The Summit (Birmingham, Alabama)
|Location||Birmingham, Alabama, United States|
|Opening date||October 1997|
|No. of stores and services||97|
|No. of anchor tenants||2|
|Total retail floor area||1 million ft²|
The Summit, which opened in October 1997, is a 1 million square foot (93,000 m²; 9.3 ha) lifestyle center located at the intersection of U.S. Highway 280 and Interstate 459 in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
The open-air center offers a mix of upscale merchants and restaurants, many of which have their sole Alabama location there. The main anchors include a Belk flagship store (formerly Parisian) and Saks Fifth Avenue. Clarks, L'Occitane, BCBG, Bebe, White House Black Market, Williams-Sonoma, Barnes & Noble, Urban Outfitters, Juicy Couture, Sephora, Gap, Aveda, Zoës Kitchen, and an Apple Store round out the collection of in-line retailers. Outparcel restaurants include the Cheesecake Factory, P. F. Chang's China Bistro, Romano's Macaroni Grill, California Pizza Kitchen, and Fleming's Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar.
- Belk - flagship store (opened 1997 as Parisian, became Belk in 2007)
- Saks Fifth Avenue (opened 2001)
- Parisian (closed 2007, became Belk)
- Barnes & Noble Booksellers (opened 1997)
- Carmike Cinemas (opened 1997)
- Toys "R" Us Superstore (opened 2011 in former Bruno's space)
Former Junior Anchors
- Bruno's (closed 2009; remodeled and reopened as a Toys R Us Superstore in 2011)
Bayer Properties, the owner and developer of the center, planned its construction over multiple phases. The first phase was a collection of 30 retailers and restaurants including Parisian (now Belk) and Barnes & Noble that originally opened with the center in 1997. The second phase included an additional 20 retailers including Gap in 1999. The third phase was opened in 2001 with the anchor of Saks Fifth Avenue. The fourth phase opened in 2005 and includes some 20 to 30 additional retailers and restaurants, bringing the center to nearly 1 million square feet (93,000 m²). A fifth expansion will include a luxury hotel and 15 story condo tower, in addition to extra retail space.
In 2000, the center averaged US$500 in retail sales per square foot (US$5380 per sq m), compared to a national average of US$358 (US$3852 per sq m) that same year. In promotional literature that the developer provides to prospective retail tenants, Bayer claims that customers currently spend $117 per visit, compared to a national average of $87.
Bayer Properties has trademarked the brand "The Summit" and is in process of building other centers featuring the Summit name brand in other markets. The first of these opened in Louisville, Kentucky in 2001, while another center in Reno, Nevada opened in 2007. Additional Summit lifestyle centers are being developed in Bethlehem Township, Pennsylvania and suburban Atlanta, Georgia.
Lawsuit against Belk
When Belk took over the Parisian chain from Saks and announced plans to convert Parisian stores to the Belk nameplate, Bayer filed a lawsuit against Belk, contending that the Belk brand was not as upscale as Parisian, and that the conversion violated a covenant requiring Belk to occupy the space with a "first-class" retail store. The suit was settled in 2007. Terms of the settlement were not made public, but Belk did announce plans to make the store a "flagship" store — its first such location outside North Carolina, and third overall in the chain — with upgraded brand names and lines over and above their standard offerings. The name change took place in September 2007.
- Toys "R" Us plans a superstore at Birmingham's Summit
- Eagles, Cynthia (2001-11-30). "Summit shoppers give new center mixed reviews". Business First of Louisville.
- Promotional brochure for prospective retail tenants, published by Bayer Properties
- Kent, Dawn (2007-04-01). "It's a Bayer market". The Birmingham News.
- Wilkinson, Kaija (2006-07-06). "Bayer sues to block Belk from replacing Parisian at Summit". Birmingham Business Journal.
- Underwood, Jerry (2007-05-06). "Belk knew The Summit wasn't joking". The Birmingham News.
- The Summit Official Website
- Bayer Properties web site
- International Council of Shopping Centers article on Lifestyle Centers
- USAToday listing of Lifestyle Centers around the country