The class the stars fell on

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"The Class the Stars Fell On" is an expression used to describe the United States Military Academy Class of 1915.[1] In the U.S. Army, the insignia reserved for generals is one or more stars. Of the 164 graduates that year, 59 (36%) attained the rank of general, the most of any class in the history of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, hence the expression.[2] Two reached the rank of five-star General of the Army, second only to General of the Armies. There were also two four-star generals, seven three-star lieutenant generals, 24 two-star major generals and 24 one-star brigadier generals.[3] Additionally, Dwight D. Eisenhower, one of the five-star generals, went on to become the 34th President of the United States.

Generals of the class[edit]

head and shoulders portrait
General of the Army Omar N. Bradley
head and shoulders portrait
General Joseph T. McNarney
head and shoulders portrait
Lieutenant General Hubert R. Harmon
head and shoulders portrait
Lieutenant General Henry S. Aurand
head and shoulders portrait
Lieutenant General Stafford LeRoy Irwin
head and shoulders portrait
Major General Vernon Prichard
head and shoulders portrait
Major General Henry B. Sayler
Rank Name Rank in class Notes References
11Five star officer Bradley, OmarOmar N. Bradley 44 Commanded 82nd Infantry Division (1942), 28th Infantry Division (1942), II Corps (1943), First Army (1944), Twelfth Army Group (1944–1945) Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1948–1949), Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949–1953) [1][4]
11Five star officer Eisenhower, DwightDwight D. Eisenhower 61 Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1945–1948), Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1942, 1943–1945, 1949–1952), Supreme Allied Commander, North African Theater of Operations (1942–1943), President of the United States (1953–1961) [1][5]
10Four star officer McNarney, JosephJoseph T. McNarney 41 Deputy Chief of Staff, U.S. Army (1942–1944), Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theater of Operations (1944–1945), Commanded U.S. Forces in Europe (1945–1947) [4][6]
10Four star officer Van Fleet, JamesJames Van Fleet 92 Commanded 4th Infantry Division, 90th Infantry Division, III Corps in World War II; U.S. Eighth Army in the Korean War (1951–1953) [7][8]
9Three star officer Aurand, HenryHenry Aurand 20 Commanded 6th Service Command (1942–1944), Deputy Chief Ordnance Officer, European Theater of Operations (1944), Commanded Services of Supply China Theater (1944–1945), U.S. Army Pacific (1949) [9][10]

[11]

9Three star officer Harmon, HubertHubert R. Harmon 103 Commanded Sixth Air Force (1942–1943, 1946–1947), Thirteenth Air Force (1943–1944), Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy (1954–1956) [12][13]
9Three star officer Irwin, StaffordStafford LeRoy Irwin 40 Commanded 5th Infantry Division, XII Corps, V Corps, U.S. Forces Austria (1950–1952) [4][14]
9Three star officer Larkin, ThomasThomas B. Larkin 21 Chief of Staff, Services of Supply, U.S. Army Forces, British Isles (1942–1943); Commanded Services of Supply, North African Theater of Operations (1943), Communications Zone, North African Theater of Operations (1943–1944), Southern Line of Communications, Communications Zone, European Theater of Operations (1944–1945), 2nd Service Command (1945); Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army (1946–1949), Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics (1949–1952) [10][15]
9Three star officer Leonard, JohnJohn W. Leonard 84 Commanded 9th Armored Division (1942–1945), U.S. Army Armor School (1946–1948), V Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps (1951–1953) [16][17]
9Three star officer Stratemeyer, GeorgeGeorge E. Stratemeyer 147 Commanded Army air Forces China-Burma-India Theater of Operations (1943–1946), Air Defense Command (1946–1948), Continental Air Command (1948–1949), Far East Air Forces (1949–1952) [18][19]
9Three star officer Swing, JosephJoseph M. Swing 38 Commanded 11th Airborne Division (1943–1947), I Corps (1948–1949), Sixth Army (1951–1954) [20][21]
8Two star officer Bragdon, John StewartJohn Stewart Bragdon 5 Assistant Chief of Military Construction (1945–1949); Deputy Chief of Engineers (1950–1951) [22][23]
