][49] Special Features[48][49]
Release Dates
Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
August 15, 2005 October 2, 2005 September 27, 2005

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 210-211.
  2. ^ "1996–1997 Emmy Awards". infoplease.com. Retrieved 2005-02-13. 
  3. ^ Keeler, Ken (2005). The Simpsons The Complete Eighth Season DVD commentary for the episode "Bart After Dark" (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 
  4. ^ "Every show, every winner, every nominee". The Envelope. Retrieved 2005-02-10. 
  5. ^ Associated Press, "49th Annual Primetime Emmy Nominations", The Globe and Mail, July 25, 1997, pg. C.9.
  6. ^ Kenyon, Heather. "The World Animation Celebration: Pasadena's Festival". Animation World Magazine. Retrieved 2005-05-13. 
  7. ^ Alberti, John (ed.) (2005). Leaving Springfield: 'The Simpsons' and the Possibility of Oppositional Culture. Wayne State University Press. p. 241. ISBN 0-8143-2849-0. 
  8. ^ Turner 2005, p. 4.
  9. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1996-10-23. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  10. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 212.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1996-11-06. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  12. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 213.
  13. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 214.
  14. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 215.
  15. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 216-217.
  16. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 218.
  17. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 219.
  18. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 220-221.
  19. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-01-15. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  20. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 222.
  21. ^ a b "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-01-22. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  22. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 223.
  23. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 224.
  24. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-02-05. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  25. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 225.
  26. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-02-12. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  27. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, pp. 226-227.
  28. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-02-19. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  29. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 228.
  30. ^ a b c Moore, Dennis (1997-02-26). "'Asteroid', 'Schindler's' help put NBC on top". USA Today (Gannett Company). p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  31. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 229.
  32. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 230.
  33. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 231.
  34. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-03-19. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  35. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 232.
  36. ^ a b c Moore, Dennis (1997-03-19). "'Asteroid', 'Schindler's' help put NBC on top". USA Today (Gannett Company). p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  37. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 233.
  38. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 234.
  39. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 235.
  40. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 236.
  41. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-05-07. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  42. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 237.
  43. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-05-14. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  44. ^ Richmond & Coffman 1997, p. 238.
  45. ^ "Nielsen ratings". USA Today (Gannett Company). 1997-05-21. p. D3. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  46. ^ "The Simpsons – The Complete 8th Season (Maggie Head)". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 2005-03-14. 
  47. ^ "The Simpsons – The Complete 8th Season (Regular)". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 2005-03-14. 
  48. ^ a b Lacey, Gord (2005-05-11). "The Simpsons – Looking for this? Season 8 Date, Specs, Extras and Box Art". TV Shows on DVD.com. Retrieved 2005-03-14. 
  49. ^ a b c d e "The Simpsons Season 8 DVD". The Simpsons Shop. Retrieved 2005-03-14. [dead link]
Bibliography

External links[edit]