List of southernmost items

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Cities and settlements[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Capital (of an independent nation) Wellington, New Zealand 41°17′20″S 174°46′38″E / 41.28889°S 174.77722°E / -41.28889; 174.77722 (Wellington, New Zealand)
Permanent settlement of any size Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station 90°S 0°E / 90°S 0°E / -90; 0 (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station (USA))
City > 1,000 people Puerto Williams, Chile 54°56′S 67°37′W / 54.933°S 67.617°W / -54.933; -67.617 (Puerto Williams, Chile)
City > 50,000 people Ushuaia, Argentina 54°48′S 68°18′W / 54.800°S 68.300°W / -54.800; -68.300 (Ushuaia, Argentina)
City > 100,000 people Punta Arenas, Chile 53°10′S 70°56′W / 53.167°S 70.933°W / -53.167; -70.933 (Punta Arenas, Chile)

See also: Southernmost settlements, Southernmost cities and towns

Shops and service facilities[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Kindergarten Puerto Williams,[1] Chile 54°55′59″S 67°37′00″W / 54.93306°S 67.61667°W / -54.93306; -67.61667 (Kindergarten in Puerto Williams)
UNESCO world heritage site (cultural) Cueva de las Manos, Argentina[2] 47°9′S 70°40′W / 47.150°S 70.667°W / -47.150; -70.667 (Cueva de las Manos, Argentina)
UNESCO world heritage site (natural) Macquarie Island, Australia[2] 54°38′S 158°52′E / 54.633°S 158.867°E / -54.633; 158.867 (Macquarie Island, Australia)
Primary school Escuela Nº 38 “Presidente Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín”, Esperanza Base, Antarctica[3] 63°24′S 57°00′W / 63.400°S 57.000°W / -63.400; -57.000 (Esperanza Base, Antarctica)
Secondary school Puerto Williams, Chile[4] 54°55′59″S 67°37′00″W / 54.93306°S 67.61667°W / -54.93306; -67.61667 (Puerto Williams, Chile)
University National University of Tierra del Fuego, Ushuaia, Argentina[5] 54°48′57″S 68°19′04″W / 54.81583°S 68.31778°W / -54.81583; -68.31778 (Ushuaia, Argentina)
Tourist office Puerto Williams,[6] Chile 54°55′59″S 67°37′00″W / 54.93306°S 67.61667°W / -54.93306; -67.61667 (Puerto Williams, Chile)
Automated teller machine McMurdo Station, Antarctica[7] 77°51′S 166°40′E / 77.850°S 166.667°E / -77.850; 166.667 (McMurdo Station, Antarctica)
Public post office Port Lockroy, Goudier Island, Antarctica[8] 64°49′S 63°30′W / 64.817°S 63.500°W / -64.817; -63.500 (Port Lockroy, Antarctica)
Cinema Jubany Base, Antarctic Peninsula[citation needed] 62°14′S 58°40′W / 62.233°S 58.667°W / -62.233; -58.667 (Jubany)
Ski resort Cerro Castor, Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina[9] 54°43′S 68°00′W / 54.717°S 68.000°W / -54.717; -68.000 (Cerro Castor)

Geography[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Land (ice-covered) the Geographic South Pole, Antarctica 90°00′S 00°00′W / 90.000°S -0.000°E / -90.000; -0.000 (South Pole, Antarctica)

Nature[edit]

Animals[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
South Polar Skua seen at the South Pole[10] 90°00′S 00°00′W / 90.000°S -0.000°E / -90.000; -0.000 (South Pole, Antarctica)

Plants[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Flowering plants (in greenhouses) Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica[11] 90°00′S 139°16′W / 90.000°S 139.267°W / -90.000; -139.267 (Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica)
Grass and flowering plants (naturally occurring) Terra Firma Islands, Antarctica[12] 68°42′S 67°32′W / 68.700°S 67.533°W / -68.700; -67.533 (Terra Firma Islands)
Trees (naturally occurring) Hoste Island, Chile[citation needed] 55°20′S 68°50′W / 55.333°S 68.833°W / -55.333; -68.833 (Hoste Island)
Palms (Nikau Rhopalostylis sapida, naturally occurring) Chatham Islands, New Zealand[13] 42°02′S 176°26′W / 42.033°S 176.433°W / -42.033; -176.433 (Chathman Islands, New Zealand)

Gardens, zoos and aquaria[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Penguin reserve Magdalena Island Penguin Reserve, Magdalena Island, Magallanes Region, Chile[14] 52°55′S 70°35′W / 52.917°S 70.583°W / -52.917; -70.583 (Magdalena Island, Chile)

