West Nova Scotia Regiment

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West Nova Scotia Regiment
WNSR badge
Active 1869 - Present
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army-Primary Reserves
Type Line Infantry
Role Light Role
Size One Battalion
Part of Royal Canadian Infantry Corps
Motto Semper Fidelis (Always Faithful)
March Quick - God Bless the Prince of Wales
Slow - Garb of Auld Gaul
Part of a series on the
Military history of
Nova Scotia
Citadel hill.jpg
Events
Battle of Port Royal 1690
Conquest of Acadia 1710
Battle of Jeddore Harbour 1722
Northeast Coast Campaign 1745
Battle of Grand Pré 1747
Dartmouth Massacre 1751
Bay of Fundy Campaign 1755
Fall of Louisbourg 1758
Headquarters established for Royal Navy's North American Station 1758
Burying the Hatchet ceremony 1761
Battle of Fort Cumberland 1776
Raid on Lunenburg 1782
Halifax Impressment Riot 1805
Establishment of New Ireland 1812
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1813
Battle at the Great Redan 1855
Siege of Lucknow 1857
CSS Tallahassee Escape 1861
Departing Halifax for Northwest Rebellion 1885
Departing Halifax for the Boer War 1899
Imprisonment of Leon Trotsky 1917
Jewish Legion formed 1917
Sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle 1918
Battle of the St. Lawrence 1942–44
Sinking of SS Point Pleasant Park 1945
Halifax VE-Day Riot 1945
Walter Callow Wheelchair Bus established 1947
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The West Nova Scotia Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army, and is part of the 5th Canadian Division's 36 Canadian Brigade Group. The regiment recruits volunteers from all over the province of Nova Scotia and has its headquarters at LFAATC Aldershot, near the community of Aldershot, Nova Scotia.

Lineage[edit]

The West Nova Scotia Regiment[edit]

  • Originated 8 October 1869 in Paradise, Nova Scotia, as The First Regiment of Annapolis County Volunteers
  • Redesignated 5 November 1869 as 69th The 1st Regiment of Annapolis County
  • Amalgamated 1 September 1898 with The 72nd or Second Annapolis Battalion of Volunteer Militia and redesignated as the 69th "Annapolis" Battalion of Infantry
  • Redesignated 8 May 1900 as the 69th Annapolis Regiment
  • Redesignated 29 March 1920 as The Annapolis Regiment
  • Amalgamated 15 December 1936 with The Lunenburg Regiment and redesignated The West Nova Scotia Regiment
  • Redesignated 7 November 1940 as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The West Nova Scotia Regiment
  • Redesignated 1 November 1945 as The West Nova Scotia Regiment
  • Redesignated 1 October 1954 as The West Nova Scotia Regiment (Machine Gun)
  • Redesignated 11 April 1958 as The West Nova Scotia Regiment[1]

72nd or Second Annapolis Battalion of Volunteer Militia[edit]

  • Originated 14 January 1870 in Wilmot, Nova Scotia, as The 72nd or Second Annapolis Battalion of Volunteer Militia
  • Amalgamated 1 September 1898 with the 69th The 1st Regiment of Annapolis County[2]

The Lunenburg Regiment[edit]

  • Originated 12 August 1870 in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, as the 75th Lunenburg Battalion of Infantry
  • Redesignated 8 May 1900 as the 75th Lunenburg Regiment
  • Redesignated 29 March 1920 as The Lunenburg Regiment
  • Amalgamated 15 December 1936 with The Annapolis Regiment[3]

Perpetuations[edit]

War Of 1812[edit]

  • 1st Battalion, East Annapolis Regiment
  • 2nd Battalion, East Annapolis Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, King’s County Regiment
  • 2nd Battalion, King’s County Regiment
  • 1st Battalion, West Annapolis Regiment
  • 2nd Battalion, West Annapolis Regiment[4]

The Great War[edit]

Operational History[edit]

The camp flag of The West Nova Scotia Regiment.

The Great War[edit]

Details of the 69th Annapolis Regiment and 75th Lunenburg Regiment were placed called out on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.[6]

The 112th Battalion (Nova Scotia), CEF was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 23 July 1916. There it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 7 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 26th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was subsequently disbanded on 15 August 1918.[7]

The 219th Highland Battalion (Nova Scotia), CEF was authorized on 15 July 1916 and embarked for Great Britain on 12 October 1916. There i provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 23 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 17th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was subsequently disbanded on 15 September 1917.[8]

The Second World War[edit]

The regiment mobilized as The West Nova Scotia Regiment, CASF for active service on 1 September 1939. The unit then embarked for Great Britain on 21 December 1939. It was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, The West Nova Scotia Regiment, CASF on 7 November 1940. It landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943, and in Italy on 3 September 1943, as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division. On 19 March 1945, the battalion moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war. The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1945.[9]

On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations designated as the 3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion (The West Nova Scotia Regiment), CASF. Following VJ-Day the battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.[10]

Post war[edit]

Individual members of the West Nova Scotia Regiment with Canadian Contingents on United Nations and NATO peacekeeping missions in countries such as the former Yugoslavia, Cyprus and the Middle East.

War In Afghanistan[edit]

The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014.[11]

Battle Honours[edit]

The regimental colour of the West Nova Scotia Regiment.

In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Those battle honours followed by a "+" are emblazoned on the regimental colour.[12]

War Of 1812[edit]

  • Honorary distinction: the non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA - 1812-1815 - DÉFENSE DU CANADA.[13]

The Great War[edit]

Second World War[edit]

War in Afghanistan[edit]

Alliances[edit]

See also[edit]

Media[edit]

  • West Novas : A History of the West Nova Scotia Regiment by Thomas H, Raddall (1986)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  2. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  3. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  4. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  5. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  6. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  7. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  8. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  9. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  10. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  11. ^ http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2014/05/09/south-west-asia-theatre-honours
  12. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  13. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  14. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  15. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  16. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  • Thomas Radall. West Novas: A History of the West Nova Scotia Regiment

External links[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
The Royal New Brunswick Regiment
The West Nova Scotia Regiment Succeeded by
The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment