The Woodlands, Texas
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2011)|
|The Woodlands, Texas|
|Census-designated place and Special-purpose district|
|Counties||Montgomery & Harris|
|• Board of Directors||Bruce Tough
|• President||Don Norrell|
|• Total||43.9 sq mi (113.6 km2)|
|• Land||43.3 sq mi (112.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||160 ft (50 m)|
|• Density||2,400/sq mi (930/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||281 713 832 936|
|GNIS feature ID||1867568|
The Woodlands is a master-planned community and a census-designated place (CDP) in the U.S. state of Texas within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. The population of the CDP was 93,847 in 2010, an increase of 68.6% over its population of 55,649 at the 2000 census.
The Woodlands is located 32 miles (51 km) north of Houston along Interstate 45. Though it began as a suburban development and a bedroom community, it also has attracted corporations to the area. As a result, the area features several corporate campuses, most notably Chevron Phillips, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Woodforest National Bank, Baker Hughes, CB&I, McKesson Corporation, Hewitt Associates, Maersk Line, and Safmarine. The development won a Special Award for Excellence in 1994 from the Urban Land Institute.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Government and infrastructure
- 7 Culture and entertainment
- 8 Education
- 9 Neighborhoods
- 10 People
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Woodlands was dedicated by George P. Mitchell in 1974, managed by The Woodlands Corporation as an extension of Mitchell Energy & Development. Mitchell, an oil businessman, planned to establish a conference center, hotels, office parks, retail malls, schools, large distribution centers, and golf courses. The house offerings would range from affordable to expensive and large. Bill Schadewald of the Houston Business Journal said that Mitchell wanted the development to "entice city slickers looking for far-flung suburban quality of life." Schadewald said that local sources stated that the New Town program, a federally funded program, had a "low survival rate" and questioned whether The Woodlands would succeed.
The Woodlands Corporation was acquired on July 31, 1997, by a joint partnership between Morgan Stanley and Crescent Real Estate Equities. In December 2003, The Rouse Company acquired Crescent's interest in The Woodlands, Rouse was itself sold to General Growth Properties on November 12, 2004. In 2011 The Woodlands was sold to the Howard Hughes Development Corporation.
The tract of land where The Woodlands is situated was previously occupied by the Grogan-Cochran Lumber Mill and are the namesakes for the Grogan's Mill and Cochran's Crossing neighborhoods, called "villages". The original planning of The Woodlands utilized many of the planning concepts and design consultants employed in other well-regarded new communities of that era such as Columbia, Maryland, Irvine Ranch, California and Reston, Virginia. The original development plan included environmental design principles espoused by Ian McHarg, a distinguished landscape architect, teacher and author of the seminal work Design With Nature.
The Woodlands continues to grow residentially and commercially as many companies are moving to The Woodlands. In addition to Chevron Phillips, Huntsman, Anadarko, Hewitt Associates, Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Mærsk Sealand, Chicago Bridge & Iron, and Woodforest National Bank have set up operations in the development. The Woodlands Town Center area includes shopping and eating facilities, a waterway resembling the San Antonio River Walk, and water taxis known as "Waterway Cruisers" that are enclosed and cooled for added comfort.
On September 13, 2008, The Woodlands sustained extensive damage from Hurricane Ike. Sustained winds of 85 mph (137 km/h) brought down thousands of trees, powerlines, and billboards in the area and severely damaged the Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion. Ike was the first hurricane to directly affect the area since Hurricane Alicia in 1983.
In contrast, the summer of 2011 brought an unprecedented drought throughout the state of Texas. The drought caused thousands of trees to die thus requiring they be taken down, a process that continued into 2012.
In 2011 Schadewald said "Now: Obviously, The Woodlands had quite a future. Somewhere between First Colony and The Woodlands, I realized why visionary real estate developers strike it rich more often than skeptical real estate reporters."
In 2012 the U.S. Census Bureau designated the area around The Woodlands and Conroe as a "large urbanized transit area," an area defined as having over 200,000 residents, making it eligible to receive federal transportation funds.
Mitchell's original plan was for The Woodlands to be annexed by the city of Houston. In the middle part of the 2000s (decade), some Woodlands residents feared such an annexation, as had happened to the Kingwood development almost a decade before. To counteract any possible move by the city, a movement began to create an independent city government. However, the formation of an independent government by The Woodlands would require authorization by the State of Texas and the City of Houston, as Houston held extraterritorial jurisdiction over the area.
