University of Pennsylvania Glee Club
Founded in 1862, the University of Pennsylvania Glee Club is one of the oldest continually running glee clubs in the United States and the oldest performing arts group at the University of Pennsylvania. The Club draws its singing members from the undergraduate and graduate men of the University of Pennsylvania; men and women from the Penn community are also called upon to fill roles in the pit band and technical staff when the Club is involved with theatrical productions. The Club, known for its eclectic mix of Penn standards, Broadway classics, classical favorites, and pop hits, has traveled to over 35 countries and territories on 5 continents. After directing the Glee Club for 44 years, Bruce Montgomery stepped down as director in 2000 and was replaced by former Glee Club member Dr. C. Erik Nordgren.
The Glee Club's history began modestly in 1862 when eight undergraduate men formed what is now the oldest performing arts group at the University of Pennsylvania; subsequently, another eight men were added to the group. The Glee Club's premier performance was in the chapel of Collegiate Hall at Ninth & Chestnut Streets in Philadelphia for "an audience that was unusually select and large, the Hall filled to its utmost capacity". At this concert, each man wore red and blue ribbons in his buttonhole, thus becoming the first known Penn group to wear the University colors as part of its uniform.
The Glee Club quickly became a part of campus life, singing at football rallies, basketball games, alumni events, and chapel services. Soon, much of the University's musical demands depended upon the Glee Club. As a result, the reliance on such traditional collegiate songs such as Gaudeamus Igitur and Integer Vitae gave way to original pieces composed especially for the University and the Glee Club which themselves became traditions: The Red and Blue, Afterglow, and Fight On, Pennsylvania.
In 1934, under director Harl McDonald, the Penn Glee Club began performing with the Philadelphia Orchestra. The Club's partnership with this symphony came to include a 1938 performance of the Brahms' Alto Rhapsody with Marian Anderson and the 1970 world premiere broadcast of then-Director Bruce 'Monty' Montgomery's Herodotus Fragments. The 1950s saw the first of many Glee Club appearances on national television with such celebrities as Ed McMahon and Carol Lawrence. The Club has been showcased on television specials, in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, and at professional sporting events. The Philadelphia Phillies had the Club sing the National Anthem at the 1993 National League Championship Series. In 1976, the Penn Glee Club first performed with the Boston Pops. The Club has also shared the stage with such superstars as Bob Hope, Frank Sinatra, Jimmy Stewart, Grace Kelly, and Bill Cosby.
The Penn Glee Club stepped out of the formal lines of choral performance in 1928, performing its first fully staged production, Hades, Inc., written by then-director H. Alexander Matthews. Staging became standard fare for the modern Club with 1969's Handel With Hair. Each year, the Club writes and produces a fully staged, Broadway-style production, highlighting male choral singing, clever plots and dialogue, dancing, humor, colorful sets and costumes, and a pit band.
The Penn Glee Club has toured internationally since 1959 and has traveled to nearly all 50 states in the United States and 37 nations and territories on five continents. Since its first performance at the White House for President Calvin Coolidge in 1926, the Club has sung for numerous heads of state and world leaders. One of the highlights of 1989 was the Club's performance for Polish President Lech Wałęsa. In 1999, several prominent Japanese executives sponsored a tour to Guam and Japan, the Club's first tour of the Asian Pacific. In 2004, the Club returned to Asia, this time touring China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. The following year, in 2005, the Club journeyed back to South America for the first time since 1987, touring Argentina and Uruguay. The 2006-2007 season saw the group traveling to Ireland and Northern Ireland for the first time. In the summer of 2009, the Club toured Colombia, Panama, and Costa Rica.
Directors - Past & Present
- C. Erik Nordgren - 2000 – Present
- Bruce Montgomery - 1956 - 2000
- Robert Godsall - Early 1950s
- Harl McDonald - 1940s
- Burton Scales - 1930s
- H. Alexander Matthews - 1920s
- Frederick Brooke Neilson - Late 1880s
- Joseph Spencer Brock - Mid-1880s
- Hugh Alexander Clarke - c. 1880 - Mid-1880s
- Robert Neilson - c. 1869 - c. 1871
- Francis Ashhurst - c. 1865 - c.1868
- T.B. Bishop - c. 1862 - c.1864
For over four decades, the University of Pennsylvania Glee Club has made an international name for itself, having toured in over 35 countries and territories on 5 continents. The following is a complete list of the foreign lands to which the Glee Club has traveled:
- 1959: Puerto Rico
- 1968: Canada
- 1969: Ecuador, Peru, Panama
- 1971: Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, England, Finland, Netherlands, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia
- 1983: Belgium, West Germany, Denmark
- 1984: Puerto Rico
- 1985: Greece
- 1986: England, Scotland
- 1987: Jamaica, Peru
- 1989: Mexico
- 1990: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Hungary
- 1992: Israel
- 1995: Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia
- 1997: Spain, Gibraltar, Morocco
- 1999: Guam, Japan
- 2001: Mexico
- 2002: Canada
- 2004: China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan
- 2005: Argentina, Uruguay
- 2007: Ireland, Northern Ireland
- 2009: Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica
- 2011: Sweden, Norway, Iceland
- 2012: Bermuda, Canada
Award of Merit Recipients
Established in 1964 "to bring a declaration of appreciation to an individual each year that has made a significant contribution to the world of music and helped to create a climate in which our talents may find valid expression."
