University of Melbourne
|The University of Melbourne|
Coat of Arms of the University of Melbourne
|Latin: Universitas Melburnensis|
|Motto||Postera Crescam Laude
"We grow in the esteem of future generations"
|Location||Parkville, Victoria, Australia|
|Affiliations||Group of Eight， Universitas 21|
The University of Melbourne (commonly referred to as Melbourne University, Melbourne Uni, Melbourne and UniMelb) is an Australian public university located in Melbourne, Victoria. Founded in 1853, it is Australia's second oldest university and the oldest in Victoria. Commonly considered to be Australia's most prestigious university, Melbourne is currently ranked as Australia's best university by Times Higher Education, Academic Ranking of World Universities and National Taiwan University Rankings. Times Higher Education currently ranks Melbourne as 34th in the world, while the QS World University Rankings places Melbourne 31st in the world.
Melbourne's main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of the Melbourne central business district, with several other campuses located across Victoria. Melbourne is a sandstone university and a member of the Group of Eight, Universitas 21 and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. It claims it has the largest endowment and the largest research expenditure of any Australian university. Since 1872 various residential colleges have become affiliated with the university. There are currently 12 colleges located on the main campus and in nearby suburbs offering academic, sporting and cultural programs alongside accommodation for Melbourne students and faculty.
Melbourne comprises 11 separate academic units and is associated with numerous institutes and research centres, including the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research and the Grattan Institute. Amongst Melbourne's 15 graduate schools the Melbourne Business School, the Melbourne Law School and the Melbourne Medical School are particularly well regarded.
- 1 Arms
- 2 History
- 3 Governance
- 4 Academia
- 5 Campus
- 6 Arts and culture
- 7 "Melbourne Model"
- 8 VCA merger and controversy
- 9 Rankings
- 10 Notable graduates
- 11 Student activities
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The university's coat of arms is a blue shield on which a depiction of "Victory" in white colour holds her laurel wreath over the stars of the Southern Cross. The motto, Postera crescam laude ("Later I shall grow by praise" or, more freely, "We shall grow in the esteem of future generations"), is written on a scroll beneath the shield. The Latin is from a line in a Horace ode: ego postera crescam laude recens.
Melbourne University was established by Hugh Childers, the Auditor-General and Finance Minister, in his first Budget Speech on 4 November 1852, who set aside a sum of £10,000 for the establishment of a university. The university was established by Act of Incorporation on 22 January 1853, with power to confer degrees in arts, medicine, laws and music. The act provided for an annual endowment of £9,000, while a special grant of £20.000 was made for buildings that year. The foundation stone was laid on 3 July 1854, and on the same day the foundation stone for the State Library Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students; of this body of students, only four graduated. The original buildings were officially opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855. The first chancellor, Redmond Barry (later Sir Redmond), held the position until his death in 1880.
The inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush. The institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth.
In 1881, the admission of women was a seen as victory over the more conservative ruling council.
The university's 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003.
Governance of the university is grounded in an act of parliament, the Melbourne University Act 2009. The peak governing body is the "Council" the key responsibilities of which include appointing the Vice Chancellor and Principal, approving the strategic direction and annual budget, establishing operational policies and procedures and overseeing academic and commercial activities as well as risk management. The chair of the council is the "Chancellor". The "Academic Board" oversees learning, teaching and research activities and provides advice to the council on these matters. The "Committee of Convocation" represents graduates and its members are elected in proportion to the number of graduates in each faculty.
In 2008, the university had an endowment of approximately $1.105 billion, the largest of any Australian institution. Whilst the fund had grown rapidly for several years, providing up to $100 million of income per year, it shrank by 22% in 2008 as a result of the ongoing global financial crisis of 2007–2010. However Australian endownments are relatively small compared with those of the wealthiest US universities.
The university has 12 academic units, some of which incorporate a graduate school. The overall attrition and retention rates at the university are the lowest and highest respectively in Australia. The university has one of the highest admission requirements in the country, with the median ENTER of its undergraduates being 94.05 (2009). Furthermore, The university continued to attract outstanding students, for example, 50% of the Premier's VCE Top All-Round High Achievers enrolled at the University of Melbourne.
According to the Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings (2009), Melbourne is the only Australian university to rank in the top 30 in all ﬁve core subject areas with three subject areas ranked in the top 20.
