The Untouchables (1959 TV series)
|Theme music composer||Nelson Riddle|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||118 & 2-part pilot (List of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Alan A. Armer
|Producer(s)||Alan A. Armer
|Cinematography||Robert B. Hauser
|Running time||50 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Desilu Productions
|Distributor||Paramount Domestic Television
CBS Paramount Domestic Television (2006-2007)
CBS Television Distribution (2007-)
|Original run||October 15, 1959– May 21, 1963|
The Untouchables is an American crime drama that ran from 1959 to 1963 on the ABC Television Network, produced by Desilu Productions. Based on the memoir of the same name by Eliot Ness and Oscar Fraley, it fictionalized Ness' experiences as a Prohibition agent, fighting crime in Chicago in the 1930s with the help of a special team of agents handpicked for their courage, moral character and incorruptibility, nicknamed the Untouchables. The book was later made into a film in 1987 (also called The Untouchables) by Brian De Palma, with a script by David Mamet, and a second less successful TV series in 1993.
The stories often revolved around Ness' enmity with the criminal empire of Chicago mob boss Al Capone, and many focused on crimes related to Prohibition. The show stars Robert Stack as Eliot Ness and was narrated by Walter Winchell. Neville Brand played Al Capone in the Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse episodes, and in a few episodes of the regular series. This series focused on the efforts of the real-life Federal Special Squad, led by Eliot Ness, that destroyed the bootleg empire of "Scarface" Al Capone.This squad was nicknamed The Untouchables, because of their courage and honesty; they could not be bribed or intimidated by the Mob.
The pilot for the series - a feature length TV movie later marketed as "The Scarface Mob"—was first broadcast on January 22, 1959 on CBS. It dealt with Ness's crusade to put Al Capone in prison. The weekly series first began broadcasting on October 1959, with the plotline commencing from the power struggle within the mob to establish the new mob boss in Capone's absence (for the purpose of the TV series, the new boss was Frank Nitti, although this was contrary to fact). In the pilot movie the mobsters generally spoke with a Chico Marx-style Italian accent, but this idiosyncratic pronunciation was dropped when the series itself debuted. When this pilot proved popular, CBS, which up to that point, broadcast most of Desilu's TV series since the popular I Love Lucy in 1951, was offered the new series, but CBS Chairman William S. Paley rejected it on the advice of network vice president Hubbell Robinson. ABC, however, agreed to air the series, and so The Untouchables premiered on ABC in the Fall of 1959, starring motion picture actor Robert Stack. Early in the first season of the series, perhaps also in response to some public criticism, the character of "Agent Rossi", identified as a person of Italian extraction, was added to Ness's team as a driver and later became a full agent, despite Rossi having no previous training or experience in law enforcement. Rossi was given a back-story — that of a barber who was deeply traumatized when one of his customers (a mobster) and a young co-worker (a manicurist named Tessie DiGiovanna) were machine-gunned by Frank Nitti with an accomplice. Before one of the mobsters could escape, Enrico attacked and killed him by slashing him with a straight razor; he later testified against Nitti.
The show drew harsh criticism from some Italian-Americans including Frank Sinatra, who felt it promoted negative stereotypes of them as mobsters and gangsters. The Capone family unsuccessfully sued the Columbia Broadcasting System,(CBS), Desilu Productions and Westinghouse Electric Corporation for its depiction of the Capone family.
On March 9, 1961, Anthony Anastasio, chief of the Brooklyn waterfront and its International Longshoremen's Association, marched in line with a picket group who identified themselves as “The Federation of Italian-American Democratic Organizations.” In protest formation outside the American Broadcasting Company, (ABC) New York headquarters, they had come together to urge the public boycott of L&M, (Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company) products, and its Chesterfield King cigarettes, which sponsored The Untouchables. They expressed displeasure with the program, which to them vilified Italian-Americans, stereotyping them as the singular criminal element. The boycott and the attendant firestorm of publicity had the effect Anastasio and his confederates wanted. Four days after the picket of ABC, L&M, denying that they had bowed to intimidation, announced it would drop its sponsorship of The Untouchables, maintaining their decision was based on network-scheduling conflicts. The following week, the head of the production studio Desilu, Desi Arnaz (who had attended high school with Capone's son Albert), in concert with ABC and the “Italian-American League to Combat Defamation,” issued a formal three-point manifesto:
- There will be no more fictional hoodlums with Italian names in future productions.
