Long eighteenth century
The long 18th century is a phrase used by many British historians to cover a more natural historical period than the simple use of the standard calendar definition. They expand the century to include larger British historical movements, with their subsequent "long" 18th century typically running from the Glorious Revolution of 1688 to the battle of Waterloo in 1815. Other definitions, perhaps those with a more social or global interest, extend the period further to, for example, 1660–1830.
- O'Gorman, Frank (1997). The Long Eighteenth Century: British Political and Social History 1688–1832 (The Arnold History of Britain Series). A Hodder Arnold Publication. ISBN 978-0-340-56751-7. OCLC 243883533.
- Baines, Paul (2004). The Long 18th century. London: Arnold. ISBN 978-0-340-81372-0.
- Marshall, P. J. (Editor) (2001). The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century (Oxford History of the British Empire). Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-924677-9. OCLC 174866045., "Introduction" by P. J. Marshall, page 1