- Randall Thompson - May 2, 1964
- Robert Shaw - February 26, 1965
- Marshall Bartholomew - February 26, 1967
- William L. Dawson - February 25, 1968
- Leopold Stokowski - February 24, 1969
- Elaine Brown - February 24, 1969
- Gaylord P. Harnwell - May 15, 1970
- Aaron Copland - December 5, 1970
- Sol Hurok - December 4, 1971
- Eugene Ormandy - December 15, 1972
- Marian Anderson - October 20, 1973
- Samuel Barber - October 19, 1974
- Burl Ives - October 25, 1975
- Arthur Fiedler - October 23, 1976
- Risë Stevens - October 22, 1977
- Leonard De Paur - October 28, 1978
- Paul Hume - October 20, 1979
- Robert Merrill - February 16, 1981
- Bruce Montgomery - February 21, 1981
- Vincent Persichetti & Sheldon Harnick - May 19, 1984
Over the years, certain individuals have shown particular devotion to and support of the Glee Club well beyond the norm. When such exceptional fealty is repeatedly demonstrated, the Club occasionally recognizes such support with Honorary Membership.
- 1968 - E. Brooks Lilly
- 1968 - Charles H. Cox III
- 1969 - Santiago Friele
- 1976 - Edward F. Lane
- 1978 - Stepen Goff
- 1983 - Michael T. Huber
- 1987 - William Kelley
- 1987 - Steven Aurand
- 1990 - Nicholas Constan
- 1990 - E. Craig Sweeten
- 1990 - Claude White
- 1991 - Ray Evans
- 1991 - Jay Livingston
- 1995 - Rev. Stanley Johnson
- 1995 - Timothy J. Alston
- 2004 - Paul Liou
- 2012 - Elizabeth Thomas & Nick Thomas
The Penn Pipers
The Penn Pipers was founded in 1950, making it by far the oldest existing a cappella group at the University of Pennsylvania. Its founding student leaders created unique arrangements emulating the close, contemporary harmonies of a popular, jazz-oriented quartet called The Hi-Los. The Pipers' most popular tune of the time—a lush setting of Brahm's Lullaby arranged by member Bill Tost -- became its standard closing number for many years. The group has always been a subset of the University of Pennsylvania Glee Club and serves as an opportunity for some of the Glee Club's singers to perform music of a lighter and more popular style.
The group's repertoire has evolved over time, from its roots in barbershop-quartet-style singing, vocal jazz and doo-wop, to its current style, which encompasses popular music from the 1890s through to the present day.
- The University of Pennsylvania Glee Club
- The Penn Glee Club's Facebook page
- The Penn Glee Club's Twitter feed
- The Penn Glee Club's YouTube page
- The Penn Glee Club's Flickr page
- The Penn Pipers
- The Penn Pipers' YouTube page
- The University of Pennsylvania
- "A Timeline of The History of The University of Pennsylvania". The University of Pennsylvania Archives. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- "International Tours of The Penn Glee Club". Penn Glee Club. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- Montgomery, Bruce (2005). Brothers, Sing On! My Half-Century Around the world with the Penn Glee Club. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 47. ISBN 0-8122-3856-7.
- "Penn Glee Club visits Uruguay". Embassy of the United States of America - Montevideo, Uruguay. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
- "Penn Glee Club Award of Merit Recipients". The Penn Glee Club. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
- Montgomery, Bruce (2005). Brothers, Sing On! My Half-Century Around the world with the Penn Glee Club. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. Various Throughout. ISBN 0-8122-3856-7.
- Montgomery, Bruce (2005). Brothers, Sing On! My Half-Century Around the world with the Penn Glee Club. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 203. ISBN 0-8122-3856-7.
- Montgomery, Bruce (2005). Brothers, Sing On! My Half-Century Around the world with the Penn Glee Club. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-8122-3856-7.