Theater District, Manhattan
The Golden Theatre, Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre, Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre and Booth Theatre on West 45th Street in Manhattan's Theater District
|Zip Code||10018, 10019, 10036|
|Area code(s)||212, 646, 917|
New York City's Theater District (sometimes spelled Theatre District, and officially zoned as the "Theater Subdistrict") is an area in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theatres are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment. It extends from West 40th Street to West 54th Street, from west of Sixth Avenue to east of Eighth Avenue, and includes Times Square.
It also contains recording studios, record label offices, theatrical agencies, Music Row, ABC Television Studios, Duffy Square, Shubert Alley, the Brill Building, and Madame Tussauds New York. Although 42nd Street had become seedy in the 1970s, with x-rated movie houses and peep shows, the neighborhood was later improved with the closing of many of these businesses.
The Theater District first began to attract theaters and restaurants to the neighborhood after the Metropolitan Opera House moved to West 39th Street and Broadway in 1883. The district has been called "the Rialto", "The Main Stem", "Broadway," and at the turn of the 20th century the district was simply called "The Street".
Save the Theatres campaign
In the Spring of 1982, Joe Papp, the theatrical producer and director who established The Public Theater, led the "Save the Theatres" campaign. It was a not-for-profit group supported by the Actors Equity union, to save the theater buildings in the neighborhood from demolition by monied Manhattan development interests. Papp provided resources, recruited a publicist and celebrated actors, and provided audio, lighting, and technical crews for the effort.
At Papp's behest, on July 28, 1982, U.S. Congressman Donald J. Mitchell and 13 co-sponsors introduced a bill in the 97th Congress (1981–82), entitled "H.R.6885, A bill to designate the Broadway/Times Square Theatre District in the City of New York as a national historic site". It would have required the U.S. to help preserve the district. Faced with strong opposition and lobbying by the Koch Administration, the bill was never enacted.
The Save the Theatres campaign then turned their efforts toward supporting the establishment of the Theater District as a registered historic district. In December 1983, Save the Theatres prepared "The Broadway Theater District, a Preservation Development and Management Plan", and demanded that each theater in the district receive landmark designation. Mayor Ed Koch ultimately reacted by creating a Theater Advisory Council, which included Papp.
Theater Subdistrict zoning
In January 2001, New York City Planning Chairman Joseph Rose and Corporation Counsel Michael Hess announced in a press release that the New York Appellate Division, First Department, upheld the validity of the 1998 Theater Subdistrict zoning regulations, which permit the sale of air rights from the Broadway theaters to sites in the Theater Subdistrict, "between 40th and 57th Streets and Sixth and Eighth Avenues". The New York City Department of City Planning press release stated: "The concentration of over 40 Broadway theaters makes the Theater District one of the most well-known areas in the world."
New York City also created the "Theater Subdistrict Council", LDC (“TSC”), a not-for-profit corporation, pursuant to the 1998 zoning regulation. Funds are deposited into the Theater Subdistrict Fund. The TSC administers the fund and allocates grants to promote new theater work and showcase Broadway's role in American theater.
The New York City Zoning Resolution for special purpose districts, as amended on April 30, 2012, contains special regulations for the Theater Subdistrict, including the transfer of development rights, incentives for the rehabilitation of existing theaters, the creation of a theater council to promote theaters, and zoning and signage for theaters, and contains a list of theaters that qualify for special provisions in the regulations.
The City of New York defines the subdistrict for zoning purposes to extend from 40th Street to 57th Street and from Sixth Avenue to Eighth Avenue, with an additional area west of Eighth Avenue from 42nd Street to 45th Street. Google Maps indicates 52nd Street rather than 57th to be its northern boundary. The Times Square Alliance, a Business Improvement District organization dedicated to improving the Theater District, defines the district as an irregularly shaped area within the bounding box of 40th Street, 6th Ave, 53rd Street, and 9th Ave. The Great White Way is the name given to the section of Broadway which runs through the Theater District.
Other nearby theater areas
- Boston Theater District
- Buffalo Theater District
- Cleveland Theater District
- Theater in Detroit
- Houston Theater District
- Broadway Theater District (Los Angeles)
- Yiddish Theater District
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- William R. Taylor (April 22, 1996). Inventing Times Square: Commerce and Culture at the Crossroads of the World. JHU Press. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- The name of the organization was "Save the Theatres, Inc., as noted in court papers. See Shubert Organization, Inc. v. Landmarks Preservation Commission of the City of New York and Save the Theatres, Inc., Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division, First Department, May 16, 1991, accessed March 10, 2013
- "Proposal to Save Morosco and Helen Hayes Theaters", LHP Architects, accessed March 10, 2013
- Helen Epstein. "Joe Papp: An American Life". Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- "City Panel Near Vote On Save-The-Theaters Proposals". New York City: NYTimes.com. April 15, 1984. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Corwin, Betty "Theatre on film and tape archive", International Association of Libraries and Museums of the Performing Arts, accessed May 10, 2013
- "Bill Summary & Status – 97th Congress (1981–1982) – H.R.6885". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- John Gingles, "My Evening with Joe Papp", from Accidents of Luck: A Personal Memoir, Washington, D.C., 2007.
- Lynne B. Sagalyn (2003). Times Square Roulette: Remaking the City Icon. MIT Press. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Peter Bosselmann (August 28, 1985). Representation of Places – Imprimé: Reality and Realism in City Design. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "Theater District Zoning Regulations Providing for As-Of-Right Transfer of Theater Air Rights are Upheld by Appellate Division – New York City Department of City Planning" (Press release). Nyc.gov. January 26, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- "Theater Subdistrict Council – New York City Department of City Planning". Nyc.gov. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- "The City of New York Zoning Resolution; Article VIII; Chapter 1;". Mayor Bloomberg; New York City Planning Commission; Department of City Planning. May 25, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "Special Purpose Districts: Manhattan: Special Midtown Districts" on the official NYC website. Accessed: February 21, 2013
- Google Maps: Theater District NEAR New York
- Times Square: Times Square/Theater District Dining
- Bianco, Anthony (2004). Ghosts of 42nd Street: A History of America's Most Infamous Block. New York: HarperCollins Books, ISBN 0-688-17089-7. A detailed history that focuses primarily of the Times Square Theater District from the beginning of the 20th century through its successful revival/restoration in the late 20th Century.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Theatre District, Manhattan.|
- NYC.com Visitor Guide: Theater District (official site of New York City)
- Theater District Dining (official site of Times Square)
- Theater District travel guide from Wikivoyage