8Two star officer Cousins, Ralph P.Ralph P. Cousins 129 Commanded Army Air Force Western Flying Training Command (1942–1946) [24][25]
8Two star officer Covell, William E. R.William E. R. Covell 1 Director of Fuels and Lubricants, Office of Quartermaster General (1943–1944); Commanded Services of Supply China-Burma-India Theater (1944–1945) [23][26]
8Two star officer Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 97 Adjutant General of Puerto Rico (1939–1957) [8][27]
8Two star officer Evans, VernonVernon Evans 55 Deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of Staff China-Burma-India Theater (1944–1945) [28][29]
8Two star officer Hanley, Thomas J.Thomas J. Hanley Jr. 124 Commanded Air Service Command, Army Air Forces China-Burma-India Theater (1944–1945), Eleventh Air Force (1946–1948) [25][30]
8Two star officer Hearn, Thomas G.Thomas G. Hearn 106 Chief of Staff China-Burma-India Theater (1944); Commanded Infantry Replacement Training Center (1944–1945) [13][31]
8Two star officer Hobbs, Leland S.Leland S. Hobbs 46 Commanded 30th Infantry Division (1942–1945), 2nd Armored Division (1946–1947), IX Corps (1949–1950) [32][33][34]
8Two star officer Lester, James A.James A. Lester 23 Commanded 24th Division Artillery, XIV Corps Artillery, 24th Infantry Division [10][35]
8Two star officer Lyon, Edwin B.Edwin B. Lyon 48 Commanded VI Bomber Command (1941–1943), Antilles Air Command (1943); Deputy Commander, Army Air Force Flying Training Command (1944–1945); Commanded Air Forces Mid Pacific (1945–1946) [33][36]
8Two star officer Miller, Henry J. F.Henry J. F. Miller 110 Commanded Air Material Command European Theater of Operations (1943–1944). Retired as a colonel in May 1944 as a result of a security breach. [37][38]
8Two star officer Mueller, Paul J.Paul J. Mueller 45 Commanded 81st Infantry Division (1942–1946) [33][39]
8Two star officer Prichard, Vernon E.Vernon Prichard 134 Commanded 14th Armored Division (1942–1944), 1st Armored Division (1944–1945) [40][41]
8Two star officer Richards, George J.George J. Richards 6 War Department General Staff (1943–1947) [23][42]
8Two star officer Ryder, Charles W.Charles W. Ryder 39 Commanded 34th Infantry Division (1942–1946), IX Corps (1944–1948) [21][43]
8Two star officer Sayler, Henry B.Henry B. Sayler 37 Chief Ordnance Officer, European Theater of Operations (1942–1945) [21][44][45]
8Two star officer Tompkins, William F.William F. Tompkins 16 War Department General Staff (1943–1945) [46][47]
8Two star officer Waldron, Albert W.Albert W. Waldron 32 Field Artillery Representative, Army Ground Forces (1943–1946) [48][49]
8Two star officer Walton, Leo A.Leo A. Walton 128 Air Inspector Army Air Force China Theater (1945–1946); Commanded Fourteenth Air Force (1946–1948) [25][50]
8Two star officer Watson, Leroy H.Leroy H. Watson 151 Commanded 3rd Armored Division (1943–1944), 29th Infantry Division (1944–1945) [19][51]
8Two star officer Weart, Douglas L.Douglas L. Weart 10 Chief of Staff, Caribbean Defense Command (1943–1944); Deputy commander China Theater (1945) [47][52]
8Two star officer White, Arthur A.Arthur A. White 158 Chief of Staff, U.S. Seventh Army (1944–1945); Commanded 75th Infantry Division and 71st Infantry Division (1945–1946) [53][54]
8Two star officer Wogan, John B.John B. Wogan 75 Commanded 13th Armored Division (1942–1945) [55][56]
8Two star officer Woodruff, Roscoe B.Roscoe B. Woodruff 56 Commanded 77th Infantry Division (1942–1943), VII Corps (1943–1944), 24th Infantry Division (1944–1945), I Corps (1945–1948), XV Corps (1951–1953) [29][57]
7One star officer Bank, Carl C.Carl C. Bank 53 Artillery Officer Allied Forces Headquarters, North African Theater of Operations (1942–44); Commanded 13th Field Artillery Brigade (1944–1945) [29][58]
7One star officer Boye, Frederic W.Frederic W. Boye 150 Served in China (1944–1945) [19][59]
7One star officer Busbee, Charles M.Charles M. Busbee 31 Commanded 102nd Division Artillery (1942–1946) [49][60]
7One star officer Conklin, John F.John F. Conklin 13 Engineer with Third Army (1942–1945) [47][61]
7One star officer Davis, John F.John F. Davis 99 Chief of Staff 6th Service Command (1942–1944); Director of Information and Education, War Department (1944–1945) [62][63]
7One star officer Davis, Michael F.Michael F. Davis 96 Commanded 78th Flying Training Wing (1944–1945), Army Air Force Central Flying Training Command (1945–1946) [8][64]