In 2007, two state legislators representing Woodlands voters, Sen. Tommy Williams and Rep. Robert Eissler, created and passed two bills in the 2007 Legislature – House Bill 4109 and Senate Bill 1012. HB 4109 called for a vote to allow expansion of an existing improvement district (now The Woodlands Township) and to allow The Woodlands to collect sales tax, while SB 1012 allowed for the creation of regional agreements between governments. The passage of these bills allowed an opportunity for The Woodlands to incorporate itself.
The Woodlands is located primarily in Montgomery County, Texas, with a small portion of the CDP in Harris County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 43.9 square miles (113.6 km2), of which 43.3 square miles (112.1 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 1.32%, is water.
The development is situated in a heavily forested area, and much of the community has retained trees for shade and decoration. The terrain is essentially flat, with the exception of topographic variations ranging from 125 to 175 feet between Spring Creek and Flintridge Drive.
The Woodlands has a humid subtropical climate. Temperature ranges are within the top decile for census-designated places within the United States. Winter daily highs average approximately 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15C), winter daily lows 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4C); summer daily highs average 94 degrees Fahrenheit (34C), and summer daily lows 72 (22C) degrees Fahrenheit.
As of 2010, there were 93,847 people. The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.8% White, 2.3% Black, 0.3% Native American, 4.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 0.2% Other, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latino of any race were 12.3% of the population.
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,649 people, 19,881 households, and 15,546 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,328.4 people per square mile (900.5/km²).There were 21,014 housing units at an average density of 897.7 per square mile (346.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.36% White, 1.75% Black, 0.29% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.43% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28% of the population.
There were 19,881 households out of which 47.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.2% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $85,253, and the median income for a family was $98,675. Males have a median income of $78,642 versus $38,505 for females. The Per capita income for the CDP was $37,724. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the CDP had risen to $94,626, and the median income for a family had risen to $113,243.
By 2000 a significant amount of corporate office space was under construction in The Woodlands. Of the 4,800,000 square feet (450,000 m2) of office space under construction in Greater Houston, over one third of it was in The Woodlands.
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation has its headquarters in The Woodlands. On February 11, 1999 Anadarko announced that it would purchase a 7.5-acre (30,000 m2) tract in The Woodlands from The Woodlands Land Company. There Anadarko planned to 800,000-square-foot (74,000 m2), 32 story headquarters building. Anadarko planned to open the headquarters in mid-2002. As of 2000 the Anadarko building was the largest office project in The Woodlands.
In January 2012, Anadarko announced the imminent construction of a sister tower on site. The building will rise 31-stories of which 10 of those will be designated for parking. According to a press release released by the company, site work had already begun and construction of the tower would be complete by 2014. The building will sit at the corner of Woodloch Forest and Lake Robbins Dr. This building, like the completed sister tower, will be the tallest in Montgomery County and the tallest building between Houston and Dallas.
In 2011 ExxonMobil announced plans to construct a new complex on a 385 acre plot of land near the intersection of the Hardy Toll Road and Interstate 45, which is in the Houston ETJ and will be annexed by Houston in the future. About 8,000 employees of the company in the Houston area will relocate to the campus starting in 2014, with full occupancy done by 2015.
Government and infrastructure
Law enforcement for The Woodlands in the Montgomery county area is provided by the Montgomery County Sheriff's Office having a sub-station in the Town Center area. The Harris county portion of The Woodlands is covered by Harris County Constable Precinct #4. Both agencies provide for the public safety of residents and visitors to the area.
Culture and entertainment
The Woodlands offers many entertainment venues including two movie theaters, over 150 restaurants, a publicly accessible waterway, and dancing waterfalls with music. Also featured is the Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion, summer home of the Houston Symphony and catering to many large acts (rock bands to classical). The Woodlands Waterway will eventually be more than 1/2 mile long, reaching from The Woodlands Mall around to Lake Woodlands and featuring wide, lighted sidewalks along both sides and Waterway Taxis. Additional attractions include Market Street, an old style "Main Street" pedestrian shopping district, home to a movie theater and a variety of shops and restaurants. The Woodlands Mall borders the waterway and is adjacent to Market Street, thus forming a large pedestrian friendly shopping district. In addition, each of the "villages" in The Woodlands has its own shopping center with a core grocery store and various shops, banks, gas, restaurants, etc.
