Around the 5th century, since it was a desert, the Thebaid became a place of retreat of a number of Christianhermits, and was the birthplace of Pachomius. In Christian art, the Thebaid was represented as a place with numerous monks.
Bagnall, R., J. Drinkwater, A. Esmonde-Cleary, W. Harris, R. Knapp, S. Mitchell, S. Parker, C. Wells, J. Wilkes, R. Talbert, M. E. Downs, M. Joann McDaniel, B. Z. Lund, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 991398 (Thebais)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012.