The Trauma of Birth (German: Das Trauma der Geburt) is a 1924 book by Otto Rank, first published in English translation in 1929. It was the beginning of a series of books in which Rank argued that birth is an interruption of blissful uterine life from which people spend the rest of their lives trying to recover.Sigmund Freud read the manuscript, and seems initially to have welcomed the book, even writing to Rank to tell him that he would accept its dedication to him. Freud's attitude to the book later changed, and he alternated between praising it and passing severe judgment on it. However, several members of a committee secretly established in 1913 to protect Freud reacted more harshly. Both Karl Abraham and Ernest Jones expressed opposition to The Trauma of Birth, since they believed that it implicitly contradicted some of Freud's basic ideas. Richard Webster has suggested that this belief was correct.