The Survivors of the "Jonathan"
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Romanian Wikipedia. (February 2015)|
A 1909 French edition published by Pierre-Jules Hetzel
|Author||Jules Verne; Michel Verne|
The Survivors of the "Jonathan", is a novel that was written (as Magellania) by Jules Verne in 1897. However, it was not published until 1909, after it had been rewritten by Verne's son Michel under the title Les naufragés du "Jonathan".
The novel tells the story of a mysterious man named Kaw-djer. Kaw-djer lives in the land of Magellania, that is, the region around the Straits of Magellan. Kaw-djer, whose motto is "Neither God nor master", helps himself survive and also provides assistance to the indigenous peoples of Magellania. However, when a group of settlers is shipwrecked on a nearby island (Hoste Island), Kaw-djer assists them establish their colony, though he refuses to rule over them or control them in any way. However, when the colony falls victim to fight for power, Kaw-djer is forced to temporarily abandon his own anarchistic principles. After he restores order, he abdicates and becomes a lighthouse-keeper, thereby retaining his individualism.
The two parts of the novel were subsequently translated and published separately in English as Masterless Man and Unwilling Dictator.
The novel explores the idea of anarchy as form of social organization, and the problems that make it impossible or possible to apply.[self-published source] However, Kaw-djer is not a completely unsympathetic character, and since he is portrayed in a positive light, symbolizes the attractiveness that individualist anarchism held for the writer.
- Les Voyages Extraordinaires from epguides.com. In French, Magellania, En Magellanie, or Les Naufragés du "Jonathan".
- Jules Verne Collecting Resource Page at julesverne.ca
- Anarchism and science fiction from benbeck.co.uk[self-published source]
- Magellania: A Socio-Political Statement by Michelle Fram Cohen
- Les Naufragés du Jonathan (Collection Hetzel) from Wikimedia Commons