Melbourne University claims that its research expenditure is second only to that of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). In 2010 the university spent $813 million on research. In the same year the university had the highest numbers of federal government Australian Postgraduate Awards (APA) and International Postgraduate Research Scholarships (IPRS), as well as the largest totals of Research Higher Degree (RHD) student load (3,222 students) and RHD completions (715).
Melbourne University has 12 residential colleges in total, seven of the which are located in an arc around the cricket oval at the northern edge of the campus, known as College Crescent. The other five are located outside of university grounds.
The residential colleges aim to provide accommodation and holistic education experience to university students.
Most of the University's residential colleges also admit students from RMIT Universityand Monash University, Parkville campus, with selected colleges also accepting students from the Australian Catholic Universityand Victoria University.
|Janet Clarke Hall
|St Mary's College
|Whitley College, 1965–present|
|Ridley College, 1910–2007|
|University College, 1937–present|
|International House, 1957–present|
|Graduate House, 1962–present|
|St Hilda's College, 1964–present|
Several of the earliest campus buildings, such as the Old Quadrangle and Baldwin Spencer buildings, feature period architecture.
Newman College Chapel
The Chapel of Trinity College
Alan Gilbert Building, University of Melbourne in Carlton
The Melbourne University Library has three million visitors performing 42 million loan transactions every year. The general collection comprises over 3.5 million items including books, DVDs, photographic slides, music scores and periodicals as well as rare maps, prints and other published materials. The library also holds over 32,000 e-books, hundreds of databases and 63,000 general and specialist journals in digital form.
The libraries include:
- Baillieu Library (arts and humanities)
- Brownless Biomedical Library
- Eastern Resource Centre (ERC)
- Giblin Eunson Library (business, economics and education)
- Law Library
- Lenton Parr Music, Visual and Performing Arts Library (formerly VCA Library)
- Louise Hanson-Dyer Music Library
- Melbourne School of Land and Environment Library (Burnley, Creswick, Dookie)
- Veterinary Science Library
|This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. (October 2012)|
The university has four other campuses in metropolitan Melbourne at Burnley, Southbank, Hawthorn and Werribee.
The Burnley campus is where horticultural courses are taught. Performing arts courses are taught at the Southbank campus. Commerce courses are taught at the Hawthorn campus. Veterinary science is taught at the Werribee campus.
In regional Victoria, the Creswick and Dookie campuses are used for forestry and agriculture courses respectively. They previously housed several hundred residential students, but are now largely used for short courses and research. The Shepparton campus is home to the Rural Health Academic Centre for the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences.
Arts and culture
The university is associated with several arts institutions in the wider community. These include:
- The Ian Potter Museum of Art, which houses the university's visual arts collection.
- Thirty-three cultural collections, embodying the history of many of the academic disciplines taught at the university. These include the Grainger Museum Collection of musical cultural artefacts; the Medical History Museum, covering the history of the medical profession in Victoria; and the Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology, which contains more than 8,000 specimens relevant to the teaching of medicine and other health sciences.
In 2008, the "Melbourne Model" was introduced.
In 2007, Melbourne University aimed to offer 75% of graduate places as HECS (with the remaining 25% being full fee paying).
Professional-entry masters degrees
A number of professional degrees are available only for graduate entry. These degrees are at a masters level according to the Australian Qualification Framework, but are named "masters" or "doctorate" following the practice in North America. The professional degrees are:
- Juris Doctor
- Doctor of Medicine
- Doctor of Dental Surgery
- Doctor of Optometry
- Doctor of Physiotherapy
- Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
- Master of Animal Science
- Master of Architecture
- Master of Landscape Architecture
- Master of Biotechnology
- Master of Engineering
- Master of Environment
- Master of Education
- Master of Forest Science
- Master of Nursing Science
- Master of Property and Construction
- Master of Public Policy and Management
- Master of Social Work
- Master of Teaching
- Master of Urban Horticulture
- Master of Urban Planning
- Master of Urban Design
- Master of Food Science
Reaction to the "Melbourne Model"
Various groups, including trade and student unions,   academics,  and some students have expressed criticism of the Melbourne Model, citing job and subject cuts, and a risk of "dumbing down" content. A group of students also produced a satirical musical regarding the matter.
VCA merger and controversy
As of May 2009 the university "suspended" the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the college and there were fears they may not return under the new curriculum.