- There will be more stress on the law-enforcement role of “Rico Rossi”, Ness’s right-hand man on the show.
- There will be an emphasis on the “formidable influence” of Italian-American officials in reducing crime and an emphasis on the “great contributions” made to American culture by Americans of Italian descent.
The Untouchables was considered one of the most violent television shows when it aired and was described by the National Association for Better Radio and Television "not fit for the television screen".
In an article titled "The New Enemies of 'The Untouchables'" Ayn Rand argued that the persistent, superficial attacks received by The Untouchables were due to its appeal and its virtues: its moral conflict and moral purpose.
Opening Credits Book Cover Art
The book cover art displayed at the beginning of each episode included an apparent error. The image depicted a cement walled warehouse stained with what appears to be blood, seven large wooden barrels and what a casual observer might think was a 1930's Tommy Gun (aka Thompson M1928 .45ACP Sub-Machine Gun with a Type C Drum Magazine) popular with the underworld of the period. Instead, it is a PPSh-41 7.62mm Sub-Machine Gun with a drum magazine, produced after 1941.
Episodes and cast
The series had 118 episodes which ran 50 minutes each. Though the book it was based upon chronicled the experiences of Ness and his cohorts over a span of time ranging from 1929 to 1935, the overwhelming majority of the television episodes were broadcast in no chronological timeline, but were set mostly in the early 1930s (for example, one episode, "You Can't Pick the Number", begins with Winchell's words, "October 1932 ... the depth of the Depression"). A few episodes were set primarily in a locale other than Chicago (such as the one dealing with the shootout involving Ma Barker and her gang.) Characters and "facts" in the majority of the episodes were more often than not entirely fictitious or loosely-based composites of true-life criminals of that era. The gripping theme music was by Nelson Riddle.
The Untouchables were portrayed by:
- Robert Stack as Agt. Eliot Ness
- Abel Fernandez as Agt. William Youngfellow**
- Nick Georgiade as Agt. Enrico "Rico" Rossi
- Paul Picerni as Agt. Lee Hobson, (2nd season on)
- Steve London as Agt. Jack Rossman*
Other "Untouchables" members were portrayed by :
- Jerry Paris as Agt. Martin Flaherty, (1st season only)
- Chuck Mitchell Hicks as Agt. LaMarr Kane (1st season only)
- Anthony George as Agt. Cam Allison, (1st season only)
- Keenan Wynn as Agt. Joe Fuselli (pilot episode only)
Other recurrent actors were:
- Bruce Gordon as Frank Nitti
- Frank Dekova as Jimmy Napoli
- Neville Brand as Al Capone
- Raymond Bailey as US Attorney for New York John Carvell
- Frank Wilcox as Federal District Attorney Beecher Asbury
- Robert Bice as Police Capt.Johnson
- Announcer: Les Lampson - Very distinctive dramatic voice.
- Narrator: Walter Winchell
* Contrary to popular belief, Steve London's character of Untouchable Jack Rossman (played in the "Scarface Mob" pilot by Paul Dubov), was in the series since the original season 1 series episode, "The Empty Chair", not from Season 2 on as is commonly reported.
