The World in the Evening
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Christopher Isherwood writes another quasi-fictional account of love, loss, and regret in 'The World in the Evening'. As in many Isherwood novels, the main character is caught in a contest between his personal egoism and the needs of friends and lovers. This novel has also been praised for its narrator's definitions of high and low camp.
The novel is narrated in the first person by the protagonist, Stephen Monk, whose experiences are broken into three sections: An End, Letters and Life, and A Beginning. Monk frequently experiences flashbacks triggered by other characters or by the letters of his deceased wife, Elizabeth.
Marital problems cause Stephen Monk to return to his birthplace, Philadelphia, where he undergoes a period of cathartic introspection. Though he is a member of the American jeunesse dorée, he is an emotional and observant man, and the novel chronicles his search for love.
Monk is a typical Isherwood protagonist, in that he is self-absorbed, emotionally indiscriminate, and handsome. Elizabeth Rydell is Monk’s first wife, and author of books including one titled The World in the Evening. Jane Armstrong is Monk’s second wife. Aunt Sarah is a Quaker who is an old friend of Monk's family, an aunt by adoption rather than by blood. Gerda Mannheim, in her late 20s, is a refugee from Nazi Germany. Peter is Gerda’s husband, feared dead in Germany, though in fact he has escaped. Charles Kennedy and Bob Wood are lovers; Bob discusses pacifism with Monk. Alexander Stives is a friend of Elizabeth whom Monk sees as a competitor for Elizabeth’s love. Michael Drummond is an 18-year-old German who becomes Monk's lover. Martha Chance, and Mr. and Mrs. Harper, are Quaker friends of Aunt Sarah. Mary Scrivener is a friend of Elizabeth Rydell, and a recipient of some of her letters. Mr. Frosch is Monk’s lawyer. Cecilia de Limbour, Elizabeth’s sister, is another recipient of letters from her. Warren Geiger is an American Monk meets at university. Marie is a woman whom Monk picks up in France, and who becomes his sexual tutor. Annette is a friend of Marie’s whom Monk dates briefly. Trude gives Monk gonorrhea. Adrian was Elizabeth’s name for Monk. Terrence Storrs and Isabel are characters in Elizabeth’s novel The World in the Evening. Mariano Galdos is Elizabeth’s lover and a character in the novel named Gurian. Mary Scriven is another of Elizabeth's correspondents. A German doctor performs emergency surgery on Elizabeth in Greece. Lee, Dale, Ben, Jo, Joyce, Glen, and Pierre are friends of Jane's. Henri was Michael’s best friend, killed in the war . Shirley is a friend of Jane’s who introduces herself to Monk. Martin Gates is a friend of Jane's whom Monk suspects of being the real father of their child.
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