7One star officer Davison, Donald A.Donald A. Davison 19 Aviation Engineers (1942–1944). Died Bangalore, India 6 May 1944. Davison Army Airfield is named after him. [10][65]
7One star officer Ferris, Benjamin G.Benjamin G. Ferris 104 Deputy Chief of Staff, China-Burma-India Theater (1943–1944) [13][66]
7One star officer Gilkeson, Adlai H.Adlai H. Gilkeson 137 Commanded Air Defenses, Panama Canal Zone (1942), III Fighter Command (1944), 312th Fighter Wing (1944–1945) [41][67]
7One star officer Hess, Walter W.Walter W. Hess 95 Commanded 1st Antiaircraft Command (1941–1942), 45th Coast Artillery Brigade (1942), Commanding Officer Artillery, 36th Infantry Division (1943–1945), Anti-aircraft Replacement Training Center (1944–1945) [8][68]
7One star officer Howard, Clinton W.Clinton W. Howard 30 Chief of Staff Third Air Force (1941–1942), Army Air Force Technical Training Command (1942–1943), Sacramento Air Service Command (1943–1945) [49][69]
7One star officer Howell, Reese M.Reese M. Howell 109 Commanded 4th, 17th, and 13th Field Artillery Brigades (1940–1944); Assistant Division Commander 82nd Airborne Division (1944); Commanded 9th Infantry Division Artillery (1944–1946) [38][70]
7One star officer Keliher, JohnJohn Keliher 159 Deputy Chief of Staff (G-3) U.S. Army Forces Mid Pacific (1942–1944); Deputy Chief of Staff (G-5) U.S. Army Forces Mid Pacific (1944–1945) [54][71]
7One star officer Menoher, PearsonPearson Menoher 42 Chief of Staff XV Corps and Seventh Army (1943–1945); Commanded 24th Infantry Division in the Korean War (1949–1950) [4][72]
7One star officer Miller, Lehman W.Lehman W. Miller 9 Chief of Military Mission to Brazil (1940–1942); Commanded Engineer Replacement Training Center, Fort Belvoir (1942–1944) [47][73]
7One star officer Naiden, Earl L.Earl L. Naiden 68 Chief of Staff, Ferry Command, China-Burma-India Theater of Operations (1942); Chief of Staff Tenth Air Force (1942) [74][75]
7One star officer Peabody, HumeHume Peabody 63 Commandant Army Air Forces School of Applied Tactics (1942–1944); Commanded III Tactical Air Command (1942–1944) [76][77]
7One star officer Randolph, NormanNorman Randolph 145 Chief of Staff Second Army (1942–1943); Chief of Staff 3rd Service Command (1943–1944); Commanded 3rd Service Command (1944–1945) [19][78]
7One star officer Robinson, John N.John N. Robinson 120 Commanded Fort Richardson (1943–1944); Assistant Division Commander 89th Infantry Division (1944–1945) [38][79]
7One star officer Strong, Robert W.Robert W. Strong 73 Chief of Staff, U.S. Army Forces in Africa (1942–1943); Commanded Cavalry Replacement Training Center (1943–1945); Chief of U.S. Army Mission to Peru (1945–1946) [56][80]
7One star officer Taylor, Victor V.Victor V. Taylor 122 War Department General Staff (1941–1943); Munitions Assignment Board (1943–1944) [25][81]
7One star officer Tenney, Cleson H.Cleson H. Tenney 77 Harbor Defense Commander, Central Pacific Area (1942–1943); Commanded 55th Coast Artillery Regiment (1944); 70th Antiaircraft Artillery Brigade (1945) [56][81]
7One star officer Wallington, Edward C.Edward C. Wallington 82 Chemical Officer, Third Army (1942–1945); Deputy Chief Chemical Officer (1949–1951) [82][83]
7One star officer Zundel, Edwin A.Edwin A. Zundel 29 Artillery Officer, II Corps (1942), XI Corps (1943–1944), Sixth Army (1944–1945), 41st Infantry Division (1945–1946), Fourth Army (1946–1947) [49][84]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Class the Stars Fell On". National Museum of American History. Retrieved 23 December 2007. 
  2. ^ "West Point Fact Sheet". United States Military Academy. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Did You Know?". United States Military Academy. Retrieved 23 December 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 193
  5. ^ Cullum 1950, p. 196
  6. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 424
  7. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 330
  8. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 200
  9. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 10
  10. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 190
  11. ^ "Papers of Henry S. Aurand". Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  12. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 400
  13. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 201
