The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936 film)
|The Trail of the Lonesome Pine|
1936 theatrical poster
|Directed by||Henry Hathaway|
|Produced by||Walter Wanger|
|Written by||Grover Jones
|Screenplay by||Harvey F. Thew|
|Based on||The Trail of the Lonesome Pine
by John Fox, Jr.
|Cinematography||Robert C. Bruce
W. Howard Greene
|Edited by||Robert Bischoff|
|Walter Wanger Productions|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Running time||102 minutes|
The Trail of the Lonesome Pine is a 1936 American romance film based on the novel of the same name. It was directed by Henry Hathaway. It was the second full-length feature film to be shot in three-strip Technicolor and the first in color to be shot outdoors, with the approval of the Technicolor Corporation. Much of it was shot at Big Bear Lake in southern California.
A feud between Kentucky clans the Tollivers and Falins has been ongoing for as long as anyone can recall. After an engineer, Jack Hale, arrives with coal and railroad interests, he saves the life of Dave Tolliver, whose injury has developed gangrene.
Dave expects to marry a cousin, June, but she takes an immediate shine to the newcomer. Her younger brother Buddie is also impressed with Hale, who begins to educate him and take the boy under his wing. But others from both families do not give this outsider their trust.
Upset over the budding romance, Dave sets out after Hale with a rifle but is ambushed by the Falins. The latest round of violence causes June not to want to return home, so Hale sends her to Louisville to live with his sister.
A bridge is destroyed by the Falins, causing the accidental death of Buddie. A funeral is held and June returns, newly sophisticated from being in the big city. Family patriarch Buck Falin extends his apologies about her brother. Dave, however, is shot in the back by Wade Falin.
The families agree that the feud has gone too far. Hale is befriended by all, and will happily marry June.
- Sylvia Sidney as June Tolliver
- Fred MacMurray as Jack Hale
- Henry Fonda as Dave Tolliver
- Fred Stone as Judd Tolliver
- Nigel Bruce as Thurber
- Beulah Bondi as Melissa
- Robert Barrat as Buck Falin
- George "Spanky" McFarland as Buddie Tolliver
- Fuzzy Knight as Tater
- Otto Fries as Corsey
- Samuel S. Hinds as Sheriff
- Alan Baxter as Clay Tolliver
- Margaret Armstrong as Tolliver family member
- Ricca Allen as Tolliver family member
- Fern Emmett as Lena Tolliver
With principal on location photography beginning in mid-October 1935 in Chatsworth, at Big Bear Lake (in the San Bernardino Mountains), and at the Santa Susana Pass in California, recreating the rural and mountain locale of the novel. The film was the first feature-length film to be shot in three-strip Technicolor on location.
Considered a technological success, The Trail of the Lonesome Pine was not the first film to utilize the new color process but integrated its use successfully, and was a harbinger of future developments. "The significance of this achievement is not to be minimized. It means that color need not shackle the cinema, but may give it fuller expression. It means that we can doubt no longer the inevitability of the color film or scoff at those who believe that black-and-white photography is tottering on the brink of that limbo of forgotten things which already has swallowed the silent picture." 
The Trail of the Lonesome Pine received positive critical acclaim, with Frank Nugent of The New York Times considering the film as significant yet not without flaws. "Paramount's new film is far from perfect, either as a photoplay or as an instrument for the use of the new three-component Technicolor process," although "a cast of unusual merit and a richly beautiful color production" was its redeeming qualities. The movie made a profit of $522,620.
Awards and honors
Composer Louis Alter and lyricist Sidney D. Mitchell were nominated for the 1937 Academy Award in the category of "Best Music, Original Song" for "A Melody from the Sky", which is sung in the movie by Fuzzy Knight. (Another Alter-Mitchell original song, also sung by Knight in the movie, is "Twilight on the Trail." It won no awards but inspired a 1941 western of the same name, and has become a standard, recorded by country, pop and even rock singers.)
"Trail of the Lonesome Pine" was recognized at the 1936 Venice Film Festival for a "Special Recommendation" for the use of color film.
- Bernstein 2000, p. 436.
- "Which cinema films have earned the most money since 1914?" The Argus (Melbourne, Victoria: 1848–1956), March 4, 1944, Supplement: The Argus Weekend magazine, p. 3 via National Library of Australia. Retrieved: August 6, 2012.
- Maltin 1994, p. 375.
- "Notes: The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936)." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: August 5, 2012.
- Teaford, Judy A. "The Trail of the Lonesome Pine." Ferrum College, Mountain State University: Novel and Film Internet Resource Guide, April 2, 2005. Retrieved: August 5, 2012.
- "The New Pictures." Time, March 2, 1936. Retrieved: August 5, 2012.
- Nugent, Frank S. "Trail of the Lonesome Pine, the First Outdoor Film in Technicolor, at the Paramount." The New York Times, February 20, 1936. Retrieved: August 5, 2012.
- Maltin, Leonard. "Summary for 'The Trail of the Lonesome Pine' (1936)." IMDb. Retrieved: August 5, 2012.
- "Awards: The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936)" IMDb. Retrieved: August 5, 2012.
- Bernstein, Matthew. Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent. St. Paul, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-52008-127-7.
- Maltin, Leonard. Leonard Maltin's Movie Encyclopedia: Career Profiles of More Than 2000 Stars and Filmmakers. New York, Penguin Books, 1994. ISBN 0-52593-635-1.
- The Trail of the Lonesome Pine at the TCM Movie Database
- The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936) at the Internet Movie Database
- The Trail of the Lonesome Pine at Virtual History