A significant number of guest-stars from The Untouchables were and became major motion picture and television stars: including the following,
- Edward Asner in S3,E16 "The Death Tree" S4,E1 "The Night They Shot Santa Claus", S4,E8 "Elegy", S4,E13 "Search for A Dead Man"
- Charles Bronson in S3,E16 "The Death Tree"
- Victor Buono as Melanthos Moon S2,E25 "Mr. Moon" and as Parnise Surigao S3,E13 "The Gang War"
- James Caan in S4,E10 "A Fist of Five"
- James Coburn in S2,E16 "The Jamaica Ginger Story"
- Robert Duvall in season 4,episode 17 "Blues for a Gone Goose"
- Peter Falk in S1,E26 "The Underworld Bank" and as Nate Selko in S3,E1 "The Troubleshooter"
- Brian Keith as Jim Martinson in S2,E16 "The Jamaica Ginger Story"
- George Kennedy as Birdie the Mute in S2,E30 "The King of Champagne"
- Jack Klugman in S3,E6 "Loophole", S4,E19 "An Eye for an Eye"
- Jack Lord in S1,E3 "The Jake Lingle Killing"
- Lee Marvin in S2,E31 "The Nick Acropolis Story", S3,E19 "Element of Danger", S4,E10 "A Fist of Five"
- Elizabeth Montgomery as Rusty Heller (for which she received an Emmy Award nomination) (1960) S2,E1 "The Rusty Heller Story"
- Carroll O'Connor in S3,E2 "Power Play", S4,E6 "Bird in the Hand"
- Nehemiah Persoff as Jake Guzik in three episodes, S1,E1 "The Empty Chair", S2,E29 "The Seventh Vote", S4,E12 "Doublecross", also S1,E27 "Head of Fire, Feet of Clay", S2,E4 "The Waxey Gordon Story", S3,E18 "The Stryker Brothers"
- Robert Redford as Jack Parker in S4,E15 "Snowball"
- Cliff Robertson as Frank Halloway in S1,E12 "The Underground Railway"
- Telly Savalas in S2,E20 "The Antidote", S3,E5 "The Matt Bass Scheme", S4,E14 "The Speculator"
- Barbara Stanwyck in S4,E8 "Elegy", S4,E13 "Search for a Dead Man"
- Lee Van Cleef in S1,E20 "The Unhired Assassin"
- Jack Warden in S1,E3 "The George 'Bugs' Moran Story, S1,E27 Head of Fire, Feet of Clay, S2,E10 "The Otto Frick Story"
The Untouchables originally aired as a segment on the anthology series Desilu Playhouse, in 1959, on CBS. It was picked up as a regular series by ABC for the 1959 season and was aired on Thursdays from 9:30-10:30 pm from 1959-1962, switching to Tuesday evenings from 10:00-11:00 pm for its final season (1962-1963). (The last time change had it replacing the sitcom Margie, (starring Cynthia Pepper) which had been cancelled).
Desilu Productions president Desi Arnaz had originally signed actor Van Johnson as Ness. Johnson's wife (and manager) rejected the deal and demanded double the salary based on the Desilu Playhouse episode running for two hours. Arnaz refused and signed Stack instead. Arnaz also created a controversy by selling the series to ABC. Arnaz had had a long business relationship with CBS, which had aired many Desilu programs (including I Love Lucy and the Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour). When CBS refused to buy the program, Arnaz then sold it to ABC, his first major sale to that network.
In 1961, Neville Brand reprised his role as Al Capone in the movie "The George Raft Story".
Some segments were released to theaters as movies: "The Scarface Mob" (from the 2-part pilot), "The Alcatraz Express" (from "The Big Train"), and "The Gun Of Zangara" (from "Unhired Assassin").
On 10 November 1991, NBC ran the 2-hour movie "The Return Of Eliot Ness", with Robert Stack back as Ness. Set in 1947, Capone had died and Ness was investigating the death of an Untouchables agent named Labine.
The Untouchables was a landmark television series that, over the decades,has spawned numerous imitators, such as S.W.A.T., The F.B.I., Crime Story, the original Hawaii Five-O ( Five-O's creator and executive producer, Leonard Freeman, served as executive producer on The Untouchables' final season),Robert Stack's own later series', Strike Force, and Most Wanted, The Hat Squad,and even a 1993 remake series of the same name
Its influence has also extended beyond the small screen. It inspired a big-budget The Untouchables (film),and motion pictures such as Gangster Squad, Mulholland Falls,1959's Al Capone starring Rod Steiger,and others.