Most students in the Montgomery County portion of The Woodlands attend schools in the Conroe Independent School District. Children residing in the May Valley neighborhood in Sterling Ridge Village attend schools in the Magnolia Independent School District. Children from the Creekside Park Village in Harris County attend the Tomball Independent School District. Montgomery County Memorial Library System operates two libraries in The Woodlands, the South Branch and the George and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Library. Most schools in The Woodlands have the honored rank of an exemplary school, the highest possible school ranking in Texas. Texas students are administered the STAAR test, a review of general knowledge, which can determine students promotion to the next grade level.
Primary and secondary schools
The Woodlands High School (TWHS) serves the western portion of The Woodlands in Montgomery County. Refer to the Conroe School District for specific feeders. TWHS was ranked 626 on Newsweek's 2012 list of America's Best High Schools.
The Woodlands College Park High School, which opened in 2005, is a second high school serving the eastern portion of The Woodlands in Montgomery County. TWCP was ranked 382 on Newsweek's 2012 list of America's Best High Schools. Refer to the Conroe School District for specific feeders. Magnolia High School serves pupils residing in the neighborhood of May Valley, and Tomball High School serves pupils residing inside the Harris County portion of the township.
- Junior high schools
- Montgomery County: Knox Junior High School, McCullough Junior High School, Bear Branch Junior High School
- Harris County: Tomball Junior High School
Colleges and universities
Lone Star College (originally the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) serves the community. The territory in Conroe ISD joined the community college district in 1991, and the territory in Tomball ISD had joined the district in 1982. The headquarters of the Lone Star College System are located in The Woodlands and in unincorporated Montgomery County, Texas. The district moved to its current location on March 17, 2003. Our Lady of the Lake University, a private non-profit university based in San Antonio, moved its Houston Campus to The Woodlands in 2011.
The Woodlands is organized into "villages" which are further subdivided into "neighborhoods."
- Village of Grogan's Mill: The Woodlands' first neighborhood. Located near the Town Center. Named for the former Grogan-Cochran Lumber Mill (opened 1974).
- Grogans Point – An estate section within the Village of Grogans Mill. Features larger lots (approx 3/4 acre)
- Town Center: a primarily commercial development also within the Village of Grogans Mill. Location of Market Street, The Waterway District, The Woodlands Mall and The Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion, along with hotels and a convention center (formerly known as "Metro Center").
- Village of Panther Creek: The Woodlands' second neighborhood. Borders the west shore of Lake Woodlands (opened 1976).
- Village of Cochran's Crossing: location of The Woodlands High School. Named for the Grogan-Cochran Lumber Mill (opened 1983).
- Village of Indian Springs: The smallest of the villages, it lies on the northern border of Spring Creek. Location of The John Cooper School. Only village without a public school within its boundaries. Named for the Bidais Indian artifacts found during development (opened 1984).
- Village of Alden Bridge: Northwest corner of development. Bordered by FM 2978 on the West and FM 1488 and the Jones State Forest on the North (opened 1993).
- Village of College Park: location of Lone Star College and Sam Houston State University-The Woodlands Center. This village includes the area around State Highway 242 and the Harper's Landing neighborhood east of I-45 (opened 1995).
- Village of Sterling Ridge: location of The Woodlands High School Ninth Grade Campus. Includes the gated community of Carlton Woods, which initially existed as a village in its own right (opened 2000).
- Village of Creekside Park: The last new village development to be undertaken by The Woodlands Development Company and lies inside Harris County. Creekside Park is planned to have 5,516 single-family production homes, 541 age 55 and over homes, 738 multi-family residences, and 298 Custom Homes and Estate Homes in the gated community of Carlton Woods Creekside (opened 2007).
