The Skylark of Space
||This article reads like a review rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (January 2010)|
Dust-jacket from the first edition
|Author||Edward E. Smith, Ph.D.|
|Illustrator||Charles Schneeman (frontispiece)|
|Cover artist||Allan Halladay|
|Genre||Science fiction novel|
|Publisher||The Buffalo Book Company|
|Media type||Print (Hardback)|
|Followed by||Skylark Three|
The Skylark of Space by Edward E. "Doc" Smith was written between 1915 and 1921 while Smith was working on his doctorate. Though the original idea for the novel was Smith's, he co-wrote the first part of the novel with Lee Hawkins Garby, the wife of his college classmate and later neighbor Carl Garby. The Skylark of Space is considered to be one of the earliest novels of interstellar travel and the first example of space opera. Originally serialized in 1928 in the magazine Amazing Stories, it was first published in book form in 1946 by the Buffalo Book Co.
- Note: This synopsis is consistent with the novel in its later forms (1946 and subsequent editions) but differs in detail from the original 1928 text as transcribed at Project Gutenberg. There were significant changes between the 1928 magazine publication and the 1946 hardcover, and between the early hardcovers and the late 1950s and later paperback editions.
At the beginning of the story, Seaton accidentally discovers a workable space drive in combining pure copper with a newly discovered [fictional] element "X" (suggested to be a stable transactinide element in the platinum group) in solution. Having failed to re-create the effect, Seaton realizes that the missing component is a field generated by DuQuesne's particle accelerator. Seaton thereafter sets up a business with his millionaire friend, Martin Crane, to build a spaceship. DuQuesne, observing their behavior, conspires to sabotage Seaton's spaceship and build his own from Seaton's plans, which he uses to kidnap Seaton's fiancée, Dorothy Vaneman, as hostage to exchange for the "X". In the resulting fight, DuQuesne's ship is accidentally set to full acceleration on an uncontrolled trajectory. When the copper 'power bar' is exhausted, the acceleration reduces to zero, and the passengers discover their vast distance from Earth's solar system. Using an "Object Compass" that once locked on an object, always points toward that object, Seaton and Crane follow DuQuesne in their own spaceship (the eponymous Skylark) to rescue Dorothy and her fellow-hostage, Margaret "Peg" Spencer. Traveling at top acceleration, the Skylark discovers DuQuesne's ship derelict in orbit around a massive dead star (resembling a cold neutron star). Having obtained the hostages, Seaton extracts a promise from DuQuesne to "act as one of the party until they get back to Earth", in which relationship they leave orbit and travel further in search of additional fuel.
On an Earthlike exoplanet, they obtain "X" from an outcrop almost purely of that mineral; then leave that planet in search of copper. Following an encounter with a "Disembodied Intelligence" (Star Trek's "Q" would later show similar attributes), they enter a cluster of stars nicknamed “The Green System” and locate a planet having copper sulfate oceans. On the Earth-like "Osnome", they befriend the rulers of Mardonale, one of the two factions of the Osnomian natives. When the Mardonalian ruler attempts to betray Seaton and his friends, they find allies in Prince Dunark (a crown-prince of Mardonale's rival "Kondal") and his consort Princess Sitar, whom they later assist in destroying Mardonale. In gratitude, the Kondalians make new copper "power bars" and rebuild the Skylark as Skylark Two, equipping it with new weapons known to Kondalian science. Thereafter Seaton's marriage to Dorothy, and Crane's to Margaret, are solemnized by the Kondalian monarchy, and Seaton himself declared nominal "Overlord" of Kondal. The Skylark then returns to Earth, laden with jewels, radium, and a plenitude of "X", but near Earth, DuQuesne leaves the Skylark by parachute, whereafter the story ends with the Skylark's landing on Crane's Field.
Frederik Pohl says of the book, "With the exception of the works of H. G. Wells, possibly those of Jules Verne—and almost no other writer—it has inspired more imitators and done more to change the nature of all the science fiction written after it than almost any other single work." Mike Ashley called it "the seminal space opera." Despite its influence, its critical reputation is mixed; Groff Conklin's review of the 1950 edition noted that "This tale is the sort of thing that only insatiable fans will enjoy, being . . . uncommonly amateur and awkward", and Isaac Asimov wrote that "It had adventure of an unprecedented kind ... the first great 'classic' of American science fiction", but "As literature, it was a total flop". Damon Knight, however, praised the novel for its "fast, lean plot, an air of excitement, . . . four characters who are comfortingly bigger than life [and] the feeling that adventures are waiting everywhere," concluding that "In The Skylark, everything is big and simple." R. D. Mullen wrote that Smith's "great success" was "surely due first of all to the skill with which Smith mixed elements of the spy thriller and the western story . . . with those of the traditional cosmic voyage.
- 1928, USA, Amazing Stories, Pub date August 1928, serialized magazine publication in 3 parts
- 1946, USA, The Buffalo Book Company, Pub date 1946, Hardback, 500 copies
- 1947, USA, The Hadley Publishing Co., Pub date 1947, Hardback, 1,000 copies
- 1950, USA, FFF Publications, Pub date 1950, Hardback, 1,000 copies
- 1954, France, Le Rayon Fantastique, Pub date 1954, Hardback, as La curee des astres
- 1958, USA, Pyramid Books, Pub date 1958, Paperback, revised
- 1958, Germany, Der Weltraumfahrer, Pub Date 1958, Hardback, as Geheimformel QX 47 R
- 1959, UK, Digit, Pub date 1959, Paperback
- 1961, Spain, Cenit, Pub date 1961, Paperback, as La estrella apagada
- 1975, USA, Garland Library of Science Fiction, Hardback
- 1984, USA, Berkley Books ISBN 0-425-06561-8, Pub date March 1984, Paperback
- 1992, USA, Easton Press, Pub date January 1992, Hardback
- 2001, USA, Bison Books ISBN 0-8032-9286-4, Pub date March 2001, Paperback
- 2007, USA, Wildside Press LLC, ISBN 1-4344-0053-0, Paperback
All of the American paperback editions published before 2007, as well as the Garland hardcover, feature a text heavily abridged by Smith, which reportedly is marked by "Garby's contribution having been reduced to invisibility." These editions do not credit Garby as a coauthor.
- Skylark DuQuesne.(1966) Hugo Award nominee.
- See historical data at Edward Elmer Smith#Skylark series.
- Frederik Pohl, introduction to The Skylark of Space, Easton Press, 1991.
- The Time Machines, Mike Ashley, Liverpool University Press, 2000, p.60
- "Galaxy's Five Star Shelf," Galaxy Science Fiction, June 1951, p.54.
- Asimov, Isaac (1974). "Part One: 1920 to 1930". In Asimov, Isaac. Before the Golden Age, Book One. Doubleday. p. 25.
- "In the Balance". If. December 1958, pp.110-11
- "Reviews: November 1975", Science Fiction Studies, November 1975
- Joe Sanders, "The SF Reprint Series: Scholarship and Commercialism ", Science Fiction Studies, November 1976
- Chalker, Jack L.; Mark Owings (1998). The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, 1923–1998. Westminster, MD and Baltimore: Mirage Press, Ltd. pp. 125, 258, 343.
- Brown, Charles N.; William G. Contento. "The Locus Index to Science Fiction (1984-1998)". Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- Brown, Charles N.; William G. Contento. "The Locus Index to Science Fiction (2001)". Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- Tuck, Donald H. (1978). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. p. 398. ISBN 0-911682-22-8.