A 2005 heads of agreement over the merger of the VCA and the university stated that the management of academic programs at the VCA would ensure that "the VCA continues to exercise high levels of autonomy over the conduct and future development of its academic programs so as to ensure their integrity and quality" and also that the college's identity will be preserved. New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the university's plan for the college in early April 2009. As a result it is now being called into question whether the university have upheld that agreement.
Staff at the college responded to the changes, claiming the university did not value vocational arts training, and voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA. Former Victorian arts minister Race Mathews has also weighed in on the debate expressing his hope that, "Melbourne University will not proceed with its proposed changes to the Victorian College of the Arts," and for 'good sense' to prevail.
The following is a summary of Melbourne University rankings, numbers in parentheses indicate ranking within Australia:
|QS World University Rankings ||22 (2nd)||19 (1st)||22 (2nd)||22 (2nd)||27 (3rd)||38 (2nd)||36 (2nd)||38 (2nd)||31 (2nd)||36 (2nd)|
|Times Higher Education World University Rankings ||22 (2nd)||19 (1st)||22 (2nd)||27 (2nd)||38 (3rd)||36 (2nd)||36 (1st)||37 (1st)||28 (1st)|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities||92 (2nd)||82 (2nd)||82 (2nd)||78 (2nd)||79 (2nd)||73 (2nd)||75 (2nd)||62 (2nd)||60 (1st)||57 (1st)|
|Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT)||64 (1st)||58 (1st)||51 (1st)||43 (1st)||35(1st)|
|Financial Times MBA rank||64 (1st)||72 (2nd)||63 (1st)||69 (1st)||79 (2nd)||75 (2nd)||52||63||53 (2nd)||46 (2nd)|
|Economist Intelligence Unit's MBA rank||84 (2nd)||26 (1st)||17 (1st)||44||32 (1st)|
In 2008, the university was ranked 58th globally for scientific papers by the Higher Edutcation Evaluations and Accreditation Council of Taiwan
Research produced by the Melbourne Institute in 2006 ranked Australian universities across seven main discipline areas: arts and humanities; business and economics; education; engineering; law; medicine; and science, with Melbourne University as the highest in business, law and medicine by both academic surveys and overall performance.
|Discipline||R1[Note 1]||No.[Note 2]||R2[Note 3]||No.|
|Arts & Humanities||2||38||2||35|
|Business & Economics||1||39||1||34|
- R1 refers to Australian and overseas Academics' rankings in tables 3.1 -3.7 of the report.
- No. refers to the number of the Australian institutions in the table against which Melbourne is compared.
- R2 refers to the Articles and Research rankings in tables 5.1 - 5.7 of the report.
In 2010 the University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), ranked Melbourne Uni 40th globally and highest in Australia.
Notably, in 2013 the University of Melbourne's Medicine course was ranked 9th in the world, the first time an Australian University has been ranked in the top 10 medicine schools 
The University of Melbourne has produced many notable alumni, with graduates having held the offices of Prime Ministers of Australia, Deputy Prime Minister of Australia, Governor-General, Attorney-General, Governor of Victoria, High Court Justices, State Premiers, Nobel Laureates, a First Lady of East Timor, ministers of foreign countries, Lord Mayors, academics, architects, historians, poets, philosophers, politicians, scientists, physicists, authors, industry leaders, Defence Force generals, corporate leaders and artists.
A celebrated tradition at Melbourne is usually held in mid-August in which teams of students engage in various activities - the winner claiming the "Prosh Week Trophy".
The week was nicknamed 'Posh week' due to the number of times students would have to dress up in formal attire. The effects of alcohol caused words to be slurred, and thus 'posh' became 'prosh'.
The university has participated in various sports in its history and currently has 39 affiliated clubs. Sport is overseen by Melbourne University Sport.
The Melbourne University Cycling Club (MUCyc) is associated with Cycling Australia and competes regularly at local and national races. In 2008 MUCyc won its seventh consecutive AUG championship (2002–2008).
- NICTA - national information and communication technology research centre, co-supported by Melbourne University
- University of Melbourne Academic Dress
- Tertiary education in Australia
- Victorian Students' Aid Program
- Macintyre, S. & Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). A short history of the University of Melbourne. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-85058-8.