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2011)|
Famous residents of The Woodlands past and present include:
- Adrian Peterson, NFL player, Minnesota Vikings
- Arian Foster, NFL player, Houston Texans
- Danny Amendola, NFL player, New England Patriots
- Lance Blanks, professional basketball player
- Win Butler, frontman for the Grammy Award-winning Canadian indie rock group Arcade Fire
- Will Butler, multi-instrumentalist for the Grammy Award-winning Canadian indie rock group Arcade Fire
- Hayes Carll, country musician
- Chamillionaire, rapper, singer, CEO, and philanthropist
- Jim Deshaies, former Major League Baseball pitcher; announcer for the Chicago Cubs
- Doug Drabek, MLB player
- Kyle Drabek, MLB player, Toronto Blue Jays, son of Doug Drabek
- Gerald J. Gallinghouse, U.S. Attorney for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana from 1970 to 1978; spent his later years in The Woodlands
- Paul Goldschmidt, MLB player, former high school teammate of Kyle Drabek
- Jack Ingram, country musician
- Gerald Irons, NFL player for the Cleveland Browns and Oakland Raiders
- Larry Izzo, retired NFL linebacker; current assistant coach for the New York Giants
- Rusty Pierce, MLS player
- Brad North, MLS player
- Nick Mitchell, former professional wrestler
- Teagan Presley, pornographic actress
- Roy C. Strickland, businessman and politician
- Jameson Taillon, drafted 2nd overall by the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 2010 MLB Draft
- Laura Wilkinson, winner at the 2000 Olympics of the first gold medal for a female American platform diver since 1964
- Torrie Wilson, retired American professional wrestler, fitness competitor and model; co-owner of the fashion boutique "Officially Jaded" in Market Street
- Stacy Lewis, LPGA Professional, 2011 Kraft Nabisco Champion; 2012 LPGA Player of The Year; Number 1 in LPGA Rolex Rankings March 2013 to present.
- Chad Hedrick, retired Winter Olympian, 5 time medalist long track speed skating, most decorated inline world champion
- Kirby Bliss Blanton, American actress, famous for her role in the 2012 film "Project X"
- "The Woodlands, Texas Demographics: January 1, 2013". The Woodlands Development Company. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): The Woodlands CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "US Census Bureau Population Finder: The Woodlands CDP, Texas". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved July 1, 2007.
- ULI Awards for Excellence Winners, 1979–2006. Urban Land Institute. (Link from Google Cache)
- Schadewald, Bill. "Looking back ‘Then and Now’ at 40 years of Houston business." Houston Business Journal. Friday December 24, 2010. 3. Retrieved on September 13, 2011.
- SECinfo.com. http://www.secinfo.com/dsvrp.88U1.htm#Dates
- SEC Edgar document through SECinfo.com. (Link from Google Cache)
- Washington Post 2005 Top 200, General Growth Properties. Washingtonpost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/post200/2005/RSE.html
- With Grogan at Bivins and Magnolia (Gulf Coast Lumberman, 1939). Texas Transportation Archive. http://www.ttarchive.com/Library/Companies/GroganAtBivins-Magnolia.html
- Lee, Renée C. "Growth transforms rural areas north of Houston to urban centers." Houston Chronicle. Saturday October 6, 2012. Retrieved on October 7, 2012.
- 80th Texas Legislature, House Bill 4109. http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/BillLookup/History.aspx?LegSess=80R&Bill=HB4109
- 80th Texas Legislature, Senate Bill 1012. http://www.capitol.state.tx.us/BillLookup/History.aspx?LegSess=80R&Bill=SB1012
- Woodlands governing groups prepare for November election. Houston Chronicle. June 19, 2007. http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/nb/woodlands/news/4902497.html
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): The Woodlands CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "USGS Map Name: Oklahoma, TX. Map MRC: 30095B5; Map Center: N30.16201° W95.53026°; Datum: NAD83; Zoom: 8m/pixel.". Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- "Data for Lake Conroe Forest Dam.". Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2010)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
- 2000 US Census, The Woodlands CDP, Texas
- 2007 American Community Survey Estimate via US Census Factfinder. 2007 American Community Survey Estimate via US Census Factfinder.
- Bivins, Ralph. "The Woodlands becomes a leader in office construction." Houston Chronicle. Sunday February 13, 2000. Business 8. Retrieved on November 12, 2009.
- "Office locations." Anadarko Petroleum Corporation. Retrieved on August 14, 2009.
- "Article: Anadarko to Build New Headquarters in the Woodlands." PR Newswire. February 11, 1999. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.
- "Worldwide Offices." Chicago Bridge & Iron. Retrieved on August 14, 2009.
- Moreno, Jenalia. "Woodlands a haven for Mexican entrepreneurs." Houston Chronicle. Saturday August 27, 2011. Retrieved on November 3, 2011.
- "Post Office Location – The Woodlands." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 22, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – Panther Creek." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 22, 2008.
- name="America's Best High Schools". thedailybeast.com
- "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "Contact Directory." Lone Star College System. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- Home. North Harris Montgomery Community College District. March 23, 2003. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "Gerald Joseph Gallinghouse". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Woodlands Texas.|
- The Woodlands Activity & Event Information Resource
- The Woodlands Township, local government website
- The Woodlands Development Company
- The Woodlands Residents' Site