The Wine of Saint Martin's Day
|Artist||Pieter Bruegel the Elder|
|Type||Glue-size tempera on linen|
|Dimensions||148 cm × 270.5 cm (4ft 10 in × 8ft 10 in)|
|Location||Museo del Prado, Madrid|
The Wine of Saint Martin's Day is the largest painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. It is currently held in the Museo del Prado, Madrid. Like much of Bruegel's work it depicts peasant life, in this case a festival known as St. Martin's Day, which involves drinking the first wine of the season.
Description of painting
The picture depicts a popular festival celebrated on 11 November. Although it is not a religious painting as such, it contains references to Christianity. There is a roadside cross, which the peasants seemingly ignore, and among the many figures is a group which alludes to the legend of St Martin of Tours dividing his cloak to share it with a beggar. This idea of having an important theme relegated to the side of the painting is paralleled in, for example, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, which also highlights ordinary events.
The work was identified as a Bruegel in 2010 at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where it had been brought for restoration. A study of the surface using X-rays revealed fragments of Bruegel's signature, thereby confirming his authorship. The painting was not in a good state of conservation, and its owners, unidentified Spanish collectors, were unaware it was a Bruegel original when they took it to the Prado. It was subsequently acquired by the Prado for less than its value on the open market.
The Wine of Saint Martin's Day matches the description of a painting which was inventoried in the collection of the Gonzaga dukes of Mantua in the early seventeenth century. However, there is some doubt as to whether the painting in Mantua was the painting now in the Prado. It might, for example, have been a related painting now in Vienna's Kunsthistorisches Museum, which shows the group around St Martin. The earliest documentary evidence which definitely relates to the work now in the Prado Museum is an inventory of the collection of a Spanish aristocrat, Luis Francisco de la Cerda, the ninth duke of Medinaceli. The inventory was drawn up after the duke's death in the early eighteenth century: he is assumed to have acquired the painting in Italy around the end of the seventeenth century.
- Vogel, Carol (24 September 2010). "In Rare Find, Prado Says Painting Is by Bruegel the Elder". New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2010. This source describes the painting as a canvas, but the fabric is a finer one than this word implies.
- García, Angeles (23 September 2010), Cultura inicia la adquisición..., El País
- Believed to be a copy by another member of the Bruegel family, the Vienna painting replicates the Saint Martin scene. ("Fest". Retrieved June 09, 2012.)
- The painting’s provenance (Gonzaga (?), Medinaceli), Prado website (www.museodelprado.es)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Wine of Saint Martin's Day by Bruegel.|