Thelacantha

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Thelacantha
Thelacantha brevispina female dorsal.jpg
female T. brevispina from Taiwan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Araneidae
Genus: Thelacantha
Hasselt, 1907
Species: T. brevispina
Binomial name
Thelacantha brevispina
(Doleschall, 1857)
Diversity
1 species
Synonyms

see text

male T. brevispina from Japan

Thelacantha is a spider genus of the Araneidae family with only one described species, T. brevispina.[1] The species is closely related to Gasteracantha, and was synonymized with it in 1859, but revalidated in 1974.[2]

Distribution[edit]

The species is found Madagascar, in southern Asia from India to Philippines, Japan and Australia.[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Saito described three other Thelacantha species in 1933, which were later synonymized with T. brevispina.[2] T. brevispina has quite often been misidentified as Gasteracantha mammosa, which is now G. cancriformis.[2]

T. brevispina has gone through a checkered name history:

  • Plectana brevispina Doleschall, 1857
  • Plectana roseolimbata Doleschall, 1859
  • Plectana flavida Doleschall, 1859
  • Gasteracantha mammeata Thorell, 1859
  • Gasteracantha guttata Thorell, 1859
  • Gasteracantha borbonica Vinson, 1863
  • Gasteracantha alba Vinson, 1863
  • Gasteracantha canningensis Stoliczka, 1869
  • Gasteracantha suminata L. Koch, 1871
  • Gasteracantha mastoidea L. Koch, 1872
  • Stanneoclavis suminata Karsch, 1878
  • Stanneoclavis mastoidea Karsch, 1878
  • Actinacantha maculata Karsch, 1878
  • Gasteracantha brevispina Thorell, 1878
  • Gasteracantha observatrix O. P.-Cambridge, 1879
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Hasselt, 1882
  • Gasteracantha flavida Hasselt, 1882
  • Stanneoclavis latronum Simon, 1890
  • Gasteracantha brevispina Workman & Workman, 1892
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Dahl, 1914
  • Gasteracantha sola Saito, 1933
  • Gasteracantha sparsa Saito, 1933
  • Gasteracantha formosana Saito, 1933
  • Gasteracantha brevispina Chrysanthus, 1959
  • Gasteracantha brevispina Chrysanthus, 1960
  • Gasteracantha (T.) brevispina Chrysanthus, 1971
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Yaginuma, 1960
  • Thelacantha brevispina Benoit, 1964
  • Thelacantha brevispina Emerit, 1974
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Tikader & Biswas, 1981
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Tikader, 1982
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Chikuni, 1989
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Feng, 1990
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Chen & Gao, 1990
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Barrion & Litsinger, 1995
  • Gasteracantha mammosa Yin et al., 1997
  • Thelacantha brevispina Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999
  • Thelacantha brevispina Tanikawa, 2007
  • Thelacantha brevispina Tanikawa, 2009

Description[edit]

Females grow to a body size of about 6–10 mm, with males reaching a size of 3-5mm.[1]

Large female T.brevispinna from Hilo, Hawai'i ('Akaka Falls region)



See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Murphy & Murphy (2000): 100
  2. ^ a b c d World Spider Catalog

References[edit]

  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2011): The world spider catalog, version 11.5. American Museum of Natural History.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]