- Selleck, R.J.W. (2003). The Shop: The University of Melbourne, 1850–1939. Melbourne: University of Melbourne Press. 930pp
- Poynter, John & Rasmussen, Carolyn (1996). A Place Apart - The University of Melbourne: Decades of Challenge. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0-522-84584-3.
- Cain J II and J Hewitt. (2004). Off Course: From Public Place to Marketplace at Melbourne University. Melbourne: Scribe. review
||This article has an unclear citation style. (January 2013)|
- McPhee, P. 2005. "From the Acting Vice-Chancellor." Uni News. The University of Melbourne. 03/10/05, p. 3.
- University of Melbourne Investment Report 2010
- University of Melbourne: Annual Report 2012
- "Melbourne University regarded top in the country, but reputation isn't everything". 15 March, 2012. Retrieved 18 May, 2013.
- "Melbourne University regarded top in the country, but reputation isn't everything". 15 March, 2012. Retrieved 18 May, 2013.
- "Australian Universities". Retrieved 18 May, 2013.
- "Melbourne tops discipline based ranking". Retrieved 19 May, 2013.
- "Prominent Alumni". Retrieved 18 May, 2012.
- "Bools of the Week.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 27 February 1937. p. 20. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "Melbourne University.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 1 September 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "Melbourne Uuniversity.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 1 September 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- Selleck, 2003
- Selleck 2003, p 164–165)
- 150th anniversary University of Melbourne website
- Battered Melbourne Uni slashes 220 jobs, The Age, 29 July 2009
- Faculties and Graduate Schools
- Does this model have legs?, The Age, 15 August 2009
- University of Melbourne Annual Report 2010
- Nelbourne University website
- Melbourne University website
- Melbourne University website
- Melbourne University website
- About Us - Library, University of Melbourne website
- University of Melbourne Libraries
- Global MBA rankings 2006
- Ian Potter Museum of Art
- Grainger Museum
- Medical History Museum
- Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology
- A matter of degrees, The Age, 14 April 2007
- Australian Qualifications Framework. First Edition July 2012. [Cited 2 July 2012] URL: http://www.aqf.edu.au/Portals/0/Documents/Handbook/AustQuals%20FrmwrkFirstEditionJuly2011_FINAL.pdf.
- "NTEU condemns University oF Melbourne's consultation sham over arts renewal strategy" National Tertiary Education Union, 10 July 2007. Accessed 3 May 2008
- Cuts take toll on 'overworked' Melbourne Uni staff The Age, 11 April 2008. Accessed 3 May 2008
- What do budgets, Burnley and the housing crisis have in common? President's Ponderings, 25 August 2008. Accessed 20 October 2008
- Vice Chancellor Lies About Introduction of Melbourne Model at VCA VCA Student Union, 29 April 2008. Accessed 3 May 2008
- 'Dreamlarge' a nightmare for the Arts Faculty Advocate, Volume 14, Number 2, July 2007. Accessed 26 October 2008
- "The Melbourne Model: The jury is still out", Advocate, Volume 14, Number 2, July 2007. Accessed 26 October 2008
- "Why the Melbourne Model is failing students", Eureka Street, 12 December 2008. Accessed 14 December 2008
- "Express yourself, but steer clear of politics", The Age, 7 June 2008. Accessed 8 August 2008
-  21 May 2009, Accessed 19 July 2009
-  5.5.R1 – The Faculty of The Victorian College of The Arts. Accessed 19 July 2009
-  Pretty well rehearsed in reshaping the arts. 12 April 2009. Accessed 19 July 2009
-  Arts college teachers up in arms. 16 July 2009, Accessed 19 July 2009
-  28 May 2009. Accessed 19 July 2009
- The Times Higher Education Supplement
- Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
- Melboure Business School's MBA rank with the Financial Times.
- Melbourne Business School's MBA rank with EIU.
- "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Performance".
- "QS World University Rankings for Medicine 2013".
- "What is Prosh Week?", Farrago, Vol. 82, No. 5, August 2007.
- Melbourne University Lacrosse Club
- Warnecke R., "Team Melbourne wins record haul at Uni Games", University sports news and events
- Warnecke R,m "Gold Rush At Uni Games", University of Melbourne Voice, 10 November 2008
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Melbourne.|
- University website
- Alumni Web Community
- "Melbourne University Up Close" Podcast
- Melbourne University Growing Esteem webpage
- Bibliography of the history of the University of Melbourne
- Architectural features of the university campuses