In the 1950s, most TV crime dramas followed one of two formats: Either that of stalwart police officer or detective and his trusty sidekick/partner,(Dragnet, The Lineup), or the lone wolf private eye/or police detective (Peter Gunn,Richard Diamond, M- Squad) . The Untouchables (along with its then-concurrent ABC series The Detectives (starring Robert Taylor), introduced the concept of a group of crime fighters.
In their 1988 book, The Critics' Choice- The Best of Crime and Detective TV, authors Max Allan Collins and John Javna chose The Untouchables as one of the "Top 10 Best Police TV Series (Police Procedurals) of All Time".
The Lebanon (Pa.) Daily News said of The Untouchables:
"Between the hard-nosed approach, sharp dialogue and a commendably crisp pace (something rare in dramatic TV at the time), this series is one of the few that remains fresh and vibrant. Only the monochrome (black and white) presentation betrays its age. "The Untouchables" is one of the few Golden Age TV shows that deserves being called a classic."
CBS DVD (distributed by Paramount) have released all four seasons of The Untouchables on DVD in Region 1. The first two seasons have also been released in Region 4. Season 4 volumes 1 & 2 were released on July 24, 2012 in Region 1.
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release dates|
|Region 1||Region 4|
|Season 1- Volume 1||14 + pilot||April 10, 2007||September 30, 2009|
|Season 1- Volume 2||14||September 25, 2007||September 30, 2009|
|Season 2- Volume 1||16||March 18, 2008||September 30, 2009|
|Season 2- Volume 2||16||August 26, 2008||September 30, 2009|
|Season 3- Volume 1||16||August 25, 2009||N/A|
|Season 3- Volume 2||12||November 10, 2009||N/A|
|Season 4- Volume 1||15||July 24, 2012||N/A|
|Season 4- Volume 2||15||July 24, 2012||N/A|
Paramount Home Entertainment has released the first three seasons of The Untouchables on DVD in the UK. These releases are full season sets as opposed to Region 1 and 4 where each season has been split into two volumes.
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release Date|
|Season 1||28||August 18, 2008|
|Season 2||32||September 14, 2009|
|Season 3||28||September 20, 2010|
- Tucker, Kenneth. Eliot Ness and the Untouchables: The Historical Reality and the Film and Television Depictions. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2000. ISBN 0-7864-0772-7
- Vahimagi, Tise. "The Untouchables" London, England: BFI Publishing, 1998. ISBN 0-85170-563-4 (Detailed study of the series and episode guide)
- Talese, Gay: "Frank Sinatra Has a Cold", page 27. Esquire, April 1966
- Harris, Jay S., in association with the editors of TV Guide, “TV Guide: The First 25 Years,” Simon & Schuster, 1978, p. 52-53, ISBN 0-671-23065-4
- The Palm Beach Post - Jul 16, 1961, pg 5, http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=tgAjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=K80FAAAAIBAJ&pg=901,2668583&dq=
- "The New Enemies of 'The Untouchables'", http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=objectivism_nonfiction_the_ayn_rand_column
- Etter, Jonathan. Quinn Martin, Producer. Jefferson: McFarland, 2003.
- Warren G. Harris 'Lucy & Desi'
- ISBN 0-517-57055-6 Crown Publishers, Inc.
- "Special Collectors' Issue". TV Guide (June 28-July 4). 1997.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Untouchables (1959 TV series).|
- The Untouchables at the Internet Movie Database
- The Untouchables at TV.com
- Encyclopedia of Television
- Episode Broadcast Dates
- The Untouchables complete unedited program open
- The Untouchables complete unedited program close
- The Untouchables complete unedited program open 4th Season
- The Untouchables complete unedited program close 4th Season