The southernmost settlements in the world
"The southernmost in the world" is a slogan used to attract tourists, including those bound for Antarctica, to various southern cities. Currently, three cities or towns use this slogan. Though there are several settlements further south than the three, none are considered to be large enough to be classified as a city. The three contending cities are from north to south:
- Punta Arenas (literally in Spanish: "Sandy Point") is the second oldest city in Patagonia (after Carmen de Patagones in Argentina), and the largest in Southern Patagonia, at the Strait of Magellan and the capital of the Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. It is the largest of the three contenders with around 120,000 permanent residents and it is called the southernmost city by some media outlets. The basis of its claim to be the southernmost city rests on it being larger than Ushuaia, Río Grande (Argentina), and Puerto Williams, all of which are further south.
- Ushuaia (//; Spanish: [uˈswaia]), the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego, is more commonly regarded as the southernmost city in the world due to its large population, 64,000, its infrastructure and its accepted classification as a city. Ushuaia is located in a wide bay on the southern coast of the island of Tierra del Fuego, on the northern shore of the Beagle Channel; hence, it is further north than Puerto Williams.
- Puerto Williams located on Isla Navarino, on the southern shore of the Beagle Channel. It is the capital of the Antártica Chilena Province, one of four provinces located in the Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. It has a population of 2,874 people. Puerto Williams is sometimes considered the southernmost city in the world by Chilean media and some large media international organisations, although it promotes with the slogan Puerto Williams, the southernmost town in the world in its tourism campaigns. It has a Naval Hospital of Puerto Williams, the Martin Gusinde Anthropological Museum, the Guardiamarina Zañartu Airport and a university campus and it is a naval base of the Chilean Navy.
In 1998, major Argentinian newspaper Clarín published an article, according to which a joint Chilean-Argentinian commission (Comité de Frontera), with deputies from both countries, had declared Puerto Williams as the southernmost city. This was later denied by Argentine Chamber of Deputies  and head of the commission.
Southernmost cities according to different sources:
|Locality||Population||Latitude/longitude||Southernmost city according to|
|Puerto Williams, Chile||2,874||Diario Clarín, Argentina,
|Ushuaia, Argentina||64,000||Britannica Online,
New York Times (2004),
|Punta Arenas, Chile||130,136||CNN (2001),
New York Times (1987)
- Southernmost settlements
- Northernmost cities and towns
- List of southernmost items
- Extreme points of Earth
- Interactive map, INE Census 2002, Chile. (Click on XII Region and then on Punta Arenas)
- Tiscali Encyclopaedia
- Boston Globe 2008
- "Tierra del Fuego, Argentina". Encarta. Retrieved 2008-09-11.
- "Ushuaia". Britannica. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- Puerto Williams: ubicada entre Tierra del Fuego por el norte y el Cabo de Hornos por el sur , por lo tanto es la cuidad mas Austral del país y del mundo
- http://www.infinito-sur.com/, retrieved 9 April 2012
- Puerto Williams espera una gran temporada de centolla, retrieved 9 April 2012
- Escritorio Estudiantes, retrieved 9 April 2012
- dibam, retrieved 9 April 2012
- Times Online
- Website thisischile.cl Puerto Williams, the southernmost town in the world
- Wilmar Caballero (30 Jun 1998). "Ushuaia ya no será la ciudad más austral del mundo". Clarín. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- "SESIONES ORDINARIAS 1998 - ORDEN DEL DIA N° 1243" (Press release). diputados.gov.ar. 19 October 1998. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Andrea Centeno (1 Jul 1998). "Alerta política en Valparaíso". La Nacion. Retrieved 9 September 2013.