Thebaid

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For other uses, see Thebaid (disambiguation).
Provincia Thebais
Θηβαΐς
Province of the Byzantine Empire, Diocese of Africa
c. 293–641
Capital Ptolemais
Historical era Late Antiquity
 -  Division by emperor Diocletian c. 293
 -  Persian occupation 612–628
 -  Conquest by Arabs 641
Today part of  Egypt
Map of the late Roman Diocese of Egypt, with Thebais in the south.

The Thebaid or Thebais (Greek: Θηβαΐς, Thēbaïs) is the region of ancient Egypt containing the thirteen southernmost nomes of Upper Egypt, from Abydos to Aswan. It acquired its name from its proximity to the ancient Egyptian capital of Thebes.

In Ptolemaic Egypt, the Thebaid formed a single administrative district under the Epistrategos of Thebes, who was also responsible for overseeing navigation in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.

During the Roman Empire, Diocletian created the province of Thebais, guarded by the legions I Maximiana Thebanorum and II Flavia Constantia. This was later divided into Upper (Latin: Thebais Superior, Greek: Ἄνω Θηβαΐς, Anō Thēbaïs), comprising the southern half with its capital at Thebes, and Lower or Nearer (Latin: Thebais Inferior, Greek: Θηβαΐς Ἐγγίστη, Thēbaïs Engistē), comprising the northern half with capital at Ptolemais.

Around the 5th century, since it was a desert, the Thebaid became a place of retreat of a number of Christian hermits, and was the birthplace of Pachomius.[1] In Christian art, the Thebaid was represented as a place with numerous monks.

Episcopal sees[edit]

Ancient episcopal sees of Thebaid I listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[2]

Ancient episcopal sees of Thebaid II listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Thebaid". Catholic Encyclopedia. 
  2. ^ a b Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013

External links[edit]

  • Bagnall, R., J. Drinkwater, A. Esmonde-Cleary, W. Harris, R. Knapp, S. Mitchell, S. Parker, C. Wells, J. Wilkes, R. Talbert, M. E. Downs, M. Joann McDaniel, B. Z. Lund, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 991398 (Thebais)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012.