The Stoning of Soraya M.
|The Stoning of Soraya M.
(.سنگسار ثريا م)
US theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Cyrus Nowrasteh|
|Produced by||Stephen McEveety
|Screenplay by||Betsy Giffen Nowrasteh
|Based on||La Femme Lapidée
by Freidoune Sahebjam
|Music by||John Debney|
|Editing by||David Handman
|Distributed by||Roadside Attractions|
|Running time||116 minutes|
The Stoning of Soraya M. (Persian: .سنگسار ثريا م) is a 2008 American Persian language drama film adapted from French journalist Freidoune Sahebjam's 1990 book La Femme Lapidée, based on a true story.
The film is directed by Cyrus Nowrasteh and stars Academy Award nominee Shohreh Aghdashloo, James Caviezel (as Freidoune Sahebjam, the foreign journalist) and Mozhan Marnò (as Soraya Manutchehri, the title character). Stoning had its world premiere at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival, where it won the Director's Choice Award. It was also the second runner-up for the Cadillac People's Choice Award. The book has been banned in Iran.
Stranded in the remote Iranian village of Kuhpayeh by car trouble, a journalist is approached by Zahra, a woman with a harrowing tale to tell about her niece, Soraya, and the bloody circumstances of Soraya's death, by stoning, the previous day. The two sit down as Zahra recounts the story to Freidoune, who records the conversation with his tape recorder. The journalist must escape with his life to tell the story to the rest of the world.
Ali's marriage to the teenager is conditional on Ali's ability to save the girl's father, who has been sentenced to death for an unspecified crime. The mullah proposes that Soraya becomes his temporary wife in exchange for protection and monetary support for Soraya and her two daughters. Soraya refuses. Soraya has two sons whom Ali wants, and who have both turned against her. Some days following the incident, a woman dies. The mullah, the village's mayor, and Ali ask Zahra to persuade Soraya to care for the widower. Zahra suggests that Soraya may do the job if she is paid.
Soraya starts working for the widower, and Ali plans to use the unusual circumstance to spread lies that Soraya is being unfaithful to him so that she will be stoned and he can remarry. Ali also knows if Soraya were dead, he would not have to pay child support. Ali and the mullah start a rumor about Soraya's infidelity so they can charge her with adultery. One day while Zahra is walking in town, she realizes that a rumor has spread that her niece is being unfaithful to her husband.
Ali and the mullah need one more "witness" to Soraya's "infidelity" to be able to formally charge her. They visit the widower at home and, using threats, manipulate the widower into agreeing to back up their story. Soon after, Ali drags Soraya through the streets, beating her and publicly declaring that she has been unfaithful. Zahra intervenes and takes her niece, Ali, the Mullah, and the Mayor of the village to her house to talk privately. They bring the widower to the house and after he lies and says that they had engaged in adultery, a trial is pursued. Only men are allowed while Soraya is confined with some women in her house. She is quickly convicted. Zahra tries to flee with her and after realizing she cannot, goes to plead with the mayor for Soraya's life, even offering to switch places with Soraya. The conviction is upheld though, and as they are preparing for the stoning, the Mayor prays to Allah for a sign if they are not doing the right thing.
Before the actual stoning can begin, a traveling carnival van comes through and tries to perform their act. They are shooed away, where they wait by the sidelines as the stoning begins. Soraya's father disowns her as he is given the first stone to throw but he misses her repeatedly. A woman in the crowd pleads to the mayor that the stones missing are a sign Soraya is innocent, but none of the men listen. Ali takes up stones and throws them himself. Her two sons are also forced to throw stones. The widower is given two stones to throw but instead walks away in tears. The crowd finally joins in and Soraya is stoned to death.