  14. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 163–164
  15. ^ "Papers of Thomas B. Larkin". Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  16. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 188
  17. ^ Cullum 1950, p. 199
  18. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 446
  19. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 205
  20. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 315
  21. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 192
  22. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 31
  23. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 188
  24. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 378
  25. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 203
  26. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 66
  27. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 469
  28. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 99
  29. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 195
  30. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 399
  31. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 141–142
  32. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 151–152
  33. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 194
  34. ^ "Papers of Leyland S. Hobbs". Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  35. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 188–189
  36. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 418–419
  37. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 425
  38. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 202
  39. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 235
  40. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 263
  41. ^ a b Cullum 1950, p. 204
  42. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 271
  43. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 286
  44. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 287
  45. ^ "Papers of Henry B. Sayler". Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  46. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 324
  47. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 189
  48. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 333
  49. ^ a b c d Cullum 1950, p. 191
  50. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 454
  51. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 337
  52. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 338
  53. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 342
  54. ^ a b Cullum 1950, p. 206
  55. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 351
  56. ^ a b c Cullum 1950, p. 198
  57. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 353
  58. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 13
  59. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 29
  60. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 42
  61. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 62
  62. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 79–80
  63. ^ Cullum 1950, pp. 200–201
  64. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 381–382
  65. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 80
  66. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 102–103
  67. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 394–395
  68. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 146
  69. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 405
  70. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 159
  71. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 171
  72. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 222
  73. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 227
  74. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, pp. 427–428
  75. ^ Cullum 1950, p. 197
  76. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 432
  77. ^ Cullum 1950, pp. 196–197
  78. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 266
  79. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 276
  80. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 310
  81. ^ a b Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 318
  82. ^ Cullum 1950, pp. 198–199
  83. ^ "Edward Wallington, Ex-Brigadier General", The Washington Post, April 27, 1976, retrieved March 29, 2010 
  84. ^ Ancell & Miller 1996, p. 357

References[edit]