Religion[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Buddhist Stupa the Enlightenment Stupa at Portobello, Dunedin, New Zealand[15] 45°51′S 170°39′E / 45.850°S 170.650°E / -45.850; 170.650 (Portobello, New Zealand)
Cathedral El Sagrado Corazón, Roman Catholic Diocese of Punta Arenas, Punta Arenas, Chile[16] 53°10′S 70°56′W / 53.167°S 70.933°W / -53.167; -70.933 (Punta Arenas, Chile)
Mosque Southland Muslim Association, Invercargill, New Zealand[17] 46°24′S 168°23′E / 46.400°S 168.383°E / -46.400; 168.383 (Invercargill, New Zealand)
Synagogue Dunedin Synagogue, Dunedin, New Zealand[18][19] 45°52′S 170°30′E / 45.867°S 170.500°E / -45.867; 170.500 (Dunedin, New Zealand)
Church (regular) Trinity Church, Antarctica (Russian Orthodox Church), King George Island, Antarctica[20] 62°12′S 58°58′W / 62.200°S 58.967°W / -62.200; -58.967 (King George Island, Antarctica)
Church (ice-made) permanent Catholic Church ice-made temple, Belgrano II Base, Antarctica[21][22] 77°52′S 34°37′W / 77.867°S 34.617°W / -77.867; -34.617 (Belgrano II Base, Antarctica)
Hindu temple Centro Cultural y Templo Hindu, Punta Arenas, Chile[23] 53°10′S 70°56′W / 53.167°S 70.933°W / -53.167; -70.933 (Punta Arenas, Chile)

Science[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Nuclear power plant Atucha I, Argentina[24] 33°58′S 59°12′W / 33.967°S 59.200°W / -33.967; -59.200 (Atucha I Nuclear Power Plant, Argentina)
Atucha II, Argentina[citation needed] 33°58′S 59°12′W / 33.967°S 59.200°W / -33.967; -59.200 (Atucha I Nuclear Power Plant, Argentina)

Transportation[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Railway Southern Fuegian Railway (Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino) from Ushuaia to the Tierra del Fuego National Park in Argentina[25] 54°48′S 68°18′W / 54.800°S 68.300°W / -54.800; -68.300 (Ushuaia, Argentina)
Seaport Winter Quarters Bay, McMurdo Station, Antarctica[26] 77°51′S 166°40′E / 77.850°S 166.667°E / -77.850; 166.667 (McMurdo Station, Antarctica)
International Airport Ushuaia – Malvinas Argentinas International Airport, Ushuaia, Argentina[citation needed] 54°50′S 068°17′W / 54.833°S 68.283°W / -54.833; -68.283 (Ushuaia – Malvinas Argentinas International Airport)
Metro station Plaza de los Virreyes (Buenos Aires Metro), Buenos Aires, Argentina[citation needed] 34°38′34.9″S 58°27′41.8″W / 34.643028°S 58.461611°W / -34.643028; -58.461611 (Plaza de los Virreyes metro station)

Other[edit]

Item Place Latitude/Longitude
Place of birth of a human (Emilio Marcos Palma (in 1978) and seven others) Esperanza Base, Antarctica[27] 63°24′S 57°00′W / 63.400°S 57.000°W / -63.400; -57.000 (Esperanza Base, Antarctica)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ : : Dirección de Bienestar de la Armada de Chile : :
  2. ^ a b World Heritage List and List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas
  3. ^ Page of Escuela Nº 38, province of Tierra del Fuego, department of Antártida Argentina
  4. ^ http://www.municipalidadcabodehornos.cl/Paginas/liceo/t_director.htm
  5. ^ "Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego »". UNTDF. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ Wells Fargo has an ATM in Antarctica
  8. ^ Antarctic Heritage Trust
  9. ^ Cerro Castor: esquí en el Fin del Mundo Revista Magna.
  10. ^ Skuas - Wildlife of Antarctica - Antarctic Connection
  11. ^ UA, Tempe company bring veggies to South Pole
  12. ^ "Frozen Under." National Geographic Magazine.
  13. ^ Bushmansfriend: Forest walks, Nature Photography & NZ Flora - Native Plant Information - New Zealand, native trees,natives,shrubs,information
  14. ^ Penguins of Magdalena Island, Punta Arenas, Chile
  15. ^ Dhargyey Buddhist Centre Home Page
  16. ^ Obispado de Punta Arenas
  17. ^ "Southland Muslim Association Inc, Invercargill, 9810, New Zealand - Islamic Centers, Masjids Mosques, Muslim Owned Businesses, Islamic Schools and Colleges". Islamicfinder.org. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  18. ^ NZ Jewish Archives - Temple Sinai
  19. ^ Google Books: The New Zealand Jewish Community By Stephen I. Levine
  20. ^ Cary Johnston, Sean Thomas (June 18, 2011). "Southernmost Russian Orthodox Church – comfort in the cold". RT.com. Retrieved October 10, 2010. "...This makes the Trinity Church the southernmost Russian Orthodox church on the planet." 
  21. ^ Church in ice cave at Belgrano II station, Antarctica
  22. ^ Mass at ice church in Belgrano II Base
  23. ^ [2][dead link]
  24. ^ Nucleoeléctrica Argentina (in Spanish)
  25. ^ El Tren del Fin del Mundo: Official site
  26. ^ Klein, Andrew G.; Kennicutt, Mahlon C.; Wolff, Gary A.; Sweet, Steve T.; Bloxom, Tiffany; Gielstra, Dianna A.; Cleckley, Marietta (2008). "The historical development of McMurdo station, Antarctica, an environmental perspective". Polar Geography 31 (3): 119–144. doi:10.1080/10889370802579856. "Winter Quarters Bay is the world's southernmost port." 
  27. ^ Times On Line article on Antarctica
  • Moore, D. M. (1983). Flora of Tierra del Fuego.