Zahra is heard narrating the story to the journalist about her niece. Around this time, the mullah and the widower are informed by Ali that his marriage to the teenage girl is off, implying that he could not spare her father from execution. The widower then admits that he was coerced by Ali and the mullah into lying. As the journalist attempts to leave with his belongings and collect his vehicle after it has been repaired by the widower, the mullah orders a Revolutionary Guard to stop him at gunpoint. They seize his tape recorder and destroy all of the tapes. But as the journalist prepares to drive away, Zahra appears out of an alley with the true tape in her hand. Zahra screams that the God that she loves is great and now the whole world will know of the injustice that has happened.
- Mozhan Marnò as Soraya M.
- Shohreh Aghdashloo as Zahra
- Jim Caviezel as Freidoune Sahebjam
- Parviz Sayyad as Hashem
- Vida Ghahremani as Mrs. Massoud
- Navid Negahban as Ali
- Vachik Mangassarian as Morteza Ramazani, Soraya's father
- Bita Sheibani as Leila
Soraya Manutchehri's husband Ghorban-Ali was an ambitious man, prone to fits of rage. He wanted a way out of his marriage in order to marry a 14-year-old girl but did not want to support two families or return Soraya's dowry. When Soraya began cooking for a local widower he found a way to achieve his goal. Abetted by venal and corrupt village authorities, who also turned her father against her, he accused his wife of adultery. She was convicted, buried up to her waist, and stoned to death.
The son of a former Iranian ambassador, French-Iranian journalist and war correspondent Freidoune Sahebjam has also reported on the crimes of the Iranian government against the Bahá'í community in Iran. He was traveling through Iran, when he came upon Soraya's village, where he learned from her aunt about Soraya and her cruel fate.
The Stoning of Soraya M. received generally mixed reviews; it currently holds a 57% rating on Rotten Tomatoes with a consensus that states: "The Stoning of Soraya M. nearly transcends its deficiencies through the sheer strength of its subject material, but ultimately drowns out its message with an inappropriately heavy-handed approach." Nonetheless, audience reaction was very positive; it has an 86% audience rating.
|Award||Category||Recipients and nominees||Outcome|
|Flanders International Film Festival||Canvas Audience Award||-||Won|
|Gran Prix - Best Film||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Nominated|
|Heartland Film Festival||Heartland Truly Moving Picture Award||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Won|
|Los Angeles Film Festival||Audience Award for Best Narrative Feature||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Won|
|Satellite Awards||Best Motion Picture, Drama||-||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Motion Picture, Drama||Shohreh Aghdashloo||Won|
|Best Actress in a Supporting Role||Mozhan Marnò||Nominated|
|Toronto International Film Festival||Runner Up Audience Choice Award||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Won|
- Human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
- Violence against women
- 2008 in film
- Cinema of the United States
- "Diane Hendricks". IMDb.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M. (2009)". Box Office Mojo. 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- "The horrific execution scene that got a film banned... and why the director hopes it will stop death row woman being stoned". Daily Mail. October 18, 2010. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Oliver, Christian (March 10, 2010). "Street Slang Proves Big Hit with Book Lovers". Reuters. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Simons, Suzanne (2009). Master of War: Blackwater USA's Erik Prince and the Business of War. New York City: Harper. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-06-165135-9.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M. Review". Screen Rant. c. 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- Harry Forbes and John Mulderig (2009). "The Stoning of Soraya M.". Catholic News Service. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M.". Google Books. Arcade Publishing. 1994. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "Iran Death penalty by stoning". New Europe. March 28, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "Iranians still facing death by stoning despite 'reprieve'". The Guardian. July 8, 2010.
- "Stoning to Death in Iran: A Crime Against Humanity Carried Out By the Mullahs' Regime".
- "The Stoning of Soraya M.". Amplifyyourvoice.org. August 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- "Tuesday 9 Stoning of Soraya M: Fighting for Justice". Emanuellevy.com. 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- Colson, Chuck (2009-06-25). "'The Stoning of Soraya M.'". Breakpoint.org. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M.". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved November 5, 2013.