The Trumpeter Taken Captive

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Walter Crane’s 1887 illustration of the fable

The Trumpeter Taken Captive is one of Aesop's Fables and is numbered 270 in the Perry Index.[1] One of the rare tales in which only human beings figure, it teaches that association with wrongdoers makes one equally culpable.

Sharing the guilt[edit]

The fable concerns a trumpeter who is taken by the enemy in battle and pleads to be spared on the grounds that he bears no weapons. His captors tell him that encouraging others to fight by means of his trumpet is even worse. In the Latin version by Avianus, an old soldier is disposing of his weapons in a fire and the trumpet asks to be spared but is disposed of in the same way.

In the Renaissance, Andrea Alciato included the story among his emblems under the heading Parem delinquentis et suasoris culpam esse (The fault belongs alike to the wrongdoer and the persuader)[2] and was followed by the English emblematist Geoffrey Whitney in asserting that those who encourage a crime are equally guilty.[3] The Neo-Latin poets Hieronymus Osius[4] and Pantaleon Candidus[5] also follow Alciato in stating that, though the trumpeter is equally at fault, he causes greater harm.

Most illustrators of the fables pictured ancient battle scenes, but Thomas Bewick updates it by dressing the trumpeter in the uniform of his times.[6] Brooke Boothby also modernised the fable in his poetic version, which ends with the line ‘The poor Trumpeter was shot’.[7] Most other poems of the time reserve their final lines for enforcing the moral. A school edition of 1773 concludes

Peace breakers should be thoroughly detested,
Their contrivances expos’d, their plans arrested.[8]

Boothby's contemporary, H.Steers, goes further:

The world no greater scoundrel bears
Than one who sets folk by the ears.[9]

Another poet of that decade, the moralistic Fortescue Hitchins, devotes no less than fourteen lines to drawing the fable's lesson, applying it in addition to grumblers and gossips.[10]

It was appreciation of the arguments employed in the fable and the belief that ‘musical elements lurk in gifted oratorical arguments’ that later inspired the composer Jerzy Sapieyevski to use it as the fifth piece in his Aesop Suite for brass quintet and narrator (1984), where great use is made of counterpointing.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aesopica site
  2. ^ Emblemata 174
  3. ^ Choice of Emblemes,54a
  4. ^ Fable 57
  5. ^ Fable 19
  6. ^ Select fables, with cuts, designed and engraved by Thomas and John Bewick, Newcastle on Tyne 1820, p.165
  7. ^ Fables & Satires, Edinburgh 1809, p.130
  8. ^ A Selection of Aesop's Fables: Metrically Translated from the Greek Original, fable 2
  9. ^ Aesop’s Fables new versified, Hull 1803, p.144
  10. ^ The Sea Shore with other poems, Sherborne 1810, p.120
  11. ^ There is a performance available online. A second version exists scored for oboe, string trio, piano & narrator.